Abbildungen der Seite
[ocr errors]

laudable Amusement. Each subscriber, at its commencement, paid half-a-guinea of entry money, and bound himself to pay half-yearly, a sum to be fixed by a general meeting, not exceeding eight shillings per annum: The entry money to be increased afterwards as a meeting of subscribers should determine.

It now contains about 200 volumes, consisting of History, Biography, Travels, Voyages, select Novels, the classical works of ADDISON, Johnson and GOLDSMITH, Annual Regia ster, Edinburgh Review, Sermons of Merit, with a few volumes of Poetry, such as Burns's Works, Farmer's Boy, Lady of the Lake, &c. The use of the Books is allowed to no person resident in the place unless they be subscribers; but gentlemen from a distance, having occasion to spend a few days in the parish, are freely accommodated with any volume they incline to peruse; and it is but justice to state that the liberality of the Society, in this respect, has not heen unrewarded, as they have received several handsome Volumes, by way of presents, in return for their kindness.

Those who have taken the lead in the management, and in the choice of Books, have studied to introduce such works only as they considered adapted to the generality of their Readers taste, though they have thereby denied themselves the pleasure of perusing many valuable works more to their own mind. Where numbers are concerned, to please every one is impossible ; and those who attempt it may still have the mortif cation, even after a trial of ten years, to bear individuals among their number, declaring that they cannot find one word of sense in “such trash as the Spectator," or in the profound volumes of the Rambler. People of such sentiments it is hoped will be few in number, and their opinions, with men of sense, will deservedly have little weight. *

Lindi T . T.

The Cottager's Advice to his Daughter


The connection between a Mistress and her Servant... Mary's duty

to her Mistress... Example of William Stitch... Story of Theodosia Hope...other Duties of Servants. L'HE connection between thy mistress and thee is a so. emn contract for mutual benefit, and it is necessary each hould be informed and truly understand what the other equires ; that the discharge of this obligation, with canlour and justice, may create mutual kindness and regard.

Thy first thought should be, not to put thy master or nistress to an unnecessary expense. Little dost thou know of the anxiety which attends the condition of many a maser and mistress, to support their rank, in the maintenance of their servants. Thou wouldst not envy them if thou ouldst see their hearts. As a faithful servant, rejoice to ee thy mistress prudent, though thou couldst benefit much by her being extravagant.

If thou shouldst become an upper servant, or act in any apacity of trust, be equally just and exact. Nor from a nistaken notion of charity, suffer the poor to be fed from he table of thy mistress without her leave, which on thy part would be downright dishonesty. Look upon every penny of thy mistress's money to be sacred, and touch not

farthing for thine own use though thou shouldst mean to replace it. : :

In 'regard to honesty, thou canst not be too scrupulously strict. WILLIAM STITCH found in the pocket of Lord NOBLE's waistcoat, which had been put into his hands to new button, 'a bank-note of an hundred pounds. William brought it home, and desired to see my Lord ; and being admitted into his presence, told him what he had found, i and that he did not choose to deliver it to any one but his

. Lordship,

[ocr errors]

Lordship. The noble Lord commended his honesty, and desired William to accept of five guineas. “What, my Lord,” said he, “take money for being honest! No, the satisfaction of my own mind for doing my duty is a reward that abundantly repays me. God forbid that I should be ever tempted to withhold another man's right, or expect a reward for doing him justice!

Carry this in thy mind, that, as good masters and mistresses generally make good servants, so good servants not only preserve the tranquillity of families, but frequently are the means of saving them from ruin. My master once told me of a friend of his, who was obliged, by misfortnge, to contract his expenses. In this situation, he was obliged, in his old age, to discharge all his domestics. He told them why he paid them off. One of them burst into tears upon the occasion, and spoke to him in these terms: “Sir, I have been your chambermaid now five and twenty years. I have always honoured and respected you; you have treated me with the kindness of a master, a father, and a friend. I have saved some scores of pounds in your service. I beg you will accept of my purse, and all it contains. Suffer me to attend your fortunes, and be your servant still! Perhaps you may not find one more faithful and affectionate.” They called her THEODOSIA HOPE. She drew tears from her old master.

Theodosia's offer of her service was accepted, and she remained with him. Not long after, a relation of his died, and left him a good fortune ; and when he died he bequeathed her a very comfortable maintenance.

Submission is another branch of humility. St. Peter recommends it to us, with the force of a divine commandment, 'Servants be subject to your masters with all fear, not only to the good and gentle, but also to the froward.

[ocr errors]

There are cases in which it is necessary “the knee should ow, though the understanding cannot.'

If thy mistress is of a lively temper, thou wilt often think er impatient, though she sliould have the patience to tell hee ten times a day of the same fault : But I charge thee

beware of impatience, lest thou shouldst make a pert eply, and at once shew thyself ill-mannered and ungrateul, and ruin thyself in her favour.

Above all things avoid expostulation with thy mistress. It is too common a trick with passionate persons, when reproached, to tell masters and mistresses that they understand their business, forgetting that their chief business is to obey. No master or mistress of spirit will bear to be latly contradicted by a servant, or to argue with them about indifferent matters. If master and servant dislike

ach other, or a servant is really unfit for a place, let them part, wath good wishes for their mutual prosperity. .

To be continued.



Genius is that gift of God which learning cannot confer, which no disadvantages of birth or education can wbolly obscure."

!! BENJAMIN FRANKLIN, WHO has already been introdaced into our work as an instance of laudable industry and frugality, was originally bred to the business of a printer ;-but scarcely emerged from infancy Franklin became a philosopher, and by the continual exercise of his genius, prepared himself for those great discoveries in science which have associated his name with that of a NEWTON; and for those political

X x


reflections which have placed him by the side of a SOLON and a LYCURGUS.

Having lived to assist in giving laws to his country at home, and to serve it in the capacity of ambassador at foreign court abroad; and after having written, among bil various treatises, many useful tracts for that rank of people who have no great leisure, or opportunity for study, ke quited this mortal scene, leaving the following remark able epitaph to be inscribed on his tombstone,


OF BENJAMIN FRANKLIN, PRINTER, (Like the Cover of an Old Book, its Contents torn out, and stripped of its Lettering and Gilding,) .

Yet the work itself shall not be lost,
But will (as he believed) appear once more

And more beautiful Edition,
Corrected and Revised


2. THOMAS GAINSBOROUGH, OF whom it has been said, that “ Nature was his Teacher, and the woods of Suffolk his Academy,” very early discovered a propensity for painting, and from passing the solitary mornings of his youth in making a sketch of an ald tree, á marshy brook, a few cattle, a shepherd and his flock, or any other accidental objects he met with in the country, he came to London, where he acquired great eminence as a portrait painter ; but his greatest excellence was in landscape, in which he united the brilliancy of CLAUDE with the simplicity of RUYSDAEL.


« ZurückWeiter »