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Paete, quid aetatem numeras ? quid cara natanti

mater in ore tibi est? non habet unda deos.
nam tibi nocturnis ad saxa ligata procellis

omnia detrito vincula fune cadunt.
sunt Agamemnonias testantia litora curas,

quae notat Argynni poena minantis aquae.
hoc iuvene amisso classem non solvit Atrides,

pro qua mactata est Iphigenia mora.
reddite corpus humo: posita est in gurgite vita :


22. quae FV qua NLD. notat O natat F, nota w. Argynni V2 Agynni N Arginni L Argivum DV Argium F Argynnus Waardenburg Argynnum Otto. poena minantis aquae O praeda morantis Thompson praeda minantis Enk Athamantiadae Hertzberg Mimantis aquae Ellis.


“ royal plural"; cf. 4, 9, 34: pan- worn away by the storm during dite defessis hospita fana viris

the night. (of Hercules), and Verg. Aen. 7, 21. sunt: emphatic. testan98: externi venient generi (of tia: óthat can call to witness,' i.e. Aeneas).

can witness to the treachery of 17. aetatem numeras: "plead water, as expressed in v. 18. – thy youth'(C. S.).

curas : "grief.' 18. non . . . deos: i.e. Aquilo

• Which gained notoriety and Neptunus, just addressed, through the penalty that Argynnus must be mere myths ; the world is paid to the threatening waters.' too much out of joint to accept The penalty was for the same theism. Cf. Ennius, Telamo, fr. misplaced confidence that Paetus I, (Ribbeck): nam si curent, had in the waters. The circumbene bonis sit, male malis, quod stances were different, for Argynnunc abest. But cf. vv. 57 and 62.

the youth

beloved of 19. nam : proof of the forego- Agamemnon, was drowned in the ing assertion; the poet thinks it Cephisus River. Agamemnon was incredible that real ds should said to have founded there violate the helpless trustfulness of temple in memory of the beautiful pious men. ad saxa ligata : cf. youth.

Argynni: obj. gen. 4, I, 110. But I, 20,

20 has

aquae: subj. gen. scopulis adplicuisse ratem.

24. Cf. 4, I, III-112. 20. detrito ... fune: i.e. an 25. reddite : Propertius is adessential part of the vincula was dressing the waves, but does not



Paetum sponte tua, vilis arena, tegas :
et quotiens Paeti transibit nauta sepulcrum,

dicat 'et audaci tu timor esse potes.'
ite, rates curvas et leti texite causas :

ista per humanas mors venit acta manus.
terra parum fuerat fatis : adiecimus undas,

fortunae miseras auximus arte vias.
ancora te teneat, quem non tenuere penates ?

quid meritum dicas, cui sua terra parumst?
ventorum est quodcumque paras: haut ulla carina

consenuit, fallit portus et ipse fidem. natura insidians pontum substravit avaris :


29. curvas Passerat curvae 0.



feel it necessary to specify them (C. S.). The expression is only to the reader ; cf. 2, II, 1, n. a variation on mortis . . . iter (v.

26. vilis : the poet does not 2) and fatis (v. 31). hesitate to address the sand by 33. te: the singular is used this bitter expression of his feel- merely to individualize the adings, because he does not think dress. The poet is still speaking it necessary to conciliate, but to the foolish men who venture the service asked

upon the sea. due.

34. sua terra: cf. Ovid, Am. 2, 28. timor: cf. v. 13.

11, 30: et "felix' dicas, 'quem sua 29. ite . . . texite: here the terra tenet !! address is to the fatuous children 35. haut ulla carina: not so of men.

Cf. 3, 18, 17. For the much of a hyperbole then as it rapid change of persons cf. Tib. would be now. But commentators 1, 7, 55, n. -et : cf. 1, 8, 36, n. recall the yacht of Catullus; and leti .. causas: i.e. rates.

even Propertius himself draws the 31. Cf. Sen. Q. N. 5, 18, 8: picture he here refuses to recognize parum videlicet ad mortes nostras in 2, 25, 7: putris et in vacua terra late patet; Hor. Car. 1, 3, requiescit navis arena. 21-26; Tib. 1, 3, 50.

36. Cf. 2, 25, 23: an quisquam 32. fortunae : evil fortune, in in mediis persolvit vota procellis, this case.

She has been biased cum saepe in portu fracta carina to their harm by human folly natet.


ut tibi succedat, vix semel esse potest. saxa triumphales fregere Capharea puppes,

naufraga cum vasto Graecia tracta salost.
paullatim socium iacturam fievit Ulixes,

in mare cui soliti non valuere doli.
quod si contentus patrio bove verteret agros

verbaque duxisset pondus habere mea,
viveret ante suos dulcis conviva penates,

pauper, at in terra, nil ubi flere potest.
non tulit hic Paetus stridorem audire procellae

et duro teneras laedere fune manus,


42. soliti w soli 0 solum w. 46. flere O flare Jacob. hunc DVL hoc F.

47. hic w haec N


38. One prosperous voyage is 42. in here = “ against.'— doli: great good luck (C. S.).

6 wiles.' 39. triumphales puppes : 43. contentus: the subject in the Greek fleet on its return after the Propertian manner abruptly the sack of Troy. — Capharěa : the returns to Paetus, the poet unpromontory of Caphareus, consciously assuming that the Cephereus, on the southeast coast reader is following the intensity of Euboea, where Nauplius, father of his own thought. of Palamedes, set false signals in 45. dulcis : i.e. to the other revenge for the loss of his son, convivae. and wrecked the fleet. Cf. 4, 1, 46. pauper: relatively, as com113-116.

pared with the wealth he hoped 40. Graecia : a strong expres

to achieve by his voyage. — nil sion for the catastrophe suffered potest: the disastrous, sorby the fleet by whose loss Greece row-causing, heart-breaking sea is herself was overwhelmed in the the theme, and the land, in combriny waste (C. S.).

parison, can bring no tears (C. S.). 41. paullatim: to be taken with Render, “where one may live a iacturam (C. S.). --- socium : the tearless life,' i.e. relatively. None short form of the genitive, found in of the proposed emendations avoids many words, was regular for socius hyperbole. in the formula, socium et nominis 47. hic: so long as he remained Latini.

on shore (C. S.).


sed Chio thalamo aut Oricia terebintho

et fultum pluma versicolore caput.
huic fluctus vivo radicitus abstulit ungues,

et miser invisam traxit hiatus aquam;
hunc parvo ferri vidit nox inproba ligno:

Paetus ut occideret, tot coiere mala.
flens tamen extremis dedit haec mandata querellis,

cum moribunda niger clauderet ora liquor.
di maris Aegaei quos sunt penes aequora, venti,

et quaecumque meum degravat unda caput,
quo rapitis miseros primae lanuginis annos?


49. Chio 0 Thyio Santen Thyiae Itali.

52. miser

49. A positive verb to corre- of the water after many days, he spond with the negative non tulit wears them down to the roots in must be supplied, in the Proper- the vain attempt to climb upon tian manner; the editors suggest the wreck or up some sharp rock amabat. Cf. 1, 2, 30, n. -- Chio against which he is dashed by the

.. terebintho : in a chamber waves. Cf. Hom. Od. 5, 432, sqq. finished in marble from Chios or

.. hiatus = huius turpentine-wood from Oricum ; cf. miseri os hians. “I dreamt I dwelt in marble 53. parvo ... ligno: the poet halls.” Propertius is again reck- imagines Paetus clinging to a fragless of his syntax, and we can ment of the wreck. speculate as to whether Oricia 54. Paetus: after the huic and terebintho is thought of as express- hunc of the preceding verses the ing material, quality, or place. repetition of the name here achieves Note the hiatus before the caesura; a climax of emphasis, in contrast cf. Intr. $ 43

to tot coiere mala. Only the deli50. pluma versicolore: i.e. a cate Paetus, and yet all the power feather pillow with a bright- of the cruel sea trained upon him! colored cover.

55. mandata: these are found 51. huic: “from so delicate a in vv. 63-64 after the querellae youth as this !!— vivo: to enhance proper. the horror of the contrast, the poet 57. di: i.e. venti. imagines that instead of losing his 59. primae lanuginis : i.e. of nails from the disintegrating effect my early youth (C. S.).



attulimus longas in freta vestra manus.
ah miser alcyonum scopulis adfligar acutis :

in me caeruleo fuscina sumpta deost.
at saltem Italiae regionibus evehat aestus:

hoc de me sat erit si modo matris erit.'
subtrahit haec fantem torta vertigine fluctus;

ultima quae Paeto voxque diesque fuit.
o centum aequoreae Nereo genitore puellae,

et tu materno tacta dolore Thetis,
vos decuit lasso supponere bracchia mento:

non poterat vestras ille gravare manus.
at tu, saeve Aquilo, numquam mea vela videbis :

ante fores dominae condar oportet iners.


60. longas 0 sanctas Waardenburg. 61. adfligar NFL affligor DV affigar w. 63. evehat O advehat w. 68. tacta V2 tracta O fracta Heinsius.

2, n.

60. longas: a mark of beauty sat: i.e. all that can be expected and gentility; cf. 2, 2, 5: fulva under the circumstances, and as coma est longaeque manus; Cat. such affording satisfaction to his 43, 3: longis digitis.

mother. — matris erit: i.e. shall 61. alcyonum: i.e. the cliffs come into her hands. about which they fly. Cf. 1, 17, 67. centum : the orthodox num

ber was fifty; cf. Hygin. Fab., 62. caeruleo ... deo : Neptune; where the names are given. But cf. Ovid, Trist. 1, 2, 59: virides

there are

some variations; cf. que dei, quibus aequora curae. Ovid, Fast. 6, 499: Panope cen

63. evehat: ‘yield me up.' Cf. tumque sorores; Plato, Critias, Ovid, Her. 18, 197: optabo tamen 116 E. ut partis expellar in illas et 68. materno ... dolore: i.e. for teneant portus naufraga membra Achilles. tuos.

69. lasso . . . mento: cf. Ovid, 64. hoc de me: my corpse; cf. Ex P. 2, 3, 39: mitius est lasso 3, 12, 13: neve aliquid de te flendum digitum supponere mento. referatur; Verg. Aen. 9, 491 : 72. iners: even though it inhoc mihi de te, nate, refers? hoc volve a life of inactivity (C. S.). sum terraque marique secuta ?

Cf. Tib. I, I, 58.

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