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annually to the poor of Cardigan, on St. Matthew's-day,, being his birth-day.
Mungo Humphreys, a fisherman, of Folkllone, aged 113, which he had followed near 00 years.
Mr. Long, farmer, at Fourtreehill, Entitles, aged 102.
• At eleven at night, arrived at Newcastle upon Tyne, Mr. Serjeant Glynn, to plead the cause of tiVe freemen of that corporation. As soon as it was known, the town was illuminated, and the bells set a ringing; the populace dragged the Serjeant's carriage to the lodgings provided fer him during his stay.
The matter in dispute is, Whether the Burgesses, as heretofore, (hall be permitted to enjoy, in their own right, the unalienable common property of a common called the Town Moor, or shall hold it in future, on the pleasure of the magistrates and common-council.
On Saturday passed the greatseal, a grant of a pension of 500 1.
per ann. to Cornwall, Esq;
out osthe revenue duty, or custom, of 4 t-half per cent, at Barbadoes, and the Leeward islands, to hold the fame during his life.
■ This day died at Hamp
'" stead, in the 57th year of her age, Mrs. Catharine Hall, relict of Mr. Anthony Hall, of Crutched Friars. Having loft her only child in the early part of life, and dying without any near relation8, (he has directed her fortune to be equally divided between the
Asylum, the Lock Hospital, and the Magdalen ; to the last of which charities she was a considerable benefactress in her life time. She was esteemed the best worker on the tambour in Europe; and is said to be the only person who ever beat the celebrated Jonas at cards. The following whimsic.il epitaph, which alludes to her two favourite amusements, is, by her direction, to be inscribed on her tomb-Hone:
Ere my lUcrVs done, my thread is cut;
Another now has ta'en my chair;
here, Secure to urjn, the trump you need not feu. 0 care. l>eui vu miserere tr.ci!
This morning the seven , criminals under sentence os death in Newgate, were executed at Tyburn. Their behaviour was decent and devout. Leonard and Younger appeared greatly affected at their approaching fate; but Grear ascended the steps into the cart with great alertness, and took his feat with much seeming composure. After hanging the ulual time, their bodies were delivered to their friends for interment.
Lennard, the Sunday before he suffered, received the sacrament at the chapel in Newgate, from the hands of the Rev. Mr. Temple, and then, in the most solemn manner, declared to that gentleman,
The silk-tvf ist used in tambour work, called in the French Cbcmlks.
that he was entirely innocent of the sect for which he was to die; that be had been repeatedly intimate with Miss Boss, with her own consent; and that all the reason he could conjecture for her prosecuting him was, that he had communicated this matter to Graves, the other bailiffs-follower, who availed himself of the secret, and found means to get into the young lady's room, and really perpetrated the fast with which (he accused Lennard. In this story he perfilled all the time he afterwards remained in Newgate; but Mr. Temple, suspecting his veracity, delivered a paper to Mr. Toll, and another
Jviioii, who usually administer piritual comfort to the malefactors in their last moments, in which he requested them to ask Lennnrd about those two assertions just before h; was turned off. This request Mr. Toll and his colleague punctually complied with; and the unhappy man acknowledged he had taken the sacrament to an absolute falstiooJ; that he was taught in Newgate to believe it might do him fen-ice; that he found his mistake too late, and all the amends he could make was, to acknowledge the truth before he left the world, and beg pardon of God for having acted in so atrocious a manner.
Slep'.tbwR, near Cranbntk 1 "A peril. As«rt, Jug. 7. Json 0f th[,
place has arrived at perfection in the art of hatching ducks; he has raised this season near 500 ducks, byaningenious method, from a very inconsiderable number of old ones, which laid fix or eight setts of eggs: a* they lay them he puts them under a hen; she sits on them for a week ox ten days; he then places the eggs in a horse dunghill, and takes care
to turn them every twelve hours till they are hatched, which is generally in a month, but he can force them a week sooner if he thinks necessary; he then puts fresh eggs to the hen, which is kept constantly sitting for two or three months; he then mostly takes them from her at the time before mentioned; but in rainy or cold weather, he lays the eggs before a fire, which answers the lame purpose, by turning them every twelve hours; and by these means he raises every year from ten or twelve ducks, between five and six hundred young ones."
Last night a most violent ,
storm of thunder and light- '* ning, accompanied by freqaent gusts of wind, and torrents of rain, began between nine and ten o'clock and, with some slight intermissions, continued till near seven o'clock this morning : the two strongest.and most alarming claps, were at 12 and 5 o'clock. The following are a few of the many instances of hurt done in varions parts of the town and places adjacent: —The church of St. Peter, Cornhill, was damaged; and a woman passing near it lost an eye. The north-side of the obelisk in St. GeOrge's-fields, was struck with such violence, that the crown stone of the base was opened about an inch, and the seventh stone from the top of the spire cracked. A house was split asunder at Limehouse. A cottage, with a shed adjoining to it, on Sydenham Common, was set on fire, and burnt. At Low Lay ton, in Essex, two large ricks of hay were consumed. The horses of two waggons coming to London ran away, and one was overset at Barnet, and the other at Whetstone. The horses of the GloucesterGloucester stage also ran away near Acton, and the carriage was overturned and broken to pieces. Mrs. Beech, of Tothil!-fields, was struck down near her own door, and rendered senseless tor some time. The fon of Mr. Steelman, cheesemonger in Oxford-street, a youth about 17 years of age, Handing at his father's door, was struck dead; his hat was scorched, and his hair much burnt. A man coming from Islington was killed. A waterman and his boy coining in a boat from Blackw.ill, the man was killed, but the boy escaped.
Belo.v bridge considerate damage was done to the shipping; many masts being shivered to pieces, and some sailors are said to have lost their lives.
Dreadful as this account may appear, it is but a very superficial detail ijf the calamities occasioned by this storm, which, if we consider the length of its duration, and the amazing extent of its influence, being felt nearly at the fame time in distant counties, we may venture to conclude, that the like has not happened for many years. Let us not, however, murmur at the decrees of the great Author of nature—The day preceding the tempest, was sultry hot, and the nir surcharged with sulphureous matter, which, had it nor been rarefied and dispersed by the subsequent storm, might have proved fjtal to some thousands of the inhabitants of this metropolis, and its environs.
In the course os the month, since their meeting in July, the Society at the Thaich'd-House have discharged 40 debtors, (who had 23 wives, and 71 children) from the several prisons in this metropolis, and one of the county gaols.
ExtraS of a Letter from Newcastle, Aug. 11.
"This isa jubilee day here; the town is all in an uproar; our freemen have won their trial, and defeated the magistrates entirely; nothing but Serjeant Glynn is to be heard in the streets. I wish their kindness and gratitude inay not hurt him; it was with the greatest difficulty he could get to or from court, and has been dragged along the streets in his coach by the freemen to his lodgings. He has done their business effectually, and they have agreed to have a print of him put in every company's meetinghouse in the town."
Paris, July 24. The council of war held at Lisle has condemned 33 officers of a regiment, for refusing to serve under a lieutenantcolonel placed over them. Some are to be broken, and sent to certain prilons for a number of years, and others for an indeterminate time. The major has been re-establilhed; but the lieutenant-colonel is ordered under an arrest for three months, for presuming to compromise the authority which his Majesty has placed in him. The above judgment, which carries with it no mark of ignominy, was sent before its publication to the Marquis of Monteynard, who immediately returned orders to the colonel, to dispose of the vacant employs, and particularly in favour of those who had not refused obedience; and the 17th instant judgment was executed, their employments given away in presence of all the 'troops at Lisle, and nineteen of the officers were immediately conducted to different prisons. Every one laments their hard fate, as they were all men of tried courage.
Paris, July 30. The following humane action of the Archbishop of Bourdeaux, shews us, that there are still persons of the highest rank and fortune, who deign to look with compassion upon the poor and miserable. His Grace being informed, that the greatest distress reigned in Bourdeaux, on account of the scarcity of corn, in order to obviate this calamity as much as possible, he retrenched all the superfluities of his table, and has given an hundred crowns daily to the poor ever since.
Edinburgh, Aug. 6. We are informed, that not less than ten vessels have either already sailed, or are engaged to sail this season, with emigrants for America, from Sky, the Long-Island, Glengary, Sutherland, Ross-shire, &c. What a
pity, that the industrious poor, who are the real support of the state, should thus be obliged, by the indolence and inhumanity of their governors, to seek employment and iustenance in far distant climes! 18th ^ chapter of the order of
'the Thistle was held at St. James's, with the usual ceremonies, when the Right Hon. the Earl of Northington was invested with the order of the green ribband, vacant by the death of the late Earl of Warwick.
The King of Prussia has lately stopped a cunfidcrabie quantity of planks, staves, &c. for which the British merchants at Dantzick had not only contracted, but even given earnest; nor have the warmest remonstrances on the part of the factory, been able to obtain any redress. Application has been made, and a memorial presented by the merchants of London to the ministry, but we do not hear whether they met with success,
They write from the Hague, that the States of Holland, Utrecht, and Guelders, have each of them voted his Polish Majesty a present of 2500 ducats, as a support during the infractions in his dominions.
In the violent storm of . wind and rain last night and * * this morning, three large trees wers torn up in Cold-bath-fields. The) roof of a house was blown off in Shoe-lane, Fleet-street, More than 53 feet of the new brick-wall at the bottom of the King's-Bench walks, in the Temple, was destroyed. Two customhouse officers, at Gravesend were drowned in endeavouring to board a ship that was passing by. An old bouse, the corr.er of Dobb'scourt, Southwark, was thrown down, and a poor woman and two small children were buried in the ruins. And a sailing lighter being overset below bridge,Mr. Janice iVIoorsbey, a lighterman at Rothcrhith, and his apprentice, were drowned.
The waters were much out at Egham, and the people in general under great apprehensions for the wheat. From Lee to the Crays, and round about those parts, thev were as high as the horses bellies in the road. Several stage coaches, which were to have been in town last night, did not arrive till this day at noon; and this morning most of the stages that go the north road, came back to their respective inns, being unable to proceed.
In Oxford, and its neighbourhood, the weather was so tempestuous, with a northerly wind, and the rains (0 heavy, that scarce any buildings were found to afford a sufficient shelter.
His Excellency Baron de .
Nolken, Envoy- extraordinary from the court of Stockholm,
was was invested at St.'James's with the ensigns of the Swedish order of the Polar Star, sent over for that purpose by the King his mailer.
Authentic letters just received from Paris declare, that the Chevalier Grenier is going out with a small squadron from Brest to the East-Indies upon a secret expedition. The above officer is just returned to France from making a voyage into the Indian seas, in consequence of a proposal he made to the French ministry about three years since, the issue of which was, that he discovered a new passage from the isle of France to the coast of Coromandel and China, which shortened the voyage near Iooo leagues. This important circumstance was a stiort time since, by order of the French King, laid before the royal Academy of the Sciences at Paris, the members of which, after examining the Chevalier's journals, &c. gave it as their opinion, that his discovery would be of great utility in the nautical world, as the new rout was not only practicable during the latter monsoon,or from October to April, but that it was free from any remarkable danger, even if a large fleet should attempt it.
Letters from Moscow, of the 26th of July, brought the melancholy nows of a dreadful fire which happened the day before in that city. By a violent storm of wind, the flames spread a German mile round, and destroyed the most stately buildings and palaces of the nobility: the merchants escaped this calamity, the fire not extending to the quarter they inhabit.
Advice has been received at Lisbon, of an earthquake at Caraccao, in the Brazils* which overthrew
forty houses, and destroyed upwards of 400 people, chiefly Indians. ExtraB of a letter from Dublin, August 10.
"All the evils which Dean Swift predicted now appear to have befallen this unhappy country: Aa empty treasury, a famished poor, and the staple manufactures of the kingdom declining apace. The spirit of emigration hath seized our people, and the several counties hitherto famous for the residence of the linen manufacturers, are now almost dwindled into dreary wastes. The land lies uncultivated, and notwithstanding the landholders have, by lowering the rents, tried to pacify the minds of the people, and induce them to continue at home, yet scarcely a vessel sails from Ireland bound to any of the plantations, but what is filled with multitudes of useful artizans, their wives and children. It is to be hoped, that some method may be taken to put a stop to so alarming an evil; for if the number of inhabitants constitute the riches of a state, Heaven knows, Ireland will soon be the poorest country under the canopy of heaven!"
At 35 minutes past ten in .
the evening, was determined * a match between Thomas Walker, Esq; of Mickleham, in Surry, and Capt. Adam Hay, for 400 guineas, which was won by the latter. Mr. Walker rode his own Hackney, and Capt. Mulcaster rode for Capt. Hay. They set out at six on Monday morning from Portland-street, London, and the winner arrived at Ouscbridge, York, in 40 hours 3c minutes. Mr. Walker's horse tired within 6 miles of Tadcaster, and it is supposed will die. They rode the first 90 miles in 6 hours. The winning