Abbildungen der Seite

affect the benevolence of thy mind, though others shoul presumptuously sit in judgment upon three. Adore th Maker før his boundless goodness to all the children a men, whatever their situation may be. If thou hast deep sense of such goodness, it will naturally inspire th mind with the tenderest charity, and the truest benevolene towards all thy fellow-creatures, by whatever faith, mod of worship, or worldly interests, they are distinguished This is the way, my dear Mary, to follow the great Lor and Teacher of the Christian world.

de 97 If thou thinkest thy neighbour is in an error, which i is not in thy power to correct, it is enough if thou avoid est falling into the same mistake. Still, I say, be charit able, and leave him to that Being who is infinite in wisdom and mercy, and will most assuredly adjust all those differ ences, which men so often and so vainly attempt to regulate

I have many times observed, my daughter, that, whethe in religious or worldly concerns," what men say for them. selves, and what their adversaries infer, or represent them

as saying, are generally two very different things. A · experience has taught me that this is so much the case, am always slow of believing vulgar report.

The most ignorant are always the most conceited, and unable to discern their own folly, or the wisdom of others.

If, therefore, it should fall to thy lot to be reproached for thy piety, as if, being pious, therefore thou must have adopted some false opinion, bear it patiently.

Contradiction, expressed in gross terms, inflames the passions; and passionate disputes hardly ever enlighten the understanding, though they often extinguish the light of reason. My master used to mention an excellent rule to be observed in disputes, “That we should give soft words and hard argunients, and not strive to vex but to convince our opponents."

“There is as much wisdom in bearing with other peo

[ocr errors]


ple's defects, as in being sensible of their good qualities; and we should make the follies of others a warning and instruction to ourselves.". This is the way to preserve the mind in charity and peace, to correct ourselves, and to reform the world.

To be continued.

*. The Progress of Genius -


Genius is that gift of God which learning cannot confer, which med disadvantages of birth or education can wholly obscure." .*

1 ROBERT DODSLEY, ; AN eminent bookseller and ingenious writer, in his first setting out in life acted in the capacity of footman to a lady; from which station, however, his abilities soon raised him, for one of his early productions being shown to Mr Pope, the manner of its execution so strongly recommended its author to the notice of the poet, tlíat he continued a: warm friend and patron to Mr D. till his death.

Having embraced the profession of a booksellery which of all others has the closest connection with, and the most dependance on genius and literature, Mr Pope recommended him, and bis own merit soon obtained for him the countenance of persons of rank and influence, and in a few. years raised him to great eminence in his profession.,:

Besides a nunöer of other ingenious pieces Mr Dani SLEY was the author of that little excellent and well known .. moral performance, entitled “the Economy of Human life;" and was the projeetor of “the Annual Register," 4 work still continued, of high and deserved reputation.:*: I .; NN 3


: :.. EUCLID, . . THE celebrated mathematician and astronomer, whose Elements are so universally taught in our schools, had on origin šo obscure, that where this great man was born, and in what country, we have no distinct account..

He flourished at Alexandria about 300 years B. C. and has immortalized his name in the world of science by his books on Geometry, in which, he has digested all the propositions of the eminent geometricians who preceded bim into regularity and order, with many others of his own, and on this account he is said to have been the first who reduced arithmetic and geometry into the form of a science.


... is How to increase Milk in THE quantity of milk produced by cows fed by Sainfoin is

nearly double to that of any other food. The milk is also much richer, and will yield a larger quantity of cream. The butter will also be better coloured and flavoured than any other.

Parsnips productive of Milk in Cows. PARSNIPS cause cows to produce abundance of milk, and I they eat them as free as they do oil-cake. Land, Tl, an acre in Guersney, is sown with parsnips to feed cattle, and the milk is like cream.-Sheep, when lambing, fed with them, produce much milk. They are improper food for horses, subjecting them to blindness

To preserve Cream for long Voyages, &c. M IX with a quantity of fresh rich cream half its weight of

white sugar in powder ; stir the whole well together, and preserve it in bottles well corked. In this state it is ready to mix with tea or coffee, and will keep good many months.

[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]

To preserve Eges,

'PUT an egg for one minute in water just about to boil,

(it will not in that time be hard) and it will afterwards Keep well for a month.



To extricate Horses from Fire. JF the harness be thrown over a draught, or the saddle placed

on the back of a saddle horse, they may be led out of the stable as easily as on common occasions. Should there be time to substitute the bridle for the halter, the difficulty towards saving them will be still further diminished.

Method of rendering all sorts of Paper, Linen, and Cotton less

... i combustible. : THIS desirable object may be, in some degree, effected, by

immersing these combustible materials in a strong sołu. tion of alum water; and, after drying them, repeating this immersion, if necessary. Thus, neither the colour, nor the quality of the paper, will be in the least affected, on the con. trary, both will be improved ; and the result of the experiment may be ascertained, by holding a slip of paper so prepared, over a candle. .

To prevent. Wood, Linen, &c. from catching Fire." ONE ounce of sulphur, one ounce of red ochre, and six

ounces of a solution of copperas. To prevent wood from catching fire it is first to be covered with joiner’s glue, over which the powder is spread. This process is to be repeated three or four times after the wood is become dry. In linen and paper, water is to be used instead of glue, and the process is repeated twice."

To malce Water more efficacivus in extinguishing Fires. THROW into a pump, which contains fifty or sixty buckets

of water, eight or ten pounds of salt or pearl ashes, and the water thus impregnated will wonderfully accelerate the

. .. . extinction

extinction of the most furious conflagration. Muildy water is better than clear, and can be obtained when salt and ashes cannot. *

* 1:the 23d vol. of " Annals of Agriculture," Mr WILLIAM KNOX, a merchant of Gothenburg, in Sweden, states that he has made a variety of experiments for extinguishing fire by means of such substances as are cheap and easily procured. He divides them into simple and compound solutions, In the former class, he proposes to add to 75 gallons of water, 9 galtons of the strongest solution of wood-ashes; or 6 gallons of the finest pulverized pot ashes; or 8 gallons of com. mon salt, well dried, and inely beaten ; or 81 pallons of green vitriol or copperas, thoroughly dried and finely pulverized; or gallons of the strongest herring-pickle; or 9 gallons of alum reduced to powder; or 19 gallons of clay, perfectly dried, well beaten and carefully sifted,

Among the compound solutions Mr KNOX recommends to mix 75 gallans of water with io quarts of clay, 10 quarts of vitriol, and 10 quarts of common salt; or a similar quantity of water, with 18 quarts of the strongest solution of wool-ashes and 18. quarts of fine clay reduced to powder; or the same proportion of water, with 15 quarts of red-ochre, or the residuum of aquafortis, and 15 quarts of common salt; or, lastly, to mix is quarts of the strongest herring pickle, and 1s quarts of red ochre, with 75 gallons of water. All these different solutions, Mr Knox remarks, are equally efficacious in extinguishing fire; but he prefers the compounds, as being the" şurest and most powerful for that purpose."

Another of the various inventions for extinguishing fire by chemical means, deserving of notice, is the composition prepared by M. VON AKEN, and which consists of the following ingredients: :,:.

Burnt alum ... .

. .30
Green vitriol in powder ... .. 40
Çinabrese, or red.ochie, puiverized .
Potter's, or other clay, finely pounded and sifted 200



!. Water . . . . . . . . . 630 With 40 measures of this liquor an artific al fire, which would have required the labour of twenty men, and 1 soo measuręs of common water, was ext nguished, under the direction of the inventor, by three persons. The price of this compound solution is estimated at one halfpenny per pound.

Work to be done in the Cottager's Garden in October. - IN this and the three following months, dung, dig, and trench all vacant ground to be ready for spring crops. Plan 1 out early Cabbages to cut in May. Nigh the middle of the month sow early Pease and Beans; and before the frost sets in plant Gooseberries, Currants, Rasps, &c.

« ZurückWeiter »