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ists, and can only be presented on objectors we feel a personal respect such a survey.
that calls for one. They think the What, indeed, can be more won- science adverse to religion, because derful than that in these times, 2000 they imagine it to be a system of years down from the days of Aris- materialism; and they fear that it is totle, the genus omne of metaphy, a dangerous one. On the subject of sicians should be at sea, even with its danger, while we assure these regard to their most elementary prin- worthy individuals that their alarm ciples ? What more inexplicable, than is grounded solely on a misapprethat in the business of life in the hension of the true nature of the cure even of insanity, for example) study, we boldly say, that in all inthose men who profess to make mind quiries, TRUTH is the grand object their study, never should be referred of pursuit, and that where it is, there to for advice; that, on the contrary, can no danger be. The objection of metaphysicians are proverbially ig- materialism again, is purely a misnorant of men as they appear in so- take. In all systems of metaphysics, ciety, and are, in all countries, ridi- the universe is divided into matter culed even
on the stage as rapt and mind: of neither of these subblockheads ? Moralists, poets, and stances do we know the essence: we divines, have shown themselves ac- know them only by their qualities: quainted with human nature. It may the ens which possesses hardness, cobe studied with practical use in their lour, &c. or exhibits imagination, works. But metaphysicians have reason, and so forth, we know not at made it only a sort of mental exer- all; though seeing that the qualities cise, a matter to be quibbled about; of each are essentially different, we and they have overlooked the only think ourselves entitled to conclude use and reason of all study,- its ap- that the substrata in which these plication to human affairs, and in- qualities inhere, are different in their fluence on their improvement. essence. Again, while we see matter
But metaphysicians have not existing separately in every departmerely failed in making their sci- ment of nature, we never find mind ence available in life. There are a unless in conjunction with matter : thousand notorious facts, of which in this life, the human mind is unthey give no account. Of the in- known, unless in its actings, by means finite diversities of character among of the body. Now the Phrenologists individuals they give no explanation: agree in all this. They do not prethey cannot tell whether genius be tend to say what mind is. They beoriginal or superinduced : they are lieve in the immortality of the soul; lost when desired to explain how na- they glory in it: but scripture has tions and families, for centuries to- not told, they do not attempt to regether, continue to exhibit a similar veal, what is the soul. The only character: the theory of dreaming point of difference, therefore, beis, in their system, a mystery as in- tween them and the vulgar (metáexplicable as the union of soul and physicians included) is, that they say body: they give no account of the the mind acts by means of a part of cause and varieties of insanity: their the body, the brain, which they consystem scarcely admits the yet noto- sider to be the organ of the mind;. rious phenomenon that in different and that they maintain, that accordindividuals particular faculties ap- ing to the development of brain in pear and disappear, earlier and later any individual, always is his maniin life than in others; and so on in festation of mind. many other instances.
In this opinion, there is obviously Now, Phrenology professes to sup- nothing leading to materialism. The ply these deficiencies; in particular, eye, by means of which we see, is it professes to make the science of an optical instrument as truly mamind practically useful in life, as a terial as one of Dollond's glasses; but sure guide in education and in legis- no one supposes himself a materialist, lation, and it founds those preten- by admitting that we see by means of sions on facts. Yet fools call it fancy the eye. Neither do Phrenologists reand raving! To them we condescend gard themselves as such by holding po answer: but to another class of that we think by means of the brain.
The question of materialism they skull much beyond l-8th of an inch, leave altogether untouched. There while organs are known to vary in is nothing in the science to hinder different individuals from one to two either Berkeley or Spinosa from be- inches; and with regard to the lieving in it.
sinuses, where they do exist they But the consistency of this doctrine occupy a very trifling space in a howith revealed religion must not be rizontal position in the region where rested here. It not merely is un- Individuality (and perhaps Locality) opposed to the Bible, but also is the is placed. But it is not a little cua only system of mind which corres- rious that the sinuses are formed ponds with it in all particulars; so only towards manhood ; that is to as, if true, to become one added to say, the brain, by the supposition, the ever-increasing proofs of the au- falls in slightly in the region of India thority of inspiration. Man, as stu- viduality at that very period when died in the schools, is an ethereal the restless curiosity remarkable in being, beautiful, and approaching to infancy and youth (given by Indiviperfection. In the Bible, he is cor- duality) begins to abate. Here, inrupt and sinful. Phrenology, with deed," is a marvellous coincidence. its Combativeness, Destructiveness, But so it is in all true suppositions and Secretiveness(though these terms Every new fact, and every new obdo not imply all the evil which their jection, only serves to confirm them. etymology indicates) clearly becomes The objections arising from cases of consistent with the scriptural view, injury of the brain are, in general, in a manner not found in the school met by the circumstance of the systems; and the phrenological fa- brain's duplicity ; for it is plain, that culty of Veneration (which gives the if each faculty has a double set of disposition to venerate) is the only organs, one hemisphere of the brain metaphysical principle which at once may be hurt without serious detriexplains the irrational custom uni- ment to the faculty ; in the same versal among imenlightened nations way as one eye may be removed and of worshipping stocks and stones, yet the patient continue to see. The and shows the use of revelation to subject is too extensive to be entered direct the implanted principle to its upon here. Those who are curious true object.
about it will find it well stated in a We have said nothing of the ana- paper on the effects of injuries of the tomical objections to Phrenology, brain, contained in the work before partly because, in a question of me
us, p. 183. taphysics, which this mainly is, we But we must here close our sketch. very particularly undervalue the This work is the produce of a society opinions of medical men; and part- formed at Edinburgh, for the cultily because, in the work now under vation of Phrenology, and bids fair to notice, there is a very admirable and do honour equally to the science, and conclusive answer to them—Mr. to the institution. Our limits forbid Andrew Combe's Observations on Dr. us from entering at large into the meBarclay's Objections to Phrenology, rits of the different papers. But we
shall probably take them up on an The leading objections of this na- early occasion, and in the meantime ture, founded on the various thickness we venture to say, that the perusal of of the skull, on the existence of sind. them will interest even the enemies ses, and the trituration of the temporal of the system. They exhibit much muscles, as preventing the skull exter. acuteness, 'research, variety, knownally from showing the shape of the ledge of life, novelty, and science: and brain, are susceptible of an obvious as an example of that mode of phianswer; viz. that phrenologists decide losophizing, which Phrenologists proon none but healthy subjects in the fess, they are of value, as pointing out prime of life ; and that in these, none to all thinkers an extensive field of of the causes mentioned affect the inquiry, hitherto untrodden.
REPORT OF MUSIC. In our last report we alluded to formed at the last named place; at the the Festivals then about to come first, a new selection of great force mence. They have been concluded and beauty, from a composition of with a success which exceeds the Winter's (Timoteo), adapted (exmost sanguine expectations their pressly for Birmingham) to English most sanguine projectors could have words. The more this delightful formed.
*music is heard, the more it will be We are solicitous to convey to our relished. musical and unmusical readers ge- The differences in the principal neral notions of the grandeur, excel- performers /were not many. Catalence, and arrangement of these pere lani was at York and Birminghani. formances, without entering upon Sapio at York with Vaughan; and such a detail as may prove to the Braham at Liverpool and Birmingone a mere repetatur haustus ; and to ham with Vaughan also. Mrs. Salthe other, an uninteresting jargon. mon and Miss Stephens at all the Virtuosi do not need to be told, that three. Miss Travis, at York and BirCatalani sung Gratias agimus ; Mrs. mingham, and Miss Goodall at LiSalmon, From mighty kings ; or Miss verpool. Signor and Madame de Stephens, Farewell ye limpid springs. Begnis were there also. Signor PlacThese, and others of a like kind, are ci at York and Birmingham. Mr, the standing dishes. All such enu- Bellamy at all. merations, therefore, we shall omit, With such an assemblage of va. and endeavour to show the distinc rious power, comprehending every tive features of each and all of these species of ability, the perfection in grand assemblages of talent. the direction must have been to bring
York took the lead. The conduce into play every single exertion, and tor was Mr. Greatorex, assisted by every combination of talent that Dr. Camidge, Messrs. Camidge, could gratify the senses, yet stimuKnapton, and White. The number late them by variety and contrast. of performers was near 500, the When we consider what a vast congreater portion constituting the vocal trariety is included between the pin band. There were four days' per- anissimo of Mrs. Salmon, and the formance. The Minster was pre- overwhelming power of 500 voices pared for the Oratorios, and the As- and instruments, all joined in one sembly Rooms for the Concerts. The “ loud acclame "--when we recollect first morning was a selection, con- how these may be employed to move sisting of the Dettingen Te Deum, the human heart, and when we repart of Judas Maccabæus, Jephtha, Jo- member the prodigious force of the shua, and Judah (by Mr. Gardiner), talent in composition which has with some portions of Jomelli's and been elicited through ages of progresMozart's Masses. The Messiah con- sive science, the mind is lost in the stituted the second morning's per- contemplation of such resources. formance. The third was a selec- And indeed it should seem that hution: The Coronation Anthem (Han- man agency (so far as its potency is del's), a part of the Requiem, and of yet developed) could go no further.' the Creation, and a miscellaneous act. The voluming of the sound from this The fourth a selection, consisting of mighty mechanism possessed the Graun's Te Deum, part of the Sea- grandeur of elemental majesty. As it sons, and a miscellaneous act, prin.. rolled along the walls and vaulted roofs cipally from the other sacred works of the Minster, it had no earthly obof Handel. The evening concerts ject of comparison, except indeed it exhibited as much of the various ex- be found in the awfully splendid decellences of the Italian school, and scription given by La Baume of the as much of classic and modern Eng- fires of Moscow. There was lish composition, as could be includ- ocean of flame”-here a sea of muled.
titudinous sounds. Such were the At Birmingham and at Liverpool sublime effects resulting from aggrethe
same general outlines are discerni- gated power. , But as Mr. Burke, the ble. The Mount of Olives was pere great theorist of the two chief sources
of intellectual gratification, has ob- are to be added, the levity of Italian served, little less of sublimity result- buffo performance, refined articulaed from the simple majesty of the tion of notes, and words combined single voices. Both, however, and with touching melody, and exemall were susceptible of every distinc- plified by the fascinating archness of tive shade of beauty or of grandeur, Madame de Begnis, while the as they were employed. St. Mat- stronger, but similar traits are thrown thew's tune, by all the voices, and in by Signors de Begnis and Placci. Luther's hymn by Madame Catalani, Perhaps nothing conveys a better were each specimens of the subli- exemplification of the influence of mity which simplicity of design, these assemblages of talent, than the when executed by power, is calcu- attention excited by the symphonies lated to inspire. The magnificence of Mozart and Beethoven. Nor can of the celestial hierarchy was as any thing speak more strongly the nearly approached as human concep- all-pervading progression of a real tions can reach in the choral parts love of music, than this delight, of the Messiah; and though with a , almost new to the English, in instrudifference, there was scarcely less of mental performance. All the confeeling in the airs. And the princi- certs were gemmed, either with conple was further borne out by the fact, certed pieces, or solos, and nothing that Miss Travis's What ugh I was received with more applause. trace, and Miss Goodall's How cheer. At all the meetings too were found ful along the gay, mead, searched as amateurs, who could creditably susthoroughly the affections of the au- tain a part even by the side of the dience as the most complicated and London musicians, in the several exalted parts of the performance. orchestras, and upon various instru.
As the faculties usually respond to ments. the stimulus applied, so it is to be To sum up the merits of the sepresumed that all the performers did veral meetings, we must say, York their utmost; and insomuch as the was the most imposing and brilliant. occasion was greater, they were The solemn magnificence, and vast themselves actually greater than un- space of the Minster, the almost der the ordinary calls upon their countless numbers assembled, the professional character. It is not less perfection of the compositions, and true than curious, that the great vo- the excellence of the execution, all calists all differ in their several qua- contributed to give to the picture lities so widely, yet all possess such the deepest shadows, and the broad. excellence, as to render their execu- est lights. Every thing was heighttion as distinct as the departments ened by contrast, and the mind and they embrace. The force, majesty, the affections stimulated by the magand transition of Madame Catalani nitude and the multiplicity of the are unequalled. They are of nature parts. To Birmingham, the same rather than acquirement, and, as it observations apply, with perhaps a were, emanations from the omnipo- slight allowance for reduced means. tence that has given such power. Liverpool, without aiming at such Mrs. Salmon's delicacy, brilliancy, absolute grandeur, was yet not a and purity of execution have the whit less delightful. Perfection was, brightness and the speed of light; perhaps, more nearly approached, while Miss Stephens's full rich voice, owing not only to the excellent consent forth in the most chaste and un- ducting of Sir George Smart, but affected manner, carries to the ut- also to the fact that all was submost the impression that tone in its jected to one grasp, and that grasp finest flow can make. In the first, could comprehend all. Majesty was we have the fullest force of dramatic compensated by superior delicacy passion, in the second, the volant and finish. beauty of airy sound playing about It remains only to state the proour sense of hearing, as the corus- digious receipts at the several places, cations of summer lightning glance which, it is to be recollected, are in upon the sight. Braham and Sapio aid of the funds of some of the are distinguished for animation and noblest charities that benevolence dramatic expression; Vaughan for can frame ; namely, of general hosexquisite grace and polish. To these pitals, for the reception and cure of
those whom "casualties afflict, and The foregoing calculation does not who would sink under such misfor include the amount of cash received tunes in the wretched abysses of for the pamphlets. The number of poverty and suffering, but for the performers was 491. refuge and the comfort such institutions afford. This is, indeed, to turn
The gross receipts amounted to art to a glorious purpose ; and when nearly 60001. The following were the we perceive how misery is alleviated, numbers present.happiness diffused, science improved, Monday.-Ball at the Wellington and the prosperity of individuals and Rooms...
538 of communities aided by these as- Tuesday. Concert at the Music semblages of ability, it becomes a Hall...
928 duty to advocate their universal Wednesday. Messiah, at St. Peter's adoption. But facts and examples
1566 are stronger incitements than pre- Thursday.—Mount of Olives, do. 1486
-Concert at the Music cept, and we see the generous flame
1406 is spreading. Norfolk has announced a festival for next year, or rather Friday. Creation, at St. Peter's
1965 called upon its opulent inhabitants
-Fancy Ball at the Town for support, and there can be no
1475 doubt“ but emulation will kindle everywhere.
Tuesday. £. 6. d.
Church AdmisAt the first concert there were sions ...... 304 17 6 1800 persons present at the second Collection..... 424 18 05 concert, 1550. At the first ball, 1400 Theatre. 928 14 0 at the second, 800-making a total
1058 9 68 of 5050 tickets issued for the balls Wednesday. and concerts alone; which at 158. Church Admiseach, amount to 37871. 10s.
1396 0 0 On the first day there were 3000
Collection .. 380 17 6
Theatre... 1104 13 0 people at the Minster, and during the
2881 10 6 remaining three days, about 4700
Thursday. each day, making a total number of Church Admis17,100 people. There were 400 sets sions
1500 00 of tickets for the gallery sold, which Collection.... 257 00 at 31. 135. 6d. amount to 14701. There Dress Ball..... 873 were 200 sets for the centre sold at
2630 86 2l. 158. each, making a total of 550l. Friday. In addition to the above there were
Church Admisin the gallery 600 people on the first
sions ....... 1404 00
Collection ..... 590 56 and last days, and 800 on each of the other days, who paid 11. 1s. In the Theatre. ...... 1247 0 0
3241 5 6 centre the first day 1200, and on the Additional Donations..... 148 00 three remaining days 1600 per day, Books supposed about..... 300 0 0 whose tickets were charged 15s. each. The side aisles, however, contained
£10,859 14 0 only 300 the first day, and 1600 per Norwich has had two grand conday afterwards at 7s. each, making a certs on the 16th and 17th of Octototal as follows.-Number of single ber. Mr. Sapio, Miss Carew, and tickets issued for Minster, 13,900 ; Miss Goward, with Mr. H. Smart cash received for ditto, 9,2251. as leader, and Mr. Lindley with a Grand Total.
good band, were there. Miss Paton, Concerts and Balls.".
3787 10 after an engagement made months Sets of Tickets sold for Minster. 2020
since, disappointed the audience and Single do. for do.
9225 Collected at the doors of Minster
did not appear. It seems that Mr. the 1st day......
Paton committed a double error (if
60 Ditto 2d day, after which no
such it may be called). First he en. more collections at the doors
gaged his daughter in a series of perwere attempted...
120 formances at the Edinburgh theatre,
which concluded only just in time to Total Receipts £15,212 10 render it possible for her to reach