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began to work in the milk with a stick like the above, but with only £om smaller stiqte at the top, forming eight points tour ftt each iule, a span long each point. In a quarter ot" an hoKtfthe forcukan mixed In the boiler the proper quantity of saffron (about one third of an ounce) and the milk was all in knobs, and finer, grained than before, bv breaking continually. Every moment the fire was renewedMwed, but with a faggot only at a time, to keep it regurarT' The milk was never heaped much, nor does it hinder takem the hand in it, to know the fineness of the grain, wluteh refines, cqntiriually by the Hick work of the tmderman'. It is of the greatest consequence to mind when •the grains-begins to. take a consistence.. When it conies to this state, the boiler is hurried from the. fire, and the un>. derman immediately takes out the whey, putting it into proper receivers. In that manner, the grain subsides at the bottom of the boiler, and leavingpnly in.it whey enough to keep the grain covered a little, the foreman, extending 'himself as much as he can cover, and in a boiler, unites with his hands the grained milk, making like a body of paste of it; then, a large piece of linen is run by him under that body of paste, while another man keeps the four corners of it, and the whey is directly again put into the boiler, which facilitates the raising the paste, which is put for a quarter of an hour into the receiver, where the whey was in the linen: The boiler is then put on the sire to extract a poor cheese j after a quarter of an hour, the p:.ste is put into a wooden form without top or bottomja piece of wood like a cheese, put on the top of it, putting, and gradually increasing weights upon it; in the evening,- the cheese so formed is carried into the ware-house, where, after 24 hours they begin to give the salt.. It remains in that ware-house 1 5 or 20 days, but in Summer only from 8 to 12, where the crust will be formed, when it is carried into another ware-house. They turnall the cheeses under six months every day; after that, once in 48 or 60 hours, keeping them clean, otherwise they acquire a bad smell, distinguiihed by the name of grained cheese. Vol. I. LI f
Society for tb'riniprgvement of BritiJhV^vS^
.■>•..' ,. ' 1 '/-•*>* I.iJ ef^-slfW'ill [chotBiH "/lil LflE ,L-"
Isjout third number, we had occasion to rrientiori Ithe patriotic exertions of Sir John Sinclair, for rettoringi to Great Britain, its long lost superiority over other nations in respect to the quality of its, wool. We are happy teiadoV that the people in this country seem to be now so fully sensible of the benefits that may be derived from this grtiele, that many patriotic individuals have eagerly jnrplled their names as members of this patriotic society} and fevers towns and respectable corporations have contrihutedolihfcrally towards the fame end. It will always afford vs particular pleasure to mark the progress of iropwivemepvin this branch j and with that view we shall be; :^jje/u|i;i5> acquaint our readers with such transactions of.this society, as have a claim to attract the public attention. B .JJU} The first general meeting of this society wa£„heW *t Edinburgh on Monday the 31st of January, At .this meet' iug, among other specimens of fine woollen manufactures of Scotland, was produced three fhauls, one made of the be4 English worsted that could be obtained, one made ofifite Spanish wool, and one made of Shetland wool, all manufactured by the fame person, and treated in every respect alike, to afford a fair comparative trial of the quality,^ these kinds of wool respectively. The gentlemen there met were unanimoujly of opinion, that in respect of softnefi 8s well as of pure whiteness, the Shetland wool exceeded both the others in a very high degree, though the manufdfttuMV owned, that the wool of which this stiaul was made, had not been properly sorted, much coarse wool being intermixed among the fine; and that it it had been properly sorted, the quality ot the stuff would have been greatly superior to what this was.
After a full examination of the specimens offered, and a free drTscufston of many interesting particulars connEC. ted with the business of the day,
Sir. John Sinciair of Ulbfter, Bart, was called to
And opening the^eeting'witir'a speech of considerable length, pointing out the objects of the proposed institution, the means byvwhich they we're' tbe.ttwst' likely to be attained, and the material advantages that would result from it.
• The earl of Hopetoun next rose, arid entered very warmly into the national importance of the objects in view 5 and »fter several other Gentlemen had delivered their sentiments in favour of the proposed institution, the meeting
'>>" ■■■ ■ «ESO"EVED; ■
That the establishment of a society for the Improvement of 'British' Wool, is one of the most likely means of •promoting the commercial interests, and permanent prosperity1 of these kingdoms. 1^3. That the Meeting here assembled, and those for whom "thiy°a*eEmpowered to act, together with such other per'••sonfeyWhether- in Great Britain and Ireland, orks dependen■cje*j'-£s vie w*iHing to co-operate with them, will constitute a Society for that sole purpose, either to act separately,Mr in conjunction with other societies of a similar 11atbre^as may be thought most adviseable.
J! 'That the important objects of the institution be respectfully laid before his majesty, by the chairman, in name -of the-Society^ in full confidence, that a Sovereign, whose attention to the welfare and happiness of his subjects is so well known, will be graciously pleased to take this society under his royal protection.
-•4.-That application be made to his Royal Highness the Prince of Wales, that he will honour this institution by accepting the office of being Patron of the Society; and 'that'the Chairman be also requested to make that application to his Royal Highness, in their name. itifi' That!the affairs of the Society be conducted by a Board of Directors) consisting of a Chairman, deputy Chairiaian, aud fourteen Directors, to be annually chosen on the ■ Ha ■ ';
last Monday of January ("this anniversary,) by.the signed liiis oi a majority ot the members present at fiich. meetings, any five of the said Directors to be a quorum, -widi. power to elect a Chairman for the time, in absence of the Chairman and deputy Chairman ; and that a Treasurer and Secretary (hall- -be annually elected -at the same time, and in the same manner.
6. That the Paid board of Directors shall hold four stated meetings in each year, W«. on the-last Monday of January), 'the last Mdiiday of May, the last Monday of June, and the last Monday of November; with power of adjournment.; and that there shall be also four general meetings of the whole Society held on the fame days. •..«.. ;lnr arfj
7. That upon requisition made by three Directors to the Chairman or deputy Chairman, or in absence-of bothy 10 the Secretary, . Extraordinary Meetings „of the. court «f Directors shall be called; and that extraordinary General Meetings of the Society shall be also called, on application as above, by any nine of the members ; eight days previous. notice of such extraordinary meetings of the Directors,,si^ 14 days previous notice of such extraordinary, general mee3^ ings of the Society, being, always given in the Edinburgh newspapers. ^ .,, ,I;ril a,
8. That the Directors and other office bearers shaJL; fas the ensuing year, consist of the following Npblgm.en, ao^I Gentlemen, viz. ,-.. .,,.-. ;(r[, ^Jj 3r.
Sir John Sinclair Bart. Chairman • , , -', 133,, 3713x2
Directors. ._ ;. ?r
His Grace the Duke of Argyle . ,,.|.j ,n [lf,^
Right Hon. Earl of Dumfries . , .,,,,,
Right Hon. the.Earl of Hopetoun ,K^ ,,
The Right Hon. Lord Sheffield
Right Hon. [ames Montgomery, Lord Chief.Baion ,
- Sir Joseph Banks, Bart. President of the Royal Society Sir James Foulis of Colinton, Bart,
.John Erskine, Esq. of Mar
>ft(6'Man. Haœiltci!, £uj( of Giasgpspr,;
nri!. > ?th lo saasidp ni -wii; rjf'j ;ni m;;im-.n") »• t » Jsie Wilflam Forbes Bavt., 7^/Vf<?r, ., ,. ...
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IrXfi 'That the:suWcsqHaon of eaqh, m,«m.ber. (hall be one guinea ^v* annum, isw->!teJViguiseas_at admission, the Society being desirous of having, as many persons as possible connefttid.with.'it, and confiding in tfc« farther support of patTibtic.individuais, and of public spirited bodies of men, in the prosecution of the great national,objects they have in view;; .■>..',1 »,;. %-. v; .-, ,. .
-'id;"That the Chairman^deputy Chairman, and Directors, dd, betwixt this and the last Monday of June next, draw tip ftfch 'laws and regulations as may appear proper for the future government of the society, to be laid before the general meeting to be then held; and that they be in the mean time empowered to take such steps as may seem proper" ib them for promoting the views and interests of the S&ftiryv^ ->'*'>> ■
11. That the thanks of the meeting be given to Sir John Srficliir^for his patriotic assiduity in instituting this So- ■ cSfcty \ and that he be requested to permit the abk speech he has this day delivered to be publistied, as tending to excite attention to the great objects in view, by diffusing a knowledge of their importance and practicability.
12. That the thanks of the meeting be also given to the Earl of Hopetoun, for his warm and patriotic zeal for the
- success of the establishment, and the information his Lordihip has now communicated on that subject.
13. That these resolutions he published in the London, Edinburgh, - and Other newspapers, for the information of ail persons who may be inclined to become members of the Society; '!
'Extracted from the minutes'of the meeting, by
. James Horne, Secretary.