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turn me from my purpose. If I live, I will faithfully perform, in its utmost extent, my engagements to the society; and if I perisli in the attempt, my honour will still be safe, tor death cancels all bonds."

Such was the language of this extraordinary man: A language that will be deemed insanity by the bulk of mankind: It will be deemed madness even by those who are the most eager to avail themselves of the discoveries that such men have made—Yet, if happiness be the only desirable object in this life, it might perhaps admit of a doubt, if this very man did not enjoy a greater share of it, than those insipid characters who languish in the lap of ease, and whose souls are devoured with anxiety, when surrounded by all the alluring objects that affluence can procure.

In one of his letters from Egypt, he fays, " Money! it is a vile slave !—I have at present an economy of a more exalted kind to observe. 1 have the eyes of some of the first men of the first kingdom on earth turned upon me. I am engaged by those very men, in the most important object that any private individual can be engaged in: I have their approbation to acquire, or to lose ; and their esteem also, which I prize beyond every thing, except the independent idea of serving mankind. Should rashness or desperation carry me through, whatever fame the vain and injudicious might bestow, I should not accept it;—it is the good and great I look to: Fam« from them bestowed is altogether different, and is closely allied to a " Well Done" from God i but raslinefs will not be like to carry me through, iny more than timid caution. To find the necessary medium of conduct; to vary and apply it to contingencies, is the economy I allude to; and if I succeed by such means, men of fense, in any succeeding epoch, will not blusti to follow me, and perfect those discoveries I have only abilities to trace out roughly, or a disposition to attempt."

Vol. I. C

With what contempt will those who think that wisdom consists alone in the acquisition of wealth and in power, dominion and authority over others; with what contemp' for the intellectual powers of our traveller, will such persons read the following paragraph. "A Turkish fopha, fays Ledyard, has no charms for me: If it had, I could soon obtain one here. I could tomorrow' take the command of the best armament of Istimael Bey. I should be sure of success, and its consequential honours. Believe me, a single WELL Done from your association, has more worth in it to me, than all the trappings of the east; and what is still more precious, is, the pleasure I have in the justification of my own conduct at the tribunal of MY Own Heart." Yet, it was sentiments, such as these, that produced a Columbus, a Wolfe, and a Cooke, whose fame shall remain, a subject for admiration to future ages, when the names of miriads who have indulged in a life of affluent insipidity, shall be deservedly lost in perpetual oblivion.

Among other advantages that the world derives from the existence of such men as Ledyard, is a knowledge of human nature. It is to men in trying situations alone, that the human heart appears in its own native colours—No hope perverts; no fear alarms; and it is at liberty to discover its native emotions with the most unbiassed freedom. The following character of the fair sex, drawn by a man who had had occasion thus to view them in their native purity, will therefore, I trust, be deemed not less beautiful than just. It is pleasing to contemplate the universal beneficence of that being who conferred upon man this tender companion through life, as a solace for his cares, and a sweetener of every enjoyment. What a reproach is it to this lord of the creation, that a being so naturally amiable as woman, mould in self defence be in so many cases compelled to become the scourge of her tormentor. "I have always remarked, fays this careful observer pf manners, that women in all countries, are civil, obliging, tender, and humane : that they are inclined to be gay and cheerful, timorous and modest 5 and that they do not hesitate, like men, to perform a generous action. Not haughty,- not arrogant, not supercilious, they are full of courtesy, and fond of society: more liable, in general, to err than man 5 but in general, also, more virtuous, and performing more good actions than he. To a woman, whether civilized or savage, I never addressed myself in the language of decency and friendship, without receiving a decent and friendly answer. With man it has often been otherwise.—— In wandering through the barren plains of inhospitable Denmark, through honejl Sweden aud frozen Lapland, rude and churlish Findland, unprincipled RuJJia, and the wide spread regions of the wandering Tartar, if hungry, dry, cold, wet, or sick, the women have ever been friendly to me, and uniformly so ; and to add to this virtue, (so worthy the appellation of benevolence) their actions have been performed in so free, and so kind a manner, that if I was dry, I drank the sweetest draught, and if hungry, I ate the coarse morsal with a double relish."

What a beautiful eulogium! and how justly due. These friendly offices were performed to our suffering stranger, without the smallest prospect of any return from him: But I ought to add, they were performed to one who felt their value, and who revered the mildness of that tender hand which administred them; and who no doubt expressed in those native tones and gestures, which constitutes an universal language among all mankinds the sense he entertained of it, with irresistible propriety. To the haughty, the supercilious or the vain, such tenderness could not have been exerted. Half the ills that man suffers from his fellow creatures, are owing to himself; and it is his own mind alone that can superadd the balm of beneficence, to the tenderness of kindness.

To be continued

On Poetry.

Among the many hints for perfecting this work, with which the editor has been favoured fince the first publication of the prospectus of it, are the two following te

My first correspondent says, " The only thing I pre** fume to suggest, at present, as a fault in your pro"spectus, is offering a premium for poetical essays; "and that you seem not to be insensible of yourself. "We have four times more poetry, both in our own "and other languages, than any wife man, whatever "be his station or circumstances, ought to read; and "therefore, to tempt vain or inconsiderate men to add "to the mass, seems to me injurious both to them"selves and the public. I have known many for near "half a century, who were deemed by no inconfide"rable critics, to possess a good degree of poetical "merit, though few of their performances reached the "public eye, except under fictitious names; but not "one of the whole (a' northern professor excepted) "who did not become bankrupts in reputation and "trade. They might sometimes, perhaps, afford an ", acquaintance an opportunity of spending, or rather "killing an idle hour agreeably, by reading a manu"script sally of imagination; but that acquaintance "must have possessed a dull invention, if he could not "have spent the hour more usefully, and even as agree"ably. Could you turn the thoughts of your coun"trymen to the best method of abolishing feudal max"ims and ideas ; to consider in a true light the natural "rights of man ; to devise the cheapest, and most speedy "mode of obtaining justice at the different courts; to "class society properly, and from thence select jury"men,so that justice may be fairly distributed without "respect of persons: I fay, could you do all these "things, you would deserve better of your country, than "if you produced a poem containing the united beau"ties of the Iliad, the ÆneW, Paradise lost, and FinM gal."

Now, though it is most readily admitted, that the objects pointed out by this very judicious correspondent, are of the highest utility, and that there is perhaps ten times as much poetry written as any wife man would choose to read; yet, it by no means follows from hence, that poetry should be actually proscribed from this work. If it be right to cherish the finest feelings of the heart; if hilarity of disposition promotes the pleasurable intercourses of civil society; if innocent recreation tends to divert the mind from hurtful pursuits ; and if the happiness of man be augmented by indulging those tender propensities which spring from the contemplating acts of beneficence and disinterested bounty; if pious exercises tend to elevate the foul to praise-worthy exertions; then shall we be forced to allow that poetry, which, if judicioufly selected, tends to promote all these good ends, so far from being hurtful, ought to be admitted as a very useful part of this miscellany. For these and other obvious reasons, though it {hall be our study never to forget the useful pursuits here pointed out, we shall also make it our business to search for such pieces of poetry, ancient or modern, as appear to be deserving the attention of the public.

Poetry is indeed so congenial to the human mind, that it has been, among all nations, the first species of composition that has attracted the universal attention of the people; and it is in the language of poetry, that a spirit of devotion has naturally been expressed. Among the most savage tribes, its charms have been recognized; and it is only after refinement has weakened the natural tones of the human mind, that its influence comes to be disputed. The poetry of nations therefore, affords perhaps the best and the most universal key for tracingthe progress of civil society; for though the natural

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