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the wants of others, and recollecting the difficulties that he himself had had to struggle with in his younger days, he was at all times singularly attentive to their pecuniary concerns. From his general acquaintance among the students, and the friendly habits he was on with many of them, he found no difficulty in discovering those among them who were rather in hampered circumstances, without being obliged to hurt their delicacy in any degree. To such persons, when their habits of study admitted of it, he was peculiarly attentive. They were more frequently invited to his house than others; they were treated with more than usual kindness and familiarity; they were conducted to his library, and encouraged by the most delicate address to borrow from it freely whatever books he thought they had occasion for: and as persons in these; circumstances were usually more shy in this respect than others, books were sometimes pressed upon then\ as a fort of constraint, by the Doctor insisting to have their opinion of such or such passages as they had not read,^nd desiring them to carry the book home for that purpdse. He in short behaved to them rather as if he courted their company, and stood in need of their acquaintance, than they of his. He thus raised them in the opinion of their acquaintance to a much higher degree of estimation than they could otherwise have obtained, which, to people whose minds were depressed by penury, and whose sense of honour was sharpened by the consciousness of an inferiority of a certain kind, was singularly engaging. Thus were they inspired with a secret sense of dignity which elevated their minds, and excited an uncommon ardour of pursuit, instead of that melancholy inactivity which is so natural in such circumstances, and which too often leads to despair. Nor was he less delicate in the manner of supplying their wants than attentive to discover them. He often found out some polite^ excuse-for refusing to take payment for a and never was at a loss for one to an after
s course. Before they could have an opportunity of applying for a ticket, he would sometimes lead the conversation to some subject that occurred in the course of his lectures; and as his lectures were never put in writing by himself, he would sometimes beg the favour to fee their notes, if he knew they had been taken with attention under a pretext of assisting his memory: Sometimes he would express a wish to have their opinion of a particular part of his course, and presented them with a ticket for that purpose: and sometimes he refused to take payment, under the pretext that they had not received his full course the preceding year, some part of it having been necessarily omitted for want of time, ■which he meant to include in this course *. By such delicate address, in which he greatly excelled, he took care to forerun their wants. Thus, he not only gave them the benefit of his own lectures, but by refusing to take their money, he also enabled them to attend - those of others that were necessary to complete their course of studies. These were particular devices he adopted to individuals to whom economy was necessary; but it was a general rule with him, never to take money from any student for more than two courses of the fame set of lectures, permitting him to attend these lectures as many years longer as he pleased, gratis.
He introduced another general rule into the University that was dictated by the fame principle of disinterested beneficence, that ought not to be here passed over in silence. Before he came to Edinburgh, it was the custom for medical professors to accept of fees for their medical assistance when wanted, even from medical students themselves, who were perhaps attending the pro
- • Doctor Cullcn was so full in his course of lectures, that he never had time to overtake the whole in one feflion, even although he usually gave double lectures for a month or six weeks before the end of the session. His practice was to omit one branch of his subject one season, and taking that in next season, omit another part that had been given the former year ; so that those who attended two scssons might be shure of the whole.
fessor's own lectures at the time. But Gullen never would take fees as a physician from any Jludent at the University, though he attended them when called in as a physician, with the fame assiduity and care as if they had been persons of the first rank, who paid him most liberally. This gradually induced others to adopt a similar practice ; so that it is now become a general rule at this University, for medical professors to decline taking any fees when their assistance is necessary to a student. For this useful reform, with many others, the students of the University of Edinburgh are solely indebted to the liberality of Doctor Cullen.
The following little anecdote relative to this subject, fell under the observation of the writer of this article, and may be depended on. The gentleman to whom it relates is still alive, as is believed, and in good practise as a physician in England, and will no doubt readily recollect it, if ever these sheets mould fall in his way.
A medical student who lodged in the fame house with the writer, in the year 1760, and who attended at that time a course of lectures given by one of the medical professors, but who never had attended Cullen's class f, happened to take the small-pox, which necessarily detained him from the class, and prevented him for the time from receiving any benefit from these lectures. At the beginning of the disorder, the young man, who was bulky, and in a full habit of body, was sick, and very uneasy. He naturally called in his own professor as a physician; but in a short time the sickness abated, and the small-pox, of the most favourable kind, made their appearance, after which no idea of danger could be apprehended. In this state of things, the whole family were very much surprised to find
•f For the information of strangers, it may be necessary here to observe, that at the University of Edinburgh, no course of study is prescribed, but every student is at liberty to attend the lectures of such profet sors as he inclines' , . ,
Vol. I. G
that the patient called in the assistance of Doctor Cullen; but he said he had reasons for this conduct, that he knew they would approve of when he should state them, though he declined to do it then. By and by, he became quite well; so that there could be no pretext for the physicians visiting him any longer. In this situation, he watched hisoppoitunity; and when the physicians were both present, he thanked Doctor Cullen for the assistance he had given, and offered him money: but this, as the fly chap had foreseen, he positively declined. After gently intreating him to take it, and not being able to prevail, he turned to his own professor, and in like manner offered him money. But this, for shame, he could not possibly accept, though it was not known that this gentleman had ever before refused a fee when offered to him. Thus did the arch rogue save a fee by calling in Doctor Cullen, which he well knew he must have paid.
The general benevolence of Doctor Cullen's disposition cannot be exemplified in a stronger manner than by his conduct to the writer of this article, which was so generous, so disinterested, and so kind, as to require the most grateful commemoration. In other particulars in this narrative, it may be alleged that mistakes may possibly have happened; but with regard to his Own particular cafe, it is impossible the writer can be in any mistake. Gratitude demands that justice to the memory of the deceased should not be withheld on this occasion.
It was my misfortune to lose both parents before I was of an age capable of knowing either of them j and the charge of my education fell to the care of a near relation, who had no fondness for literary pursuits. Being destined to follow the profession of agriculture, my guardian did every thing in his power to discourage, in regard to myself, an inclination for studies that he thought were incompatible with the business he had chosen for me. But having, chanced to read at that time Home's Essay on Agriculture, and finding it was impossible to judge of the justness of his reasoning on many occasions, because of my total want of chemical knowledge, and thinking, at that time, it would be disgraceful not to know every thing that could be known in the profession I meant to follow, I resolved to attend Doctor Cullen's lectures, to obtain that kind of knowledge I so much felt the want of. It happened, however, that I had not then a single friend 01 acquaintance, by whom I could be properly introduced to Doctor Cullen, and was under the necessity of waiting upon him by myself, without one so much as even to tell him my name. Being then young, and of exceeding small stature for my age, on presenting myself, the Doctor very naturally took me for a child; and when he understood that agriculture was the profession intended, he conceived that it must have been some childish whim that had hastily laid hold of the imagination, and thought it his duty to discourage it. He therefore began to dissuade me from thinking of pursuing that idea any farther: but finding I had reflected on the subject, and had finally adopted a line of conduct from which I would not depart, for reasons then assigned, he at last was brought to acknowledge, that if 1 had steadiness and assiduity to apply properly to the study, it might in the end prove conducive in promoting the knowledge oftheprinciplesof agriculture; and said, if I was determined to exert myself, he should do all in his power to forward my views. As his public lectures had then been for some time begun, he or* dered me to attend a private class, with some others in the fame predicament, to be instructed in those parts of his course already past, till we should overtake those in his public class, which was a common practice with him at that time.