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direct correspondence was proved to issue to the soldier an extra pecuniary have existed between the malecontents allowance for the purchase of proviat Kurnool and the Wahhabi faction sions, under the title of Batta-a Hin. at Hyderabad, it was clear that their dostani phrase, properly implying the sentiments and objects, whether de rate of exchange between coins bearing vised in concert or not, were essen- the same name but from different tially the same.
mints. This ordinary allowance was The transactions of which we have termed half batta—but when the now endeavoured to show the true troops were called on for field service, tendency and importance, were doubt- or stationed beyond the boundaries of less duly reported in the English news. their own presidency, a further adpapers at the time, but passed wholly vance was made, which was denomiunheeded by the British public, who nated full batta. This latter regulasaw in the dispossessment of a refrac- tion particularly affected the Madras tory nawab, and the imprisonment of troops, from the continual calls made a native prince, nothing more than the on them for service in the Nagpoor and ordinary and constitutional exercise of Hyderabad territories, &c., and until the authority legitimately vested in very recently no attempt was made to the rulers of India. But it is imposa alter įt. But in the latter part of sible to say what might have been the 1841, the fort of Aseerghur,which consequences of this abortive move- (though in the Bombay territory) is ment, had any grounds of private dis- garrisonesl by Madras troops, was recontent combined with the efforts of duced from a full to a half batta stathe Wahhabi propagandists to shake tion by a government order; but the the fidelity of the sepoys. The mate- regiment stationed there (the 52d Mariel of the Madras army (unlike that dras infantry) refused, on the next of Bengal, which consists in a great pay-day, to receive their money with. measure of Brahmins and other high- out full batta, and were not without caste Hindoos) is drawn principally difficulty reduced to submission by the from the lower grades of Moslems; and efforts of the European officers. The the famous mutiny of Vellore in July government, however, persevered in 1806,wbich, both forits suddenness and ihe plan of reduction, which was next secrecy, and for the merciless spirit dis- put in force (in February of the preplayed by the revolters, bore no incon. sent year) at the important stations of derable similitude to the recent out- Jaulnah and Secunderabad, in the break at Cabul,* affords fatal evidence Nizam territories, where, in addition of the ease with which their passions to the proposed diminution of batta, may be goaded to acts of violence. It
the pay of the soldier was further would naturally be supposed that, par- curtailed by being issued in the deticularly at such a crisis as the present, preciated coinage of Hyderabad.+ Sem the government would avoid exciting cunderabad is one of the most extenthe angry feelings of a force thus con- siye cantonments of the Madras army, stituted, by any tampering with their and derives additional importance from pay; yet such a reduction has recently its close vicinity to Hyderabad, the calicen attempted, and the consequences pital city of the Nizam, and filled (as have been such as might have been we have already mentioned) with a anticipated.
disaffected Moslem population. The From the first establishment of thena- troops followed the example of their tive army in India it has been custom- comrades at Asseerghur--not less ary, instead of organizing a regular than four regiments (7th, 32d, and commissariat service for the mainte- 8 th infantry, and 4th light cavalry) nance of the troops in the field, to rejected their pay unless accompanied
* The standard of Tippoo, whose sons were then state prisoners in the fort of Vellore, was hoisted by the mutineers; but we believe it was never clearly ascertained under what instigation they acted, or what ulterior objects they proposed to themselves. An interesting narrative of this remarkable revolt is given in the United Service Journal for May 1841.
† The troops, officers and men, had always been paid, when quartered in the Nizam's dominions, at the rate of 111 Hyderabad for 100 Company's rupees, the real equiva. lent being 120 for 100; but this has been redressed since the outbreak at Secunderabad, hy full batta, and broke out into open pled profusion, which presents a strange mutiny: and though the first named contrast with the impeachment of corps, after some demur, returned to Hastings, and the general neglect extheir duty, the others remained refrac- perienced by those who laid, in past tory till surrounded by a superior days, the foundations of our Asiatic force of Europeans and artillery, when rule; and before their short-lived several hundreds were disarmed and laurels have had time to wither, they made prisoners; and have since been have been recalled to the tranquil either dismissed the service, or draught- enjoyment of their honours in Enged into other regiments, as if to disse land, leaving the rectification of their minate as widely as possible the ex- errors to their successors.
Even to ample of disaffection. At present, (as the last moment of his stay in India, we are assured hy the latest accounts,) the late viceroy was fostered by the all symptoms of insubordination have breath of popular favour; and the disappeared; and as the batta grieva thunder of the cannon which announance has been redressed by order of ced the arrival of Lord Ellenborough, Lord Ellenborough, this may be really was mingled with the acclamations the case. Still it must be admitted as which rang through the Town Hall of singularly fortunate, that this disturb. Calcutta from those assembled to do ance did not take place at the time honour to the ruler whom he came to when the fidelity of the soldiers was succeed. With the tributes of respect assailed by the machinations of Mu. thus tendered we have no fault to find, bariz-ed-dowlah and his Wahhabi con- if considered as on the principle of federates; and even now, with the speed the parting guest,” or with examples of the insurrection at Cabul reference to the amiable character and and the mutiny at Vellore before our high private worth of the individual ; eyes,who can say how far this seeming but the laudatory allusions to his transsecurity, in the critical state of our Indian policy, with which the Calcutta affairs in other quarters, is to be de. addresses were filled, were equally pended upon ?
opposed to fact and to good taste; and Snch, up to the present time, have must (we think) have been felt by the heen the visible results of Whig do- object of them as a painful and humimestic government in India, and of liating mockery. When Lord Auckthat ever-memorable stroke of Whig land assumed the reigns of government policy by which (as we were assured in 1836, the external relations of our two years ago) our Anglo-Indian em- Eastern empire were peaceful, the pire had been established for ever on finances prosperous, and the army, an immovable basis ; what the ulti- notwithstanding the injudicious reducmate consequences of both may be, is tions of Lord William Bentinck, amply as yet hidden in the womb of time. sufficient for any duty required within It had been long since foretold by him our own frontier; but a far different whose lightest word was never spoken prospect awaits his successor. A treain vain, at once the most illustrious of sury drained to the last rupee-an our warriors and most sagacious of army defeated in one quarter, and our statesmen, that “it would not be disaffected in another-an almost hope. till Lord Auckland's policy had reach- lessly-involved foreign policy-with a ed the zenith of apparent success, that war of extermination in Affghanistan its difficulties would begin to develope -a seemingly interminable bucanier themselves," and fatally has the pre- warfare in China, and the probability diction been verified. But if the ikbal, of hostilities with Bưrmah and Nepaul or good fortune, which is proverbially —such is the frightful catalogue of believed in the East to attend on all difficulties with which the new goverthe operations of the Company, has nor-general is called upon at once to deserted them in their utmost need in grapple! the passes
of Cabul, it must be allowed But Lord Ellenborough approaches that the original
instigators of, and the task with far different qualifications agents, in the Affghan war (with the to several of his immediate predecessingle exception of the unfortunate sors, who seem to have assumed the Macnaghten,) have most signally reap- , viceregal sceptre of India as a dignied the benefits of its influence. Titles, fied and lucrative sinecure ; for the pensions, and promotions, have been creditable fulfilment of the duties of heaped upon them with an unexam- which little exertion would be required, and still less any previous know- nearer the scene of action-a journey, ledge of the institutions and political we trust, to be attended with different condition of the countries they were results to the memorable progress of thus called to govern. His services Lord Auckland to the same quarter ; as President of the Board of Control and his domestic administration has in 1828, and more recently in 1840) been commenced auspiciously, by an as chairman of the Lords' Committee act of justice to the Madras sepoys in on East Indian produce, bear ample the restoration of the disputed batta. and honourable evidence of the extent But on the course of Lord Ellento which his researches have been borough's government will mainly decarried in the commercial and agri- pend the question of the future stabicultural resources of our Asiatic terri- lity, or gradual decline, of our Anglotories, and afford a hope that this Indian empire ; for, though we are knowledge may, when the present not among those who hold the opinion storm has passed, be brought efficiently said to have been expressed by a late to bear on the development of these governor of one of the presidencies, too long neglected natural riches. (Sir Charles Metcalfe,) that “he hardThe trade of India has now been open ly felt secure, on retiring to rest for seven years, but neither the parlia- the night, that the whole fabric might ment nor the public have as yet shown not have vanished into thin air before theniselves adequately aware of its true the morning,"—it cannot be denied value and importance. While the that the prestige of unerring wisdom possession of the Indus ought to se- and invincible good fortune, which cure to us the whole commerce of powerfully conduced to the mainteCentral Asia,* the tea of Assam, the nance of our authority, has sustained sugar of Hindostan, and the cotton a tremendous shock from the late ocrecently introduced from America and currences beyond the Indus. The Egypt, might be cultivated so as French press already, in exulting an. eventually both to render us inde. ticipation, bas ventured to indicate the pendent of our now precarious trade period of its extinction :
“ England” with China, and to secure our supplies (says the Siècle)is rich and energeof cotton in the event of a rupture of tic: she may re-establish her domiour hollow friendship with America.
nion in India for some time longer ; For the first time during many
but the term of her Indian empire is years, the care of these mighty inte- marked : it will conclude before the rests has devolved upon one who is quarter of a century.' Less than the endowed not only with zeal and good prescribed period would probably will, but with that previous acquaint
have sufficed, under a continuance of ance with India, its resources, and its the policy lately pursued, for the accustoms, the want of which has so complishment of this prophecy ; but lamentably marred the well-meant en- we have good hope that the evil days deavours of more than one of his pre
have now passed away: and if Lord decessors. Of his foreign policy, Ellenborough, at the conclusion of his hampered as it must necessarily be at viceroyalty, has only so far succeeded the outset by the task of unravelling as to restore our foreign and domestic the tangled web which has been be relations to the same state in which they queathed to him, little can at present stood ten years since, he will merit to be said :—but he has set out with the be handed down to posterity by the commander-in-chief for the north
side of Clive and Hastings as the western provinces, in order to be
second founder of our eastern empire.
* The exertions of the Bombay Chamber of Commerce have already worked wonders in this quarter--depots have been established at vairous points on the Indus; and the port of Soumeeani, on the Belooch coast west of the mouth of that river, is fast becoming the emporium of a wool trade, the staple of which is supplied by the innumerable flocks grazing on these elevated table lands. A town in the interior called Wudd (145 miles from Khelat and 152 from Soumeeani) is the inland mart for this new trade.
A RECORD OF THE PYRAMIDS.
“ Vitam impendere vero."
To this drama is affixed a preface of how unphilosophical, how contrary to twenty-nine pages, after a dedication historical fact, is this specimen of Mr to Sir Robert Peel.
Reade's reflections !
P. 11. It would be difficult to find Pars minima estipsa puella sui.
out, in the second paragraph, what The author, in the first page, tells Mr Reade means, and whether he the right honourable baronet that'he scoffs at ” and laughs to scorn" tranbelieves there does not exist one who scendental philosophy, or whether be ever questioned his personal disinten does it the honour to patronize it as restedness or abstruct love of his “a something beyond a mere tool of country.". The first epithet conveys mechanism ;— a spark, a scintillation no meaning; the second would ap- from the all-ineffable Being, who, to pear sly and insidious; but we are judge, far less condemn, his creatures, confident that the good Mr Reade must leave their thoughts and actions had no such intention. He adds, as free as those of their archetype."
your acceptation of my dedication" We sincerely believe that Mr Reade (here he begins his versification, a religious man : but, his thoughts which is a fair specimen of the rest) being never clear nor consistent, he 66 of the Poem of Italy to you, was an has written here what would have earnest of the success which it final- been censured in any minister of ly attained, thus ratifying your ex- sounder sense, and more capable of pressed opinion of it-a success making just distinctions.
Human which I trust, and fully believe, will be thoughts and human actions never can further confirmed by time. Perhaps be so free as those of the Deity, whose your accordance of the same honour judgments are not to be thus arraignto the present Drama, may entail on ed. Mr Reade will say he did not it, also, the like auspices.”
mean any such thing: we know he We will not object to so fashionable did not : we attribute it to the feeblea word as “ accordance," although we ness of his intellect, and not to the would rather find it in another sense, unsoundness of his faith. its old one.
But we must inform Mr P. 12. Here we must notice some John Edmund Reade that to “entail absolutely false statements. auspices” is sheer nonsense. return, I published my long-laboured pices lead to events instead of following poem of Italy, I have been aware, them.
in common with my poet brethren, [he In the preface, p. 9, Mr Reade means poetical,] that 'poetry,' in quotes a passage from Terence which its highest walk, had become extinct, had, perhaps, been more frequently or, in other words, 'out of date,' [as if quoted than any other of antiquity: there were no difference,] and its but, in his equal want of scholarship altar altogether desecrated; that even and reflection, he omits the principal the advantages of criticism were neuword, the word which conveys what tralized ; its daily habit of pandering to he means to convey ; and he makes the suggestions of friendship or instithe speaker in Terence say, “ I am a gations of spleen, having rendered its man, and think nothing lies out of my aids useless ; the voices of the more way.” Whereas the sentence is, “I discerning were drowned in the blazonam a man, and think nuthing indiffer- ries of the puffer," &c.
We will not ent to me which concerns humanity.” 'stop to enquire how a voice can be
P. 9. “ While the material energies drowned in a blazonry-how a sound of man may be overpowered, the can be absorbed by a colour ; but we spirit and the mind of freedom re- must remark that there is no evidence mains unconquerable.”—How untrue, of any living author who has taken
o On my
A Drama, in ten scenes, by John Edmund Reade, author of “ Italy," “ Catiline,” &c.
VOL, LII, NO, CCCXXI,
such incipient pains to collect voices ticipated.” In English, we say “re-
“ Discarding as the merest weakness' whąt a degree he has been successful,
of the mind all vague and metaphysical sometimes by unwearied flatteries,
analyzation.” and sometimes by piteous complaints Mr Reade has abundantly proved to that his health had suffered, and was
us that there are merer weaknesses suffering, by the malignity of his enemies and the neglect of the public. vague, than metaphysical analyzation;
of the mind, though certainly more
be inexact. “poetry in its highest walk has become
“ The triteness and iterations of everyextinct, and its altar altogether dese. craled.” Let Mr Milman, Mr Words- day common-place conveyed to them
with an air of undue and false imporworth, Mr Montgomery, and other
tance.' moral poets, come forward on this ground. For our own parts, we would lf Mr Reade had looked at the face rather that a friend of ours should of any friend while he was delivering have written the three worst pages of this sentence, he would surely have Mrs Hemans, than the eight or pine seen an involuntary smile at such thousand verses strung like empty Daguerreotype resemblance of himbirds' eggs in the dormitory of Mrself. But he intends this rather for Reade. He goes on, “I was also it:"
He will walk along his own path, prepared for the prejudice which supported by the thoughts which have would at once condemn, without even
made him the independent, the morally partially reading, far less dwelling on, happy being he is become, drawing in that which had cost me such time and all pưre and joyful impresses from labour of thought to erect.” What nature round him, while carefully prejudice can arise against a person so
mixing with his fellow beings in a inoffensive ? And yet we wonder circle not wide enough to distract, or that those whose business it is not to weaken, or deaden, his social sympacriticize for the public, should, after thies ; at the same time he will stand perusing one poem of this author, ab opart, so that he will be carefully stain from even partially reading, mixing with his fellow beings, and far less dwelling on," the rest. But,
at the same time (mind you) he will happy man, he now returns to his se
stand apart!” Doing what? why, in clusion, "as quietly confident of re
sheer earnestness and sincerity of bis sults as if they had already hap
“ mission;" for Mr Reade gives you pened!"
to understand in the preceding page “ The sense of the duty of bis mis
that he is “the true vates," devoting sion will lay on him with the obliga- his life to the worship of the good tion of a moral law." In the first and true. We are afraid he has been place, this is nonsense ; in the second, devoting his life to such a phantom the granamar is defective; and we are of vanity as was never seen before, afraid some critic less lenient than even in the magical circle, or rather ourselves will take up Prisciau's the fairy ring of poets. « Thus should cudgel and lay it on poor Mr Reade. he be occupied until he dies.”
We He writes in two lines of prose and have no objection, provided he does bad Latin, part of two verses in Horace. not spoil our dramas by the nausea He writes
he excites at his grave coxcombry. “ Si viş me flere,
" And however baffled or mystified Primum dolendum sit tibi."
by time or circumstance,” &c. Time Horace wrc.e, as every twelve-year- according to his own account
has nothing at all to do with him; and, old schoolboy knows
stance can have very little ; for he “ Si vis me flere, dolendum est
said three minutes ago, that he is Primum ipsi tibi."
supported by thoughts which have It Mr Reade had ever once read made him “ the independent, the Horace, or had ever been taught the happy being," &c. The vates soon scanning of a Latin verse, he could discloses himself a potentate. " Who not have made this mistake.
would exchange the existence of such “ His aspirations responded, or an- á potentate?"