Abbildungen der Seite
PDF
EPUB

and the woman making up the want of strength by anger and fury, to the destruction of family peace; to the very great hurt of their children ; and to the wounding of their own souls by. the violation of matrimonial obligations, And do they regard each other as one, when they have no liking for each others company-when bome is worse than 4 prison to the husband, and the wife is never easy but when he is out of the way.

If man and wife are one, as Christ and the church are one, they must not only regard each other as such, bat also endeavour to promote the present and eternal happiness of each other to the utmost of their power. They must labour to please one another, and make their lives mutually comfortable. It is an ill token of their regarding each other as one flesh, when they do not study to please and be agreeable to one another; but are continually thwarting each other, as if they came together to be a mutual vexation. It is a much worse token, when instead of helping they are a hinderance to each others' souls-seldom, if ever, a serious word passing between them-never warning each other against vicious tempers and practices, except when their own sinful passions and humours are crossed, and leading such careless and sinful lives as mightily tend to quench any little measure of seriousness there may be in either of them, and to harden one another into a total forgetfulness of God.

As it is unnatural for a man to be angry with his own flesh, they must exercise much patience and forbearance with one another, and help to bear one another's burdens : It was a sad part in Job's wife when God's hand was against him, to be against him also.

Elkanah's conduct to his wife Hannah in their common affliction is an excellent pattern of matrimonial tenVOL. I.

derness;

derness ; “ Hannah, why weepest thou ? and why eatest thou not ? and why is thy heart grieved ? am not I better unto thee than ten sons ?-1. Sam. i. 8.

Advice to Servants.' 1. A GOOD character is valuable to every one, but especially to servants, for it is their bread ; and without it they cannot be admitted into a creditable family; and happy it is that the best of characters is in every one's power to deserve.

2. Engage yourself cautiously, but stay long in your place; for long service shows worth, as quitting a good place through passion is a folly, which is always repented of too late. ,

3. Never undertake any place you are not qualified for; for pretending to do what you do not understand, exposes yourself, and what is still worse, deceives those whom you serve.

4. Preserve your fidelity; for a faithful servant is a jewel, for whom no encouragement can be too great.

5. Adhere to the truth; for falsehood is detestable ; and he that tells one lie, must tell twenty more to conceal it.

6. Be strictly honest; for it is shameful to be thought unworthy of trust.

7. Be modest in your behaviour ; it becomes your station, and is pleasing to your superiors.

8. Avoid pert answers; for civil language is cheap and impertinence provoking.

9. Be clean in your business ; for slovens and sluts are disrespectful servants.

10. Never tell the affairs of the family you belong to ; for that is a sort of treachery, and often makes mischief; but keep their secrets, and have none of your own.

11. Live friendly with your fellow-servants ; for the contrary destroys the peace of the house.

12. Above all things avoid drunkenness; for it is an inlet to vice, the ruin of your character, and the destruction of your constitution.'

To be continued.

[ocr errors]

The Progress of Genius
TROM OBSCURE AND LOW SITUATIONS, TO EMINENCE AND

CELEBRITY.

"Genias is that gift of God which learning cannot confer, which no

disadvantages of birth or education can wbolly obscure.

WILLIAM CASLON, EMINENT in an art of the greatest consequence to literature, being the first who brought the art of Letterfounding to such a degree of perfection in England, as to supersede the necessity of importing types from abroad, served an apprenticeship to an engraver of ornaments on gun barrels, which trade be afterwards carried on for himself.

Buť a Mr Bowyer having seen, in a bookseller's shop, the lettering of a book uncommonly neat, and having learned that the letters were cut by Mr Caslon, cultivated an acquaintance with him, and after having taken him to see, for the first time, a letter foundery, and learned, after granting his request of a single day to consider of it, that lie thought he could undertake to cut types, this gentleman, with two others, had such confidence in his abilities, that they lent him a sum of money, to begin business with in that line, in which he at last exceeded

the

U 2

the productions of the best artists, and having attained opulence and respectability in his profession, was put into the commission of the peace for the county of Middlesex before he died, leaving his family in possession of a luciative business, and of a foundery the most capital in this or foreign countries. .

WILLIAM CAXTON, The first who introduced the art of PRINTING with METAL TYPES into England, served an apprenticeship to a mercer, whose master having died, leaving him a lega. cy of 34 marks, (no inconsiderable sum in those days) he went abroad to settle, where having acquired the mystery of the new invention of Printing, he' afterwards returned to England, and printed what is allowed by all the typograplıical antiquarians to bave been the first specimen of the art among us, dated 1474.

The Cottager's Advice to his Daughter,

UPON HER GOING TO SERVICE.

The certainty of Death... Serious thoughts for the living.' AS Providence seems determined that we must part, let us improve every hour that remaineth, before the day comes; and hear me, O my daughter! with deep attention. Whether in sorrow or in joy, in good fortune, or in bad, death e’er long will separate us.

In the ordinary course of things, green fruit often falls by a blast, or violence, or the various accidents to which it is subject. This is the case of those who die in youth :but, as fruit that is ripened by time, and its proper season, must fall, so the aged must die. Death is the husband. man that gathers us all in.

must

Perhaps it may administer to the establishment of thy virtue, to know what I gathered from my master's books, confirmed by my observation, when I was young. Do'st thou apprehend that thy father is now trading on the last fifth part of his stock of life, as all men are who are past fifty *? Thou seest me cheerful, and in good spirits; but Nature, the great agent of the Almighty, has sentenced me to death. I am one in four who is to die in five years † It is true, I do not know certainly within five years of my own death ; but this I know, that if I should live through five years, then a greater proportion than one, in some other four, must die, as it were, in my place.

And what think you, Mary, is your hazard? Hear me and be not discomfited. Your chance is near one in five to die in 15 years T. Look round thee. See how swist the scythe of death mows down the children of men.

Every distinct person flatters himself that he shall not be of the number of those who die early. Providence is indulgent to us; for, tho' every day brings us nearer to our end, death never seems near: The hour being concealed from us, we enjoy this turn of mind, and suffer no fruitless pain. O God, bow manifest is thy mercy, and goodness, in all thy conduct towards man! Think of it, Mary, and adore him with a grateful heart.

To be continued.

* Of 1000 born, 785 are dead by the age of 50, being very near 4 in 5, therefore only I remains.

+ From 55 to 60, 31 in 173 die, which is near 1 in 4..

I This is founded on 502 of 15 years old; of these, by the time they reached 30, 94, were dead, so that it comes near to 1 in 5.

[ocr errors]
« ZurückWeiter »