Histories

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Wordsworth Editions, 1996 - 768 Seiten
Translated with Notes by George Rawlinson. With an Introduction by Tom Griffith. Herodotus (c480-c425) is 'The Father of History' and his 'Histories' are the first piece of Western historical writing. They are also the most entertaining. Why did Pheidippides run the 26 miles and 385 yards (or 42.195 kilometres) from Marathon to Athens? And what did he do when he got there? Was the Battle of Salamis fought between sausage-sellers? Which is the oldest language in the world? Why did Leonidas and his 300 Spartans spend the morning before the battle of Thermopylae combing their hair? Why did every Babylonian woman have to sit in the Temple of Aphrodite until a man threw a coin into her lap, and how long was she likely to sit there? And what is the best way to kill a crocodile? This wide-ranging history provides the answers to all these fascinating questions as well as providing many fascinating insights into the Ancient World. AUTHOR: Herodotus (c.484 BC-c.420 BC) is often called the "Father of History" and is the earliest, and one of the greatest of the ancient Greek prose writers. In most instances, his account is the only substantial one that survives of many key historical events.
 

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Inhalt

BOOK ONE CLIO
3
battle of Lade
6
9Io Region north of Thrace
9
4I Flight of Miltiades to Athens
34
Chapters 4243 Universal geography Circumnavigation of Libya
44
Chapters Io9104 Proceedings of Xerxes
49
Chapters 7475 Fate of Prexaspes
50
The Hypanis
52
description of these places
175
The stom ceases
191
Chapters 223224 Last conflict death of Leonidas
225
I27130 Revolt and struggle
226
BOOKFOUR MELPOMENE
305
and Arimaspi
311
IOI Consults Demaratus
471
BOOKEIGHT URANIA
615

The Arians Parthians
67
Chapters 6567 Sacred animals
68
Chapter 7375 Athenian most distinguished Sophanes his andud and fate
76
Exploits of Polycritus
92
97Io Battle of Myale
97
I2O Plans of the Scyths
118
IO8122 Birth and bringingup of Cyrus
129
I39I49 Persian expedition against Samos to establish Syloson
150
Arcesilaus III
159
The Greek Fleet at Artemisium
623
Xerxes questions Demaratus
636
II6 Story of a Thracian king
658
2I32I4 Ephialtes tells of the mountainpath
668
BOOK NINE CALLIOPE
677
2I9 Leonidas dismisses the allies
680
II4120 Athenians lay siege to Sestosfate of Oeobazus
726
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Über den Autor (1996)

Herodotus was the inventor of universal history. Often called the Father of History, his histories are divided into nine books named after the nine muses. A native of Halicarnassus on the coast of Asia Minor (modern Bodrum, Turkey), he traveled extensively, writing lively descriptions of the lands he saw and the peoples he encountered. Herodotus set out to relate the story of the conflict of the Greeks of his own time against the "barbarian" Asiatic empire of Achaemenid Persia. His long narrative, titled by modern convention The Histories, begins with the earliest traditions he believed reliable. It ends with a highly colored account of the defeat of the Persian emperor Xerxes and his immense army of slaves by a much smaller number of Greeks fighting to preserve their freedom. Herodotus wrote history, but his methods and assumptions were not those of a modern historian, and his work was unjustly rejected by his successor Thucydides as factually highly unreliable and full of inappropriate romance. By his own admission, Herodotus retold the stories of other peoples without necessarily believing them all. This allowed him total artistic freedom and control to create a picture of the world that corresponded entirely to his own view of it. The result is a picture of Herodotus's world that is also a picture of his mind and, therefore, of many other Greek minds during the period known as "late Archaic." During this period, the Greek mind was dominated by reason, the domain of the first philosophers and the observant and thoughtful medical theorists of the Hippocratic school. Traditional beliefs in the gods of Homer and in their Oracles, especially the Oracle at Delphi, also dominated during this period. The literary genius of Herodotus consisted in the art of the storyteller. The stories he chose to tell, and the order in which he told them, provide his readers with a total view of his world and the way in which the will of the gods and the ambitions of humans interacted to produce what is known as history. For this reason the ancient critic Longinus justly called Herodotus "the most Homeric of all authors." Like Homer, Herodotus strove to understand the world theologically---a goal that makes his work difficult for the reader to understand at first. But, in place of Homer's divine inspiration, Herodotus used his eyes and ears and wrote not poetry but prose. Rejecting what is commonly known as myth, he accepted instead "oral tradition" about remembered events. For example, although he believed that the Trojan War had been fought, he could not investigate it beyond what the poets had said. In his view this "ancient history" of the Greeks and the peoples of Asia was not like contemporary history, because the heroes of old who had created it were beings of a different and superior order who had had a different, direct, and personal relationship with the gods. In recognizing this distinction, Herodotus defined for all time the limits of the historian's discipline.

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