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delivered to him.-Ferdinand is re- in very violent terms! It declared ported to have acted in the spirit of that “they learned with surprise an his first reply, and to have maintain- event which attacks the sovereignty ed that his freedom was not abridged. of the King, in whose name they - This however the Duke affected to govern; and, not being able to endisbelieve.-- Ferdinand then demand- dure this encroachment on their diged what proof the French required nity, they protest in the face of Euof his being free, to which the an- rope, whose assistance they implore, swer was, that the only receivable against the violence of this act. Upproof would be, either the admission on hearing of this proceeding (they of the French troops into Cadiz, or say) the Regency of the kingdom the appearance of the Spanish Royal would have been glad, if it had had family at the French head-quarters; power, to abandon the reins of governand this was accompanied by an in- ment; but reflecting on the situatimation, that the town should be tion of the Sovereign, the necessity bombarded within six hours, if the of preserving union between the two requisition was not complied with. nations, and of maintaining public Thus matters at present remain, but order in the interior, it felt the it is quite clear, that a crisis has ar- duty of continuing its functions in rived, which must put the resolu- spite of the outrage offered to the tion of the Cortes to a test ; they authority with which it is invested.” will now have to choose between an This, it must be admitted, is sufficie ultimate and a fatal conflict in de ently strong language, considering fence of their principles or a com- that the person to whom it is ad promise with the invader. The Duke dressed is a friend and ally; but, d'Angoulême has certainly shown strong as it is, it is quite outdone by every disposition, rather to negotiate an address signed by the Count than contend-perhaps he is not d'Espagne, and fifty of his princiwilling that Ferdinand should en- pal officers composing part of the counter the inevitable bazards con- Spanish Royalist force before Pampetingent on an assault; and it may be luna. This document is addressed that the yellow fever, which has al- to the Madrid Regency; it denounces ready appeared in his army, may the Andujar decree as unwarrantable render its situation critical. A third and tyrannical, and declares the cause has indeed recently transpired, readiness of the army of Navarre to which must render the present po- defend, by arms, the Regency, against sition of the French general particu- what it denominates “the usurpalarly embarrassing ; we do not mean tion” of the Duke. It would seem in a military point of view, but in a as if the French were somewhat empolitical one, which portends the frus- barrassed at these proceedings, as a tration of all his past achievements. circular note was immediately adIn our last, we adverted to a decree dressed by Count Guilleminot to all issued by the Duke d’Angoulême, at the French and Spanish authorities, Andujar, releasing those Spaniards professing to explain the decree. It who were confined for political of- declared that the Duke d’Angoulême fences, controlling the public press, had no wish to prevent the Spanish and assuming, in fact, the complete authorities from exercising criminal government of the country. This jurisdiction in ordinary cases, but decree, it cannot be denied, bore to- only wished to secure, according to wards the Constitutionalists a very the terms of his amnesty, the safety unexpected character of moderation. of those who had abandoned the eneOf course the monks, the Ultras, and my's ranks. With respect to the arthe whole hornet tribe of the Faith ticle assuming the control of the immediately took the alarm, and, press, he declared that its only obincited, as is supposed, by the in- ject was to prevent the insertion of strumentality of Bussia, loudly de- any thing calculated to irritate party manded the repeal of the decree. No feeling or to embarrass the French sooner had the French proceeded to proceedings. All this, however, act on the decree by the liberation of would not do, and the French ministwenty-two Spaniards confined in Ma- ters, influenced by the denunciations drid, for alleged political offences, than of the Regency and the interference the Regency issued a protest couched of Alexander, actually annulled the

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formal decree issued by their own place called Moquega. This is atCommander in Chief! A more de- tributed to some oversight in the cided insult, we will venture to say, niling government, but it establishes was never before offered by a Bour- one fact indisputably, and that is, bon administration to a Prince of the that there are still Spanish royalist blood-royal. The thing, however, is troops there capable not only of renow done, and it only remains to be sistance but of conquest. At Lima seen how it will be received by the also affairs seem very much unsetperson principally concerned. If the tled. It seems the troops, becoming Duke d'Angoulême is sincere in the dissatisfied with the recent measures moderation which he professes, it is of their congress, marched one night quite clear he must abandon the Faith in a body of three thousand to the whose bigotry knows no bounds, and sitting, and arbitrarily dissolving the will listen to nothing short of the assembly, elected their favourite extermination of their opponents ; Chief, Rivahuero, President. Before indeed their addresses sufficiently he accepted the office, he stipulated speak the extravagance of their zeal that Bolivar should be requested to -one of them emanating from the march upon Lima, which was agreed troops in Catalonia demands “ the to-an attack, however, from the re-establishment of the inquisition in Spaniards was expected here also, all the strength and vigour which which is reported to have been decharacterized its first formation, as layed merely by the rains which fall the only means of exterminating the in the spring months. Accounts from Liberals." If however, he does Cuba and Porto Rico state, that abandon the Faith, it is equally clear these important colonies have deterthat from allies they will become mined upon retaining their connexion enemies, supported in all likelihood with the mother country, provided by the power of Russia. Their ap- she maintains her own constitution, peal to “ all Europe" in their ad- which they consider would prove the dress, is not without its meaning, a guarantee of their liberties, but that meaning which the French Cabinet in case absolute power is re-estaseem not to have misinterpreted. blished, they will immediately sepaThus, amid all their military suc- rate and declare their independence. cesses, and to these we have now to The state of Portugal is still far add the surrender of Pampeluna and from being settled. A curious conSantona, it is more than probable test has arisen between the ruling that the French cannot reasonably powers of that country and Sir Rocalculate upon the attainment of any bert Wilson, relative to the order of political object whatsoever -- they the Tower and Sword, which it aptook up arms to put down the Con- pears that officer no longer retains. stitutional system ; and now, on the The Portuguese government have eve of accomplishing that, they find issued a gazette formally depriving themselves opposed by the very party him of that distinction ; but he has for whom they originally interfered, published a letter which he says they and must probably commence the had previously received from him, conquest of their friends, or else leave resigning the insignia, on account of the Peninsula in a state comparative- the “ ungenerous, vindictive, and

a ly worse than they found it. In our lawless treatment” he had experinext we shall hare to record, in all enced at their hands. His friends probability, the fate of Cadiz, which accuse them of ante-dating the gamust be followed by important, if zette, in order to make it appear not decisive, results.

that they deprived him of the order Amid the internal convulsions in place of accepting its resignation. which agitate Spain, it cannot fail to If this be true, its pettiness is inconexcite some surprise that she is ableceivable. Sir Robert, from the aceven still to maintain the contest in counts published, seems to have sufSouth America. Yet that this is the fered much, but he must doubtless case, we find by late accounts from have calculated upon this, when he Peru, which state that the liberation embarked in such an enterprise. of that country is, at least, postponed Whatever the miserable triumphs of by the defeat of the patriot army the Portuguese Ultras may be over and their General Alvarado, at a an individual, it is clear that, in a

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national point of view, they have of his party either shot or drowned. but feeble cause of congratulation. The rest escaped with difficulty to Advices have been received from the nearest post, from whence 200 Bahia, stating the total failure of Americans with some native friendly their grand expedition. General Ma- tribes, were sent to avenge the indeira with about 5,000 troops had sult. The Niccarees consist of about been obliged to re-embark for Por- 600 warriors, most of whom have tugal, leaving the Imperialists in un- fire-arms, so that a serious warfare disputed possession of the place. is apprehended. Another expedition The Portuguese fleet, amounting to belonging to the Missouri fur comabove ninety sail, including mer- pany was also attacked by the blackchantmen and men of war, had sail- foot tribe, and despoiled to the ed for the Tagus, but above 30 of amount of 15,000 dollars. Five men them and 1,200 troops had been al- belonging to the company, and the ready captured, and sent back to leaders of the expedition, lost their Bahia by the Brazilian fleet under lives. The Americans, jealous of liLord Cochrane, who had declared berty themselves, cannot wonder that his intention either to capture the these children of the soil, should remainder, or pursue them into the raise a barrier of graves against the Portuguese waters. This seems the encroachment of their invaders. finale of Portuguese sway in the Our domestic intelligence is, since Brazils.

the prorogation of Parliament, necesThere is not much additional in- sarily limited. The principal source telligence to be communicated rela- of our supply is from Ireland ; and tive to the Greek cause. It seems sorry are we to say that it reflects the Greek Committee had, early in but little credit either upon the morals March last, dispatched a literary or the intellect of that wretched coungentleman of the name of Blaquiere try. It is really become quite frightto Greece, to ascertain the precise ful to peruse the Irish journals, as in situation of that people. Mr. Bla- the course of our duty we are bound quiere has returned, and the Com- to do, and to reflect upon the mass of mittee have published his report. crime and superstition which comIt states, that the contest was pro- poses them. The very last arrivals voked by Turkish atrocity—that the present an account of an entire reGreek reprisals have been much ex- spectable family in the South having aggerated, and that the people are been murdered in cold blood, merely anxious to receive and extend the for having dared to give evidence in blessings of freedom and civilization. a court of justice against some of the The report is ably drawn up, and neighbouring depredators! The name promises the publication of further of this unfortunate family was Franks particulars. In the mean time it not a soul escaped except a female calls loudly on the British people to of tender years, who acted in a meaid this most interesting of all strug- nial capacity in the house, and who gles,--a call which every lover of fortunately evaded the observation of freedom or literature must sincerely the banditti. Government have of echo.

fered, hitherto in vain, a reward of By the last accounts from New 500l. for the discovery of the perpeYork, we learn that the Indians have trators of this inhuman murder. 'In commenced a warfare against the the meantime fresh miracles of the settlers along the whole western impostor Hohenlohe have issued from frontier of the United States. It the Catholic press, and are studiously seems that, for some time past, the disseminated amongst the people by trading parties on the Missouri have the titular bishops of that persuabeen continually attacked. In the sion. The person upon whom the month of June, however, . General last miracle was performed is a lady Ashley having ascended the river to of the name of Dowell, who is said a considerable distance, anchored in to be of a respectable family. It is front of the Niccaree town, and en- a very cruel thing in the Catholic tered into an amicable commercial priesthood to select respectable febarter with those people. Forty of males for this juggle—the lady in his men, however, were suddenly as- question has been done a serious in. sailed by the savages, and one half jury in thus being made a sort of public character to gratify the vile price of wheat, have been followed bigotry of a sect, or answer the base by a harvest upon the whole almost purposes of a party. It is really unrivalled in rapidity and producbase thus to advertise the infirmities tiveness. Some of the reports, inof females, and make them, as it deed, from the south and midland were, the butts for ridicule, or the counties, complain of considerable objects of vulgar fanaticism. We damage done to the early cut wheat have heard that these mountebank from two or three succeeding hot wet impositions are intended to awaken days. Such of the corn as touched the poor deluded peasantry into a be- the ground, whether after reaping or lief in the predictions of one Pasto- previous to it, in a lodged state, berini, who, it seems, prophesied that gan to sprout, while that which was in the year 1825 Ireland was to ac- still standing has not been found to quire independence as a nation. How have received so much damage as lamentable is it to the friends of real was expected. Many of the young liberty to reflect that this very fac- farmers have committed a very comtion were bribed, by false assurances mon fault by carrying their grain of their own selfish aggrandisement, between the showers, and all, with into an interested silence when the the exception perhaps of a few ricks, interests and name of their country got up very early. The greater part were for ever compromised. Prince thus carried will come out a very soft Hohenlohe's miracles will not erase sample, and indeed, it accounts for this fact from history. By the bye the wet rough parcels that have alwe are glad to find that the Emperor ready appeared at market, such being of Austria has promised to find this anxiously threshed out. Upon good impostor a lodging whence nothing dry lands the barley and oats yield a but his miracles can release him, un- fuil crop, but upon wet soils the less he ceases to disturb the peace of appearance is thin and the sample his neighbourhood for the future. not of the first quality. Generally

The harvest is now nearly gathered speaking, the sample of barley even in, in England, and has been abundant. upon the best lands is grey, although This is almost the only domestic in- productive. This sort of grain has tell ence which we Londoners, de- not however fallen so much in price serted, at this season of the year, by as wheat, in consequence of its being all the world, can collect--we are generally understood that the crop of glad it is so gratifying.

last year is almost entirely consumed; The new basins in the dock-yard and the present crop not being more at Sheerness were opened early last than an average, the farmers are unmonth, amid a great concourse of willing to sell. Those peas which people, and without any accident. remained on the ground received

The ministerial and whig leaders considerable damage from the rain. have been severally entertained in No grain becomes dry slower than different parts of the country by peas, from their tendency to imbibe their respective partizans, which, of the wet; and if carted in a damp course, each construes into exclusive state (as is in many instances the proofs of the confidence of the coun- case), or if they have laid a considetry. Mr. Huskisson, the friend of rable time in the field, they will turn Mr. Canning, has, we understand, black. A few hours' sun after wet obtained a seat in the cabinet. will cause the pods to open rapidly, if

The political dinners, the ascent they are left in the air. Much is of balloons, and the sale at Fonthill, thus lost upon the ground, and spoilare at present the topics of public ed before the pigs can be turned on. attention. Sept. 24.

In the northern parts the harvest is now at its height, or rather

nearly concluded. The hay season The unfavourable weather, which was uncommonly tedious, and partiin the latter part of August threate cularly the last cut was got up in a ened to destroy the crops, has been very imperfect state, from the quansucceeded by a brilliant sun and a tity of rain that fell there in common drying wind; and the apprehensions with the rest of the kingdom during of an unpropitious season, which the last month. The wheat that was çaused at that period the rise in the cut early has suffered in the same

AGRICULTURE.

manner as the grain in the southern est difficulty they can support their parts, from the close wet weather that dairy and flocks during the winter succeeded the early reaping. The season. Besides receiving no recrop will turn out here much lighter muneration for the expences of mathan was expected. Spring crops of nure, seed, and hoeing, they are deall kinds are generally very light and prived of the tether, which on weak backward. The bean crop in the soils generally forebodes a loss of West Riding of Yorkshire has re- the barley crop, the layers, and the ceived considerable injury from the wheat crop for the ensuing year, black fly. The weeds have grown until the land again becomes fallow. to an alarming height, and are a se- The general opinion as to this rapid rious injury. Flax is the best that destruction of the turnip is, that it has been grown for many years, and originates from a fly; whether a new likely to be the most beneficial to species or not, is not determined. It the farmers in this district of any on appears that the crown of the turnip the ground. Those wheats which tops has been impregnated with have been sown after flax have es- fly blows, which have produced a caped the mildew.

dark grey maggot. These maggots Upon the whole, then, it appears, have gradually assumed the appearfrom the general tenour of the re- ance of a grub. They begin by eatports from the different counties, ing into the crown, and by degrees that the harvest has been, in those into the body of the apple ; others eat counties where it is finished, most down the rind, and settle at the tap productive in all sorts of grain ; and root. Those turnips that are thus although in the early part of the attacked are entirely destroyed; and, season great apprehension was ex- in instances that have come imme pressed for the getting in of the crops, diately under our own view, whole in consequence of the threatening fields of the finest plants have nearly and unsettled state of the weather, all disappeared in a fortnight. The those apprehensions have been hap- later sown turnips are not so much pily in a great measure groundless. injured, but there is little chance of The markets have already fallen, and their regaining much value. The will probably fall to an extent that Swedes are but little damaged. cannot now be conjectured. The The hops are said to be affected by aggregate decline appears to be in an insect which destroys the strig of old wheat about 7s. and in the new the hop, and causes it to decay, inthat has been offered for sale in stead of gaining its weight. The Mark Lane about 10s. the quarter. picking has commenced, and there Since our last, barley has dropped has been rather more doing both in from 3s. to 4s. per quarter. Oats old and new hops than of late. The are 6s. lower, and boiling and grey meat market in Smithfield is lower peas about 4s., and are still on the and very dull; prime beasts barely decline. The average importation reaching 35. 4d. to 4s. The best of wheat coastwise has been in the Downs fetch about 45. and the Linlast four weeks about 6,304 quarters, colns from 3s. 6d. to 3s. 8d. for the barley 506 quarters, oats 6,420 quar- prime. Middling beasts and sheep ters, and of flour 7,621.

can with great difficulty be disThe turnip crop, which promised posed of. Sept. 23. so abundantly, has been almost entirely destroyed, and more especially in the counties of Norfolk and Suf

(London, September 23.) folk. This is a circumstance re- The general state of the markets plete with incalculable injury to the for the last four weeks has not prefarmer, and to the community in sented any remarkable features, and general, as it threatens a great and scarcely any fluctuations worth pare rapid advance in all kinds of meat, ticularizing ; our notice will therebutter, &c. &c. The loss of the crop fore he short. of turnips disarranges the entire farm- Cotton.--From the date of our last ing system; it compels the agricul- report very little was done till the turist to have recourse to corn, oil- middle of this month, the sales being cake, and other very expensive food, hardly more than 700 bales weekly; for grazing; and it is with the great the holders however remaining very

COMMERCE.

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