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The answer which was returned to his Excellency, by those of his Majesty's servants, to whom this communication was made, was to the following effect; that if the Irish parliament should send over to England such a plan, as should appear to be well calculated to give effectual relief to Ireland, in its present distress, their opinion would be, that it ought to be carried into execution, although the lax upon absentees mould be a part of it.
1 beg leave to trouble your Grace to communicate this information to ""the other Lords, and have the honour to be, with great respect,
I AM desired by the Duke of Devonshire, Lord Besborough, Lord Upper Ossory, and Lord Milton, to communicate to you the inclosed papers, which contain what has passed between us and his Majesty's ministers, upon the information we had received of a partial land-tax, which is calculated to affect only those who do not commonly reside in that kingdom.
We thought it proper to apply to Lord North, in order to authenticate our intelligence, and to lay a proper ground for a future proceeding on this subject. It was thought respectful to government, not to give too easy a credit to the report of so very extraordinary a procedure. It appeared nt ;essary to lose no time in stating our objections, that we might give the ministry
here an opportunity of reconsidering the matter before it should be openly countenanced by the King's servants in Ireland.'
Lord North's second answer to our letter, contains an explicit avowal of the design; it is coloured over with the usual pretences of supplying the revenue, and restoring public credit; but, if the ordinary revenue of Ireland, by any management, is become now, in the time of profound peace, so unequal to the support of the establishments, as to require extraordinary aids, we cannot conceive, that the necessity of nexu tax:s, can. furnish a reason for imposing such as are unjust.
The Irish parliament meets again on the 28th of this month. Many gentlemen of consideration for their interests and abilities, will oppose this project in Ireland; but with the previous countenance it has received here, it is to be apprehended, that their opposition may prove ineffectual, and that the tax-bill may be transmitted to England before the end of November.
The opposition, therefore, in order to be effectual must be early; and it must be made in England as well as in Ireland. We have a right to be heard by our counsel against this measure, and may oppose it in every stage of its progress before the privy.council here.
It is therefore wished, that a general meeting of those who are most immediately concerned, may be held in London about the middle of November.
You shall undoubtedly be informed of any iuture steps that may be taken in this unprecedented plan of taxation, and shall receive; proper nctice of the piecise time
and an 1 phce that shall be thought adviseable for the meeting.
I have the honour to be,
Your most obedient,
humble servant, Gvosvivor-square, n
-. \ •/Y RoCKINGHAM.
Oil. 30, 1773.
Ccpv of a second Circular Letter sent by the Klarquti cs Rockingham to the sc-verai Gentlemen liab,e to be ajj'iilea by the Absentee Tax.
SINCE I had the honour of writing to you upon tne project of a partial land tax in Ireland, an opinion generally prevailed, that the design had been reconsidered here, and that it was probably laid asiJe. The accounts from Ireland, hud given room to imagine, that if the tax was proposed there, it would be rejected. Great numbers of the most considerable pei ions for weight, consideration, and ability, had shewn a determination to oppose it. 'she city and county ot Dublin, and other counties, had declared their diliike to a measure so danoercus
In this situation it seemed not necessary to call a meeting, which might occasion trouble aad inconvenience to many gentlemen; but some circumstances have very lately occuned, which seem to indicate, that the measure is by no niear.s laid aside. It appears by accounts from Ireland, that Mr. Elaquicre, Principal Secretary to the LordLieutenant of Ireland, did, in the House os Commons theie, name the partial land-tax as one of the ways and nieans towards the lupply which should be asked. It is laid indeed tliat he did not absolutely propose the tax; bu: declaicd a.
predilection for it; and by the accounts received from Ireland in the couise of this week, it is now said, that government there have taken a strong part in savour of this measure. Though the immediate calling of a meeting may be postponed until the fate of the motion for this tax, which is expected to be made this week in Ireland, is known, it is thought to be highly incumbent on us jo give this information to all those to whom we had the honour to communicate what had already passeiT, that they may be so far prepared, that if a meeting is called in the course of the next fortnight, they may be able, if they think it proper, to come to London with the less inconvenience.
By the answers I received to the letters, 1 find al.nost a general concurrence in disapprobation of the tax and its principles.
The trull so honourably conferred on us, makes a proper vigilance very much our duty. The giving unnecessary trouble will be avoided; but if the business proceeds, the more full the meeting, the greater force and ianction will be given to any proceeding that may be deemed expedient in order to defeat this design.
The Lords who are now in town, anil in con'equence of whose desire I took the liberty of troubling you with the former letter, have empowered me now to send you thu information.
1 have the honour to be,
Your most obedient ard
Account of the Honours said hy the Assembly and Council of "Jamaica, to the Memory of the late Sir William Treiawney, Bart. Governor of that Island.
Extract of a Letter from King ft on in 'Jamaica, Dec. 19, I/72.
IT is with real concern we acquaint the public, that on Friday night, the nth instant, his Excellency Sir William Trciawney, Bart, our very worthy and much esteemed Governor, departed this lite, after a long arid tedious illness, which he bjre with fortitude and magnanimity, and died with that firm hope ot a happy immortality, which a virtuous and admirable uniformity and consistency of character, and the culm consciousness of a life well spent in the service .of his country, at once inspired and justified. During four years residence in the administration of this government, he so wifely guided and steadily held the reins of power, and maintained iuch an inflexible integrity of conduct, altogether, unbiassed by private attachments or selfish considerations, that party herself forgot her resentments, and seemingly left no contest, but who should most promote the ease and happiness of an administration, which gave ease and happiness to all. The great and universal regret which the apprehension of this unhappy event has, for some time past, given to al! ranks of people, is ihe surest proof of his Excellency's merit, as well as the strongest testimony, that a government conducted on the fame principles, cannot fail of meeting the noblest reward, the gen-.« \\ applause of a graielul and uniud people.
The next day, being Saturday the 12th instant, the Honourable the House of Assembly came to the following resolution:
* Resolved, In order to testify 'the grateful respect which 'this House entertained of his 'late Excellency's merit, the
• fense they have of the great
• and univeiial satis!actioa 'which his mild and equi'table administration gave to 'all ranks of people, and the 'great regret which they feel
• at his loss, it be made the 'request of this House to 'Lady Trelawney, that her
• Ladyship consent that hrs 'Excellency's funeral be con'ducted at the public cx'pence.'
In consequence of this vote a joint committee of the Hon. the Council and Assembly was appointed to conduct the funeral, which, notwithstanding the sliortneis of time, was managed with equal propriety and magnificence.
Accordingly on Sunday evenin» the 13th instant, the body, inclosed in a coffin ot lead, placed in an outward lhell, covered with crimson velvet, and richly sornifiied, lay in state in the council-ch .mber, which was hung with black, a.d illuminated with large tapers of wax; and, to their grea: honour, the membeis of the legislature, the officers of the cavy, army, and militia, the magistrate, and all ranks ot people, seemed to vie with each other i.i iheuing the nv'st grateful testimony of respect and regard to the Governors memory.
About eleven o'clock the same evening, the procession began from the King's house in the following order, the artillery firing minute guns, viz.
Spanish-Town regiment of foot militia.—The 36th regiment of foot under the command of Col. Campbell, marching in form, with their arms reversed, preceded by a band of music, collected from the different regiments and the battaJion lately arrived, playing the dead march in Saul.—Eight mutes. —The governor's secretary and houshold.—Public officers. — Provost marshal general.— Physicians. —Clergy.— 1 he Body, supported by the hon. A. Sinclair, hon. W.' Brown, Hon. B. Edwards, hon. W. Harvie, hon. J. Scot, hon. T. Iredell,hon. J. Ellis, hon. T. Beach,
The following Address <was presented by the Council o/^Jamaica, to Lady Trelawney.
"The council of Jamaica, being truly sensible of the great loss your ladyship has sustained by the demise of our late worthy governor, beg leave to condole with you on that unhappy occasion.
"We have too great a share in the loss, not to participate with your ladyship in the affliction. Yet we derive no small comfort from the consideration (and we earnestly hope that your ladyship will join in the reflection) that the departure of great and good men, though a loss to us, is the consummation of perfect felicity to them. Your ladyship, too, has the satisfaction to reflect, that your worthy partner, and four aid de camps.—Chief even in this life, had the singular
mourners: hon. Mr. Harrison, and hon. Mr. May.—House of assembly as mourners.—Judges of the grand court and aflize.—Col. Provost, and officers of the royal Americans.—Captains of the men of war, and officers of the fleet.— Barristers at law. Master's in chancery. — Attendants. — Troops of horse.
happiness of receiving that reward, which virtue too frequently fails of attaining. He died with the applause of all good men, and in the roll of honour is his memory recorded.
«« We sincerely wish your ladyship a safe voyage toGrcat Britain, and that your future days may be brightened by happiness, On all occasions, we beg leave to tender your ladyship our best services."
The following Stale of the Export Linen and Linen Tarn Trade of Ireland, for the lajl 70 Years, Jheios its vaji Improvement within that Period, and of -what singular Importance its Preservation, from the Ruin with I'jhich it is novj threatened, is to the Mother-Country.
It appears by the export entries at the Custom-house at Dublin, whence this account was taken, that the linen trade alone has decreased 5,000,000 of yards, of the invoice value of 350,0001. in the year 1772; and by the best estimate that could be formed of the exports from March 1772 to March 1773, they ,were supposed to have further decreased one-third, which would bring them under 900,0001. so that the exports of linen and yarn taken together, will fall short of 1,100,000 1. little more than one half of their amount in the year 1771.