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crown, to have been early in moving a proper enquiry ; and not to have opposed it, even when a bill from the other house had in common decency rendered it at length indispensable. Not content with this neglect of duty, and contempt of his Majesty's recommendation, a conference with the Commons was also refused; by which, however imperfectly, the inattention of the Peers might have been remedied by the diligence of the other house; and when a.concesi'ion was made that the reports of the committee of the House of Commons mould b« laid before us, on condition of their not being re-ad by the clerk, this small concession of imperfect information was immediately withdrawn, and the house resolved to proceed altogether in the dark. We cannotreflect, without the utmost humiliation, on the total revolution which has happened in the sentiments and conduct of this hcule, within so short a time as since the year 1720, when the Lords, in considering the affairs osthe South-Sea Company, everted the greatest diligence through the whole of a very long session in a strict parliamentary inquisition into sacis, before they thought themselves authorised to resort to an extraordinary use of the legislative power.

Thirdly, Because we conceive that th:r reason of.dispatch assigned for this refusal of all sorts of information, to be unworthy the legislative and the judicial character of the House, we are perluaded that, invested as we are with a public trust of the highest importance, we ought, in nil cases, to postpone pur amusements 10 our

duties, and are bound to measure our consideration of the affairs before us, not by the season of the year, but by the nature of the business. In the year 1720, the Lords had a conference with the Commons, which began in July, and did not end till the 25th of that month. If we once admit the advanced period of the session as a reason of refusing to ourselves every information required by the cafe, the Commons have it in their power to preclude the House from the exercise of its deliberative capacity; they have nothing more to do than to keep business of importance until the summer is advanced, and then the delay in that house is to be assigned as a sufficient ground for a precipitate acquiescence in this. Our predecessors in this house were so well aware of the use which, in future times, might be made of such a practice of the Commons, and such an argument drawn from it here, that they have expressly condemned both the practice and argument by our standing order, Die Martis 5 Maii 1668, which standing order we insert in this protest, that it may appear that in this obstinate refusal of such an enquiry as the subject called for, the House has trespassed as much against its own rules of proceeding, as against the general rights and privileges of the people.

Standing Order of 5 May 1668.

"Upon report made by the Lord-Chamberlain from the committee of the whole House, concerningthe bill forraising- 300,010). by an imposition on wines and other liquors, that in regard the said bill being very long, and con. silling of many paragraphs, came • from from the House of Commons so near the time of adjournment, he was commanded to report it as the opinion of the committee, that it might be entered into the JournalBook of this House, as was upon this hill (of shortness of time for the passing of bills), to precipitate the palling thereof, but that due consideration may be had hereafter according to the course of parliaments, the Lords Spiritual and Temporal in parliament assembled, agreed with the report made from the committee, and ordered that this order be added to the roll of standing orders of this House."

Fourthly, Because we think that having rejected the ancient, reasonable, and parliamentary mode of proceeding, the maxim established in its place is dangerous and irrational. We do constantly deny, that what is commonly called public notoiiety (which is in reality no better than common rumour) is or can be a ground for any act which may conclusively impair, much less wholly take away, any one of the rights of the subject; such supposed notoriety being frequently uncertain in its foundation, generally underthe influence of violent passions, aifd entirely destitute of that accuracy which is necessary for ascertaining the nature, extent, or tendency of any grievance, or consequently for furnishing any wise or adequate methods of redress.




Ponsonb v.

Treaty nuith the Caribbs, at St.

From the St. Vincent's Gazette.
St. Vincent's, Feb. 27.

ON Wednesday the 17th instant a number of the Caribbs came into the grand camp at Maccaricau, and a treaty of peace and friendship was then concluded by his Excellency General Dalrymple on the part of his Britannic Majesty, and by the chiefs of Grand Sable, Massiraco, Rabaeca, Maccaricau, Bauara, Coubamarou, Iambou, Colonrie, Camacarabou, Ouarawarou, and Point Espagniol, for themselves and the rest of their people.—The Articles of which treaty are as follow:

Art. I. All hostile proceedings to cease, a firm and lasting peace of friendship to succeed.

Art. II. The Caribbs shall acknowledge his Majesty to be the rightful sovereign of the ifland and domain of St. Vincent, take an. oath of fidelity to him as their King, promise absolute submission to his will, and lay down their arms.

Art. III. They mail submit themselves to the laws and obedience of his Majesty's government, with, a power to the governor to enact further regulations for the public advantage as shall be convenient. (This article only respects their transactions with his Majesty's subjects, not being Indians, their intercourse and customs, with each other in the quarters allotted them not being affected by it;) and all new regulations to receive his Majesty's governor'* approbation before carried into execution.

Art. iy. A portion of lands, hereafter mentioned, w be allotted

for *or the residence of the Caribbs, viz. frem the river Bauara to Point Elpagmol, on che one side, and from the river Analibou to Espagniol on the other side, according to lines to be drawn by his Majesty's surveyors from the sources of the rivers to the tops of the mountains; the rest of the lands formerly inhabited by Caribbs, for the future to belong entirely to his Majesty.

Art. V. Those lands not to be alienated either by sale, .lease, or otherwise, but to persons properly authorised by his Majesty to receive them.

Art. VT. Roads, ports, batteries, and communications to be made as his Majesty pli-ases.

Art. VII. No undue intercourse with the French Islands to be allowed.

Art. VIII. Run-away staves in the possession of the Caribbs to be delivered up, and endeavours used to discover and apprehend the others; and an engagement in future, not to encourage, receive, or harbour, any slave whatever; forfeiture of lands for harbouring and carrying oft' the Island a capital crime.

Art. IX. Persons guilty of capital crimes against the English are to be delivered up.

Art. X. In time of danger, to be aiding and assisting to his Majesty's subjects against their enemies.

Art. XI. The three chains tfi remain to his Majesty.

Art. XII. All conspiracies and plots against his Majesty or his government, to be made known to his governor or other civil Magistrates.

Art* XIII. Leave, if required, l

to be given to the Caribbs to depart this island, with their families and properties, and assistance in their transportation.

Art. XIV. Free access to the quarters allowed to the Caribbs, to be given to persons properly empowered in pursuit of run-away slaves, and safe conduct afforded them.

Art. XV. Deserters from hii Majesty's service, if any, and runaway slaves from the French, to be delivered up, in order, that they may be returned to their masters.

Art. XVI. The chiefs of the different quarters are to render an account of the names and number of the inhabitants of their respective districts.

Art. XVII. The chiefs and other Caribbs, inhabitants, to attend the governor, when required, for his Majesty's service.

Art. XVI11. All possible facility, consistent with the laws of Great Britain, to be afforded to the Caribbs in the sale of their produce, and in their trade to the different British islands.

Art. XIX. Entire liberty of fishing, as well on the coast of St. Vincent as at the neighbouring quays, to be allowed them.

Art. XX. In all cafes when the Caribbs conceive themselves injured by his Majesty's other subjects or other persons, and are desirous of having reference to the laws, or to the civil magistrates, an agent, being one of his Majesty's natural born subjects, may be employed by themselves, or, if more agreeable, at his Majesty') cost.

Art. XXI. No strangers, or white persons, to be permitted to settle among toe Caribbs without per

miffion mission obtained in writing from the governor.

Art. XXII. These articles subscribed to and observed, the Caribbs are to be rendered, secured, and fixed in their property, according to his Majesty's directions given, and all past offences forgot.

Art. XXIII. After the signing of this treaty, should any of the Caribbs refuse to observe the conditions of it, they are to be considered and treated as enemies by both parties, and the most effectual means used to reduce them.

Art. XXIV. The Caribbs shall take the following oath, viz.—We A. B. do swear in the name of the immortal God and Christ Jesus, that we will bear true allegiance to his Majesty George III. of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, King, Defender of the Faith, and that we will pay due obedience to the Iawi of Great Britair and the

Island of St. Vincent, and will well and truly observe every article of the Treaty concluded between his said Majesty and the Caribbs, and we do acknowledge that his said Majesty is rightful Lord and Sovereign of all the Island of St. Vincent^and that the lands held by us the Caribbs are granted through his Majesty's clemency.

On the part of his Majesty.

W. Dalrymple.

On the part of the Caribbs.

Jean Baptiste, Dufant Begot, Boyordell, Dirang, Simon, Lalime senior, Bauamont, Justin Bauamont, Chatoie. Doucre Baramont, Lalime junior, Broca, Saloe, Francois Larnn, Saint Laron, Anifetter, Clement, Bigott, Mathieu, Jean Louia Pacquin, Gadel Goibau, John Baptiste, Lonen, Boyudon. DuValett, Boucharie, DonibaBaoilliard, Cauaia.


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