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winning mare, drank 12 bottles of. wine during the journey, and on Thursday was so well as to take

her exercise on Knavesmire."

There is no name disgraceful enough to characterize this fort of diversion.

Thirty poor housekeepers were entertained at Gunnersbury-House, the seat of the Princess Amelia, according to annual custom, and were Afterwards dismissed with a guinea each, the usual bounty.

At a meeting of the commissioners for building a bridge at Richmond ferry, subscriptions were received to the amount of 12,000!. The whole expence of building the bridge is estimated at 25,0001. The proprietor of that ferry has offered to give up his right for the fam of 6000 1. or an annuity of 2201. per ann. and if the commissioners give him the 60001. he engages to subscribe the whole towards building the bridge.

By advices this day, it appears, that whilst the Chamber was sitting at Warsaw on the trial of the Regicides, his Polish Majesty came into the court, and being seated on the throne, interceded in the most pathetic manner, not only for the life os the man who saved him, and brought him back, but for all the others, representing them as the innocent victims of the infamous projects of their superiors, and being obliged to obey, at the riflt of their lives, the orders of their commanders. Not satisfied with this step, which certainly does great honour to his Majesty's clemency, he spares no pains or arguments with the judges in their favour. As to his deliverer, there is no doubt of his escaping, in consequence of his Majesty's promise to

Vol. XVI.

him; but it is possible the Chamber may think it necessary to make, by the punishment of the others, a! striking example of so dangerous ind daring an attempt.

A letter received here from Petersburg mentions, that among the many useful establishments made by the Empress of Russia, one is; that ps her haying benevolently extended Her aid to the most useful class of mankind, those who cultivate the earth in the greatest part of the provinces of thai empire, as well as in the neighbouring kingdoms; these poor creatures have no other habitations than wretched hovels, which are so low, as not to allow them room to (land upright, and are real scenes of wretchedness. Nothing is to be found in them, but a miserable kind of bed for the master; the rest of the family lay themselves down on banks raised with earth,—men, women, children, and cattle all together. Her Imperial Majesty has given orders,that this class of her subjects shall be better accommodated, by building for them more commodious habitations.

Francksort, July 17. According to thelalt letters from Petersburg)), the' Grand Duke of Russia made choice, the 29th of last month, of the Princess Wilhelmina of Darmstadt for his consort. The Grand Duke Was born the 1st of October, 1754, and the princess was born. the 25th of July, 1755.

We hear from Hamburgh, that the marriage of the Duke of 9udermania, brother to the King of Sweden, with the Princess Charlotte cf Holstein Eutin, daughter of the Duke of Sleswick-HolsteinEutin, Prince Bishop of Lubeck, is concluded.

In Ireland, the revenue, in times of peace, used generally to exceed the provisions for the national establishment from 60 to 110,0001. in every two years. In the last year, ending the 24th of December, 1772, instead of a surplus, the deficiency, in one year only, has amounted to 93,0001. though the taxes, when compared with those laid on in 1762, should have left a balance in favour of government of 127,000!. per ann. or 254,0001. for the two years.

a As the workmen were

'' finking a vault in Disschurch, Norfolk, for Mr. Taylor, they discovered a stone coffin, in which were the bones of a person quite entire, and near the head was a pewter chalice, by which it is suppposed it was a priest; he probably had been buried 4 or 500 years, as the metal was almost destroyed: about six feet south of this coffin, and at the depth of about five feet, they found two large urns, or pots of red earth, one holding fifteen pints, the other fourteen; there was nothing in them but black fœtid earth.—Blomsield mentions a stone coffin being found when Mr. Burton was buried in the north ayle of the chancel (or, as he calls it, the chapel of the Guild of" Corpus Christi) in 1705, in which was a silver chalice, and which they buried again.

Three men and three women went to the Bell-inn in Edgbaltonstreet, Birmingham, and made the following singular entry in the tollbook which is kept there:

"August 31, 1773- Samuel Whitehouse, of the parilh of Wiltenhill, in the county of Stafford, tint day sold his wise, Mary White

house, In open market, to Thomas Griffiths, of Birmingham, value one (billing,

To take her with all faults.

Signed, Samuel Whitehouse, and
Mary Whitehouse.

Voucher, Thomas Buckley, of

The parties were all exceedingly well pleased, and the money paid down as well for the toll as purchase.

Died lately in Oxford-street, aged 81, Mrs. Ann Horthingby. for 38 years the widow of Mr. Horthingby,' a native of Switzerland; since whose death (he lived in a mean apartment, scarcely allowing herself the common necessaries of life, clothed with rags, and almost eat up with vermin. On searching her room after her decease, which she had permitted no person to enter for the last nine years of her life, there were found in it bank notes and cash to the amount of 40001.

At a village near Grantham in Lincolnshire, Mr. John Innis, a farmer, possesled of a fortune of 15,0601. who for many years past suffered his son to go as a labouring man to another farmer in the neighbourhood, but has now left him all his fortune.

Mr. Colemill, in Old-street, aged 83. He'was much resorted to as a fortune-teller, by which he acquired upwards of 40001.

At Stan ton, in Cumberland, Mary Smith, aged 104, who was spinning but two hours before she died.

Thomas Garbut, at Hurworth, in Yorkshire, aged 101,




This day a duel was fought between Mr. Scawen and Mr. Fitzgerald, near Lisle, in the Austrian dominions, in which neither ot" the gentlemen received any hurt. Mr. Fitzgerald fired two pistols, one by design, and one by accident. Mr. Scawen fired one in the air, who making some flight apology for the cause of the duel, the parties were, reconciled this night, and returned highly satisfied with the issue of the unlucky affair between them.

John Challoner was executed at Stafford, for the murder of his own father.—The circumstances were; the father and the son, who were both labourers, were at work in a wood near Stone, in Staffordshire; and upon some words arising between them, the son threw a small iron pot at his father's head, and one of the feet entering his skull, gave the mortal wound, of which he languished but a few days, and then expired. The above criminal, in a quarrel he had with his wife some time ago, killed a young child she had in her arms, by unfortunately receiving a blow he aimed at his wife. , , The royal regiment of

'artillery had a great fieldday on Woolwich-common, after which several experiments were made on grape-ihot, one of which was of a moll extraordinary nature, from a gun invented by General Desaguliers, which was sired against a long target of wood; it kept a continual siring whilst the regiment marched 150 yards, in which time it put boo shot through the target, at the distance of 400 yards, having £red 24 times in a minute. This

is justly looked upon as the greatest improvement ever made on cannon since the first invention.

This morning Elizabeth ,

Herring, who was convicted tiU1' last Friday at the Old Bailey of the wilful murder of her husband, (who plied as a waterman at Wappingstairs) by stabbing him with a caseknife in the throat, in a quarrel while they were at dinner at a public house in Kiiig-street, Wapping, was carried on a sledge, drawn by four horses, from Newgate to Tyhurn. She confessed that her huf? band died by the wound she gave him in her passion, to which she was very subject; but declared she had no intention of murdering him, and seemed to be entirely resigned to her unhappy fate The method of executing this unfortunate woman was as follows: She was placed on a stool something more than two feet high, and a chain being placed under her arms, the rope round her neck was made fast to two spikes, which being driven through a post against which she stood, when her devotions were ended, the stool was taken from under her, and she was soon strangled. When she had hung about fifteen minutes, the rope was burnt, and she sunk till the chain supported her, forcing her hands up to a level with her face, and the flames being furious, she was soon consumed. The crowd was so immensely great, that it was a long time before the faggots could be placed for execution.

It was computed that there were above zo.coo people to lee this melancholy spectacle, many of whom were much hurt, and some trodden to death in gratifying a barbarous curiosity.

[K] 2 The , The sessions ended at the

,5thl Old Bailey. At this session fifteen prisoners received judgment of death, forty were sentenced to be transported for seven years, fix ordered to be privately whipped, two to be publicly whipped, and fifty-five were discharged by proclamation.

Among those capitally convicted were William Davidson, for a most impudent robbery in the chambers of Richard James, Esq; in the Temple. This fellow used to {have Mr. James, and knowing that he was out of town, he got access by mean of a false key,'and taking a broker with him, personated Mr. James, and sold his goods.—William Co.v, for stealing bank notus, value 4.C0I. from John Kenrick, a dealer in horses for the French.— Francis Talbot, for breaking and entering the house of William Ewer, Esq; and stealing plate and bank-note* to a great amount.— And Jchn Sterling, for forging the w.ill of Elizabeth Shooter, witlfintent to defend the Sauth-Sea Company of 350I. He solemnly declared he intended to replace the money, and the jury recommended him to mercy.

This day Sir John Fielding informed tlie Bench of Justices, that he had last year written to Mr. Garrick concerning the impropriety of performing the Beggar's Opera, which never was represented on the stage without creating an additional number ot real thieves : he begged, therefore, the gentlemen present would join with him in requesting Mr. Garrick to desist from performing that opera on Saturday evening. The Bench immediately consented to the proposal; and a polite card was dispatched to Mr. Garrick for that purpose. To which

Mr. Garrick returned for answer, that his company was so imperfect and divided, (many of the performers being yet in the country) that it would be exceedingly inconvenient, if not impossible, for him to open with any other piece, than that he had already advertised; but added, that he would for the future do every thing in hia power to oblige them.

Rome, August 17. Yesterday at night a detachment of Corsican soldiers went to each of the colleges and other honses of the Jesuits, with the following prelates, viz. Messrs. Macedonio, Alfani, Serfale, Zaccheri, Dionigi, Archetti, Riganti, Passonei, Foggoni.'and Deifa Porta. The soldiers having taken post both within and without these respective houses, the above deputies assembled the community, and caused to be read to them, by the notaries nominanted for that purpose, the brief which occasioned their commission, and the bull of their suppression. After which, they successively put the seal on the archives, chests of silver plate, and of provisions. They then left the soldiers in the said houses and colleges, to have an eye over those individuals, who in the space of eight days were to quit the habit of their order. The Jesuits commenced from this morning to give up their schools, and are no longer to exercise the functions of their ministry.

Aleppo, July 12. The last tccouncs from Bassora and Bagdad are very afflicting, as they mention that the plague has carried oss 100,000 people in the former of those two places, and more than twice that number in the latter. The French consul at Bagdad, and the agent of the same nation at Baslbra,

Bassora, and all the catholic priests, are among the dead. The English agent would most probably have died likewise, had he not gone into the country with many of his countrymen, several os whom, however, had the misfortune to fall into the hands of Kerim Kan, their enemy.

Dantz.Uk, Aug. 30. The English merchants, to whom the Admiralty of Great Britain had given permission to purchase timber and oak planks, have received advice, that many barks laden with the above commodities, in going down the Vistula, were ftopt at Fordan, and conducted to Elbing, where the directors of the Prussian company paid the value to the proprietors. They continue to work with diligence in the yards of Konigsberg and Pillau, from which ports a considerable armament will be soon ready to- put to sea. They have added to the above a Dutch frigate, purchased at this place. There aie at Stetin seven frigates ready to put to sea, and they are at work on several others.

Paris, Sept. 6. On the 18th ult. one of the most violent thunder storms happened in the province of Bretagne in France, that ever was known there. It continued raining in torrents the whole day; but at midnight the elements seemed in one continued blaze, with thunder without intermission. Several bridges are broken down, cause

were equally severe at St. Malo's and its environs. The waters occasioned the greatest damage, and all the hopes with which they had! flattered themselves of a plentiful harvest, have been lost by the inundations. The violence of the win4 raised the waves of the ka to such. a height, as to beat over the walls of the town. The (hips and vessels that were moored, or at anchor, could not refill; the impetuosity of the waves, but amidil the roaring of the wind, and most tremendous thunder and lightning, were driven against the rocks, and perished. The coast is since covered with wrecks.

Six persons convicted of promoting distensions at St. Francois, in Sr. Domingo, and concerned in the late riots, (two of them considerable merchants) were privately executed in the Bastile the 14th instant.

Boston (New England), June 28. Last Wednesday the Commons House of Assembly of this province passed an humble petition and remonstrance to the King, praying that his Majesty would be pleased to remove from their posts, in government, his Excellency Thomas Hutchinson, Esq; Governor, and the Hon. Andrew Oliver, Esq; Lieutenant-Governor, by a majority of 82 to 12.

Warsaw, Aug. 22. Sentence was pronounced on the Regicides at Warsaw; two are condemned to

ways demolished, and many houses, lose their heads, the person who)

mills, and other buildings, washed brought the King back, to be ba

away. The bodies of 53 persons nifned the country for ever; the

had been taken up, which had others are condemned to perpetual

been brought down by the torrent, imprisonment. Pulawlki, the proT

and the number of cattle lost is incredible.

The effects of the above storm

moter and instigator of the horrid

attack, is condemned to be hanged

in effigy, his coat of arms to be

[K] } broken.

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