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breadth 120; but although it spreads opinion ; but for me) I prefer over so large a space, it is not navi- “evening's best light" to the wild gable in any part except for canoes freshness of morning : and small craft. So too the interior of North America is filled with
A mild, calm, moonlight evening. fresh-water lakes; and there are in- The telopeia speciocissima, xanternal seas, lakes, and marshes in thorrhæa hastile, and many other Asia, as well as in Africa and Ame- Port Jackson plants, end exactly at rica.
Mount York, the last of the Blue Tuesday, Oct. 22.-Fine weather Mountain range; and there is a visiagain-clouds passing away. Pro- ble change in the botany and geology ceeded at 9 o'clock, a. m. and ar- from cisalpine to transalpine, rived at 6 p. m. at Cox's river (23 Good water, but little grass at this miles), a delightful botanical and encampment. But there is no grass picturesque encampment. Found on the whole road over the mounthe stream pretty full and rapid from tains. the late rains, as was also the Fish Thursday, Oct. 24.
Last night river, which we passed over this day. the wind rose high, and roared aThere is a corporal's party of the mong the trees, till I thought some 48th regiment stationed here, as well of them would fall upon the tent. as at Spring Wood.
Morning cloudy and windy: afterWednesday, Oct. 23.-Clear night, noon calm and close. Set out in good with heavy dew, hoar-frosted in the time, and arrived at Spring Wood beautiful morning. Found a fifth considerably, before sun-set (24 creeping grevillea here. Rode to a miles). Made two diversions from waterfall a mile up the river ; but the road; one to Pulpit Hill (by there is no height for the water to which the old road passed), a hill fall from, and the fresh was not so crowned by a rock more like an elbowgreat as the hollowed rocks seemed chair than a rostrum; and the other to indicate it sometimes is. It along the stream through the swamp was late before I proceeded, and called Jamison's valley, to a small we were obliged to unlade the cart cascade below the King's Table-land. in ascending Mount York, so that the The fall was not worth seeing-a sun set when we arrived at about falling off even from Cox's fall. The the 37th mile-tree from the Nepean water being small now, only slid (184 miles), and encamped at a place down a sloping rock; and even after called Marsden's valley, from the cir- rains, the step is so short, that little cumstance of that gentleman's hav- can be made of it. The scenery is ing lost some cattle here, as they were very barren, and the ground very being driven over the mountains : boggy. The most curious thing is
the red, shealing, cylindrical, honeyAnd lose a substance, to preserve a name. combed nature of the sandstone rock I found the grevillea acanthifolia in in the cliffs above and along the the swamp at Blackheath, and also stream. But I am since told that at the watering-place in this valley. I did not go far enough to see the Admired the view of Pitt's amphi- chasm or fissure in the rock, down theatre from this side of Blackheath which there is a slender water-fall of much more than before. The sun great height, and the whole of the was declining at the back of it, Table-land next to this chasm appears and the shade softened its mono- as if it had undergone a violent volcatonous harsh bosom (“stern rugged nic eruption; that the stones seem to nurse”) into misty blue or moun- have been once in a state of fusion, tain grey. There is a bold rocky are formed into masses, and have the hill for the foreground, and Cox's appearance of melted sand and ironriver was seen winding in the arena stone. I found the grevillea acanof the amphitheatre in several places. thifolia_in this stream also. The This river has been traced into the King's Table-land should be called Nepean by the Warragambia. Alto- the Mountain Pass Ridge. It is the gether the effect of this day's jour-only passage that Messrs. Blaxland, ney of a clear afternoon was much Wentworth, and Lawson could have finer than I thought it, when I was effected. The Prince Regent's Gler outward bound on a sultry day. below it (if it be the glen that I sa: Thomas Moore may be of a different is not very romantic. This day
not clear; and though Pitt's amphi- victs. It is also said that a shorter theatre had the benefit of a mist, yet road has been projected from Richthe fine distant view from this eleva- mond; and, after all, if the sheep be tion of Windsor, Prospect Hill, and the brought to be washed and shorn at Colony, was lost in the hazy horizon. Cox's river, there will be only a
Spring Wood, which I was too hundred miles of land-carriage, which late in my outward journey to see, the wool will well repay. It is fervently appeared to-day a fine forest of tall to be hoped that the present local trees, with some little grass between, Government will feel the real value after the barren, dwarf-treed, under- of this new country, and the public wooded, shrubberies, to which I had importance of improving every acbeen accustomed on the mountains. cess to it. If this matter were put The spring runs at the foot of a pic- into the hands of the surveyor geturesque rocky dingle, about half a neral, and two or three commissionmile off. The telopeia was now in ers, of whom Mr. Lawson should, of even finer bloom than on my outward course, be one, the expense to the journey; and I should not have crown of the labour required from omitted to mention the many large convicts might be greatly lightened, ant-hills of small ants, which occur and individual subscription or toll on the mountains. They are built would be cheerfully contributed to of fine clay, and like hay-cocks are so good and great a public work. It five or six feet high. If you damage is quite clear, from his shutting it one on your way out, you will find up, that Governor Macquarie never the industrious society will have re- saw this country in its proper light. paired it by your return. They are From the natural science and poperfectly different from the iron-stone litical economy of the present local gravel formicatories of large ants of Government, better things are exthe country on the other side of the pected. If free emigration is to be Nepean.
encouraged hither, at Bathurst the Friday, Oct. 25.-The rain came settler may immediately live upon in the night with wind. Took my the fat of the land, and, in time, exfinal departure this morning, and port his fine wool. But, then, upon reached home soon after noon, having its importation in England, it must travelled 300 miles in less than three be exempted from the duty on foreign weeks.
wool. The policy of this exemption
is, at least, as old as Bacon, who, in It now only remains for me to ex. his Essay upon Colonization, says: press my thorough satisfaction that "Let there be freedom from custom this fine transalpine country will be till the plantation be of strength; the making of the colony of New and not only freedom from custom, South Wales. If it had not been but freedom to carry their commodiscovered, grazing, from which a- dities where they may make the best lone the state can derive an export, of them.” If Great Britain wishes must have come to a stop. Here is her colonies to consume her manuan opening for the English emigrant factures, she must not drive them, by for centuries; and, I have not a heavy duties on the export of their doubt, that in spite of the want of raw material, to manufacture for navigable rivers, New Holland will themselves. If convicts are still to be a second America. True, the be transported hither, the only chance mountain-road is very difficult, but of their reformation consists in scatthe road to Bathurst to the south- tering them widely over the country, ward, by way of the cow-pastures, is and giving them pastoral habits. much longer, and in many parts (I Convict transportation is but a bad am told) as bad. Mr. Cox's original system of colonization; and Goroad across the mountain-ridge has vernor Macquarie, by his preference been already greatly improved in of the convict to the free, made it many places, hy Mr. Lawson; and a worse for the plantation, and totally man who has been long the overseer inoperative as the penalty of felony, of the road-gang at Cox's pass, and or the penitentiary of rice. “It is whose name ought to be mentioned a shameful and unblessed thing (says (George Palmer), offers to avoid that Bacon) to take the scum of people pass, and save 10 miles, with the and wicked condemned men to be twelvemonth's labour of forty con- the people with whom you plant ; and, not only so, but it spoileth the to many abuses. If Government will plantation; for they will ever live encourage a better system of colonilike rogues, and not fall to work, but Zation, New Holland will soon be a be lazy and do mischief, and spend happy and thriving province: if they victuals and be quickly weary, and cannot afford us any assistance, let then certify over to their country to them only not impede, and New the discredit of the plantation.” The Holland will, in time, be a thriving evils and expense of the transporta- and happy province; for, with such tion system would certainly be less- a climate and soil, and so many ened by placing the convicts more Englishmen as it contains already, in the service of farming and grazing happy and thriving it will be, sooner settlers, out of the reach of the or later. Eventually, no doubt, from temptations and evil communication its distance from the parent counof great towns, the establishment of try, and its extent in itself, it will be which was too much the policy of an independent state ; and the same the late Governor. The solitary life mountains, which now obstruct the of a shepherd, or a stockman, would passage of the colonists, will always gradually soften the heart of the be an impenetrable barrier to a fomost hardened convict; but, instead reign foe, should such an one ever of this, Governor Macquarie's system cast an envious eye upon the colony was to keep them congregated in of New South Wales. Of a parent barracks, and employed, at a ration foe, after the warning of America, I of a pound and a half of meat, and will not suffer myself to contemplate the same quantity of flour, per diem, the possibility; and, I am sincere upon showy public buildings. Of and sanguine in my hopes, that the wretches, possessed of no better enlightened eye of that parent will means of reformation than these, it see the public policy of encouraging could not be expected that indus- free emigration to the fine country trious colonists should ever be made. beyond the Blue Mountains of New When their period of transportation South Wales. expired, or was remitted by favour, It may give weight to the above they would therefore take their grant observations, to add that the writer of land and allowances for settling, of this Journal has himself no inand sell them the next hour for spi- tention of occupying or settling in rits. It is true, that this was abuse; that country, and is possessed of no but it was an abuse inseparable from more sheep than a pastoral poet. such bad policy; and, perhaps, the Non hic colonus domicilium habeo; best criterion for estimating policy is sed, topiarii in morem, hinc inde florem to say that that is good which is open vellico, ut canis Nilum lambens. to few, and that bad which is exposed
COCKNEY LATIN. MR. EDITOR,—My much esteemed amused with the way of reading friend and correspondent, Archibald Latin, as it is in use at our public Saunders, of the good town of Edin- grammar schools,-at St. Paul's, and burgh, writer, when he last did us Merchant Taylors'. I took him to the honour of a visit to our poor an annual recital day at the latter, Metropolis, was pleased to make and I thought he would have burst himself soberly merry at the expense his sides at hearing a tall upper boy of certain modes of pronunciation, gravely opening the Æneid, with which he contended to be peculiar to HARMA WIRUMQUE CANOus Londoners. It is no secret, I fear, and another distorting Horace, with his to our fellow-countrymen of the northern part of this island, that in
PUERIS all the streets, lanes, courts, alleys,
WIRGINIBUSQUE &c. to the east of Temple Bar, we instead of AARMA, and VAARGEENIexchange reciprocally the V and the BUS, according to the correcter.proW, and insert or omit the H, --in a nunciation of the models of just manner directly at violence with that speaking at Edinburgh and Glasgow. of our politer provincial brethren. I was in some pain, I confess, to have : My friend Archy was particularly our young scholars (in one of whom
I claim an interest, being both his Cum subitò affertur nuntius horribilis: cousin-german and guardian) thus Ionios fluctus, postquam illuc Arrius isset, caught tripping by so great a master Jam non Ionios esse, sed HiOnios. of universal knowledge, as I have
It is plain that not only this Noblealways esteemed my friend Archy to man himself, but his mother, aunts, be ; and, in this difficulty, I applied uncles, great aunts, &c. on both sides, to my old master, Dr. Parr, whom, had been used all their lives to proas born in a middle county, I thought nounce-not Insidias, as it is erronemost likely to be exempt from pre- ously spoken in all Academies west of judices, inseparable perhaps from a Temple-bar-but in the true dialect of native of either of the two great, yet Imperial Rome—the Romano-Cockdistant, Metropolises of this country. neian of that day—HINSIDIAS. FurHe was pleased to say, that with re
thermore we learn, that in the right gard to the change of V in virGINI, spirit of a Roman Præfect, "he was Bus to W, there was at least an equal anxious for planting the genuine chance for the Merchant Taylors' Latin, as spoken by men of highest boy being in the right, for the Ro- birth at Rome, in those distant comans having no character by which lonies and free cities. Not content to express the latter, and it being with importing among them the next to impossible but they must initial aspirate, he seems to have have had the sound, it was almost insisted upon it, by marking all demonstrable that their letter V words (beginning to the eye with a served for either at pleasure; and, vowel) with that rough prefix of certainly, for the sake of euphony, sound, in the most emphatic manner WIRGINIBUS did to his ear seem mole possible-quantum potuit—that is to fluent, mellifluous and feminine (and say, with all his might and main he therefore more Horatian) than the said hinsipias. The ignorant alarm other version of it, which had some
taken by those barbarians at this elething in it repulsively harsh and Bo- gant innovation is ridiculous enough. real.
But for the aspirate before They were afraid of losing their ARMA, he was clearly of opinion that Ionian sea—their old mumpsimasit was no more than a recovery of the and having a Hinian one imposed true old Roman pronunciation, when
them instead -as if an aspirate Rome was mistress of the world. To
more or less could change the value convince me of this, he pointed out of their commercial waters—or as if an Epigram in Catullus, made by the the Primrose Hill of moderu Mid poet, upon_his friend Q. Arrius, Lothian could lose any thing in when that Patrician went as Præ- height or abruptness by calling it, by fect into Syria; in which, under what I am convinced is its proper name covert of rallying his friend, by a
in purest English-Harthur's Seat. very happy irony he exposes the mis
Referring these considerations to construction which those barbarous the Masters of Pronunciation at provincialists would make of their Edinburgh and in London, and wishGovernor's Latin, when he came a- ing a conference to be held at York To suppose that he
or Newark, by commissioners, to be meant to insinuate that these Cale- appointed by either disputants, to donians of the East spoke purer settle the purity of our common lanLatin than a Roman nobleman, would guage, and fix the pronunciation in be a preposterous perversion, and
particular upon a uniform basis, quite destroy the delicacy of the con
I remain, yours, &c. cealed compliment. It is as follows.
PHILOPATRIS LONDINIENSIS. CHOMMODA dicebat, si quando COMMODA P. S. The difference in COMMODA vellet
and CHOMMODA, the Doctor ingeDicere ; et HINSIDIAS Arrius, INSIDIAS. nuously confessed he was unable to Credo sic mater, sic liber avunculus ejus,
clear up; or, to say whether the Sic maternus avus dixcrat, atque avia.
Ch in the former was expressed exEt tum mirificè sperabat se essc locutum,
actly as in our CHEESE and CholCum quantum poterat dixerat HINSI.
It doubtless refers to Hoc misso in Suriam, requierant omnibus
some nicety in the ancient Romano
Cockneian dialect, to the solution of Audibant eadem hæc leniter ei leviter. which the research of modern learning Nec sibi postilla metuebant talia verba ; is altogether incompetent.
SONNET FROM THE ITALIAN OF PIETRO BEMBO.
LIETA e chiusa contrada ! ov'io m'involo
Rade volte in te sento ira, nè duolo,
Quanto sia dolce un solitario stato,
O cara selva, O fiumicello amato !
Con le vostre fredd’acque e la verd'ombra !
With thee I rarely grief or anger feel,
How truly sweet a state is solitude,
Dear rivulet, and thou delightful wood !
GUY FAUX. A very ingenious and subtle wri- fessor, for all that. He who can prevail ter, whom there is good reason for upon himself to devote his life for a cause, suspecting to be an Ex-Jesuit, not un- however we may condemn his opinions or known at Douay some five-and-twen- abhor his actions, vouches at least for the ty years since (he will not obtrude honesty of his principles and the disinteresthimself at M- -th again in a hurry), of the worst practices, but he is capable of
edness of his motives. He may be guilty about a twelvemonth back, set him- the greatest. He is no longer a slave, butself to prove the character of the free. The contempt of death is the beginPowder Plot conspirators to have been ning of virtue. The hero of the Gunpowthat of heroic self-devotedness and der-Plot was, if you will, a fool, a madtrue Christian martyrdom. Under man, an assassin ; call him what names the mask of Protestant candour, he you please : still he was neither knave nor actually, gained admission for his coward. He did not propose to blow up treatise into a London weekly paper, the Parliament and come off, scot-free, not particularly distinguished for its himself; he showed that he valued his own zeal towards either religion. But, life no more than theirs in such a cause admitting Catholic principles, his ar
where the integrity of the Catholic faith guments are shrewd and incontro- souls was at stake. He did not call it a
and the salvation of perhaps millions of vertible. He says
murder, but a sacrifice which he was about Guy Faux was a fanatic, but he was no to achieve: he was armed with the Holy hypocrite. He ranks among good haters. Spirit and with fire: he was the Church's He was cruel, bloody-minded, reckless of chosen servant and her blessed martyr. He all considerations but those of an infuriated comforted himself as “the best of cutand bigoted faith ; but he was a true son of throats.” How many wretches are there the Catholic Church, a martyr and a con- that would have undertaken to do what he Nov. 1823.