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broken, himself declared infamous, and the name of. the family to be changed. His Majesty's gracious interceilion in their favour is supposed to have produced this mitifation of the punishment decreed y the law for attempts against the King's life.
His Majesty has ordered a monument to be erected to immortalize the memory of H. Butzau, the Hussar, who loll his life in defending his Majesty against the Regicides. The monument is to be of fine marble, on its head the effigy of the deceased, with an inscription in the Polish language to the following purport: " Here rests the body of H. Butzau, who died in defence of King Stanislaus Augustus. The curled arrows which were thrown by the infamous and wretched Regicides on the 3d of Isovember, 1771, to pierce the heart of the King, he with plea-' sure received in his own breast; of the fame wounds he died a most glorious death! for the welfare of his native country, and for the life of his Prince. His King laments in his death the loss of so loyal and so faithful a subject; and to immortalize this noble deed, has erected this monument, as an instance of heroic virtue that ought to be remembered, to the honour of the deceased, by latest posterity."
At the assizes at Abingdon, five were capitally convicted, three of whom were reprieved before the Judges left the town.
At the assizes at Aylefbury, one of the Corbets, for the murder of farmer Holt, was capitally con
victed, and left for execution. He declared, the day before his death, that he only wished for liberty to murder his nephew, who was evidence against him.
At the assizes at Bury, one re« ceived sentence os transportation for 14. years, and four for 7 years.
At the assizes for the town and county of Cambridge, two were sentenced for transportation.
At Carlisle assizes, one was capitally convicted.
At the assizes at Croydon, for the county of Surry, no less than, 1; prisoners were capitally convicted, and five of them left for execution; a circumstance unequalled at that place within the memory of man. Field, otherwise Green, the highwayman, was capitally convicted. He would have pleaded guilty, but was dissuaded from it by the Judge.
At the fame assizes, bills of indictment were found by one of the fullest Grand Juries ever known; for that county against Hughes and Astley, for a variety of exhibitions near Black-friars and Westminster Bridges, without licence, and against law. The suppression of those nuisances was much commended by the gentlemen of the county.
At Durham assizes, Robert Montreth, for robbing Ann Maughan $ and Joseph Coltman and Matthew Vasey, for robbing a Polish Jew, received sentence of death.
At the assizes for the Isle os Ely, at Wijfbcch, four were capitally convicttd, three of whom were reprieved.
At the assizes at Exeter, three were capitally convicted.
At the assizes at Derby, none were capitally convicted.
At the assizes at Coventry, Thomas Farn and John How were /band guilty of the murder and robbery of Mr. Charles Pinchbeck, Ute keeper of the Toll gate, ac Binley-bridge, near Coventry. They have declared they did not intend murder; but, knowing the deceased to be a very resolute man, tred in order to intimidate him.
At the assizes for the county of Dorset, one was capitally convict, ed, but reprieved; and seven were cast for transportation.
At the assizes at Gloucester, George Giles, an exciseman, for forging the hand of Mr. Price, supervisor, by which means he possessed himself of two several sums of money; and James Markey, for breaking into the house of John Wood, and robbing him of 40 guineas, received sentence of death. William Markey, concerned with his brother James, being ill, his trial was postponed to next assizes.
At Hereford assizes, four were capitally convicted. Joseph Oven was indicted tor the wilful murder of his own mother, who had been a most tender and affectionate parent to him. On the 26th of May in the morning, the father being gone from home, and no one [eft in the house but the deceased and her daughter, about 13 years of age, the priloner came into the house, and with a spade which he found there, fractured his mother's flcull in two places, of which she instantly died. It appeared in the course of the trial, that the pri. soner had been long before in a state of insanity; and the strongest proofs of that fact being produced, the jury readily acquitted him of the charge of ^murder; but proper
directions were given to secure him, and to prevent other fatal effects of hisphrenzy.
At the assizes at Hertford, fix were capitally convicted ; three of whom were reprieved.
At Huntingdon assizes, one was capitally convicted, bin reprieved.
At Worcester assizes, Walter Kelson was capitally convicted, for the murder of Obadiah Rollason, and left for execution.
At Lancaster assizes, John Kay was capitally convicted, for breaking and entering the house of James Beutly, inn-keeper, and stealing 225!. 10s. 6d.
At the assizes for Somersetshire, six were capitally convicted.
At Leicester assizes, three were capitally convicted; but were all reprieved.
At the assizes at Northampton, three were capitally convicted.
At Nottingham assizes, none were capitally convicted.
At the assizes at Norwich, seven were capitally convicted, six of whom were reprieved.
At the assizes at Newcastle, three were capitally convicted..
At Oakham, the assizes proved maiden.
At Oxford assizes, one was capitally convicted.
At the assizes for the county of Northumberland, one was capitally convicted.
At the assizes at Southampton, one was capitally convicted.
At the assizes at Salisbury, six were capitally convicted, three of whom were reprieved.
On the Nisi Prius fide at this assizes, a cause was tried concerning a bond of 3001. made upwards of 40 years ago, on which no interest had ever been paid or demanded. 1*3 4 Th« The obligor and obligee had been dead a great number of years, and the plaintiff and defendant were heirs in the third generation. The bond was set afide.
At the assizes at Stafford, four were capitally convicted, one pf whom was John Challoner, for the murder of hjs father, who was ordered for execution on the following Monday.
At Shrewsbury assizes, three were capitally convicted, one of whom was respited, and another reprieved. —At this assizes, came on the trial x>( Elizabeth Higgs, who had been servant to Counsellor Fleming, and was charged by the Coroner's inquest with the murder of her said master by poison; but after a trial of nine hours, she was acquitted.
At the assizes for the county of Sussex, atHorstum, three were capitally convicted, and left for execution. The cafe of Ambrose Cannon, oru; of these convicts, is remarkable, who was found guilty of being present, aiding and abetting Thomas Green, in the wilful murder of Thomas Cole. This I murder was committed near 16 years ago, during Cannon's apprenticeship to the above Green, under whose immediate direction he acted. They both went abroad; but Cannon, after being, absent thirteen years, ventured to return about three years since, when he settled • at Hastings by another name, married, and has three children, whom with his wife, he has maintained in credit by his industry.
At the assizes at Warwick, eight were capitally convicted, seven of whom were reprieved for transportation, and only James Duckworth, capitally convicted,' for counterfeiting and diminishing the gold
coin, was left for execution. Th.it unhappy man strongly denies, with the most solemn asseverations, the fact for which he is to suffer. He was a very eminent hop-factor and grocer at Birmingham, and is sapposed to be one of the heaviest men in the county, weighing upwards of z± stone.
At Winchester assizes, five were capitally convicted, all of whom were reprieved.
At the assizes for the county of York, John Smith, found goilty of sheep-stealing, received sentence of death; but on Saturday he was sound strangled in 'his cell, which he effected with a string that supported his irons.
Six men who were tried at York assizes, on suspicion of clipping and diminishing the gold coin, were all acquitted.
Mr. Wingfield, a farmer - . at Helton, was found' murdered near the Hampshire-hog, on the Hammersmith road, with his slcull fractured, and his pockets rifled of all their contents; one William Edwards White, a deserter from the Coldstream regiment, has since been apprehended, and upon the strongest evidence committed to Newgate, for being the murderer.
The three daughters of General Thomas kissed his Majesty's hand, at St. James's, on their having a stipend of 3001. per annum each allowed them by the government.
The Charming Jenny, Chilcot, bound from Dublin port to Waterford, was wrecked near Holyhead, when every person on board, except the captain, perished, and the whole cargo, save one cask of Geneva, and two puncheons of rum, wa*
lost. lost. The neighbouring inhabitants, ioftead of assisting the unfortunate survivor, plundered whatever escaped the fury of the wavas, even to cutting away the pockets irom the captain's wife, wi.ose corpse was driven ashore on that inhospi. able coast.
. The Duke and Dutchess
'of Cumberland, the Hon. James Luttrell, Gen. Prevoft, Col. Deaken, Col. Garth, &c. set out from Cumberland-House for Dover, to embark for Calais. Their Royal Highnefles travel through France and Italy as Earl and Counted of Dublin.
His Majesty has been pleased, by his warrant bearing date the 18th of August, 1773, to declare hit pleasure, that the CaptainLieutenants in the Royal Regiment of Artillery, and Corps of Engineers, mail take rank in the army, as well as in their respective corps, as Captains 01 foot, from the 25th day of May, 1773, in the fame manner as the Captain Lieutenants in the infantry and cavalry.
Petcrjhurgh, August 27. TBe Ce-< remo.iy of t le intended Grand Dutchels's profession of the Greek faith was yesterday performed in the chapel of the winter palace. After abjuring her former religion, and making a short speech to the Archbishop of Petersburgh, she was anointed by him according to the rites of the Greek church, and baptized into that faith, by the name ot Natalia Alexiowna.
This morning she was betrothed to the Grand Duke in the Chapel of the summer palace. This ceremony consisted in the exchanging of rings: these having first had the benediction pronounced on them by the Archbishop of Peters
burgh, were delivered to the Grand Duke and Princess, and by them to the Empress, who, taking the Grand Duke's, presented it to the Princess, giving the Princess's to the Grand Duke in exchange : they then both kissed the Empress's hand. After mass was over (which was celebrated with great pomp and solemnity, on account of its being the festival of the holy-handkerchief, a great one in this church) the foreign ministers had the honour of kissing her Imperial Majesty's hand, and making their compliments to her: soon after which her Majesty, attended by the whole court, proceeded to the great saloon, where she dined upon the thro ie with the Grand Duke and Dutchess, and was served on this occasion by the great officers of the houshold. The four first classes of the nobility dined at different tables in the fame room, and the foreign ministers with the Vice-chancellor at his house. In the evening there was a ball at court, and the gardens of the summer palace were finely illuminated, as was tne whole town, and the ships in the river, it is scarcely possible to exceed the splendor and magnificence which appeared on this occasion.
Hague, August 27. A convention was concluded on the 28th of last month, between the States-General and the court of Versailles, for reciprocally exempting their subjects siora the Droit d'Aubaine, similar to what that court has within these two years agreed to with many others of its neighbours.
Earl Ferrers arrived at ,
Deptford in his yacht, from a cruize of about three weeks, which he took in order to make a trial os his new method of constructing ships; and we are informed, by m person who has conversed with one of the officers belonging to her, that nothing that ever was built answered all purposes so well, as they fay she is not only a surpris'ing fast sailer, but also carries her fail remarkably well, and has every good quality that a vessel can possibly have, in the utmost perfection, and more particularly in a large head sea. What (says our correspondent) is very extraordinary in this vessel is, that in turning up to the windward from the Downs to Blackball, where she arrived on Sunday evening, (he beat every vessel between three and four miles an hour, right in the wind's eye, though there were at least an hundred fail of vessels, of different forts, coming up the river at the fame time; and, what is still more extraordinary, though the wind all the time blew very fresh, and right down the river, yet on Saturday evening she turned up, from about two miles to the westward of the Isle of Sheepy, to the mouth of the river Thames, within four hours, against the ebb tide, (hough at the height of the springs, which it is imagined was never done before, nor can be done by any other vessel.
The Carcass bomb-ketch, commanded by Capt. Lutwich, which, together with the Sea-Horse bombketch, commanded by Capt.Phipps, went at the end of the spring in search of discoveries into the Polar region, particularly to make astronomical observations under the Northern Pole, and to discover a Northern passage into the South Sea, or East-Indies, it arrived on
the English coast, and has landed a packet at Yarmouth to the Lords of the Admiralty, containing, amongst other advices, a journal of their voyage. It there appears, that they have miscarried in their design, from the great impediments and dangers that occurred from the floating ice in the Northern sea, in conlequence of which the voyagers have not been able to get nearer the pole than 81 deg. 39 min. They were several times lo embayed in the ice, as to find their situation almost desperate, and were happy to get safe back into the open sea, after having made the strongest efforts, with the utmost risque, to perform their undertaking. They have not, however, sustained any considerable loss, the crews of both vessels being in perfect health, owing most probably to the extraordinary precautions taken in that respect. The Carcass parted from the Sea-horse about ten days ago, and it is presumed the may by this time have reached the month of the river, though no advice bad been obtained from her on Sunday last.
A coal-pit belonging to .
Lord Cockran, near Edinburgh, overflowed with water, by which two men were drowned. His Lordship was at the mouth of the pit when the accident happened, and, being alarmed by a sudden noise, looked down and saw the water riling with the greatest rapidity, and had scarcely time to save his life by flight, it having risen in a few minutes ux feet above the mouth of the pit, and overflowed a great part of the adjacent country. It is not easy to account for this phenomenon. Had it been high water when the inundation happened,