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stretch out in the direction of the widow)-my priest then drew the mountains that bound the plains of buckle of his canana a hole or two Vittoria to the north, and see what tighter, threw his heavy musket on his fortune might send him.

shoulder with one hand, as though it The sun had just risen above the had been a feather, and started off in hills, and was gilding every object front of all, with strides that might around. The infantry crept out of have made him a dangerous rival for their ditch, wiped the dew from their Captain Barclay. In a few minutes musket barrels, and fell in; the ca- the Carlists began firing very long valry dismounted and tightened their shots, which took no effect, and which girths, and one or two officers ascend their opponents did not return. Pre. ed an adjacent knoll, and began in- sently, however, the latter arrived specting the surrounding country with close to the village, consisting of their field-glasses. Amidst all this thirty or forty straggling houses, note of preparation, I was somewhat built in a sort of orchard, across the taken aback by a figure that I sudden- middle of which a low earthen paraly perceived standing near me. Fancy pet had been raised. From behind a man of seven or eight-and-twenty, this parapet the Carlists fired. The full six feet high, meagre enough to popping now became sharp, but did have personated Don Quixote, or the not last long; and when Zurbano, to apothecary in Romeo and Juliet, cased whom I had attached myself, arrived in a complete suit of rusty black that at the village, the Carlists had run for fitted him very tightly, a broad brim- it, leaving five dead bodies, stripped med black hat on his head, and gaiters as bare as my hand, according to their of thick tan-coloured leather button- custom, and nine prisoners, in the ed over his pantaloons, and reaching power of the guerillas. Four of Zurup to the knees. He had a canana, bano's men were killed, and some or belt full of cartridges, round his others wounded. The prisoners were waist, and was leaning on a well- wild haggard-looking wretches, that eleaned and servicelike-looking mus- seemed half starved, and were dressket. But his face was the most strik, ed in peasant's clothes, tattered and ing part of him. His features were as dirty, and some without shirts. They thin as the rest of his person, and his looked like beggars and lazzaroni cut brown skin was stretched tight over out of some picture of Murillo's. an aquiline nose and strongly-defined Four of them were mere boys of cheekbones ; while his eye had a fifteen or sixteen. They had all steady voilé look, that one felt sure fought like devils, however, or they would be exchanged for fierce and might easily have escaped; but they flashing glances when the moment for had stuck to the parapet, loading and energetic action arrived. I never firing till their opponents had actually saw a countenance more indicative of jumped over and surrounded them. strong resolution and fiery passions, I caught a sight of my friend the not softened, but restrained and sha- priest, his mouth black from biting dowed over, as it were, by the grave cartridges, and his hat burnt and perand reserved expression which it is forated by a bullet that had been one of the earliest studies of the Ro- fired point-black at him, but had forman Catholic priests to acquire. At tunately missed his head.

He now this moment, one of the officers who exchanged the damaged castor for a had been looking out from the neigh- scarlet boina, which gave him a still bouring hillock came running down, queerer look than before. having descried some Carlists and Some bread and wine were found armed peasants in a village about a in the village, and distributed to the league off. He put himself at the It was now past noon, and as head of a company of infantry, and there seemed nothing more to be away they went at a sort of swinging done, we set out on our return to trot, while the remainder prepared to Vittoria, followed up, as usual, by the follow at a more deliberate pace. My Carlists, who kept firing long ots, priest (for a priest he was, although, and making the surrounding hills ring I believe, he no longer exercised the with their yellings and wild screams functions of one, but, on the contrary, of laughter, like so many Mohawks. was living very uncanonically at Vit. They kept a good way in our rear at toria with a young and handsome first, but seeing that little or no notice


It was

was taken of them, grew bolder, and miles from Vittoria. As soon as we presently some infantry skirmishers passed the last houses, appeared to the left of our line of " Halto !" cried Martin. march.

the first word he had uttered since the 66 Adelante la cavaleria!" shouted death of his sergeant. The little Martin, and away went la cavaleria column halted, and Zurbano spoke a de la Rioja, as they called themselves, few words in a low tone to one of his headed by young Zurbano, (a lad of officers, who immediately rode to the fifteen, but as bloody a little despe- rear, and returned with the prisoners rado as ever stepped,) their horses' that had been taken a few hours presmall hoofs and long slender fetlocks viously. sinking into the ploughed ground at

ou Arrodillarse!" said the officer. every step; but, notwithstanding that, The poor wretches, who appeared getting on at a rattling pace, as all fagged and wearied from the pace at Spanish horses will do, so long as which they had been hurried along there is nothing to leap in the way. with their hands tied, did as they were The Carlists ran like mad; two or three ordered, and knelt down in line under were lanced, however, but the re- the lee of an old broken wall. A score mainder got among some gardens, of soldiers stepped forward to within and as the cavalry were returning three paces of them, and brought from their charge at a leisurely pace, their muskets to the present. began blazing away at them. Sud- “ Fire!” The order was obeyed, denly an old sergeant, who was much and the victims fell dead, scarcely esteemed by Zurbano, and whom I moving a limb after the discharge, had particularly noticed for his fine which had been so near, that some of Moorish head and splendid Mame- them had their skulls blown to pieces, luke mustache, dropped his reins, and the grey stone of the wall behind threw his arms convulsively into the them was spattered with their brains. air, and fell from his horse. He had These slight sketches may give been shot through the spine, and died some idea of the character of Zure almost instantly.

bano, then only the leader of a few I rode up to Zurbano's side at the hundred men, but who did not display very moment that an officer was in- less energy and activity, when, at a forming him of this death. He scarce later period, called upon to command made any reply in words ; but as we more than as many thousands, or to rode along, I noticed his features crush rebellion in entire provinces by working and his forehead contracting, his bold and unsparing measures. while, by the motion of his lips, I saw Should Spain unfortunately relapse that he was cursing and swearing to into a state of anarchy, in spite of the himself, as was sometimes his custom. exertions of its present meritorious The man who had been killed was ruler, Zurbano would doubtless be one of his oldest followers, and, I called upon to play an important part. afterwards heard, had once saved his Vast energy, complete indifference to life in some desperate affray with cus- human life, and utter carelessness of tom-house officers; for before the war, his own—such qualities in troublous Zurbano had been a smuggler of times, and in Spain especially, have great daring and notoriety.

seldom failed to procure for their We had now reached a small dila- possessor a high station or a bloody pidated village, (Gamarra Mayor, I grave. think was its name,) about a couple of


Returning into Vittoria one morning cause of the Queen, to the success of from an early ride on the Castile road, which, however, they had never much I met the Portuguese division, with opportunity of contributing, consisted their general; Baron (now Count) Das of some artillery, a squadron of lancers Antas, at their head, marching from and three of chasseurs or light drathe town to the Prado. These troops, goons, five or six battalions of infantry which had been sent into Spain by the of the line, and one of caçadores or Portuguese government to assist the riflemen. Their equipment was so similar to that of British troops, that bright morning sun blazed down upon but for the absence of scarlet, and the them, its rays glancing upon the steel tawny complexions and exuberant and brass of their arms and accoutrebeards of the men, they might, without ments; the mustached, soldierlike any great stretch of imagination, have faces of the men, cast partiy into shade been taken for a British division. by the peaks of their shakos; the horses

Their appearance, both on parade and of the cavalry curyeting and neighing; off duty, was admirable ; in the field, plumes waving, and sabres rattlingas I have already mentioned, they had it was a pretty bit of military pageant, little opportunity given them of show- and I could not help acknowledging, ing what they were made of, having that, on parade at least, there was little been for the most part employed on fault to be found with the heroes of garrison duty. It was said, but I know Lusitania. On reaching the Prado, not with what truth, that the caçadore which was neither more nor less than battalion had been sent into Spain to a grass field overlooking the road, surgive it an opportunity of wiping off rounded with a low parapet wall, and some stain it had incurred during the planted with some rows of trees, the civil war against Don Miguel. At troops filed in, and formed three sides a subsequent period to the time I of a square. To the centre of what speak of, the whole division got rather would have been the fourth side, a roughly handled in an action with the guard advanced conducting a prisoner, Carlists near Arminion, a village on and I now remembered having heard the Ebro, and but for the gallantry of that a man had been sentenced to be the lancers commanded by Don Car- flogged for an attempt to desert to the los de Mascarentras, and of a battalion Carlists. The preparations for the of the Spanish regiment of Almanza, punishment were not long in making that covered their somewhat confused themselves visible. A large bundle retreat, they would probably have or sheaf of sticks freshly cut from the come off worse than they did.

trees, about three and a-half feet long, All that was later and on the day I and at the thickest end about the cirspeak of they were smart and pimpant cumference of a man's thumb, were enough, fully meriting the epithet of laid upon the ground. A number of finchado, which the Spaniards apply to corporals and sergeants from the difthem in ridicule of their stiffness and ferent battalions left the ranks, piled somewhat over attentiveness to the their arms, and formed a line in the minutiæ of dress. The bitter feeling centre of the square. The charge that is so often found to exist among against the prisoner and sentence of nations whose proximity should make court-martial were read, and the poor them friends as well as neighbours, is fellow, after being stripped of jacket very marked between Spaniards and and shirt, was tied up to a tree, near Portuguese, especially among military which a drummer took his stand. The men. I had many opportunities of ob- right-hand man of the line of nonserving this during my rambles about commissioned officers took a stick the seat of war, associating alternately from the bundle, and applied ten or with officers of both nations. The twelve blows on the back of the dePortuguese, well paid and well fed, serter; then passed on, the rod being found matter for sarcasm in the scanty split and broken, and fell in again on rations, forced economy, and often the left of the floggers. As he gave shabby uniforms of the poor Dons, his last blow, his place was taken by who, in their turn, looked down from the next man, who delivered about the the height of their moral superiority same number of cuts, and passed on in upon the dapper neatness of their his turn, to be succeeded by another. allies, whose gilding had not been rub- A tap of the drum accompanied each bed off by the hardships of bivouacs blow, and the band played all the or besmirched by the smoke of the time; but the cries and shrieks for battle.

mercy of the sufferer were heard above Their bands, which were good, but the crash of the instruments. rather too drummy even for military I had witnessed punishments in our music, were hammering away in grand own service, but I never saw any catstyle—the troops all in fuil dress as o'-nine tails flogging come up to the though for a review. I turned into a severity of this one. After, as far as corn-field to see them pass. The I could judge, some four or five hun


dred blows, the screams of agony stripes the man was sentenced, nor ceased, and it appeared to me the how many he received, for I left the man became insensible, although I scene long before it was over. At was afterwards assured it was not the length he was unbound and carried to

The flogging continued, and the hospital on a stretcher, but died a the bits of stick as they broke off were few hours after. The troops marched wet with blood. The shoulders of back to their quarters, the bands playthe culprit were greatly swollen, and ing their national air of “ Viva Dona had the appearance as if a thick cu- Maria," and went to breakfast with shion of raw flesh had been laid upon what appetites they might. As to them. However horrible the com- mine, I am not ashamed to confess, it parison may be, it is an exactly suit had been completely taken away. able one. I do not know to how many


Some of the pleasantest hours I tulias. Although frequently, and passed during my rambles in Northern when the number of persons assemSpain, were spent at the tertulias in bled is small, the evening passes in various garrison and depot towns. conversation, yet, when practicable, In all those places of security there dancing, music, cards, and games of were many officers' wives residing, all kinds are introduced. If any one while their husbands were in the field, is present possessed of a talent which and the principal amongst them had may be exercised for the amusement evening meetings at their houses, to of others, he either volunteers or is which, when once invited, a visiter called upon to exhibit it, and the call was welcome so often as he thought is invariably met with willingness. In proper to return. There is a cordi- five instances out of six, perhaps, an ality and absence of ceremony, a fran- Englishman or Frenchman requested queza (to use their own expressive to sing or play would make more or word, which implies more than our less difficulty before complying, the frankness, or the French franchise) former frequently from mauvaise honte, about Spanish hospitality, which s the latter from affectation or a desire always thought very delightful. Hos- de se faire valoir. Not so with the pitality it is not, according to English Spaniard. He takes up a guitar, sits notions ; for we in England have a down to the piano, or does any thing good deal the habit of estimating a else he is asked to do, without a moman's hospitality by the quantity of ment's hesitation or without a word of meat and drink he sets one down to objection-does his best, and leaves off on entering, or before leaving his without the slightest feeling of woundhouse. The glass of iced water, the ed vanity when he sees that his efforts sweetmeats, or small wicara of choco- have ceased to amuse. late, would appear sorry refreshment The state of things in Spain during to those habituated to the Heliogaba- the war, and the uncertainty of life lian dinners and suppers, without amongst the male portion of the sowhich it is in England deemed almost cieties I speak of, contributed also to impossible to assemble a party of introduce à tone of frankness and a friends.

kind of laisser aller, not exceeding, Notwithstanding these deficiencies, however, the limits of decorum. Men the tertulias I speak of were very who are here to-day and gone topleasant meetings. There is a total morrow, who, before another sun has absence of affectation about Spaniards set, may be called into the field to meet in general, a desire to please, and a a sudden and honourable death, feel a vivacity or enjouement which does not natural desire to extract the most real altogether accord with the character enjoyment possible from the short span for gravity usually attributed to them. of life that, for aught they know, awaits They always appear desirous to con- them. Time becomes too precious to tribute as much as in their power to be sacrificed to the paltry gratifications the amusement of the society in which of vanity. they find themselves. Of this I have Many marriages arose out of these seen numerous instances in their ter- tertulius, or at least were projected;



for during the war not many parents was stronger in his breast than old were willing to expose their daughters habits of discipline and obedience, to become widows almost as soon as and the same night he left his regi. they were brides. Nor is it to be ment without permission. supposed that the taste for intrigue, Late on the evening of the second which forms so marked a trait of the day, he pulled up his horse at the door Spanish character, remained dormant. of the house inhabited by Dona On the contrary, many piquant and Euphrasia, and, dismounting, hastily sometimes romantic incidents ascended the stairs. His wife's apartriched the chronique scandaleuse of ment consisted of three rooms, leading Spanish garrisons during the late civil one into the other, and with but one

One anecdote of a somewhat entrance-door for all three. This door tragical nature I will relate.

was fastened, but opened to his sumIn a large fortified town of old mons after a moment's delay, and his Castile was residing a young and wife threw herself into his arms. She handsome woman, the wife of an old was pale, and there was some agitation officer of dragoons. The husband, visible in her manner, but that might who was some thirty years older than be attributed to joy at his return. his wife, had shared the triumphs and The officer extricated himself from reverses of the Peninsular war, from her embrace, and passed on to the Baylen and Ocaña to the final expul- second room, and then to the third, sion of the French; and had also dis- where he seated himself, and remained tinguished himself against the Carlists for some minutes, replying, with an

- but all his services had only obtained absent air, to Dona Euphrasia's enfor him the rank of captain. His quiries as to the cause of his sudden squadron formed part of a division arrival. During this time, his eyes operating in Navarre and Castile, and wandered restlessly round the aparthe had left his lady, Dona Euphrasia, ment, as though in search of something for safety in the fortress alluded to. that their

owner felt sure of ultimately Her beauty was not long in proeuring finding. Suddenly his attention seemed her many admirers, but none appeared fixed by a large matting that was to be listened to with any degree of usually laid down in the centre of the favour, until a young colonel on the room, but was now rolled up in an staff arrived in the town. Still the alcove. He turned his eyes to his most scandal-loving could find little wife's countenance. Her pale face to say against her conduct, and were grew yet paler under his keen searchfain to content themselves with sup- ing gaze. posing and binting what they could " Que Demonio !exclaimed he neither prove nor dared openly assert. with a sardonic smile, “ you have still Some one of those kind friends, ever that old matting here? ready to carry bad news, informed the of the sight of it.” husband of the rumours abroad on the And in an instant, and before his subject of Dona Euphrasia's conduct, horror-stricken wife could divine his adding, that her admirer was in the purpose, or interfere to prevent it, habit of visiting her every evening his sabre was drawn and passed thrice that she did not spend at the tertulia, through the matting. A deep groan to which they both belonged. The was heard, the stream of blood passed old officer was of a fierce and jealous through the woven reeds and ran over disposition, and painfully alive to the the floor. The lady fell senseless to disparity of years between himself and the ground. bis wife. He immediately applied for Three hours afterwards the old a few days' leave of absence; but the officer rede into the Carlist lines as a division was

on the eve of active deserter. The following day the body operations, his corps was short of offi- of Colonel P. was privately interred, cers, and his demand was refused. and Dona Euphrasia entered a conThe passion of jealousy, however, vent.

I am weary

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