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on the lower gun-deck, and took a view of the whole.
At half an hour aster three o'clock his Majesty fat down to a table of thirty covers, at which many of the nobility, and persons of distinction, as well as officers of the navy and army of the rank of colonel and upwards, were admitted to the honour of dining. After dinner, the Queen's health being drank, the whole fleet saluted with twenty-one guns; and, upon his Majesty's retiring from table, the King's health was likewise drank with the like salute. And the same was repeated every day during his Majesty's continuance at Fortsmouth.
At six o'clock his Majesty went into his barge,, attended by the board of Admiralty, the flag officers and captains, in the fame order in which they came, and passed along both the lines of (hips, each ship (being again manned) giving three cheers, and saluting separately with rwenty-one guns as the King passed by them.
His Majesty then went on board the Augusta yacht, where he was again received by the board of Admiralty. The Royal Standard, with the Lord High Admiral's flag and Union flag, were immediately hoisted, as they had been on board the Barfleur ; and his Majesty sailed into the harbour. The (hips at Spithcad and the fortifications saluting as upon his Majesty's coming out, and the admirals and captains attending him to the harbour's mouth; after which they returned to their respective ships. His Majesty landed at the dock a quarter before nine, and returned to the commiiuoiK'r'5 house, where
he resided the whole time of his stay at Portsmouth.
Wednesday, June 23.
At eight o'clock this morning his Majesty began to view the dockyard, the (hips l> niding and repairing, and magazines.
At eleven his Majesty went into his barge, attended by the commissioners of the admiralty and navy in their barges, with ihe flags of their respective offices, and many of the nobility in another barge, and proceeded up tru1 harbour to view the (hips lying in ordinary.
His Majesty went on board three of those (hips, viz. the Britannia, a first rate ot 100 guns; the Royal William, a second rate of 84 guns; and the D-fiance, a third rate of 64. guns; and, at halt an hour after two, went off to Spithcad to dine on board the Birfl-'ur, attended by the commistioners of the admiralty, the flag officers and captains in their barges, as before.
At fix o'clock in the afternoon his Majesty went from the Barfleur on board the Augusta yacht, and sailed towards St. Helen's till near eight, and then flood in for. the harbour; but, it falling calm, his Majesty left the yacht, and wai rowed to the dock in his barge, where he arrived at half an hour after nine, the strips and fortifications saluting, and the flag-officers and captains attending him to the mouthof the harbour, as they had done the day before.
Thursday, June 24..
His Majesty went to the gunwharf at six o'clock in the morning, where he was received by the matter-general of the Ordnance, the lieutenant-general and principal officers of that department, and minutely minutely viewed the magazines,
artillery, and stores.
His majesty returned to the dockyard at (even, and viewed such parts of the yard, magazines, and works carrying on, as he had not seen before. At half an hour after tea his Majei'y, attended as before, by the nobility and commissioners of the admiralty and navy, went in his barge on board the Venus, a frigate of 36 guns, lying in ordinary, and from thence to Weovil, where he was received by Captain Pitt, one of the commissioners tor victualling the royal navy, and the officers of that department, a royal lalute of twenty-one guns being given from the lints at Gosport; and, having viewed the brewery, cooperage, and magazines, returned to tne dock.
After his Majesty had changed his dress, he went to the governor's house, "and bad another public levee.
At two o'clock his Majesty went off to Spithead, in the fame state as on the preceding days, to dine on board the Barfleur.
Vice Admiral Pye, having, in pursuance of the King's pleasure, been this day promoted to the rank of Admiral of the Blue, kissed his Mnjelty's hand on the quarter-deck, and, hoisting his flag immediately on boatd the Royal Oak, was by the King's permission saluted bv all the ships present, except the Barfleur. The admiral, in acknow
Admiral of the White; Capt. Joseph Knight, of the Ocean, senior captain in the fleet at Spithead; Captain Edward Vernon, of the Barfleur; and Captain Richard Bickerton, of the Augusta yacht: who had the honour each day to steer the King's barge: and they had severally the honour to kiss his Majesty's hand upon the quarterdeck under the Royal Siandard.
At halfan hour after five o'clerfe, his Majesty went from the Barfleur on board the Augusta yacht, attended as before, and, having sai'ed through part of the line of ships, stood into the harbour, and landed at the dock at half an hour after seven, the flag-oflieeis and captains attendinghis Majesty in their barges to the mouili ot the harbour, and the fortifications ialuting as on the former days.
Fr Iday, June 25.
His Majesty went from the dockyard at half an hour after five this morning to view the new works and fortifications of Portsmouth, beginning from the farthest part of the common round to the saluting platform.
At seven his Majesty returned to the dock, cmbaiked immediately on board the Augusta yacht, and sailed out os the harbour, the fortifications saluting as he pasted. When the yacht arrived at Spithead, Lord Edgcumbc, Vice - Admiral of the Blue, with his division, got under sail and followed his Ma
ledgment of the honour conferred jelly. When the yacht and men of upon him, saluted the Royal Stan- war had passed the buoys, the Vice
dard with all the guns onboard the Royal Oak.
His Majesty was at the fame time plealed to confer the honour of tnight'iood on Admiral Pye, asalso on Richard Spry, Esq; Rear
Admiral came onboard, and having, by his Majelly'scummand.been promoted to be Vice-Admiral of the White, had the honour to kiss his Majesty's hand undrr the Royal Standard, and then, shifting his
flag, was, by his Majesty's permission, saluted by all the ships ot his division.
His Majesty proceeded as far as Sandown Bay, where the Standard was saluted by the Castle.
The wind then freshening, and the tide being spent, the yacht, with the Vice-Admiral's division, returned to St. Helen's and anchored.
At three quarters after four the yacht got under weigh, and, the wind still blowing fresti, worked up toSpirhead, leaving the ViceAdmiral and his division to proceed to Plymouth, according to the orders he had received. After the King had sailed along (he line os (hips remaining at Spithead, he stood towards the harbour, and catne to anchor about half a mile within South-Sea Castle, where his Majestywas attended by the admiral, the rear-admiral, and all the captains and lieutenants of the fleet at Spithead, who had severally the honour of kifling his Majesty's hand. While the yacht was at anchor, the ramparts of the town, being lined with land-forces and marines, fired a « Feu de Joy' at ten o'clock, by a triple discharge of cannon and musquetry all round the works; immediately after which the yacht weighed, proceeded into the harbour, and landed his Majesty at the dock at half an hoar after ten o'clock.
The King was this day pleased to grant the dignity of a Baronet of Gieat Britain onto Hugh Palliser, Esq; Comptroller of his Majesty's Navy, and unto Richard Hughes, Esq; Commissioner of his Majesty'* Navy residing at Portsmouth; and also to dire't that the commanders of the Wasp, Speedwell, and Hat
zard sloops, at Spithead, be promoted to the rank of post captains of his Majesty's fleet; the lientenants commanding the Greyhound and Anson cutters in Portsmouth harbour, the first lieutenant of the Barsteur, and lieutenant of the Augusta yacht, where the Royal Standard had been hoisted, and the first lieutenant of the flag officer, (hips, viz. the Royal Oak, Dublin, and Ocean, to be promoted to the rank of commanders; and two midshipmen from each of those (hips and yacht to be made lieutenants.
In all the processions before mentioned, both to Spithead and back again, a very great number of yachts, and other sailing vessel* and boats, many of them fall of nobility and gentry, accompanied the barges, as well as the Angalh yacht, while the King was on board: The- shores, both on the Portsmouth and Gosport sides, were lined with an incredible multitude of people, who all expressed their loyalty and duty as his Majesty passed along, by saluting with gun>, acclamations, and other demonstrations of joy. And the houses both in the town of Portsmouth and on the Common, as well as at Gosport, were illuminated every evening during his Majesty's stay.
His Majesty was pleased to express the highest approbation of the good order and discipline of his fleet, the excellent condition of the dock-y^rd, arsenals, and garrison, and the regularity with which every thing was conducted; and (hewed the utmost satisfaction at the demonstrations of loyalty and aftection with which he was received by all tacks of people.
Saturday, Jone 26. His Majesty set out from the commissioner's house, on his return to Kew, at three quarters after fix o'clock, having been graciously pleased to order the following sums to be distributed, viz. To the artificers, workmen, £. and labourers ofthe Dock Yard, Victualling-Office, and Gon-Wharf — 1500 To the companies ofthe Barsttirr and Augusta yacht, and the crew of his Majesty's barge — — 3^0 Tb the poor of Portsmouth, Portsea, andGofport — 250 His Majesty was also pleased to make some other smaller gratuities, and to release the prisoners confined in Portsmouth gaol for debt.
His Majclly was saluted by a triple discharge os all the c.innon round the fortifications, as well as of those of Somh-Sea CalHe and Blockhouse Fort, and by a salute of twenty-one guns on passing Portsea-Bridge. Many thousands of people attended the chaile, wirh the loudest acclamations, to the end of the Mayor's jurisdiction; and at every place through which fcis Majesty passed there were ihe strongest demonstrations of joy. At Godalmin a band of mufick, accompanied by the voices of all the inhabitants, fung ' God (ave the King,' the whole way through the town: At Guildford the street was lined with the inhabitants ; thegentry, who were assembled at one of the public houses, saluted his Majesty as he passed with the colours of the town.
Throughout the whole of his Majesty's journey there were numerous assemblies of people in every place, where his Majesty pasted,
expressing, in the warmest manner, their duty and affection, and their joy at feeing their Sovereign amongst them.
About two o'clrck in the afternoon the King atrived in perfect health at Kew.
An Authentic Account of the Earthquake at the Birches, about h»fs a Mile below Buildwas Bridge, and about a Mile above tie Bittorn of Coalbrookdale, Shropsllire.
IN the dead ofthe night betwrra Tuesday 25th and WednekUy the 26th ult. Samuel Wilcocks's wise, who lived in a small house at the Birches, was sitting up in bed to take care of or.e of her childiea. that was ill, when she perceived the bed shake under her, and observed some balm tea in a cup t» be so much agitated as to be l'pik over. On Thursday morning tne 27th, Samuel Yvikocks, and Joia Roberts (who likewise lived in lire house at the Birches) got up about four o'clock, and opening their window to see what the weaker was, observed a small crack in tiie ground about sour or five inches wide, and a field that was sown with oats to heave up and roll about like waves of water; the trees moved as if blown with wind, bat the air was calm and serene; the river Sevetn (in which at that time was a considerable flood) was agitated very much, and the current seemed to run upwards. They perceived the house shake, when in a great fright they raised the rest of the family, and ran out of the house about twenty yards; they then perceived a grc3t crack run
very quick up the ground from the river. Immediately about thirty acres of land, with the hedges and trees standing, (except a few that were overturned) moved with great force and swiftness towards the Severn, attended with great and uncommon noise, which Wilcocks compared to a large flock of sheep running swiftly by him. That part ot the l.ind next the river was a small wood, under two acres, in which grew twenty large oaks, a few of them were thrown down, and since as many more were undermined and overturned j some left leaning, the rest upright, as if never disturbed. The wood was pushed with such velocity into the channel of the Severn, (which at that time was remarkably deep) that it forced the water in great columns a considerable height, like mighty fountains, and drove the bed of the river before it on the opposite sliore many feet above the surface of the water, where it lodged, as did one side of the wood. The current being instantly stopped, occasioned a great inundation above, and so sudden a fall below, that many fish were lest on dry land, and several barges were heel'd over, and when the stream came down, were iunk, but none were damaged above. The river soon took its course over a large meadow that was opposite the small wood, and in three days wore a navigable channel through the meadow ; a turnpike road was moved more than thirty yards from its former situation, and to a!) appearance rendered for ever impassable. A barn was carried aiiout the fame distance, an J left as aheap of rubbish in a la'ge chasm; the house received but lit'.le damage. A
hedge that was joined to the garden was removed about 50 yards; a great part of the land is in con- , fused heaps, full of cracks from four inches to more than a yard wide, and seems as if it will never be fit for tillage or pasture. Several very long and deep chasms are formed in the upper part of the land from about 14 to upwards of 30 yards wide, in which are many pyramids of earth standing with the green turf remaining on the tops oflcme of them. Hollows are raised into mounts, and mounts are reduced into hollows; less than a quarter of an hour compleated this dreadful scene. On Thursday several eels worked themselves through the cracks in the wood, aud were catched by the spectators.
One Cookson, a farmer, who lives about half a mile below the Birches, on the fame side the river, was much frightened on Thursday morning the 27th, (at the time os the earthquake) at a sudden gull ot wind, as he thought, which beat against the windows, as if a great quantity of hail shot had been thrown with violence at them.
The fame morning, and time, a collier, who was working in a coalpit at Lightmore, full two miles from the Birches, heard a great noise in the pit, which made him apprehend some accident had happened there; but upon examination all was safe.
On Tuesday night the 25th, some people who lived in a house above Buildwas Bridge, more than halsa mile from the Birches, on the lame side the river, perceived the house violently (hook; they lemovid their gooJs, and quitted it the next day. That night, being VV'euncs