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Creased like the roaring of the loudest thunder; presently thick clouds of smoke and fire arose out of the •arth, the sea boiled. Santorini, and the adjacent islands, were shook in a violent manner, and the vessels in the harbours were tossed about as in a storm. This commotion lasted for twelve days. When it ceased, it was found that large rocks were throw* up, which had increased the island near half a mile towards Megali Kammeni. Between the two islands there is now a deep straight, which will admit one large ship to pass at a lime into the harbour of Santorini."

Stockholm, Jan. 22. By letters from Wonerfberg we have received the following account of the damage done lately near that place. The (hocks of earthquakes have been so violent that they have forced open the doors of several houses, and thrown down a vast number of chimnies: the waters of the lake Wener swelled prodigiously, and destroyed from its very foundation the bridge of Dalbo, which is now one mass of ruins under the water; the ships snapt their cables, several were wrecked, and one vessel, which had on board 6000 quintals of iron, was carried over the little hill of Dalbo, and left on the plain where the fair is kept, and where the troops performed their exercises, which is now entirely overflown. Greater damage would have eniaed, if some dikes had not been immediately broken to carry off the water. The loss sustained on this occasion amounts to several tons of gold.

The States of Britany have granted a pension of 300 livres to an old man named John Causcur, who has

just attained the 130th year of his age.

There are now living together in Lambeth-marsh, two women, whose ages put together make 199. What is remarkable, one of them, who is 101, is mother to one Mr. Fewcet, a grocer, in Whitechapel; the other, who is 98, is mother to Mr. Fewcet's wife, and both enjoy a good state of health and memory.

Died, the first of this month, at Alten, near Rhinberg, Henry Junkerman, aged 108 years. He could very well remember seeing Louis the XlVth in 1672, when that place was surrendered to thac Monarch.

Jane Reeves, aged 103, at Saffron Walden.

Mr. Clarkson, aged 112, at Birmingham.

Mr. Hales, aged 104, in Clifford's-inn.

Wm. Wootten, aged 111, in Virginia, an old soldier.

MARCH.

Being St. David's Day, _

the tutelar faint of Wales, the fame was observed at court as a high festival; and a sermon was preached at St. Martin's by the Bishop of Chester, before the Society of Antient Britons, his Grace the Duke of Beaufort being their President. The Society, however, were not permitted to approach hi > Royal Highness the Prince of Wales, but received the usual present by the hands of one of the members.

Two London riders, being attacked by two foot-pads, in their road from Lancaster to Manchester,

and and refusing to be robbed, were both shot dead upon the ("pot. The villains were scon after apprehended by means of the hoi les with which they endeavoured to make their escape, but being known at the fint place they came to, the murderers were seized, and committed to Lancaster gaol.

Was tried before Lord Mansfield, at Guildhall, a cause, wherein the Lord Mayor was plaintiff", and Messrs. Barnes and Golightly, defendants, to try the legality of insuring lottery tickets; after many arguments, his Lordship was of opinion, that every subject had a light to secure his property in the be.'l manner he could, whether lottery tickets or not, and the jury found for the defendants.

Stockholm, Feb. 2. Hadgi Abder-Haman Aga, Envoy from Tripoli to Sweden, sent, the 27th of last month, a letter to the Academy of Sciences at this place, in which, after paying great compliments to the Society, he speaks of his own country as a place that meiits the attention of feme eminent member of their body, who should travel not only through the country of Tripoli, but that os Tunis ; but advises the person who should undertake the journey first to acquire the Arabic language- He concludes with asserting, that in return (or the breadand salt which he received in Sweden, [an eastern expression, acknowledging his being entertained while there] he will not only defray the expences of the person sent, while at Tripoli, and on his journey, but give him every assistance he can require. r • This day Dr. Solander

was appointed librarian at the British Museum, in the room

of Dr. Maty, who is appointed principal librarian; and Mr. Juftamond and Mr. Planta (son of Mr. Planta, deceased) are appointed assistant librarians, in the room of Dr. Solander, and the late Mr. Planta.

Edinburgh, Feb. 27. On Tuesday last, being the Candlemas fair of Thornhill, several person*? on their return* from the fair, in the hurry they were in to get over the river of Nith, at that time very much flooded, crowded into a small boat, and overloaded her, by which means she overset, and of 16 persons who were in her, nine perished.

Portsmouth, Feb. 28. The murder of Goffry in the Pest-house-sicld, about a twelvemonth since, wa; brought to light in the following manner: one of the vilsains in gaol, who was some time since apprehended for house-breaking, &c. wat telling one of his companions that he was glad Tom was gone (meaning one who was drowned in attempting to make his escape) for if he had lived, (says he) one or other of us must have been hung: for it was him and me that robbed and murdered Binsteed Goffry about a twelvemonth ago; however, you need not fay any thing about it. The companion could not keep the secret, but discovered it to the gaoler; in consequence of which they were properly examined, and he confessed the fact. Extract of a Letter from Turin* Feb. 20.

"On Wednesday evening the 17th instant, about six o'clock, hii Sardinian Majesty was taken ill, and at two the next morning he lost his speech, and apparently all kind of sensation, not taking any it nourishment tioarifliment from that time, or shewing any other sign of life, than barely continuing to breathe, till near one o'clock this morning, when he expired, as sincerely lamented by all his subjects, as he had constantly lived beloved and respected by them during a reign of upwards of forty years.

Hk present Majesty, and all the royal family, are in the deepest affliction on this mournful event, and propose to remove from hence tomorrow to the Veneria for some time."

O.l This day the Count de

Scarnasis, Envoy Extraordinary from the King of Sardinia, had a private audience of his Majelly, to deliver his new credentials, and to notify the death of the late King of Sardinia.

One Alice Martin, a nurse at the Grey-coat-Hospital, was found in. humanly murdered by one Lockington, son to an intimate friend of the old woman's, to whom ihe had been very kind. The young villain, not yet 20 years--of age, wanted the day before to borrow money of her, and had obtained a guinea; but that not satisfying him, he next day murdered her, and robbed her of 20 guineas, which were found upon him when he was apprehended.

For eight days together, at the end of last February, on the coast of Normandy, they had the most viok-nt winds ever remembered on that coast, in consequence of which the sea overflowed part of the town of Havre, and its neighbouring villages; the banks, jettees, and Unices, built to defend the town, were torn up, the houses situate on the quays entirely overflown, and the inhabitants, with the greatest

Vol. XVI.

difficulty escaped with their lives; several boats and ("mall vessels were lost in the harbour, and many persons drowned, but the (hipping escaped pretty well. The waves that broke on the jettees were so excessive strong as to throw a mass of iron, which weighed near 6000 lb. to a considerable distance. Some vessels were lost on the coast, and a great number of seamen perished.

This day the council of , the Royal Society waited' upon his Majesty, when their president, Sir John Pringle, Bart, presented the following address: "Most Gracious Sovereign,

"We your Majesty's dutiful and loyal subjects, the president and council of the Royal Society, beg leave to approach your royal person, and in the name of that body, humbly to express our most grateful acknowledgments to your Majesty, for the repeated marks of your royal savour: in particular for your Majesty's ample benefactions, and for the assistance of your Majesty's ships, whereby we have been enabled to make observations of various kinds in the remotest part* of the globe, which could not have been effected by the funds of the society.

"Impressed with the deepest fense of their duty, and animated with the favour of their most gracious patron, the members of the Royal Society will continue ardently to pursue the great end of their institution, the improvement of natural knowledge, for the honour of their country, and for the benefit of mankind.

John Princle, President."

His Majesty was pleased to receive them very graciously; and

[G] they

they had alt the honour to kiss his Majesty's hand. After which his Majesty was plead-d to confer the honour of knighthood On James Burrow, Esq; the late president.

Mr. Banks, celebrated for his voyage to the South Seas, together with the Hon. Charles Greville, second son to the Right Hon. thev Earl of Warwick, assisted lately at an assembly of the Batavian Society held at Rotterdam, when Mr. Banks communicated to that society his design of undertaking a voyage towards the arctic pile, and requested the principal navigators to communicate to him such discoveries and observations as have been made by their nation, as far as the 84th degree of latitude, promising at the fame time to acquaint them with all such discoveries as shall be made by him in the course of his voyage.

Extras of a Letter from Peterjburgb, Feb. z. "The intendant of the royal mines in Siberia has lately communicated intelligence to her Ruffian Majesty, that there have been lately discovered, in that inhospitable country, several rich silver mines, three of which,he caused to be opened, and the produce of them already amounts to at least j 50 quintals {or 15000 weight) of fine silver; and he has the greatest hopes that the other mines will prove full as valuable. In consequence os this advice, the Empress has ordered the intendant a grant oi land in the province of Dwina, with 2000 peasants, a pension of 4.0,000 rubles, and an immediate present os 120,000. She has likewise ordered the other mines to be epened as soon as practicable, and that particular care be taken of the workmen, ic"

Peterjburgh, Feb. 9. Her Trap** rial Majesty is greatly embellishing several towns in her empire, particularly this city and Moscow. She has dedicated for ten years to come an annual sum of 200,000 rubhw for this use, and in particular for the rebuilding of the imperial palace in the heart of the city of Moscow, which is called the K.remsel.

The Lord-Mayor, at the .. request or a numerous body of liverymen, having summoned a common-hall, the livery met, and being informed by the commonserjeant, that the business about which they were assembled was a redress of grievances, Mr. B.ihop came forward, and acquainted the livery, that having the honour to be chairman of a committee for the purpose of drawing up a petition to the throne, they had prepared the same, and if it were the pleasure of the common-hall, it should be read; which being assented to, the townclerk read the petition ; and Mt, Wellings objecting to the form of it, was asked to assign his reasons; to which he made answer, " that it was only the second part of the same tune;" and therefore from what the King had already said, nothing of consequence could be expected from it.

Being read a second time, it was in general approved, not above fix hands having been held up againft it. It was therefore ordered to be engrossed; and a motion was made, that the Lord-Mayor, and city representatives, attended by the sheriffs, aldermen, common-council, and ten of the livery, in their gowns, do present the same, which wu unanimously agreed to. This iirll part of the business being jng over, Sir Watkin Lewes came forward, and, after a short speech, proposed a resolution for .Jhorttning the duration os parliaments, almost in the same terms as it was carried before in common-council: which passing in the affirmative, a motion was made to thank the Lord-Mayor for his readiness in convening a common-hall, which, being seconded, was likewise carried in the affirmative.

The Lord-Mayor then came forward, and said, " Gentlemen os the Livery, I thank you most sincerely for this mark of your approbation; and be assured, through life, I will endeavour to merit a continuance of it, according to the best of my abilities." This short speech was received with great applause; after which the hall broke up.

The above resolution was as follows.:

"We the liverymen of the city of London, in common-hall assembled, taking into our serious consideration the pernicious effects of Jong parliaments, and being convinced that the most effectual remedy for the many grievances under which the people of this country have so long laboured, is to be found in a frequent appeal to the people by short parliaments; do resolve that we will Not Vote for, countenance, or support, either directly, or indirectly, any candidate to represent this city in parliament, until he (hall have, previous to his /landing forth as a candidate, solemnly assented to, and signed, an engagement for shortening the duration of parliaments." The engagement is ai follows:

"I A. B. do most solertunly enrage my word and honour, that a>

long as I live I will faithfully and sincerely endeavour, to the utmost of my power, to promote and procure, and having procured, to maintain and continue a perpetual act of parliament to shorten the duration of parliaments, and to restore and preserve to the people their constitutional right of an annual, or, if that cannot be obtained, at least a triennial choice of representatives; and if I am a member of either house os parliament, when a motion shall be made, I will not sail to attend, and give my utmost support to such motion."

The royal assent was ,, given, by commission, to * the following acts, viz.

An act to indemnify such person* as have omitted to qualify themT selves for offices and employments within the time limited by law.

An act to encourage the subjects of foreign states to lend money upo»> estates in the West-Indies.

An act for naturalizing the children of foreign protestants, subjects of Great-Britain.

An act to enable certain persons to work a pestle-mill at Tunbridge in Kent.

An act for building a share-hall in the county of Devon.

An act for draining and improving the fens in the parishes of Upwell, Outwell, Denver, and Weiey, lying on the south-side of Popham's Eau, in the isle of Ely. - An act for draining the fens between Mildenhall river, south; Plant-Load and Brandon river, north; bounded on the west by the Ouse, and the east by Winder-Load, Marswell-Brook, in the Isle o/ Ely.

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