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A period was at length put to this tedious session, during a great part of which, there seemed to be no business to attend to, and matters of the greatest national and constitutional importance were brought on, when the season for all business seemed to be over. In -j . „ the speech from the •'' " throne, much satisfaction was expressed at the zeal, assiduity, and perseverance, with which they had applied themselves to the very important business, which had been recommended at the opening of the session; and it was fully hoped, that the laws which were the result of their deliberations, would answer the salutary purposes for which they were iotended. The continuance of the
war between Russia and the Porte was regretted; a close friendship with both acknowledged, but no engagement to either. It was hoped, from the pacific disposition of other powers, that those troubles would extend no farther; and the usual professions were made, of endeavouring to preserve the general tranquillity, so far as it could be done with consistency. After returning thanks for the supplies,' much pleasure was expressed, that notwithstanding the ample provision which had been made for every branch of the public service, and the effectual relief and support which had been afforded to tb'e East-India Company, they had been able to make some progress in reducing the national debt.
. 'T'HE Archbishop os 3" J[ Paris ordered a so
lemn mass, to return God thanks, for preserving from the conflagration, great part os the Hotel Dieu. It was celebrated on the 7th in rhe Metropolitan Church, and on the loth, in all the other churches.
The Express packet, with the mail for France, sailed from Dover; when off" Calais the wind blew full into the harbour, so that the Union packet, with the French mail, could not get out; whereupon the mate, Mr. Pascal!, took a French boat to meet the Express, with intent to change mails; but the Express failed into the harbour; and the sea running high, the boat overset in her return, and Mr. Pascal), with seven Frenchmen, perished in sight of a great number os spectators. The mail was soon after cast on shore. It is laid, that Mr. Pascall got upon the bottom of the boat, end might have been saved, but the French guard, seeing their countrymen perish, would suffer no vessel to put off to lave the Englishman. . This day was held a
1 board of green cloth at
Whitehall, when order* were agreed on, for the court's screening no debtor who owes more than twenty pounds to one person. Vol. XVI.
Several hundred person assembled in a riotous manner at Dundee in Scotland, and carried off 400 sacks of wheat and barley, from the packhouse there; they then proceeded to a (hip in the harbour, and plundered her of her stores; after which they broke open two cellars, and carried off a large quantity of potatoes; which they distributed among themselves. The riot-act was read, but to no manner of purpose.
The high tribunal at Copenhagen declared the Sieur Thura, author of a pamphlet called The Progwfticalor, guilty of high treason, and condemned him to suffer the same punishment as Struensee and Brandt.
A proclamation was the s.ime day published, forbid Jing the meeting of multitudes of people together, which is a sure indication of the unsettled state of government in Denmark.
On Friday, Sir Jame3 ,
Gray, Knight of the Bath, ' being seized with a fit while attending the levee at St. James's, wai Carried home in a chair, arid died on Saturday morning.
Extras! of a Letter snm IJ'nrriitglon, Jan. I.
"The Duke of Bridgewatcr's canal is now passible for boats, be
tween Manchester and the river Mersey, at Runcorn, except about one mile.
;« The fall from the canal into the tide-way of the Mersey, is near (jo feet, which, within the distance of about 6co yards, is divided into ten locks for vessels of upwards of ^o tons burden. They are supplied with water from the canal through basons and aqueducts formed in the rock.
"Yesterday the locks were opened, and the Heart of Oak (a vessel of 50 tons burden, from Liverpool, belonging to the duke) passed through them. This day upwards of 600 of his Grace's workmen were entertained upon the lock-banks, with an ox roasted whole, and plenty of liquor."
, This day the report was
J " made to his Majesty in council, of the twelve following convicts under sentence of death in "Newgate, viz. William Simpson and George Tun.tr, for robbing William Graham, in Chelsea-fields; Joseph Harrison and John Mitchell, for a rape and robbery on Mary Wilds, in iJethnal-green-fields; William Griffiths for robbing Dr. ant} Mrs. Dodd, near Tottenhamcourt-turnpike; Nathaniel Baily, alias Bailils, and James Crompton, tor robbing John Bullock of his cane, in Aldermanbury; Benjamin Bird, for forging a draught for 221. John Law, alias Low, Michael Doyle, John Bagnall, and "William Booth, for returning from transportation.
His Majesty was pleased to pardon Harrison and Mitchell, and to rcsi.ite Doyle, Bagnali, and Booth. The rest are left for execution.
An extraordinary mummy was brought from Teneriff by hii Ma
jesty's stoop Weasel, Capt. YourrgV in October last, and is deposited in the library belonging to Trinity College, Cambridge. The following account is given of it:
Captain Young having touched at Teneriff/ in his return fwni the coast of Guinea, had the curiosity to ascend the Pike with a guide; whereon in a cave (the buryingplace of the ancient Pagan inhabitants) he discovered several dead bodies, sewed up in goat-sldns, one of which he opened, and discovered a body perfect, fresh, and the features not in the least mutilated; some were seven feet Jong, and others five feet three inches. He" expressed a great desire to obtain one of these bodies; but the Romish priest made many objections. Those, however, a little gold removed, and he procured hint a female mummy. The body is perfect in every particular, the bowels are extracted, and the (kin appears of a deep tanned copper colour. The hair is long and black, and retains the curl; and the teeth and nails of the toes and singers are fresh. According to the tradition of the priest, and the extinction of the ancient inhabitants, it cannot be less than 500 years since the decease of this body. Indeed it may be as probably jooo; for, according to its appearance, it may as well continue ad infinitum, as remain one year in its present condition. It looks like a tanned hide, and consists of bone and skin; the nerves, tendons, veins, and arteries appear distinctly like strings.
The senate of Venice hath refused to receive a bull from the Pope, by which he had conferred" two abbeys, situated in the Veneliau Hate, on his nephew Cardinal Rvzzontco;
fcezzonico; the senate having some time ago resolved, that no benefice in the Venetian territory, mould be possesled by any ecclesiastic who did not reside therein.
They write from Lisbon, that ten religious houses have lately been suppressed in that city, and many more in other parts of the kingdom.
By the work of the Abbe de Expelly, which has been lately published in Paris, and presented by the author, in person, to the French King, it appears, that from the year 1691 to the year 1700, inclusively, France contained 55,127 parifnes, in which, within the above period, by an exact and complete abstract, taken from the public registers, there were 7,679,083 births, 1,807,891 marriages, and 6,7 84,724 deaths.—From 1754 to 1763, inclusively, being a like period of nine years, and in the fame 35,127 parishes, there have been8,532,no births, 1,893,472 marriages, and 6,564,694 deaths; and within the latter period, that is, from 1754 to 1763, in the 42,105 parishes contained in the kingdom of France, in which those of Lorraine and Bar are comprized, 8,661,381 births, 41663,822 being boys, and 3,997,560 girls; 1,922,163 marriages, and 6,664,161 deaths, 3.460,241 being men and boys, and 3,203,920 women and girls. Extruil of a Letter from Edinburgh, Jan. 5.
"We hear irom Perth, that the meal mob assembled again on Friday night, in order to rescue two of their number, who, on account of Wednesday's riot, were commit* ted to prison. The magistrates called for the assistance of the military, and endeavoured to prevent.
them. The mob behaved very rudely to the soldiers, and pelted them with stones; the riot-act was read, but the rioters still continued assembled, and their numbers increased; and rather than order the soldiers to fire, the provost very humanely ordered them to withdraw, and delivered up the two prisoners to the mob, who then proceeded in triumph to the house of Mr. John Donaldson, a Cornfactor at Elcho, where they broke down and destroyed every thing they could come at. After this they brought off tho keys of his granaries, and delivered them to the sheriff-substitute of Perthshire, with orders to bring the corn to Perth, and have it ground into meal as fast as possible. Mr. Donaldson saved the sheriff this trouble, by sending in the grain himself next morning.
Edinburgh, Jan. 11. Last night seventeen of the rioters, who have been concerned in the meal mobs on the other side of the Forth, were brought from Dundee to this city, bound in chains, under a strong guard, and committed prisoner* to the Tolbooth."
At Duff-house, the join- ..ature apartments of the '* Countess-Dowager of Fife, was exhibited the first masquerade ever seen in Scotland. In order that proper decorum might be preserved, leveral ladies of distinction were there unmaiked, among whom were the Countess.Dowager of Moray, Lady Elphinston, and Mrs. M-..-. Lady of Baron Mure. A number of dresses, rich, genteel, and carious, were exhibited by the masks. About ten o'clock the company unmasked. There was a great deal of dancing, after that a collation, and that succeeded by dancing, [F] 2 again. again, and the affair went off with more success than-was expected.
The following anecdote, relative to the King of Prussia, has appeared in one of the papers, and is there said to have been communicated by a gentleman, who had it from Mr. Mitchell, our ambassador at that time at Berlin. The Marquis of Titchsield, now Duke of Portland, being on his travels at Berlin, was introduced to his Prussian Majesty; their discourse turned on the divisions in England, and the unpopularity of the court. After discoursing for some time, and xexpatiating on the causes which had occasioned such discontents among the people—" If, said Frederick, I were to sit on your throne for three days, I'd make you know what it was to have a King." "Please your. Majesty, replied the young nobleman, I do not think you would be able to keep your seat on the English throne for three hours."
, The parliament met, pur
° ■ suatu to adjournment. The House of Lords broke up early, as did likewise the House of Commons, after receiving several petitions, particularly one from Gloucester, complaining of the distress of the innholders, &c. from the great number of soldiers quartered upon them.
Mr. Dowdeswell presented a bill for providing an establishment for the indigent and aged, under certain circumstances.
This day the sessions ended at •the Old-Bailey. At this seflions ten prisoners were capitally convicted.
A young man charged with forgery on Messrs. Child and Co. was tried on two indictments, and acquitted of them both. He sent a porter with the draughts to the
banker, who would not swear to the identity of his person, and. the judge, on, the last verdict of the jury, said, he hoped he was not guilty.
At this sessions George Armstrong, Robert Armstrong, and William Cotterell, were tried for entering the Bengal warehouse belonging to the East-India Company, and stealing 6z8 pieces of silk handkerchiefs, &c. but, by a flaw in the indictment, they were acquitted of the burglary, and only found guilty of the theft. They are to be transported.
The following convicts .
were executed at Tyburn, viz. Benjamin Bird, George Turner, William Simpson, Nathaniel
Bailey, and William Griffiths.
John Lowe, for returning from transportation before the expiration of his time, and who was to have been executed at the fame time, received a reprieve from the secretary of state's office, on account of the singular hardship of his cafe, being transported for receiving a shilling for the carriage of a goose that had been stolen, of which theft he declared he was ignorant.
When the malefactors stopped as usual, opposite St. Sepulchre's church, to hear the dying words frem the bellman, Bird threw his head on the shoulders of the clergyman, who fat next to him, and, while he hid his face, his whole frame was agitated in a manner not to be described, and he seemed to seel what the Author of ihe Rambler calls, "The utmost exacerbation of human misery."
Early this morning a young woman, servant to a farmer at Northdown, near Margate, threw herself from a cliff about 40 feet high, and