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This was a natural action, and had a of it, busie and active men entertain them, good effect, from appearing to be in. selves with notions infinitely unsatisfying considerately adopted.

and unprofitable : but in the meantime With science in no common de- they are not so wise. For concerning those gree, well conversant with history, that study unprofitable notions, and neglect ancient and modern, and, to judge also which is of most real advantage, I can

not only that which is wisest, but that from the conduct of his argument, not but think as Aristotle did of Thales a good mathematician, Mr. Irving and Anaxagoras, that " they may be also possesses a fine imagination, and learned, but they are not wise, or wise but a full flow of language anything but not prudent, when they are ignorant of common-place. Having all these such things as are profitable to them. For requisites, he comes near to Cicero's suppose they know the wonders of nature, definition of a complete orator; but and the subtilties of metaphysicks, and that which chiefly distinguishes him operations mathematical, yet they cannot from other preachers is the freedom be prudent, who spend themselves wholly of his censures, the liberality of his upon unprofitable and ineffective conteneulogies, and the wide range which plations.” . He is truly wise, that knows he allows himself to take while is bound to desire, and is happy if he ob

best to promote the best end, that which he speaking on a religious subject. In tains, and miserable if he misses ; and that this latter particular he reminds us is the end of a happy eternity, which is of Jeremy Taylor, in whose writings obtained by the only means of living ac. we remember a beautiful passage cording to the purposes of God, and the which so well exhibits the scope, as prime intentions of nature; natural and we conceive, of Mr Irving's views, prime reason being now all one with the and the considerations which may Christian religion. But then I shall onely have led him to throw down his gage observe, that this part of wisdome, and the 80 fearlessly to the intellectual world excellency of its secret and deep reason is on the grand topic of religion--that the propositions of this philosophie being

not to be discerned, but by experience; we cannot resist our inclination to (as in many other) empirical, and best quote it.

found out by observation of real and ma. It is but a sad thought to consider, that terial events. So that I may say of spiri. piety and books of devotion are counted tual learning as Quintilian said of some of but entertainment for little understandings, Platoe's books : Nam Plato cum in aliis and softer spirits ; and although there is quibusdam, tum præcipuè in Timæo ne inmuch fault in such imperious mindes, that telligi quidem, nisi ab iis qui hanc quoque they will not distinguish the weakness of partem disciplinæ (musicæ) diligenter perthe writers from the reasonableness and ceperint, potest. The secrets of the king. wisdome of the religion ; yet I cannot but dome of heaven are not understood truely think, the books themselves are in a large and thoroughly, but by the sons of the degree the occasion of so great indevotion : kingdome ; and by them too in several debecause they are (some few excepted) re- grees, and to various purposes ; but to evil presented naked in the conclusions of spi. persons the whole systeme of this wisdome ritual life, without or art or learning, and is insipid and flat, dull as the foot of a made apt for persons, who can do nothing rock, and unlearned as the elements of our þut believe and love, not for them that mother tongue. But so are mathematicks can consider and love. And it is not well, to a Scythian boote, and musick to a cainel. that since nothing is more reasonable and But I consider that the wisest persons, excellent in all perfections spiritual than and those who know how to value and enthe doctrines of the spirit, or holy life, yet tertain the more noble faculties of their nothing is offered to us so unlearnedly as soul, and their precious hours, take more this is, so miserable and empty of all its pleasure in reading the productions of those own intellectual perfections. If I could, I old wise spirits who preserved natural reá. would have had it otherwise in the present son and religion in the midst of heathen books : for since the understanding is not darkness such as are Homer, Euripides, an idle faculty in a spiritual life, but huge- Orpheus, Pindar, and Anacreon, Æschy. ly operative to all excellent and reasonable lus and Menander, and all the Greek poets; choices, it were very fit that this faculty Plutarch and Polybius, Xenophon, and all were also entertained by such discourses those other excellent persons of both facule which God intended as instruments of ties (whose choicest dictates are collected by hallowing it, as he intended it towards the Stobæus) Plato and his scholars, Aristotle, sanctification of the whole man. For want and after him Porphyrie, and all his other,

* Arist. Lib. vi. Eth. cap. 7.

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disciples, Pythagoras and his, especially graceful ornaments," which always Hierocles : all the old academicks and show distinct and appropriate, stoicks within the Roman schools more pleasure I say in reading these than the

Like captain jewels in the carkanet. triflings of many of the later school But it is time that we let our Aumen ; who promoted a petty interest of a thor appear in his proper person, and family, or an unlearned opinion with great speak for himself. Apparently disearnestness, but added nothing to Chris- daining to owe his reputation to any tianity but trouble, scruple, and vexation. high gifts of oratory alone, Mr. IrAnd from hence 1 hope that they may the rather be invited to love and consider the ving has no sooner preached his serrare documents of Christianity, which cer. mons than he throws them before the tainly is the great treasure-house of those public, to be cut up without mercy, excellent, moral, and perfective discourses, if they are found unworthy of that which with much pains and greater pleasure favour with which they had been we finde respersed and thinly scattered in heard. This is candour, we had all the Greek and Roman poets, historians, almost said, in the extreme; but it and philosophers.

affords good evidence, nevertheless, This wise-hearted and eloquent

of conscious power; nor has he made old Divinevates biformis-prophet the following extracts will prove:

a wrong estimate of his ability, as and poet both, here marks out the ground, as we take it, on which Mr.

(ON THE BIBLE.] Irving has made his stand : and cer- When God uttereth his voice, says the tainly the latter cannot take any Psalmist, coals of fire are kindled; the position under a more eminent leader; hills melt down like wax, the earth quakes, but he does not wish, we think, to be and deep proclaims it unto hollow deep considered a follower of Jeremy Tay- This same voice, which the stubborn ele, lor-we cannot recollect that he has ments cannot withstand, the children of even mentioned him:-he bends to Israel having heard but once, prayed that Milton with more veneration than to it might not be spoken to them any more. any man, and professes so to admire These sensible images of the Creator have his style, that not unaptly

now vanished, and we are left alone, in the might be apply to him the words in deep recesses of the meditative mind, to

discern his comings forth. No trump of which Dante addresses Virgil:

heaven now speaketh in the world's ear. Oh degli altri poeti onore e lume,

No angelic conveyancer of Heaven's will Vagliami 'l lungo studio, e 'l grande amore, taketh shape from the vacant air, and,

1 Che m'han fatto cercar lo tuo volume. having done his errand, retireth into his Tu se'lo mio maestro, e 'l mio autore;

airy habitation. No human messenger Tu se' solo colui, da cu' io tolsi

putteth forth his miraculous hand to heal

Nature's immedicable wounds, winning for Lo bello stile, che m'ha fatto onore. Inferno, Canto I.

his words a silent and astonished audience.

Majesty and might no longer precede the Glory and light of all the tuneful train ! oracles of Heaven. They lie silent and May it avail me, that I long with zeal unobtrusive, wrapped up in their little Have sought thy volume, and with love compassone volume, amongst many, in, immense

nocently handed to and fro, having no disHave conn'd it o'er. My master thou, and tinction but that in which our mustered guide!

thoughts are enabled to invest them. The Thou he from whom alone I have derived want of solemn preparation and circumThat style, which from its beauty into stantial pomp the imagination of the mind fame

hath now to supply. The presence of the Exalts me. Cary's Translation. Deity, and the authority of his voice, our

thoughtful spirits must discern. Conscience We cannot, however, compliment must supply the terrors that were wont to Mr. Irving quite so highly on his go before him; and the brightness of his style-it is more metaphorical than coming, which the sense can no longer beMilton's, and reminds us again of hold, the heart, ravished with his word, Jeremy Taylor; but the latter was must feel.(P. 9, 10.) more discreet than Mr. Irving in the management of his luxuriance and awakened bosom is that cold and formal

Far and foreign from such an opened he exhibits better taste-his pages hand which is generally laid upon the sado not glitter with a profusion of cred volume; that unfeeling and unimfigurative terms, but they are “em- pressive tone with which its accents are probossed, if with unnecessary, yet with nounced; and that listless and incurious

and copy

ear into which its blessed sounds are re- of human nature are the master-piece of ceived. How can you, thus unimpassioned, his architecture ? Who knows what new hold communion with themes in which enchantment of melody, what new witchery every thing awful, vital, and endearing, do of speech, what poetry of conception, what meet together! Why is not curiosity, cu- variety of design, and what brilliancy of riosity ever hungry, on edge to know the execution, he may endow the human facul. doings and intentions of Jehovah King of ties withal-in what new graces he may kings? Why is not interest, interest ever clothe nature, with such various enchantawake, on tiptoe to hear the future destiny ment of hill and dale, woodland, rushing of itself? Why is not the heart that pant- streams, and living fountains ; with bowers eth over the world after love and friendship, of bliss and sabbath-scenes of peace, and a overpowered with the full tide of the divine thousand forms of disporting creatures, so acts and expressions of love ? Where is as to make all the world hath beheld, to Nature gone when she is not moved with seem like the gross picture with which you the tender mercy of Christ ? Methinks the catch infants, and to make the eastern tale affections of men are fallen into the yellow of romances, and the most rapt imagination leaf. Of your poets which charm the of eastern poets, like the ignorant prattle world's ear, who is he that inditeth a song and rude structures which first delight the unto his God? Some will tune their harps nursery and afterwards ashame our riper to sensual pleasures, and by the enchant- years. ment of their genius well nigh commend Again, from our present establishment their unholy themes to the imagination of of affections, what exquisite enjoyment saints. Others, to the high and noble sen springs, of love, of friendship, and of dotiments of the heart, will sing of domestic mestic life. For each one of which God, joys and happy unions, casting around sor- amidst this world's faded glories, hath prerow the radiancy of virtue, and bodying served many a temple of most exquisite forth, in undying forms, the short-lived delight. Home, that word of nameless visions of joy ! Others have enrolled them. charms; love, that inexhaustible theme of selves the high priests of mute Nature's sentiment and poetry; all relationships, charms, enchanting her echoes with their parental, conjugal, and filial, shall arise to minstrelsy, and peopling her solitudes with a new strength, graced with innocency, unthe bright creatures of their fancy. But disturbed by apprehension of decay, unwhen, since the days of the blind master of ruffled by jealousy, and unweakened by English song, hath any poured forth a lay time. Heart shall meet heart worthy of the Christian theme? Nor in

Each other's pillow to repose divine. philosophy, “ the palace of the soul,” have men been more mindful of their The tongue shall be eloquent to disclose all Maker. The flowers of the garden and

the its burning emotions, no longer labouring herbs of the field have their unwearied and panting for utterance. And a new of devotees, crossing the ocean, wayfaring in ganization of body for joining and mixing the desert, and making devout pilgrimages homes for partaking it undisturbed, and

affections may be invented, more quiet to every region of Nature, for offerings to their patron muse. The rocks, from their

more sequestered retreats for barring out

the invasion of other affairs. Oh! what residences among the clouds to their deep rests in the dark bowels of the earth, have settlements

of the blessed, one day of

scenes of social life I fancy to myself in the a most bold and venturous priesthood ; who which I would not barter against the greatsee in their rough and finty faces a more delectable image to adore than in the re

ness and glory of an Alexander or a Cæsar. vealed countenance of God.. And the po- bial ties-what urgency of well-doing.

What new friendships—what new connu. litical welfare of the world is a very Moloch, who can at any time command his of the whole sphere in which we dwell! till

what promotion of good—what elevation hecatomb of human victims. But the revealed sapience of God, to which the harp every thing smile in “ Eden's first bloom,” of David and the prophetic lyre of Isaiah and the angels of light, as they come and were strung, the prudence of God which go, tarry with innocent rapture over the the wisest of men coveted after,

preferring enjoyment of every happy fair. Ah! they it to every gift which Heaven could confer will come, but with no weak sinfulness like

- and the eternal Intelligence himself in those three lately sung of by no holy human form, and the unction of the Holy tongue; they will come to creatures sinless One which abideth,—these the common

as themselves, and help forward the mirth heart of man hath forsaken, and refused to

and rejoicing of all the people. And the be charmed withal.-(P. 17, 18.)

Lord God himself shall walk amongst us,

as he did of old in the midst of the garden. (ON THE HAPPINESS OF HEAVEN.]

His Spirit shall be in us, and all heaven

shall be revealed upon us. Think you the creative function of God God only knows what great powers he is exhausted upon this dark and troublous hath of creating happiness and joy. For, ball of earth ? or that this body and soul this world your sceptic poets make such

. 1823.] Orations, &c. by the Rev. Edward Irving.

191 idolatry of, 'tis a waste howling wilderness and given his reputation a shock, from compared with what the Lord our God which it is slowly recovering:-All for shall furnish out. That city of our God what ? For making Nature and his own and the Lamb, whose stream was crystal, bosom his home, and daring to sing of the whose wall was jasper, and her buildings simple but sublime truths which were remolten gold, whose twelve gates were each vealed to him; for daring to be free in his a silvery pearl-doth not so far outshine manner of uttering genuine feeling and those dingy, smoky, clayey dwellings of depicting natural beauty, and grafting men, as shall that new earth outshine the thereon devout and solemn contemplations fairest region which the sun hath ever be- of God.-(P. 504.) held in his circuit since the birth of time.

(THE MODERN BRAVO.] But there is a depraved taste in man, which delights in strife and struggle ; a

And here, first, I would try these flush fellness of spirit, which joys in fire and and play a little with them at their own

and flashy spirits with their own weapons, sword; and a serpent mockery, which cannot look upon innocent peace without a

game. They do but prate about their ex. smile of scorn, or a ravenous lust to mar

ploits at fighting, drinking, and death-deit. And out of this fund of bitterness spising. I can tell them of those who come forth those epithets of derision which who durst enter as coolly as a modern

fought with savage beasts ; yea, of maidens, they pour upon the innocent images of heaven. They laugh at the celebration of bully into the ring, to take their chance

with infuriated beasts of prey; and I can the Almighty's praise as a heartless service-not understanding that which they lead as cheerfully as they do the juice of

tell them of those who drank the molten make themselves merry withal. The harp the grape, and handled the red fire, and which the righteous tune in heaven, is their played with the bickering flames as gaily as heart full of glad and harmonious emotions. The song which they sing, is the they do with love's dimples or woman's knowledge of things which the soul covet

amorous tresses. And what do they talk
eth after now, but faintly perceiveth. The iron-band, who made their chivalry to skip ?

of war? Have they forgot Cromwell's
troubled fountain of human understanding
hath become clear as crystal, they know with their Christian chief, received the

or the Scots Cameronians, who seven times, even as they are known. Wherever they thanks of Marlborough, that first of English look abroad, they perceive wisdom and

or Gustavus of the North,

captains ?
glory-within, they feel order and hap- whose camp sung Psalms in every tent ? It
piness in every countenance they read be-
nignity and love. God is glorified in all son's Methodists, who were the most trusted

not so long, that they should forget Nel.
his outward works, and inthroned in the

of that hero's crew. Poor men, they know inward parts of every living thing; and man, being ravished with the constant pic try's history, who it was that set at nought

nothing who do not know out of their counture of beauty and contentment, possessed the wilfulness of Henry VIII. and the with a constant sense of felicity, utters sharp rage of the virgin Queen against forth his Maker's praise, or if he utters liberty, and bore the black cruelty of her not, museth it with expressive silence.- popish' sister ; and presented the petition of (P. 382-385.)

rights, and the bill of rights, and the claim (THE CHARACTER OF MR. of rights. Was it chivalry ? was it blind WORDSWORTH.]

bravery ? No; these second-rate qualities There is one man in these realms who may do for a pitched field, or a fenced hath addressed himself to such a godlike ring; but when it comes to death or liberty, life, and dwelt alone amidst the grand and death or virtue, death or religion, they wax lovely scenes of nature, and the deep, un- dubious, generally bow their necks under fathomable secrecies of human thought. hardship, or turn their backs for a bait of Would to heaven it were allowed to others honour, or a mess of solid and substantial to do likewise! And he hath been re- This chivalry and brutal bravery warded with many new cogitations of na- can fight if you feed them well and bribe ture and of nature's God; and he hath them well, or set them well on edge; but heard, in the stillness of his retreat, many in the midst of hunger and nakedness, and new voices of his conscious spirit—all want and persecution, in the day of a which he hath sung in harmonious num- country's direst need, they are cowardly, bers. But, mark the Epicurean soul of treacherous, and of no avail. this degraded age ! They have frowned on Oh these topers, these gamesters, these him; they have spit on him; they have idle revellers, these hardened death-degrossly abused him. The masters of this spisers ! they are a nation's disgrace, a nacritical generation (like generation, like tion's downfall. They devour the seed of masters !) have raised the hue and cry virtue in the land ; they feed on virginity, against him; the literary and sentimental and modesty, and truth. They grow great world, which is their sounding-board, hath in crime, and hold a hot war with the men reverbera*ed it; and every reptile who can of peace. They sink themselves in debt ; Trtnil an opinion in print, hath spread it, they cover their families with disgrace ;



they are their country's shame. And will nations of the Holy Alliance, which
they talk about being their country's crown, sooner or later will make a tough at-
and her rock of defence ? They have in tempt to overturn the independence
them a courage of a kind such as Catiline and liberty of England. What a
and his conspirators had. They will plunge spirit-stirring orator he would have
in blood for crowns and gaudy honours, been! How willingly then we should
or, like the bolder animals, they will set on
with brutal courage, and, like all animals

, have put up with a little inflated dicthey will lift up an arm of defence against tion, while every heart yearned to those who do them harm. But their soul deliver itself from the pain of unis consumed with wantonness, and their profitable agitation, in planning some stcadfast principles are dethroned by error; bold design, or in the achievement their very frames, their bones and sinews, of some meritorious enterprise. He are effeminated and degraded by vice and would have been equal to Peter the dissolute indulgences.-(P. 527-529.) Hermit, in setting all Christendom in

That there are many passages in motion to undertake a glorious act ferior to these we are not such blind of deliverance: but, unless we are admirers of Mr. Irving as not to per- much mistaken, Mr. Irving would ceive, and we disapprove of some as try, rather to deliver a nation from they deserve; but to challenge the slavery, deeming the mind of man public attention to them, as if it the true Holy Land, than to encouwere a great thing to have discovered rage a crusade for the recovery of any faults in a man so famous, is to some senseless earth from the possespay him too high a compliment. He şion of the infidels. It is easy to see must, of course, have many imper- in the watching eyes, and implicit fections, but these we shall leave his brows which now surround him, that hearers and readers to find out at he would have found numerous and their leisure, or to learn from the faithful followers and co-adjutors. host of critics by whom he will be But when all this feeling is excited, assailed, for it will be strange indeed and there is no external foe to comif he be suffered to go on unmolested bat,---when they are in a spirit to in his course.

He cannot expect it; call down fire from Heaven to conand, perhaps, he does not wish to be sure the enemies of the truth,-and spared. By the readiness he shows each man is told that the sin in his to begin the attack, he invites hos- own heart isits greatest enemy-what tility, and she will take him at his is to be expected, but that the zeal word: all parties then will be against which cannot be carried off in a prohim; for each will find in him some- per direction, will fall on him who thing which cannot be excused or drew it forth :—they will turn and forgiven; and admiration is not so rend him. All we wish is, that he generous a passion that it can hold should be prepared for this reverse. out long against offended pride or He seems to be a little affected by wounded vanity. His popularity as the heat of prosperity,—we hope he a preacher must decline. The tide will bear adversity better. Few men will ebb in the same rapid degree could have withstood so well the that it has flowed; and those who flattering attentions he has received. are now the most eager for his praise Our approbation of Mr. Irving is will then be the loudest in his cen- established on firmer grounds than sure; they will be ashamed of their popular opinion ; excessive passion to hear him, and will endeavour to find revenge in ri

It was builded far from accident; dicule. Still, when detraction has

It suffers not in smiling pomp, nor falls

Under the blow of thralled discontent. done its utmost, this volume will remain an indestructible memorial of We admire him for his manly utthe Author's extraordinary powers. terance of truth without respect to

We have sometimes wondered persons,—for his enlarged conception what would have been the effect of of the privileges of the Christian chaMr. Irving's eloquence had he ap- racter, for his connection of piety peared as a private gentleman, at a with literature and philosophy,—for public meeting, in support of some his patriotism and philanthropy,popular cause; or as a Member of and, lastly, for that eloquence of the Parliament, pleading for reform, or heart, not of the head, without which for the improvement of Ireland, or all oratory is unpersuasive as the against the aggressions and machis sound of a cymbal.

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