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nence, on the pleasant banks of the Chilka Lake (where no human bones are seen,) I had a view of the lofty tower of Juggernaut far remote ; and while I viewed it, its . abominations came to mind. It was on the morning of the Sabbath. Ruminating long on the wide and extended empire of Moloch in the heathen world, I cherished in my thoughts the design of some Christian Institution,' which, being fostered by Britain, my Christian country, might gradually undermine this baleful idolatry, and put out the memory of it forever.'
IN our second Number, under the head of “An Ami able Portrait,” we gave an outline of this truly illustrious and godlike character ; but our extract was too short, and our limits did not otherwise permit us, to do any thing like justice to such an excellent man; we therefore, with pleasure, resume the subject.
“ Among those truly illustrious persons," says Dr Aikin," who, in the several ages and nations of the world, have marked their tract through life by, a continued course of doing good, few have been so distin guished, either by the extent of the good produced, or the purity of motive and energy of character exhibited in the process of doing it, as the late John Howard. To have adopted the cause of the prisoner, the sick and the destitute, not only in his own country, but throughout Europe ;-to have considerably alleviated the burden of present misery among those unfortunate classes, and at the same time, to have provided for the reformation
of the vicious and the prevention of future crimes and calamities ;-to have been instrumental in the actual es. tablishment of many plans of humanity and utility, and to bave laid the foundation for much more improvement hereafter ; und to have done all this as a private, unaided individual, struggling with toils, dangers, and difficulties, which might have appalled the most resolute; is surely a range of beneficence, which scarcely ever before came within the compass of one man's exertions.” And the celebrated orator, EDMUND BURKE, has passed the fole lowing fine eulogium on him.-“I cannot name this gentleman without remarking, that his labours and writings have done much to open the eyes and hearts of mankind. He has visited all Europe, --not to survey the sumptuousness of palaces, or the stateliness of temples ; not to make accurate measurements of the remains of ancient grandeur, nor to form a scale of the curiosity of modern art; nor to collect medals, or collate manuscripts :-but to dive into the depths of dungeons ; to plunge into the infection of hospitals ;-to survey the mansions of sorrow and pain ;--to take the gage and dimensions of misery, depression, and contempt; to remember the forgotten, to attend to the neglected, to visit the forsaken, and to come pare and collate the distresses of all men in all countries. His plan is original: it is as full of genius as it is of hu. manity. It was a voyage of discovery; a circumnavi. gation of charity. Already the benefit of his Jabour is felt more or less in every country: I hope he will anticipate his final reward by seeing all its effects fully realized in his own."
" Attachment to religion," a modern writer observes, * E ssesso
* LINDLEY Murray,
,was a principle which had been imbibed by Howard in his youth ; and which continued steady and uniform through life. Though he seems early to have made up his mind as to the doctrines he thought best founded, and the mode of worship he most approved, yet religion abstractedly considered, as the relation between Man and his Maker, and the grand support of morality, appears to have been the principle object of his regard. This excel lent principle enlarged his heart, and led him to commiserate the distresses of his fellow-creatures of every des cription ; and at length prompted him to devote his life to the relief of suffering humanity. ? "Deeply impressed with a sense of the importance of his designs, and of the uncertainty of human life, he was desirous of doing as much as possible within the allotted limits. And the number of prisons and hospitals which he visited in a short period of time, is surprising.
« A little before the last time of his leaving England, when a friend expressed his concern at parting with him, from an apprehension that they should never meet again, he cheerfully replied, “We shall soon meet in heaven and, as he rather expected to die of the plague in Egypt he added, “ The way to heaven from Grand Cairo-is as near as from London.” He said he was perfectly easy as to the event; and made use of the words of Father Paul, who, when bis physicians told bim he bad not long to live, said ;'“ It is well; WHATEVER PLEASES GOD, PLEASES ME.", ...,115 P osts C: "To my country,” said he, “I commit the result of my past labours. It is my intention again to quit it, for the purpose of revisiting Russia, Turkey, and some other countries, and extending my tour in the east. I am not jnsensible of the dangers that must attend such a jour
. . Des
ney. Trusting, however, in the protection of that kind Providence which has hitherto preserved me, I calmly and cheerfully commit myself to the disposal of unerring Wisdom. Should it please God to cut off my life in the prosecution of this design, let not my conduct be un. candidly imputed to rashness or enthusiasm, but to a serjous, deliberate conviction, that I am pursuing the path of duty, and to a sincere desire of being made an instrument of greater usefulness to my fellow-creatures, than could be expected in the narrow circle of a retired life.”
That this good man was cut off in the prosecution of his design has been already noticed, and is one of the many instances we have of the mysterious and inscrutable ways of an all-wise Providence. But Mr. HOWARD was prepared for the event, and there can be no doubt, but he who said, “Whatever pleases God, please me,” found the way to heaven as near from Cherson, as if he had died at London. The place, cause, and manner of his death, must make his memory universally endeared, and to be had in everlasting remembrance : and his name shall be blessed, when the fulsome marble shall cease to flatter, and blazoned trophies refuse any longer to deck the spotted name.
COMPASSION TO ANIMALS;
OR Mr Howard and his Old Horses. If it is a distinguishing feature of the character of “a merciful man," that he " is merciful to his beast,” the VOL. I.
amiable one we have just been considering, is not a little established by the following Anecdote.
“ The late Mr HOWARD had a range of pastures sacred to the old age of those horses who had carried him please antly, or worked for him bonestly and industriously, till they were no longer fit for service. This is the moment when horses are, in general, either sold at an under price to people who are constrained to allow no touch of pity to predominate over that charity which begins at home, or else they are destroyed, and given to the dogs, their masters alleging, that it is an act of humanity. Our Philanthropist's humanity never leading him to kill an old servant, he turned his useless horses into the afore said pastures, where they remained happy pensioners on bis bounty for the rest of their lives.
- Walking over those grounds with the generous master of them, it was delightful to see twenty or thirty of these quadruped pensioners, enjoying themselves in perfect freedom from labour, and in full supply of all that old wage requires. Each of the fields liad a comfortable shed, which the inhabitants could resort to in the hard weather, and were sure of finding the rigours of the season softened by a well furnished crib of the best hay, and a manger either of bran, or corn ground, or some other nourishing food. Chelsea hospital is not better accommodated: it was charming on a pleasant day to observe some of the pensioners renovating in the sun, others reposing in the shade ; but on the approach of their benefactor, all of them, actuated by a spirit of gratitude worthy of imitation, that could move with ease, came towards him, invited his attentions, and seemed very sensible of their situation. Some, whose limbs almost refused their offices, pat themselves to no small difficulties to limp to