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shall we do more wish less perplexity. "Sloth makes all things difficult, but industry all easy," as poor Richard fays; and, "he that riseth late, mult trot all day, and shall /scarce overtake his business at night; while laziness travels so slowly, that poverty soon overtakes him," as we read in poor Richard; who adds, "Drive thy business; let not that drive thee;" and., "early to bed, and early to rife, makes a man healthy, wealthy, and wise"
So what signifies wishing and hoping for better times? We make these times better if we bestir ourselves, "Industry need not wish," as poor Richard fays; and, "He that lives upon hope, will die fasting." "There are no gains without pains; then help hands, for I have no lands; or if I have, they are smartly taxed;" and, (as poor Richard likewise observes), "He that hath a trade hath an estate ; and he that hath a calling hath an office of profit and honour:" but then the trade must be worked at, and the calling well followed, or neither the estate nor the office will enable us to pay our taxes. If we are industrious, we shall never starve; for, as poor Richard fays, "At the working-man's house hunger looks in, but dares not enter." Nor will the bailiff or the constable enter; for, "Industry pays debts, while despair increaseth them," says poor Richard. What though you have found no treasure, por has any rich relation left you a legacy ?" Diligence is the mother of good-luck," as poor Richard fays; and, "God gives all things to industry, then plough deep while sluggards sleep, and you shall have corn to sell and to keep," says poor Dick. Work while it is called to-day; for you know not how much you may be hindered to-morrow; which makes poor Richard fay, " One to-day is worth two tormorrows;" and farther, "Have you somewhat to do to-morrow, do it to-day." If you were a servant, would you not be asliamed that a good master should catch you idle : Are you then your own master, be ashamed to catch yourself idle," as poor D)ek fays. When there is so much to be done for yourself, your family, your country, and your gracious king, be up by peep of day; " let not the fun look down, and fay, inglorious here he lies!" Handle your tools without mittens; remember, that " the cat in gloves catches no mice," as poor Richard fays. It is true, there is much to be done, and perhaps you are weak-handed; but stick to it steadily, and you will fee great effects) for, "constant dropping wears away stones, and, by diligence and patience the mouse ate into the cable; and, little strokes fell great oaks," as poor Richard fays in his Almanack, the year I cannot just now remember.
Methinks I hear some of you say, "must a man afford himself no leisure ?"—I will tell thee, my friend, what poor Richard says: "Employ thy time well, if thou meanest to gain leisure; and since thou art not sure of a minute, throw not away an hour." Leisure is time for doing something useful; this leisure the diligent man will obtain, but the lazy man never; so that, as poor Richard fays, " A life of leisure, and a life of laziness are two things." Do you imagine that (loth will afford you more comfort than labour? No: for, as poor Richard fays, " Troubles spring from idleness, and grievous toil from needless ease: Many without labour would live by their wits only 5 but they break for want of stock :" Whereas industry gives comfort, and plenty, and respect. "Fly pleasures, and they'll follow you; the diligent spinner has a large stiift; and, now I have a sheep and a cow, every body bids me good morrow j" all which is well said by poor Richard.
But with our industry, we must likewise be steady, settled, and careful, and oversee our own affairs with our own eyes, and not trust too much to others; for, as poor Richard saySj "I never saw an oft-removed tree, Nor yet an oft-removed family, That throve so well as those that settled be." And again, "Three removes is as bad as a fire;" and again, " Keep thy (hop, and thy shop will keep thee j" and again, " If you would have your business done, go; if not, fend." And again,
"He that by the plough would thrive, Himself must either hold or drive." And again, '( The eye of a master will do more work than J)oth his hands j" and again, "Want of care does us more damage than want of knowledge j" and again, " Not to oversee workmen, is to leave them your purse open." Trusting too much to others care, is the ruin of many : for, as the Almanack fays, " In the affairs of the world, men are saved not by faith, but by the want of it :" but a man's own care is profitable; for, faith poor Dick, "Learning is to the studir ous, and riches to the careful, as well as power to the bold, and heaven to the virtuous." And farther," If you would have a faithful servant, and one that you like, serve yourself." And again, he adviseth to circumspection and care, even in the smallest matters, because sometimes " A little neglect may breed great mischief j" adding, " For want of a nail the stioe was lost; For want of a shoe the horse was lest; and for want of ahorse the rider was lost j" being overtaken and stain by the enemy j all for want of care about a horse-lhoe nail.
So much for industry, my friends, and attention to one's own business; but to these we must add frugality, if we would make our industry more certainly successful. A man may, if he knows not how to save as he gets, " keep his nose all his life to the grindstone, and die not worth a groat at last." "A fat kitchen makes a lean will," as poor Richard fays; and,
"Many estates are spent in the getting; Since women for tea, forsook spinning and knitting, And men for punch, forsook hewing and splitting." "If you would be wealthy, (says he, in another almanack), think of saving, as well as of getting: The Indies have not made Spain rich, because her out-goes are greater than her incomes."
Away then, with your expensive follies, and you will not have much cause to complain of hard times, heavy taxes, and chargeable families ; for, as poor Dick fays, "Women and wine, game and deceit, Make the wealth small, and the want great." And farther, " What maintains one vice, would bring up two children." You may think, perhaps, that a little tea, or a little punch now and then, diet a little more costly, cloaths a little finer, and a little entertainment now and then, can be no great matter; but remember what poor Richard fays, " Many a little makes a meikle j and farther, " Beware of little expences; a small leak will sink a great strip j" and again, " Who dainties love, shall beggars prove ; and moreover, " Fools make feasts, and wife men eat them."
To be continued.
Intelligence resbefling Literature, &c.
Society for the Improvement of British Wool.
A Society has been lately instituted under the auspices of Sir John Sinclair, Bart. M. P. for the improvement of British wool. That intelligent and active senator, in the course of his investigations respecting the revenue, trade, finances, and resources of this country, having had occasion to observe that the wool of Britain, for many centuries, had been accounted the finest, aud best for the manufacture of cloth, that was then to be had in Europe, and that it now is many degrees inferior to that of Spain, was at pains to trace the cause of this singular phenomenon. The result of his inquiries was, that this change could only be attributed to neglect •, and that this neglect had probably arisen from some legislative regulations that took place soon after the accession of the family of Stuart to the throne of England. Hence he concluded, that by a proper degree of attention, the wool of this country might be brought to an equal degree of fineness at least to what it formerly possessed, which, if effected, must prove highly beneficial to the manufactures of this country. In one neglected corner of the kingdom (Shetland), he discovered the remains of this fine woolled breed of stieep nearly unadulterated; but it was in so great danger of being lost, by an admixture with other breeds, that his first attention was directed to the saving of it j and having proposed it to the Highland Society of Scotland, that patriotic body of men, with their usual liberality, made haste to second his intentions; a set of premiums have been offered by them for selecting the best of this breed of sheep, and obtaining a thorough knowledge of them, which will effectually preserve them till •measures can be adopted for more fully ascertaining the var lue of their wool and other qualities.
But as the Highland Society have many other objects that claim their attention, and exhaust their funds, it was judged expedient to establish a distinct society, whose sole object should be that of improving the quality of Britisl} wool. This was no sooner proposed, than many noblemen and gentlemen of the first rank, made haste to step forward in so public a cause. The Town of Edinburgh, with an alacrity that does honour to the magistrates cf that city, have contributed very liberally towards that end ; and the Chambers of Commerce, and other corporate bodies, have expressed a desire to do the same; so that there seems to be little doubt but the funds of the society will be soon adequate to the purposes wanted.
Each member of this society, is to contribute one guinea a year, towards its funds, while he continues a member. The money to be at the disposal of a committee, chosen annually, by the society at large.
The objects of this society are, in the first place, to select the best breeds of iheep, that are still to be found in Britain, and to keep them apart from all others, till, by a set of accurate experiments, the actual value of the wool, and other qualities of the sheep, be fairly ascertained; and, in the next place, to obtain from foreign parts, some of the best breeds of sheep that can be found, to be kept also apart from all others, till the respective value of their wool, and the other qualities of these flieep, can be ascertained, and compared with others. Then, by publishing to the world the result of these trials, to point out the particular breeds, that appear to be best adapted for every particular purpose j and the peculiar cirumstances of pasturage and climature, where the flocks may best be kept. Such are the extensive views of this patriotic society, which are so liberal and beneficent, that it cannot fail to obtain the good wishes of every well-disposed citizen.'
In consepuence of the attention, that has been already bestowed upon this subject, some specimens of the Shetland wool have been obtained, and (hewn to manufacturers, who account it an article of inestimable value. In softness of texture it far exceeds the finest Spanish wool, and may in some respects, be compared with the laine de vigogne. And it can be had of a much purer white than any other wool, so as to admit of being dyed of the most delicate light colours, which the yellowish tinge of other kinds of wool does n^of admit of. We shall probably have occasion, in some future numbers of this work, to give a further account of this aiticle.