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INTRODUCTION. hypotheses advocated also, respecting the Sinai covenant, the dispensation by Moses generally, and the constitution and character of the community of Israel. Some very respectable and learned divines among the Pædobaptists have adopt- . ed the idea, that this community was of a mixed character, and have called it a Theocracy. Among the many advocates of this opinion are Lowman, Doddridge, Warburton, Guise, and the late John Erskine. These Divines supposed, that the legation of Moses could be best defended against the cavils of unbelievers, by placing God at the head of the community of Israel, as a civil governor, surrounding himself with the regalia, and managing his subjects with the penalties and largesses, of a temporal sovereign.

The Antipædobaptists have found this hypothesis so conuen. ient a refuge from the attacks of their opposers, as to incora porate it, with great affection, and as a radical principle, in. to their system of reasoning. They have gone farther, and entirely accommodated the hypothesis to their peculiar notions. They insist, that this community was not, either in fact, or in the original plan of the institution, spiritual, and religious ; but civil and carnal ; and that, of course, the christian church is specifically different, and an entirely new.society. ' It is the opinion of the Author of the following. Treatise, that this hypothesis has been adopted unwarily ; and not on. ly without, but against evidence. .

In view of this diversity of sentiment, and the obscurity which seems yet to lie over these subjects, it was his opinion, that a distinct and accurate, view, if one could be given, of the Hebrew economy, as established by Jehovah, from its rise in the call of Abraham, and the covenant entered into with him, to its consummation in the Christian Church ; deduced, not from the fallible theories of men, but from the Bible it. self, was a great desideratum in the science of theology. Such a view he has attempted to furnish. Of his success the public must judge. Though he cannot but entertain the hope that he has succeeded, as to the main principles, he would be ad. venturous indeed to avow a confidence, that his work is with.

INTRODUCTION. out error. Circumstantial errors however, whether they 16. spect the matter or the manner, the reader is requested to remember, will not invalidate the truth of the leading principles. If these principles can be shewn to be wrong, the writer will be constrained to confess he has altogether failed of his object.

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Respeating the different meanings of the term Covenant, as it is used in the Scrip-


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Respełting the identity of what are called the Covenant of Redemption, and the

Covenant of Grace." - ' .". . . . ?


Respecting the chara&ter and relative state of ABRAHAM, prior to God's estab-

lishing with him that covenant, which is generally called the Covenant of Cir-


... 25


Respecting the Covenant of Circumcision. In this chapter an attempt is made

to analyse this covenant ; to shew the nature and extent of its promises ; who

the seed are ; in what sense they are covenantees ; and to prove its perpetu.

. 33


Exhibiting a general view of the Community of Israel, from the administration

of the Covenant of Circumcision, to that of the Covenant of Sinai. · 93


Respecting the Covenants of Sinai and Moab. In this chapter it is enquired in

what respects the Covenant of Sinai is diftinguishable from the Covenant of

Circumcision, and the new Covenant predicted by Jeremiah and Ezekiel, and

mentioned by the writer of the Epistle to the Hebrews, as taking effect under

the Gospel Dispensation ; whether the Covenant of Sinai was the Covenant of

Works; and whether it was designed to form the Hebrew Community into

a Civil, or to continue them a Religious Society • . 100


Giving a general view of the actual character of the Hebrew Community, from

the introduction of the Sinai Covenant to the advent of the Melljah, 236


Respecting the coincidence of Prophecies and Facts in regard to the advent of

the Messiah to his people the Jews, his treatment of them while conversant

among them, and the conclusions which are to be drawn from this treat-


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Respecting the rejection of the unbelieving part of Israel, and the translation of

the Messiah's kingdom into the Gentile world ; in which, the union of be-

lieving Jews and Gentiles, under his immediate reign, is illustrated. 164


On a review of this work, several typographical errors are discovered. The greater number are to be found in the forepart of the book. Here also the punctuation is moft incorrect. So far as the accuracy of the Author seems to be implicated, he has an apology in an indisposition, of which he was subject while this part of the book was passing through the press.

The errors which the reader is requested to correct are these.
In page 21 For Psalms, in three instances, read Pfalm,

44 Sixth line from bottom, for convenant read covenant,
46 Bottom line in the note, for appears read appear.
50 Sängth from bottom, for kindred read kindreds,
71 Second from top, for exflupon read excluson.
95 Eleventh from bottom, for pachal read pafchal,
143 Top line, for disobience read disobedience.
250 The top line of first note, for tautologus rend tautologous,

and in the second line below, for inter pratations read interpretalions.
160 Sixth line from bottom, for dsys read days.
17 Sixteenth from bottom, for succeeffive read fuccefhve.

In two instances, for Isreal read Ifrael. 220 Here are two omissions near the bottom, his, and ed, which the

reader will supply.

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