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the body, while the other begins an artificial breathing in the following manner....!*
? An assistant taking his station at the head of the drowned body, is to introduce the small end of a hollow piece of wood, or its place may be tolerably well supplied by means of a card, or a piece of stiff paper or leather, rolled up in the shape of a funnel, and tied with a piece of twine or strong thread, into either of the nostrils, and keep it fast there with the right hand, whilst, with the left, he carefully closes up the other nostril and mouth. A second assistant placed on the left side of the body, must now endeavour to blow wind into the lungs, by putting in the pipe of a pair of common bellows; and if no bellows can be got, an assistant should try to inflate the lungs by blowing into the nostril through a reed, quill, or otlier small pipe, with his breath, into the wide end of the wooden tube before mentioned, with sufficient force to raise the chest. To prevent any air from passing down the gullet, and so getting into the stomach, a third assistant, sta. tioned on the right side of the body, should press the upper part of the wind-pipe gently backwards with his left hand, keeping his right hand lightly spread out upon the breast. As soon as the lungs are filled with air, the first assistant is to unstop the mouth, and the third to expel the air again, by pressing moderately on the breast. The same operation is to be repeated in a regular and steady manner, until natural breathing begins, or until this, and the other means have been persisted in for at least six hours, without any appearance of returning life.
VAS Very often the first atterapts to inflate the lungs in this way do not succeed. When that is the case, let an assista, ant, by means of his finger introduced into the throat, de| press and draw forwards the tongue, and then, with a piece. of sponge, or a corner of a towel, remove any frothy matter that may be lodged about the upper part of the wind-pipe ; while one set of the assistants is thus engaged in performing artificial respiration, the other should be employed in communicating heat to the body. The warm bath has been usually recommended for this purpose; but, wrapping the
body in blankets, or woollen clothes, strongly wrung out of warm water, and renewing them as they grow cool, besides being a speedier' and more practicable method of imparting heat, has this great advantage, that it admits of the operaation of inflating the lungs being carried on without interruption. . . . .
. Sia ) Until a sufficient quantity of warm water can be got ready, other methods of restoring warmth may be employed; such as the application of dry warm blankets round the body and limbs; bags of warm grains or sand, bladders or bottles of hot water, or hot bricks applied to the hands, feet, and under the arm-pits,--the bottles and bricks being covered with flannel: or the body may be placed before the fire, or in the sunshine, if strong at the time, and be gently rubbed by the assistants with their warm hands, or with cloths heated at the fire or by a warming pan.'. ;. ;.son dan · The restoration of heat should always be gradual, and the warmth applied ought never to be greater than can be comfortably borne by the assistants. If the weather happen to be cold, and especially if the body has been exposed to it for some time, heat should be applied in a very low degree at first : 'and if the weather be extremely cold, and the body when stripped, feel cold and nearly in the same cons dition with one that is frozen, it will be necessáry at first to tub it well with snow, or wash it with cold water; the sud den application of heat in such cases, having been found very pernicious. : In a short time, however, warmth must be gradually applied.
When there is reason to think that the skin has in any degree recovered its sensibility, let an assistant moisten his hand with spirit of hartshorn, or eau de luce, and hold it closely applied to one part: in this way evaporation is prevented, and the full stimulant effect of the application obtained. An eintment composed of an equal quantity of spirit of hartsporn and sallad oil, well shaken together, would appear to be sufficiently stimulating for the purpose, and as it evaporates very slowly, will admit of being rubbed on without produce ing cold-The placės to which such remedies are usually
applied, are the wrists, anches,vtemples, and the parts oppor site the stomach and heart. i i, iii si A glyster may now be applied; consisting of a mutchkin or more of water moderately warmed, with the addition of one or two table spoonfuls of spirit of hartshorn, a heaped tea spoonful of strong mustard, or a table spoonful of essence of peppermint; in defect of one or other of these, half a gill or more, of rum, brandy, or gin, may be added, or the warm water given alone. This step, however, need not be takes, until artificial respiration has been begun ;--for it will answer but little purpose to stimulate the heart through the medium of the intestines, unless we, at the same time, supply the let cavity: with blood fitted to act upon it; which we cannot do without first removing the collapsed state of the lungs, and promoting the passage of the blood through them by a regular inflation, : : Biotiivne: MR. • As the stomach is a highly sensiðle part, and intimately connected with the heart and brain, the introduction of some moderately. warm and stimulating liquor into it, seems well calculated to rouse the dormant powers of life. This can be very easily done by means of a syringe*. The quantity of fluid thrown in, ought not to exceed half a mutchkin, and may be either warm wine or water, with the addition of one: or other of the stimulating matters recommended above using, however, only half the quantities mentioned there, ,
As soon as the pulse or beațing of the heart can be felt, the inside of the nostrils may be occasionally touched with a feather dipt in spirits of hartshorn, or sharp mustard; it being found by experience, that any irritation given to the nose, has conáderable influence in exciting the action of the muscles) coficerned in respiration.
When the several means recommended above, have been steadily pursued for an hour or more, without any appearance. of returning life, electricity should be tried ; expericuice having: shown it to be one of the most powerful stimuli yet known, and capable of exciting contraction in the heart and other . .
muscles * Syringe, called by the lower c'asses in Scotland, a Squirt or Scouter.
muscles of.. the body, after every other stimulus had.ceased to produce the least effect. Moderate shocks are found to an swer best, and these should, at intervals, be passed through the chest in different directions, in order, if possible, to rouse the heart to action. As soon as the shock is given, let the lungs be emptied of the air they contain, and filled again with fresh air ; then pass another shock, and repeat this until the heart is brought into action.
When the patient is to far recovered as to be able to swallow, he should be put into a warm bed, with his head and shoulders somewhat raised by means of pillows. Plenty of warm wine, whey, ale-posset, or other light and moderately nourishing drink, should now be given; and gentle sweating promoted, by wrapping the feet and legs in flannels well wrung out of hot water. .. .
The patient should ón no account be left alone, until the senses are perfectly restored, and he be able to assist himself; several persons having relapsed and been lost, from want of proper attention to them, after the vital functions were, to all appearance, completely established.
This subject will be resumed in our next.
Prices of Grair.
· Work to be done in the Cortager's Garden in March. PLANT early Potatoes in a warm sheltered situation, covering them in frosty evenings with litter or straw. Sow Brocoli, Cabbages, Savoys, Onions, Cauliflower, Leeks, Carrots, Turnips, and Pease and Beans, every fortnight for a succès. sion. Plant out Cabbages, Savoys, &c.
5. To town the 'Squire presses how can she deny
TO THE EDITOR. SIR-I first read the following verses in the Caledonian Mercury for July 20th, 1799, and was so struck with their beauty that I transcribed them. And I now send them to you for insertion in the Cheap Magazine, as a POETICAL BEACON, the portrait being drawn in such a masterly style, that it cannot fail to excite the admiration and sympathy of all your readers.--. And would to God it were only a poetical fiction, and that female loveliness seldomer fell a prey to the seducing arts of a wicked gay Lothario. S n, Feb. 1813. ..
... P---S. .::
*** POETICAL BEACON; .
Like a rose in a desart, O! view the meek maid !
Now with drops of contrition her pillow's wet o'e;