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and- whose chair he afterwards filled, with so much honour to himself and satisfaction to the public.
Thus was dissolved, in a premature manner, a copartnery perhaps of as singular a kind as is to be found in the annals of literature : nor was Cullen a man of that disposition to let any engagement with him prove a bar to his partner's advancement in life. The articles were freely departed from by him; and Cullen and Hunter ever after kept up a very cordial and friendly correspondence; though, it is believed, they never from that time had a personal interview with each other.
During the time that Cullen practised as a country surgeon apothecary, he formed another connection of a more permanent kind, which, happily for him, was not dissolved till a very late period of his life. With the ardour of disposition he possessed, it cannot be supposed he beheld the fair sex with indifference. Very early in life, he took a strong attachment to an amiable woman, a Miss Johnston f, nearly of his. own age, who was prevailed on to join with him in the sacred bonds of wedlock, at a time when he had nothing else to recommend him to her except his person and dispositions: for as to riches and possessions, he had little of these to boast of. She was beautiful, had great good fense, equanimity of temper, an amiable disposition, and elegance of manners, and brought with her a little money, which, though it would be accounted nothing now, was something in those days, to one in his situation in life. After giving to him a numerous family, and participating with him the changes of fortune which he experienced, she peacefully departed this life in summer 1786.
In the year 1746, Cullen, who had now taken a degree of Doctor in physic §, was appointed a lec
f Daughter to a Clergyman in that neighbourhood.
fcurer * in chemistry in the University of Glasgow: and in the month of October began his lectures in that science. His singular talents for arrangement, his distinctness of enunciation, his vivacity of manner, and his knowledge of the science he taught, rendered his lectures interesting to the students, to a degree that had been till then unknown at that university. He became, therefore, in some measure adored by the students. The former professors were eclipsed by the brilliancy of his reputation; and he had to experience all those little rubs, that envy and disappointed ambition naturally threw in his way. Regardless, however, of these secret stiagreens, he pressed forward with ardour in his literary career; and, supported by the favour of the public, he consoled himself for the contumely he met with from a few individuals. His practice as a physician increased from day to day; and a vacancy having occurred in the year 1751, he was then appointed by the king professor of medicine in that university. This new appointment served only to call forth his powers, and to bring to light, talents, -that it was not formerly known he possessed; so that his fame continued to increase.
As the patrons of the University of Edinburgh are ever on the watch to discover the most eminent men in the medical line in Scotland, their attention was soon directed towards Cullen; so that on the death of Doctor Plumber, professor of chemistry in Edinburgh, which happened in the year 1756, Doctor Cullen was unanimously invited to accept the vacant chair. This invitation he accepted: and having resigned all his employments in Glasgow f, he began his academical career in Edinburgh in the month of October of that year; and here he resided till his death.
* A lecturer gives lessons like a professor; but he is not a constituent member of the corporate body called an University.
f March aa. 175 6. *
If the admission of Cullen into the University of Glasgow gave great spirit to the exertions of the students, this was still, if possible, more strongly felt in Edinburgh. Chemistry, which had been till that time of small account in that University, and was attended to by very few of the students, instantly became a favourite study; and the lectures upoajhat science were more frequented than any others in the University, anatomy alone excepted. The students, in general, spoke of Cullen with the raptrous ardour that is natural to youth when they are highly pleased. These raptrous eulogiums appeared extravagant to moderate men, and could not fail to prove disgusting to his colleagues. A party was formed among the students for opposing this new favourite of the public; and these students, by misreprenting the doctrines of Cullen to others who could not have an opportunity of hearing these doctrines themselves, made even some of the most intelligent men in the University, think it their duty publicly to oppose these imaginary tenets. The ferment was thus augmented; and it was some time before the professors discovered the arts by which they had been imposed upon, and universal harmony restored. During this time of public ferment, Cullen went steadily forward, without taking any part himself in these disputes. He never gave e?.r to any tales respecting his colleagues, nor took any notice of the doctrines they taught: That some of their unguarded strictures might at times come.to his knowledge, is not impossible; but if they did, they seemed to make no impression on his mind: Fur during three years that the writer of this article attended his public lectures, while this ferment feigned, and for upwards of thirty years that he has been indulged with his private acquaintance, he can with truth aver, that neither in public nor in private, did he ever hear a single expression drop from Cullen, that tended, directly or indirectly, 'to derogate from •the professional character ot" any os his colleagues, or
Vol. I. B
that could induce a student to think lightly of their talents as professors, or their abilities as physicians. This circumstance is here brought forward merely as a characteristical trait,—as an unequivocal mark. ,of that magnanimity and dignity of character, which a little mind could never be taught to attain.
These attempts of a party of students to lower the character of Cullen on his first outset in the University of Edinburgh, having proved fruitless, his fame as a professor, and his reputation as a physician, became more and more respected every day. Nor could it well be otherwise: Cullen's professional knowledge was always great, and his n anner of lecturing singularly clear and intelligible, lively, and entertaining; and to his patients, his conduct in general as a physician was so pleasing, his address so affable and engaging, and his manner so open, so kind, and so little regulated by pecuniary considerations, that it was impossible for those who had occasion to call once for his medical assistance, ever to be satisfied on any future occasion without it. He became the friend and companion of every family he visited; and his future acquaintance could not be dispensed with.
"To he continued.
On the Advantages of Periodical Performances.
Man is the only animal we know, that possesses the power of aggregate existence. All other animals may be said to exist individually; that is to fay, each individual, after it comes into the world, is directed on*ly by its own instincts, observation and experience, to pursue the mode'of conduct that is suited to its nature, and the cirumstonces in which it finds itself placed. Hence it happens, that the aggregate powers of any one class of animals remain without any change. Their numbers may increase or diminish; but their faculties are, upon the whole, for ever the fame. The distinctive properties of the horse, the ass, the elephant, the bee, and all other classes of animals we know, are precisely the same at the present moment as in the days of Moses and of Homer, and will continue unchanged till the end of time. But of Man, the flhne thing cannot be said. Each individual of his species, like those of other animals, comes into the world, endowed with certain instincts and perceptive faculties, which enable him to make observations, and derive knowledge from experience as they do, and from reasoning. This experience, and the knowledge resulting from it, is not, however, in him confined to the individual alone—he is endowed with the faculty of communicating the knowledge he has individually acquired to others of his own species, and to derive from them in return, the knowledge that other individuals who fall in his way, have in the fame manner acquired. The young derive information from the old ; and thus are enabled, at their first entry into life, to set out with a greater share of acquired knowledge than any one individual of the human species ever could have attained during the course of the longest life, had he been left entirely to himself, like other animals. He does more—The experience of ages thus furnishes an accumulated stock of knowledge for every single person ; and the individual who died a thousand years ago, may become the instructor of those who are born in the present time. It is this faculty of accumulating knowledge in the aggregate, which forms the distinctive character of the human species, when compared with every other class of animals, and which has conferred upon man that distinguished rank he holds in the universe. It is this 'circumstance which gives to the man, even of the lowest intellectual powers, that marked superiority he holds above the most intelligent individuals of the most iaga