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prostituted to other men. The infamy and Inconvenience arising from hence, it esteemed so very great, that you seldom, if ever, hear of this sacred obligation being broken. The wife, that has the greater power in the family, is she, who by the consent of the parents of both parties, was first married to the young man; she is early taught the art of cookery, anil takes the lead of all the other wives in that respect; she has also the chief management of his domestic affairs; nor can he ever part with her, but with the utmost difficulty and inconvenience.
[We shall further illustrate this account, by the extraordinary adventures of an English gentleman, from the same author..]
This gentleman (Mr. Barton) had, it seems, A few years before, acquired a handsome fortune in the East-Indies, with which he returned to England, fettled at some distance from London, in the character of a country gentleman, and served the office of high-sheriff for the county in which he lived. Being necessitated however to return to India to settle some affairs, he had the courage to fit out a small Folkstorie-cutter, in which he actually set sail from England for the East-Indies; but before he had been many days at sea, she Was (luckily perhaps for himself and his little crew) taken by a French privateer, and carried into Vigo. From hence he got a passage tin Leghorn, taking his ton with him, who had also embarked in the fame dangerous enterprize for the EastIndier, At Leghorn they took blip again, and got safe to SiarJtV»e». Here, he was so impatient to get forward Oq his journey* that
he would not wait for the caravan; but set out for Aleppo, attended only by his son, a country servant, and a few camels. His spirit was too active to endure the slow march of these animals; he therefore frequently made excursions on the road before them, bat one day, while walking on soot, and alone, he was attacked by a few Arabs, who robbed him of every thing he had about him. This obliged him to wait for the coming up of his little company, and with them he travelled oh without any other accident to Aleppo. Here, he was in the fame hurry for proceeding oh his journey, hor could the whole factory prevail upon him to wait only a fortnight or three weeks for the setting bat of s large caravan for Bagdad and Bassora.
lie accordingly began this second hazardous expedition with only two or three camels, and the fame country servant, leaving his soii behind at Aleppo, with orders to follow him, by the first convenient opportunity. For a few days he and his man went on uninterrupted over the desert. At length five or six hundred Arabs discovered them; but upon their coming nigb, Mr. Barton drew out a biace of pistols which he carried in his belt, and presented them at the Arabs; astonished at his rashness, they made a stand, but it the fame tine ordered him to throw down his arms. His servant also persuaded him to comply) but all in vain; he still held his cocked pistols towards the Arabs, and with a'determined look, and high-toned voice, declared hie would kill some of them, if they dared to approach any hearer. By degrees they surrounded him, and with a blow on the
head) itad, i-c was brought to the ground, and his pistols taken from him: the Arabs now in their turn presented these weapons to his breast, and cold him that he deserved to be put to death; but they satisfied themselves with stripping him quice naked, and leaving the servant a jacket and breeches, but not a drop of water, or morsel of provision for either.
Mr. fiarton, aster the enemy rode off, accepted the breeches which his servant offered to him, and they both set off bare-sooted (their camels also having been taken from them) in the track for Bagdad. Aster having passed two days and nights without meeting with any other support than the truffles of the defer ti that happened then to be in season, and which they found in great plenty; they fortunately fell in with another tribe of Arabs, to whose Sheick they told their melancholy tale, and implored his assistance. The Sheick was touched with the relation of their distress, and afforded them every help in his power; his own wives ministered unto them, anointed their feet, brought them milk, and every other necessary. As loon as they were sufficiently recovered to set forward, the son of the Sheick escorted them so far, as to put them under the protection of another Sheick, by whom they were entertained in the like hospitable (banner^ and dismissed with other guards and passports; nor did they want friends as long as their journey lasted, each tribe seeing them safely lodged with its next neighbour, until they had delivered them into the hands of bur countrymen at Bagdad.
Prom that city, Mr. Barton was Carried in the Pasha's galley down
the Tygris to Corns, and from thence to Bassora, where we met with him. He was at that time clothed like a poor Turk, without shirt or stockings; his beard was grown to an uncommon length; and he declared that he would indulge himself in sew of the comforts, much less in the elegancies of life, till he arrived safely at Calcutta, the place of his destination.
Hospitality and Politeness «/"Choudar Aga, the Governor of 11 ilia, tt Turkish Town on tht Euphrates. From the same.
A Little before fovr o'clock we got up pretty near to the governor of 1 lilla's palace, situated in that pare of the town which stands On the left, or south fide of the river. Our sandal carrying no guns, we could only salute with five bounces; their report however was equal to that of a four-pounder. We were soon surrounded by a very numerous company of people, of boys especially; even the women, who came down to the river with, their pitchers, for water, satisfied their curiosity by looking at us; most of them had their faces half covered, many were comely, and of a pretty good complexion. The men in general were well made; some are white, but most of them tawny. We had been but a ve/y little while near the shore, before one of the governor's officers came to bid us welcome; he fat with us on a stool by the side of the river, and took care the crowd should not press upon us. In the mean time we sent by Mr. Hemet, and our man Yertan, Mr. Shaw's letter, and another another from Aly Aga; they soon returned with the governor's compliments, and an invitation for us to repair to the seraglio; an officer with a silver battoon, and high cap, came also to conduct us.
Notwithstanding it was the fast of the Ramazan, and before sunset, we found the governor, Chondar Aga, seated on a carpet in his porch, at the entrance of his palace, ready to receive us; (he was about forty years old, and of the genteelest deportment) he bade us heartily welcome, thrice; told us we should do him honour by taking up our abode at his house; expressed bis unfeigned sorrow at the fatigues and difficulties we had passed through, of which he said he had been informed three days ago; hoped we should rest well under his roof, and recover our lost strength, and that we might depend on every assistance in his power. At our first coming in, he obliged us immediately to seat ourselves on the side of the porch, opposite to him, where had been placed a carpet and cushions. The rules of the fast were still farther dispensed with, for coffee was brought to us as soon as we were seated. In the course of the interview, he said, as every people had their different manners, and he could not but be a stranger to our's, he must desire the favour of us, while we continued with him, to pursue our own inclinations in all things, but especially in what respected refreshments; he should therefore be glad if we would trouble ourselves to direct his domestics what sort of repast they should provide for our supper. We replied to his civilities, but begged we might be admitted to be served only with a pla,:e
ef what was the usual provisions 0/ his family: upon his repeating hit wishes, we answered, " nothing could be more acceptable than a common Pillaiv," (boiled fowl and rice.) We begged indeed the favour of being accommodated with a warm bagnio, which he immediately ordered to be got ready, and directed his attendants to be there in waiting with fierbet, &c. but before we went to the bath, he ordered his people to show us the apartments that were provided for us above stairs. We then took our leave, each paying the other the most obliging compliments they could think of; but the Turk was very much our superior in this sort of conversation.
Our rooms were the best in the palace, lofty, with painted walls, and Gothic arched roofs. We were accompanied to and from the bag* nio by an officer carrying a silverheaded staff. At our return to the seraglio, we found six or eight dishes placed upon our own table, with our stools set round it; and though the whole was dressed after the Turkish manner, it was by no means disagreeable to an English palate. An intimation was also given to us, that the governor made it his particular request, that in regard to our liquors, we would be quite free and unrestrained. This was carrying his complaisance to a great height, considering how very ilrict the regular Turks are on this article: we doubted at first, whether we should send for wine, but the governor having interrogated our domestics, and learned our common practice, repeated his request by a message sent on purpose.
Choudar Aga, whilst we were it supper, sapper, sat on a terrace at some dis. tance with several of his principal officers: his treasurer accompanied us the whole evening, who eat, and would have drank wine with us also (as he whispered to our interpreter) had he not been surrounded by many observers, who were assembled to remark our customs. At rhia repast, both before and after sapper, we were careful to say grace; the Turks thought it a very odd custom, I believe, for they talked to one another about it a good deal. We fat without hats while at our meal, and the treasurer, who seemed to have some drollery, after we became a little familiar with one another, pulled olf hi; turban, and sat uncovered too; this afforded great merriment to the spectators, and they all seemed greatly pleased with our manner of earing, so different from their own, for they never make use of knives and forks, chairs or tables. Soon after the cloth was taken away, a messenger came for the treasurer; he went, but presently returned with the governor's respects and a message, importing, that " as it was his real wish we should be gay, and use his house as our own, and as it was probable his pretence might be a restraint ■ pon us; he therefore had taken the liberty (bogging our pardon at the fame time) to withdraw himself to the Mufti's, merely to convince us, that what he had said about our being free and unrestrained, proceeded from the very bottom of his heart, and he flattered himself, that we would display our belief of his sincerity, by our actions." Upon receiving this message, the bottle passed about very briskly; the governor's health was drank, and »
chorus song was fung. Among the lookers on, were two young gentlemen, son and nephew- to the governor, arid for each of them a glass of wine was stolen, which they drank off in a private room. We had before this time given in by an Aga, an inventory of such things as were necessary for our journey to Bagdad; and the treasurer at his taking leave this evening, told us, that our beasts, provisions, guards, kz. should be ready for us as soon as possible in the morning: for though the governor had given us the most pressing invitation to spend a few days with him, yet we excused ourselves upon account of the hurry we were in, and the necessity there was for our getting forwards.
It was five in the afternoon before our beasts were loaded, and we ready to begin our journey. We had very handsome provision made, both for our fctreaksast and dinner; and, in the morning, on the supposition we should have gone earlier than we did, the governor again broke in on the rules of the fast, and seated himself in his porch, with a design of giving us an opportunity of taking our leave. Our whole party attended him, except myself, who was greatly indisposed; but I afterwards learnt from them, that they were as much outdone in hyperbole of compliment at this second, as we all had been at our first interview. The whole of our host's behaviour was such, as greatly to prejudice us in his favour, and we wanted only a proper present to send him, as a grateful acknowledgment for his favours. We could not offer him money, consistent with the instructions Mr. Shaw had given us,
ar" and of every thing else that was valuable we had stripped ourselves at Karec. . iAt last our good friend Mr. Hemet spared ut a white ££<zi</, made of fine goats-hair from Car. ininia, and worn much in habits by the Turks of fashion; its value ivas about sixteen zechirus, or eight guineas: ihis, with an handsome apology, was sent by one os his domestics, who soon returned with his master's compliments, and That he hoped we were convinced, the trifling services which he had done us, proceeded altogether from the respect he had for our characters, and from his friendship to Mr. Shaw; these were his only motives for endeavouring to become useful to us in our long and wearisome journey: that he had done nothing with an interested view, and he flattered himself we would do him the justice to believe it; that the present wfcich we had been so kind as to make him, with luch an obliging apology, was the more acceptable to him,as it was greatly expressive of our satisfaction in his conduct: that he made not the least difficulty therefore ih accepting of, and was infinitely obliged to us for it." Such was the complaisant and polite behaviour of this Turkish governor, which, to lay the least, did honour not only to himself, but to his country.
Os Nader Shah ; srem the history of bis List, translated from an Eastern Manuscript, £7William Jones, Esa.
THUS fell, at the age of sixty years, Nader Kuli, the deliverer of Persia, and conqueror of
India; who, from an humble station, had raised himself to a degree of power, at which few monarch* by birth have ever arrived. He seems to have united the talents of a com. plete general, and an able politician; and, though he had cot the advantages of learning, yet appears to have had a taste for true mag. nificence, and would probably, had he lived in happier times, have encouraged the arts of peace, and been no stranger to the charms of society; but the darling object of his life, to which he sacrificed e\>ery other pursuit, and devoted all the powers of his mind and body, was the art of war, in which he became equal to the greatest commanders of Asia, and may justly stand upon a level with Cyrus or Tamerlane. They, who form a notion of his character from the various narratives, which have been printed in Europe, are apt to consider him in no other light, than as a fearless Barbarian, who fur* mounted every difficulty, and over* threw all his oppofers, by the dint of mere valour and hardiness; but, on a nearer view of his exploits, they will seem to contain something more than brutal heroism, and to have been no less wifely concerted than vigorously performed. His great project of delivering his country was executed with a regularity and prudence, that can be fur* passed only by the celerity of his motions, and the vigour of his acts. If we throw a veil over his latter years, in which he was rather to be pitied than condemned, we shall see nothing in his life, but what was noble and laudable; he had neither the rashness cf Alexander, the insatiable ambition of Caesar, the inflexible obstinacy of Charles