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CATVLLI CARMINA

65

Etsi me adsiduo confectum cura dolore

sevocat a doctis, Ortale, virginibus,
nec potis est dulcis musarum expromere fetus

mens animi : tantis fluctuat ipsa malis:

65. 1. confectum G defectu 0.

65

60 B.C.

1. Etsi: the apodosis begins at

V. 15; cf. Ciris, 1-11. The Ortalus to whom this elegy 2. doctis

virginibus : the is addressed was probably the cele- Muses; cf. 35, 16: Sapphica brated orator, Quintus Hortensius puella musa doctior ; Tib. 3, 4, 45; (H)Ortalus, the friend and rival Ovid, Am. 3, 9. 62; Mart. 1, 61, of Cicero. It was written to ac- 1. At this (Alexandrian) period company some other poem or of his poetry Catullus with special poems, particularly, as seems most fitness calls his musedoctus "; likely, No. 66. Written about cf. Intr. 16.

For Hortensius as a poet 3. potis est : for other examples cf. 95, 3 (written at a later period); of the uncontracted form of potest Gell. 19, 9, 7; Ovid, Trist. 2, 441; cf. 76, 24; Lachmann's Lucr. 5, Plin. Ep. 5, 3, 5.

880. fetus : for the same idea The elegy is in one long para- of literary creations cf. Quint. 10, graph, with parenthetical address 4, 2: scripta nostra tamquam reto his brother, who has lately died. centes fetus. Catullus is in no mood to write in 4. mens animi: cf. Lucr. 3, 615; his usual vein, he says; but, that Cic. De Fin. 5, 36: animi partis, Ortalus may not think him forget- quae princeps est, quaeque mens ful of his request, he sends the ac- nominatur. -On the form of this companying translation from Cal- verse and v. 8 note Intr. $ 42, II limachus.

(6).

IO

5 namque mei nuper Lethaeo gurgite fratris

pallidulum manans adluit unda pedem,
Troia Rhoeteo quem subter litore tellus

ereptum nostris obterit ex oculis.
adloquar, audiero numquam tua facta loquentem,

numquam ego te, vita frater amabilior,
adspiciam posthac. at certe semper amabo,

semper maesta tua carmina morte canam, qualia sub densis ramorum concinit umbris 9. omitted in VR adloquar audiero numquam tua loquentem Dw the lacuna between tua and loquentem variously supplied as facta (D man. sec.), verba, fata w. Lachmann, followed by Haupt- Vahlen, believed there was a lacuna in V of seven verses after 8, and supplied before 9 six verses from 08, 20-24, and 92-96. II. at D aut V. 12. canam or legam w tegam VR (in R the verse reads : semp mesta tua carmine morte tegam).

5. Lethaeo gurgite : best taken (Charon's); but the emphasis of as abl. of source; cf. v. 6, n. manans adluit is best preserved This seems to be the first reference if we assume that he meant that, to the Lethe myth in Roman escaping from its ordinary bounds, poetry; cf. Tib. 3, 3, 10. —fratris : the flood of Lethe, this stray wave probably an older brother. He had borne the innocent youth all died in the Troad, and was buried too early to the waters of obthere; cf. 68, 90-100; 101.

livion. 6. pallidulum: a pathetic di- 7. Rhoeteo: celebrated also as minutive, implying fond tender- the site of the grave of Ajax. - subness; probably either coined by ter: the use of this preposition with Catullus or borrowed from the the abl. is very rare, hardly occurspeech of everyday life; not used ring elsewhere except in Vergil ; elsewhere before the silver Latin cf. Verg. Aen. 9, 514. period; cf. Intr. § 17; Juv. 10,

9. audiero: sometimes a fut. 82; Platner, Dimin. in Catull. perf. is used with no appreciable

-manans : Catullus's conceptions difference in meaning from that of underworld geography were

of the fut. ; cf. Prop. 2, 5, 22; probably at least as hazy as those Plaut. Most. 526; Tib. 1, 1, 29, n. of all the Roman poets with re- 10. numquam belongs to both gard to terrestrial geography (cf. adloquar and audiero. 66, 12, n). He may have pictured 11. posthac seems to indicate his brother as fording Lethe, or that his brother's death was quite being ferried

in a skiff recent.

over

15

Daulias absumpti fata gemens Ityli:
sed tamen in tantis maeroribus, Ortale, mitto

haec expressa tibi carmina Battiadae,
ne tua dicta vagis nequiquam credita ventis

effluxisse meo forte putes animo,
ut missum sponsi furtivo munere malum

procurrit casto virginis e gremio,
quod miserae oblitae molli sub veste locatum,

dum adventu matris prosilit, excutitur:

20

ac

rene.

14. Daulias = Procne, or, Callimachus in this collection excording to another myth, Philo- cept No. 66. — Battiadae : the mela, from Daulis, the scene of celebrated elegiac poet Callimathe Tereus myth. — Ityli: accord- chus, who claimed to be a descending to a Homeric myth, Itylus, son ant of Battus, the founder of Cyof Zethus and Aëdon, was killed

It was certainly true in a by his mother by mistake, and she general sense, as Callimachus was became a nightingale. When the a native of Cyrene; cf. 116, 2. Tereus myth was developed, the 17. tua dicta : implies a previname of the boy was given as Itys. ous request on the part of Ortalus As the two myths are essentially for some poem, whether a translaone, it is not strange that the name tion from Callimachus or someof the former should be transferred thing else. — nequiquam: best to the latter, perhaps under the taken with credita; cf. 30, 10; the idea that it was a diminutive usual medium of communication of Itys; cf. German Willychen, by sound is ventis." etc.

19. malum : the most common 15. sed tamen: the conclusion gift of lovers; cf. Verg. Ec. 3, 64: of the periodic sentence begun in malo me Galatea petit; 71: aurea V. I. - in tantis maeroribus : note mala decem misi; Prop. 1, 3, 24: the concessive force of the con- furtiva cavis poma dabam manistruction. The plural expresses bus ; the myth of the apple of dismere poetic intensity.

cord, etc. 16. expressa :

• translated.' - 20. Cf. the Latin proverb quoted carmina : óverses': a single coup- by Festus, p. 165: nec mulieri nec let may be a carmen; cf. 64, gremio credi oportet; quod ple383 ; Ovid, Sapph.6; Prop. 2, 13, rumque, he adds, in gremio posito, 25, n. on tres . . . libelli. At any cum in oblivionem venerunt prorate we have no translation of pere exsurgentium, procidunt.

atque illud prono praeceps agitur decursu,

huic manat tristi conscius ore rubor.

66

Omnia qui magni dispexit lumina mundi,

qui stellarum ortus comperit atque obitus,

66. 1. dispexit w despexit V.

2. obitus w habitus V.

23. The rhythm, including the air of superior learning approprialliteration, prono procceps, and ate to the “ doctus poeta.Its the spondaic ending of the verse, interest is accordingly greater is admirably adapted to express from the standpoint of literary the bounce of the apple and the history than per se.

Cf. Lamarre, astonishment and confusion of the Vol. 2, p. 560. girl. Cf. 68, 59.

The legend upon which the 24. huic : contrasted with illud elegy is based is referred to by (v. 23). — tristi: “rueful.'

Hyginus, Astr. 2, 24 : vovisse

Berenicen, si victor Ptolomaeus 66

redisset, se crinem detonsuram, There is little doubt that this quo voto damnatam crinem in is the poem referred to in No. 65, l'eneris Arsinoes Zephyritidis poviz. the translation from Callima- suisse templo eumque postero die chus sent to Ortalus.

The mea

non comparuisse. Quod factum ger fragments of the original

rex aegre ferret, Conon Βερενίκης Πλόκαμος of Callima- mathematicus, ut ante diximus, chus indicate that this elegy of cupiens inire gratiam regis crinem Catullus was not a literal trans- inter sidera videri conlocatum et lation, though it was a work of quasdam vacuas a figura septem little originality. All the char- stellas ostendit quas esse fingeret acteristic vices of the Alexandrian crinem. type of elegy are here illustrated Ptolemy Euergetes (king of better, perhaps, than in any other Egypt, 247-222 B.C.), soon after existing Latin poem, — the arti- his marriage to Berenice II, was ficiality of tone, the far-fetched, compelled to go on an expedition and often obscure, allusions, the against Seleucus II of Syria. To adulation of the court, the general insure the safe return of her hus

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flammeus ut rapidi solis nitor obscuretur,

ut cedant certis sidera temporibus,

band the young bride vowed to vow. 39-50: It grieved me sorely the gods a part of her fine head of to leave your head; but how could hair. Upon the return of Ptolemy I resist the power of steel ? That the vow was duly performed, and power has even leveled mountains. the hair was placed in the temple Cursed be the inventors of steel ! of Arsinoë on the promontory of 51-56 : It was a sad day for my Zephyrion, not far from Alexan- sister locks when the winged horse dria. When it was discovered, next of Arsinoë came to bear me away morning, that the hair had dis- to the goddess his mistress. 57– appeared from the temple, the 68 : She sent him after me that royal astronomer Conon seized I might honor her as a new conthe opportunity to declare that he stellation like that made from had already discovered it in the Ariadne's golden tresses, and heavens as a constellation ; and might be beside Virgo, Leo, Calto this day the group of stars is listo and Boötes. 69-78 : But, known under the appellation Coma no matter how ungrateful I may Berenices.

appear, I cannot feel as much joy The elegy is spoken by the at my new honors as sorrow at hair itself in the first person, and being torn from the head of my is sometimes playful, sometimes mistress, and from all the royal petulant, sometimes gently ironical perfumes there enjoyed. 79-88 : in its tone: 1-8: 'In the heavens In compensation, ye brides, offer Conon discovered me, Berenice's unguents to me on your wedding hair; 9-14: which she vowed to days, ye who are worthy, and may the gods when as a bride she love ever abide with you! 89-92: was obliged to let her husband go As to you, my queen, when you off to war.

15-20 : Despite the propitiate Venus on holidays, do tears of brides, they really love not forget me.

93-94 : But what their husbands dearly. 21-32 : are stars to me? Would that I Was it a separation from a were back upon thy head!' brother merely that you

1. qui : the antecedent is ille dreaded ? What then became Conon (v. 7).- dispexit : distinso suddenly of your well-know guished'; cf. v. 7, n. courage ? Was it not rather the

3. Conon is said to have anguish of a lover at the thought brought together the earlier Egypof parting ? 33-38 : Then you tian records of eclipses. vowed me to the gods on behalf 4. This verse refers to the anof his safe return; and here I am nual disappearance of certain conamong the immortals paying your stellations at fixed times. Cf.

SO

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