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A Letter to Sir Ralph Hipton, supposed to have been written by the £arlosEikx*.


TH E experience I have had of your -.vortn, and the hnppinefs I have enjoyed in your friendship, are wounding considerations to me when I look upon this present distance between us. Certainly, my affections to you are so unchangeable, that hostilitv itself cannot violate my friendihip to your person. Bit I must be true to the cause wherein I serve. The old limitation, usque all ar as, holds still; and where my conscience is interested, all other obligation? are swallowed up. I should most gladly wait upon you according to your desire, but that I look upon you as engaged in that party beyond the possibility os a retreat,, and consequently incapable os being wrought upon by any persuasions. And I know the conference could never be so close between us, but that it would take wind, and receive a construction to uiy dishonour. That great God, who is the Searcher of my heart, knows with what a fad fense I go on upon this service, and with what a perfect hatred I detest this war without an enemy. But 1 look upon it as sent from God 4 Und is enough to silence all paflion in me. The God ot heaven in his good time fend us the blessing of peace, and in the mean time fit us to receive it! We are

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Sir Edward Hyde to .-« Ljjj Daikeith.

1H»ve now recovered raÆ-eiwwgh to think and wrne: wnich I could hardly do when «••. i heard from me last, and J shall b: mucii revived that you are perfectly recovered ; for by your's I found you were not then -well. Take heed, these lewd times, and the unpleasantness of your own-fortune, make not a greater impression upon your mind than they ought to do; for you then begin to be, when tie comfort and conscience of your own innocence is not a greater pleasure than the guilt os others an affliction |o you. I hear 00 revs from, England or France, but of a multitude of men of honour running to compound. I neither mmrf nor censure them; though I confess I am not able to tell myself, how that cor.iei to be lawful new, which would .have appeared three or four years since very odious to most men; or, that any thing can be honest to recover an estate, whtca had not been so to have preserved it. And truly, though I must confess we have by our own gross folly and madness lost a game that mignt have been longer played, I do not know chat any man doth now undergo a worse condition than he had reason to expect, when upon such infinite disadvantages he fitil engaged himself in the King's good cause; nay, I am confident he hath not now so many against him a; he had then; but it seems cooscience, that was (hen a good motive, is not thought a good eud now. I confess tbe straits men of all conditions are forced to submit to, are very unpleasant, and were not to be submitted to, is God Almighty had only forbid us to be impious, or sacrilegious, or rebellious, as long as we could keep our estates, or to depart from good consciences till we are in danger to be banished, or starved. I know that all sober reliance upon God's providence is now called expecting of miracles, and the fixing upon honest principles, which all moral men must acknowledge, is reproached and laughed at, as delighting in metaphysical notions, and imaginary speculations. Yet fare, when men do a little consider either the being saved in the next world, or their being fairly mentioned after their deaths in this (which is the most glorious and desirable blessing after the other), they will find that this negligent treating with their consciences is not the way to either. Oh my Lady Dalkeith, I pray God preserve poor England from being invaded by the Turks ; for sure> men would give their Christianity, and two years purchase, for the preservation of their estates. I had word sent me last week by a gentleman, that now all men made haste over, for all were admitted to compound at two years purchase; he never

• Th:s is the last of si* polite ktters, all rough draught!, without dates written in the fame hand, anil on the lame paper- They appear most of them to have been sent from the chief commander of the parliament-forces in the West to Sir Ralph Hopton, whose name is wiitteu ,on the back of the paper i» th-: lame hand. The five first are mutter than tkis> and relate to the exch«»»: if prisoners. \


reckoned how many oaths, and how many lyes they paid more; sure they would treble the latter, to save six months in the former. 1 intended not to have troubled you so long. God bless you, and keep me honest!

Jersey, 24th Oct. 1646.

A Copy, by Mr. Edgman, indorsed

by bitnjtlf.

The following extracts, which strongly mark the writer's principles and love for his country, we have selected from a letter, which, however curious, was too long for insertion.

Sir Edward Hyde re Mr. Secretary Nicholas.

Jersey, 12th Dec. 1646. Dear Mr. Secretary,

1 Believe my Lord Digby is stiil in Dublin; the reason whereof I have wrote to his father, and why I cannot believe it possible for any peace to be between my Lord Ormond, and those who have so perfidiously broken with him. However, I cannot enough wonder at their courage, who, upon what specious promises and pretences soever, dare venture themselves in the head of the rebels army, because they verily believe they lhall be able to do the King good service. When I come to be hanged, Mr. Secretary, I will have a better defence than saying I meant well, and thought in prudence this was the best way to serve the King; when, by tiie letter and known settle of the law, 1 have done that which I ought not to have done. 1 like prudence well, and where the Jaw

allows allows a latitude, am as like to be deceived by my own reason as another man; but if ever 1 quit the foundation of my innocence upon confidence of King or Parliament, and go out of that known tract, in hope that my own wit will find a better way, 1 will in the next place renounce all known divinity, and trnst my own spirit for a new religion. 1 know a frknd of your's who was once asked, whether, if the King directed him under his hand to do one thing, he would promise to dy another, because he might know that w;iS contrary to his intentions, and that he would not be obeyed though he had signed such a warrant: he was so rude as to anfw-er (and it may be hath been trusted the less since) that the King had no reason, when he deserted himself in that which was absolutely in his own power, to expect, that the fault should be repaired by another's courage: and that in a business which was only lawful or unlawful to be done, with reference (<i his commanding or not commanding it, it were unreasonable to expect that his viiible command under his hand should be disobeyed, under the presumptuous notion of his ' intentions; and therefore he desired to be excused in those stratagems of discretion. I rell you, I will have the law on mv side, or else I dare not be hinged; and so mtfch sur that. I should he very sorry thru the peace between Spain and France mould be concluded, and I hop-? these late losses in Italy will prevent it; and how confident soever other men are of it, I do not think it likely; for the French will expect to keep all by the treaty, which they have gotten by the war; and the Spaniards ate mad if they

consent rb that. I looking uperi the nking of Dunkirk as the rendering a peace impossible; except the French would consent to the restoring' it, or the Spaniards trt give up Flanders with it. But it it should fall out, Lord have mercy upon poor England! fof 1 do more fear a French Army, than the presbyterians and independents. I must be the resurrection of the English courage and lovalty mu'i recover England to the King, and, it may be, a Julep from the North may not be unseasonably applied to the fever os the South; but sure a foreign aid (except of sarms and money) will never reconcile 'hose hearts and affections to the King and his posterity, without which he hath no hope of reigning. And in this opinion I am and have been so far from being nice, that they have it under my hand, and hare been so far from thinking me worth the reforming or converting, that they have only laughed at me, aud said that I am a mad man of Westminster-hull, which you know i» a warmer place than Tyburn, s. thank God, the villainy os this present generation, n' r the fire of this odious rebellion, hath not destroyed or burned np my natural affection to my popr country ; 'nor do I wish it overcome bythe Turks because at this time their religion is little better than Mahometan. I assure you, I comfort myself with the hope that the English will ■hereafter (though possibly I may be dead "first) repair the breaches they have made, vindicate their loya'tv and religion, and entertain their neighbours with the stories of their well-employed valour, as they da now with their romance of treason and rebellion; and that they will


never be able to do is they are made • conquered people.

I receive no intelligence from England, but only out of the country from my wife, who, I thank Goil, beats her part with miraculous constancy and courage; which truly is an unspeakable comfort to me. We may, I hope, be able to live some time asunder; but lam sure we should quickly starve, is we were together; yet when starving comes to be necessary, or to be more seared than hanging, we will starve by the grace os God together.

I am very glad your patrons at London are constant in their un. mercifulness to the excepted, amongst whom I will not leave my place to be listed amongst the compounded. For my part, let him want mercy that will ask or take it from them, I remember my old acquaintance Cato, when he was told that Cæsar had a desire to have friendship with him, and was willing to give him a pardon, grew into a passion, and said, he was a tyrant to offer him a pardon, for by it be assumed to himselsa power over the lives of the citizens of Rome. I assure you, Mr. Secretary, 1 will not receive a pardon from the King and Parliament when I am not guilty; and when I am, I will receive it only from him who can grant it.

The following Extract from another Letter, will shew Lord Clariru. tton's Opinion of the Political Religion of Princes and States.

FO R such a tract as you speak of to awaken christian princes Vot. XVI.

to a fense of the injuries done to their neighbours; I have given over any hope that way; and the rather, because the case cannot be presented with the liveliness and vivacity to them, at by those instances which might be really perverted, and would be passionately resented against those who profess that religion in those state;. And the truth is, there is naturally that absence of the chief elements of christian religion, charity, humility, justice, and brotherly compassion, in the very police and institution of' princes and sovereign states, that as we have long found the civil obligation of alliance and marriage to be but trivial circumstances of formality towards concord and friendship, so those of religion and justice, if urged for conscience sake, are equally ridiculous; as if the individuals, not any state itself, were perfect Christian. And I assure you, I have not been without many melancholy thoughts, that this justice of God, which of late years hath seemed to be directed against empire itself, hath proceeded from the divine indignation against those principles of empire, which have looked upon conscience and religion itself, as more private, subordinate, and subservient faculties, to conveniency and the interest of kingdoms, than duties requisite to the purchase of the kingdom of heaven. And therefore God hath stirred up, and applied the people, in whom princes thought it only necessary to plant religion, to the destruction of principalities, in the institution whereof religion hath been thought unnecessary.


The following excellent Letter places the noble Writer in a very exalted point of view.

Sir Edward Hyde to the Lord

My dear Lord, \7 OU can impute it only to the ■*• restlessness and solicitude of my friendship (which, how unprofitable and useless soever, certainly will always attend you in any misfortune, and almost in any fault) that ] am exceedingly perplexed with what you write to me concerning yourself. Alas ! what subsistence moderately honourable is that you aim to establish to yourself and your friends; and can it be done with that innocence and honour which you ought to pre. serve? Believe it, many things which many other men, and of your own quality and rank, may justly and honestly do, will be crimes in you. You can no more be a servant or pensioner to another crown, than you can marry another wife; and the number and fe. ypral species of your enemies, ought to supply you with great caution that you should be provided against reproaches as well as impeachments. If you want providence and discretion to discern consequences, as well what may be misinterpreted, as what is simply unlawful, your repotat:on will not be preserved; for God's take, think rot, affect not, an honourable fjbsistence, which cannot be without scandal, whilst the honour of your master, of your country, and of all honourable persons of it, is clouded, and almost eclipsed. Borrow or beg (it is very honest) so much a will keep you alive and cleanly

for one year; and withdraw into * quiet corner where you are not known, and where not above two or three friends may hear of you. If you can but live one year without being spoken of at all, without being in a capacity of having youi own or other men's errors imputed to you, you will find a strange resurrection of a good fame. In that retirement you will revolve the rare accidents and -misfortunes of your life; in the consideration whereof I fear you have been too negligent. And it may be, you may believe you have encountered new and unusual dangers, because you have not duly weighed past, and unusual deliverances. You will find as much of the immediate hand of God in both, as can be observed in the course of a man's life much superior to you in age, and it may be in action. You may in this disquisition consider, by what forward. nef» of fortune it comes to pass, that a man of the most exquisite parts of nature and art, that this age hath brought forth, hath been without success in those very actions, for which meaner men have been highly commended; that a man of the most candid, and obliging disposition, of the most unreveogeful, and inoffensive temper, and constitution, should not only have fewer friends, in the general crowd of lookers-on, than many stubborn and insociable complexions use to find, bat more enemies amongst those, whose advancement and prosperity he hath contributed to, than ever iru'.n hath met with. And without doubt yea will discover somewhat, no man else can discover, and enjoy an ample benefit by the discovery, throughout the long course of your life, mat h to come. I do not invite

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