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your Lordship is now of a proper age to understand many particulars in the following Lectures, and will soon be capable of a regular study and a thorough comprehension of the whole subject, I was ambitious to dedicate the work to you; as a mark of my attachment, and of my earnest wish to contribute whatever may be in my power, towards your improvement in every thing that is useful or ornamental, and thereby to the distinguished figure that, I flatter myself, your Lordship will one day make in this country.

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To act an useful and honourable part in the community to which we belong, is an object of laudable ambition to every man, in proportion to the rank which he holds in it; and your Lordship cannot but be fully apprized, that the only foundations for a respectable figure in life, are good principles and good dispositions, joined to a cultirated understanding. Eminence in these respects is what, in strictest right, may be expected of those whom their fellow-citizens, naturally their equals, are, by the constitution of their country, made to look up to, as their superiors. It is a debt due for that distinction. For it is universally true, that the obligation to do good is of the very same extent with the power and opportunity of doing it.

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This, my young Lord, is an age in which every thing begins to be estimated by its real use and value. The same maxims of good sense which regulate all other things, will finally new-arrange whatever belongs to the affairs of society and government; and those distinctions which mere force, mere fuperftition, or mere accident will be found to have established, and to which public utility does not give its sanction, will gradually sink into public disesteem: and this, long continued, will make part of that spirit of men, of nations, and of times, which must finally bear down every thing that opposes it. Consequently, the only method of perpetuating any order of men whatever, is to make it truly respectable and useful: This was the original foundation of honour, and it cannot finally stand upon



any other.

I must add, that the world will expect the more from your Lordship, on account of your relation to a nobleman who is eminently distinguished for his private, as well as his public virtues, and for nothing more than his attention to the education of his children, and his liberality of sentirnent in the conduct of it.

That your Lordship may, in riper years, fully reward the care and attention that have been bestowed upon you, confirm the hopes which your friends have formed from your present improvements and dispositions, and eminently contribute to support the dignity of the rank to which you were born, by adding to the real lustre and value of it, is the sincere prayer of,

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This Course of Lectures was compofed when I was Tutor in the Linguages and Belles Lettres in the Academy at Warrington, and was first delivered in the year 1762. The plan is rather more comprehenfive than any thing that I have seen upon the subject, the arrangement of the materials, as a system, is new, and the theory, in several respects, more so.

For this reason I have been frequently urged to make the Lectures public; and having postponed it so long, I have been induced to do it at this time, partly with a view to the illustration of the doctrine of the association of ideas, to which there is a constant reference through the whole work (in order to explain facts relating to the influence of Oratory, and the striking effect of Excellencies in Composition, upon the genuine principles, of human nature) in consequence of having of late endeavoured to draw fome degree of attention to those principles, as advanced by Dr. Hartley. Another reason for publishing these


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