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On Human Life,
From sunny scenes, from days of joy,

To hours of dark distress,
Alas! how many sink, among "'"

The hapless human race.

Thrown headlong on a guileful world,

They, artless, do not know, Sincere and simple in themselves,

They fancy others so.

Hence do we find that men of worth,

Are oft to want betray'd;
Hence is the hopeful, youth undone,

And hence the ruiri'd maid.

b .

The world's a wide and thorny wild,

Where many snares are hid; And much of caution is requir'd

The devious wild to tread.

To Night, a Sonnet.

I Love thee, mournfu! sober-suited night,
When the fair moon, yet ling'ring in her wane,
And veil'd in clouds, with pale uncertain light
. Hangs o'er the waters of the restless main.

In deep depression sunk, the enfeebl'd mind
Will to the deaf, cold elements complain,
And tell th' embosom'd grief, however vain,
To sullen surges and the viewless wind.

Though no repose on thy dark breast I find,
I still enjoy thee, cheerless as thou art;
For in thy quiet gloom, th' exhausted heart
Is calm, though wretched ; hopeless, yet resigned,
While to the wind and waves its sorrows given,
May reach, though lost on earth, the ear of heaven I

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Description of the Nijser Werk, or Golden Eagle, from Bruce.

Among other benefits that society will derive from the publication pf Mr Bruce's travels, must be ranked the enlargement of our knowledge in natural history. Various objects in the animal and vegetable kingdom, that were entirely unknown in Europe, are here described and illustrated by drawings of uncommon elegance.

The bird which forms the subject of this article, if not the largest in the known world, is at least the largest of the eagle kind. "From wing to wing he was eight feet four inches. From the top of his tail to the point of his beak, when dead, four feet seven inches. He weighed twentytwo pounds."

This noble bird had strength and courage proportioned to his size. Living in the uninhabited desart, he Itnows not the power, nor has he learnt to dread the "arts of niaH. Ignorant of danger, therefore, he stiuns not man, but pursues his prey, without regarding the efforts he may make to deter him. "Upon the highest top of the mountain Lamalmon," fays Mr Bruce, " while my servants were refreshing themselves from that toilsome and rugged ascent, and enjoying the pleasure of a most delightful climate, eating their dinner in the outer air, with several largo disties of bbiled goat's flesh before them, this enemy, as he turned out to be to them, appeared suddenly: he did not stoop rapidly from a height, but came flying slowly along the ground, and sat down close to the meat, within the ring the men had made round it. A great shout, or rather cry of distress, called me to the plve. I saw the eagle stand for a minute, a? if to recollect himself, while the servants ran for their lances and shield. I walked up as near to him as I had time to do. His attention was fully fixed upon the flesh. I saw him put his foot into the pan, where was a large piece, in the water, prepared for boiling; but finding the smart which he had not expected, he withdrew •t, and forsook the piece which he keld> Vot. J, K

74 THE Bee, Or Jan. 12,

"There were two large pieces, a leg and a shoulder, lying upon a wooden platter. Into these he trussed both his claws, and carried them off •, but I thought he looked wistfully at the large piece which remained in the warm water. Away he went slowly along the ground as he had Come. The face of the cliff over which criminals are thrown, took, him from our fight."

He soon, however, returned, and gave Mr Bruce a fair opportunity of (hooting him, which gave occasion for obr serving a phenomenon, not a little singular in its kind. "Upon laying hold of his monstrous carcase," our adventurous traveller proceeds," I was not a little surprised at seeing my hands covered and tinged with yellow powder or dust. Upon turning him upon his belly, and examining the feathers of his back, they produced a brown dust, the colour joi the feathers there. This dust was not in small quantities; for, upon striking his breast, the yellow powder flew out in fully greater quantity than from a hair-dresser's powder puff. The feathers of the belly and breast, which were of a gold colour, did not appear to have any thing extraordinary in their formation; but the large feathers in the moulder and wings seemed apparently to be fine tubes, which, upon pressure, scattered this dust upon the finer part of the feathers; but this was brown, the colour of the feathers of the back." . •''''

\Vhat the uses of this powder were intended by nature, our traveller is at a loss to fay. He conjectures it may have been intended in some way to fortify the animal against the rigours of the season it would experience in that lofty situaation: But this conjecture does not seem to be corroborated by the other facts he there states. However this may be, it seems to be a peculiarity of this animal of a very uncommon kind, and might well have entitled it to the name of the Powdered Eagle* a name which would have prevented the danger of confounding if with another eagle, which has long been known by that of the Qolden Eagle,

HISTORICAL CHRONICLE.

INTRODUCTION.

sA Cursory Vi&ir of the' present Pqiiticai State qf

JiUHOFE.

Raffia. For many years past, the Ruffian empire has made a very; conspicuous figure in the political affairs of Europe. Ambition, however, rather than 'wisdom, has characterised the operations of that court in modern times. The territorial extent of that empire is much greater than to admit of a proper form of government; yet, blin'd to this great defect) the Empress has long exerted her utmost efforts to extend as far as possible the boundaries of her dominions; and with that view, has kindled up a war that has been productive of much mischief, and of little benefit to any one. Little does ike seem to think that she is thus preparing afar off the means of effectually curtailing the enormous extent of her overgrown dominions.

But though this conduct be not wife in the Empress, who cannot foresee to what point it ultimately tends, it may be very consistent with the views of some of her counsellors. For several years past, the court of Russia has been overawed by the uncontroulable influence of Potemkin; a man of a daring and impetuous disposition os mind, who has been raised by the favour of his sovereign from p low state to the highest exaltation of power; a power which is now so firmly established, as to give his recommendations the force of commands, and his suggestions a certainty of beiijg implicitly adopted. This man, who now possesses a dictatorial command of the army, and an unlimited power of drawing whatever sums he pleases from the public treasury, has cartied on his military operations against the Turks with all the ardour that might be expected from a man of undaunted courage, in the prime of life, who is blessed with a found constitution, great bodily, strength, an unbounded coin

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aland of money and of men, with the prospect of conquering /or himself an independent principality. But, destitute of those great military talents which characterise-the accomplished general, his attacks have been rather furious t)ian irresistible; nor have his successes been adequate to the ardour of his wishes, or the means that were put in bife power; and he has now reason to fear that he may be prevented, by a general pacification, from establishing, at tins time, the desireable sovereignty which has long afforded such a pleasing subject of contemplation to him. , ..nol ha But though it be doubtful if he will be able to do as much as he intended, there seems little reason to apprehetod, that he will not be able to obtain for himself some sort of sovereign independent power, under the apparent controul of the Ruffian empire: And were he not a man of such despotic dispositions, and arbitrary principles, as to give no hopes of any reasonable system of government ever being? adopted by him, perhaps this dismemberment of the Russian empire, is what all European powers ought to promote. Should a new kingdom be established on the confines of the Turkish and Ruffian empires, adjoining to the Black Sea, under a system of government purely European, founded oncommercial and pacific principles, perhaps nothing could contribute so much to the general well-being of mankind in those regions of the earth. The Turk has now felt so strongs ly the disagreeable effects of being obliged to, contend with the neighbouring great powers, that little influence would be required to induce that hitherto intractable court to grant to such a state those commercial privileges that would beri necessary for insuring its own prosperity: and the fertility of the soil is such, and the situation for commerce so favourable, that under a wise administration, this kingdom might soon attain such vigour as to become respectable among all nations. :. rii-isluT tnab

The time, however, does not seem to be as yet arrived for this happy establifiiment: stor is Pbtemkin the man caUi

poveris scarcely to be doubted: That he has secured great sums of Ihoney in foreign countries to be ready at command, is £ene*ally believed ; but whether he will be able to effect

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