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ipse triumphali devinctus tempora lauro,
dum cumulant aras, ad tua sacra veni.
sepositam, longas nunc bene pecte comas,
victori laudes concinuisse Iovi.
scit bene quid fati provida cantet avis,
lubrica signavit cum deus exta notis:
poet with the prelude to the main cf. 1, 3,63, n. — nitidus pulcherque : part of the song sung by the poet in all thy radiant beauty.' (meas), cf. 3, 4, 39-42: hanc 8. sepositam : kept laid aside primum veniens plectro modulatus for special occasions, and so = eburno felices cantus ore sonante ósumptuous.' – longas . . . comas : dedit: sed postquam fuerant digiti cf. Ovid, Am. I, I, II. cum voce locuti, edidit haec dulci
9-10: explanatory of tritristia verba modo; cf. Bell. U., umphali in v. 5; the reference is p. 163, Anm. – vocales ... chordas : to Apollo's triumphant strains on eloquent strains.' inpellere : the occasion of Juppiter's vanthe inf. with precor is found no- quishing the Titans. Cf. Sen. where else in Tibullus except here Agam. 332; Verg. Aen. 8, 319. (and in the next verse -- flectere) 11. tu: Apollo's personal conthough it occasionally occurs in trol is affirmed over each of the Ovid.
four well-known methods of seek4. flectere verba : ‘sing in well- ing prophetic knowledge: (1) the modulated tones.'
characteristic Roman augury by 5. triumphali: Apollo would the fight of birds; (2) sortes, appropriately wear the emblems • lots'; cf. 1, 3, II;
(3) the of his own triumphs (cf. vv. 9- Etruscan method of divination by 10, n.) when assisting in honor- examining the entrails of newly ing the son of Messalla. For the slain animals ; (4) the Sibylline father's triumph, cf. 1,7; for the books. son's, yet to come, cf. vv. 115 sqq. 15. Sibylla : the Cumaean - devinctus : cf. v. 117.
Sibyl, the prophetess from whom, veni: .not only according to the tradition, came come, but come in festal attire'; the Sibylline books themselves.
abdita quae senis fata canit pedibus.
vatis, et ipse precor quid canat illa doce.
dicitur et raptos sustinuisse lares.
Ilion ardentes respiceretque deos.
moenia,.consorti non habitanda Remo,
et stabant humiles in Iovis arce casae. lacte madens illic suberat Pan ilicis umbrae
et facta agresti lignea falce Pales,
garrula silvestri fistula sacra deo,
16. senis ... pedibus : dactylic Fast. 1, 509 sqq., 243; A. A. 3, hexameters in which the oracles 119. were expressed.
27. Cf. 1, 1, 36. — Pan: cor18. illa = Sibylla vates.
responding in many ways to the 20. Cf. Verg. Aen. 1, 378. Italian Faunus. Cf. Hor. Car.
22. ardentes : .in flames,' ap- I, 17 plies to both lion and deos (i.l. 28. Cf. I, 1, 18; 1, 10, 20. the images of the gods).
29. votum :
a votive offering, 23. Cf. Verg. Aen. I, 278: the fistula of v. 30. his ego nec metas rerum nec tem- 30. silvestri ... deo Silvapora pono, imperium sine fine nus, who was identified with Pan. dedi. — aeternae ... urbis : "the 31. fistula : the pandean pipe eternal city' is no modern name for composed of severål (usually 7-9) Rome: cf. F. G. Moore in TAPA., reeds of carefully graded lengths, Vol. 25 (1894), pp. 34-60. -- firma- a prototype of the organ, common verat: cf. Prop. 3, 9, 50. With among shepherds.
Cf. Ovid, the description of Rome's site in Met. 2, 682. For its Greek prehistoric times (a favorite sub- name (syrinx) and origin, cf. ject for Roman poets) cf. Prop. Ovid, llet. I, 705-712.
For its 4, 1 ; Verg. den. 8, 313-368; Ovid, form see Rich's Dict. s.v. arundo.
nam calamus cera iungitur usque minor. at qua Velabri regio patet, ire solebat
exiguus pulsa per vada linter aqua. illa saepe gregis diti placitura magistro
ad iuvenem festa est vecta puella die,
caseus et niveae candidus agnus ovis.
Troica qui profugis sacra vehis ratibus,
iam vocat errantes hospita terra lares.
It is described by Ovid, Met. 8, 34. pulsa . aqua: cf. Cat. 189-195. Cf. Verg. Ec. 2, 36: 64, 58: iuvenis pellit vada disparibus septem conpacta ci- remis ; Prop. 4, 2, 8: remorum cutis fistula ; Hor. Car. 4, 12, 10. auditos per vada pulsa sonos.
32. usque minor : constantly 35. illa : i.e. aqua (= via.) decreasing.'
placitura : “to delight'; cf. R. 33. at: cf. 1, 3, 63, n. - Velabri:
1115, (3). the low, swampy valley between 36. iuvenem = gregis ... mathe Capitoline, Palatine, and Aven- gistro of the preceding verse. tine hills, bordering on the Tiber, festa . . . die: probably the Pawhich was continually overflowing lilia (April 21 ); cf. v. 87. into it. One of the first great 39. The speech of the Sibyl engineering enterprises at Rome here takes up the thread of was the draining of this valley, in- thought broken off at v. cluding the Forum Romanum site, frater Amoris : Venus was the farther back from the river. This mother of Aeneas by Anchises, was accomplished by an early and of Cupid by Ares (as is ususewer along the general line of the ally assumed); cf. Verg. Aen. I, present Cloaca Maxima, which 667: frater ut Aeneas. still performs its ancient functions
sacra: the and can be inspected at several Penates; cf. Verg. Aen. 1, 68 : points. See Lanciani, Ancient portans victosque Penates. Rome, p. 54; cf. Prop. 4, 9, 5–6: 41. Aeneas landed near Lauqua Velabra suo stagnabant flu- rentum, the ancient city near the mine quaque nauta per urbanas mouth of the Tiber, where he velificabat aquas ; Ovid, Fast. 6, was hospitably received by Lati405-406.
illic sanctus eris, cum te veneranda Numici
unda deum caelo miserit indigetem. ecce super fessas volitat Victoria puppes;
tandem ad Troianos diva superba venit.
iam tibi praedico, barbare Turne, necem.
Albaque ab Ascanio condita longa duce.
Ilia, Vestales deseruisse focos,
43-44: The Numicius (or Nu- art. The most celebrated of all micus) was the little stream (per- her statues was the Nike of Samohaps the modern Rio Torto) near thrace, which stood on a ship's Lavinium, on whose banks Ae- bow. Perhaps this familiar conneas was victorious over the Rutuli
ception suggests to the poet this and their allies. The legend was expression, as if the goddess were that he immediately thereafter now at length hovering above the disappeared in its waters, and was ship of Aeneas and about to alight then deified as Juppiter Indiges, as on the prow and guide it into a Romulus afterwards similarly be- haven of victory. Cf. Baum. came Quirinus. The local genii Denk., pp. 1019-1023. of places seem to have been rec- 48. Turnus, his great enemy, ognized originally as their Indi- was finally overcome by Aeneas in getes (indu + gigno). So the mortal combat. Pater Indiges or Deus Indiges of 49. The first home of the Trothis spot became identified with jan exiles in Italy was a permaAeneas. Cf. Preller 3, pp. 91-94. nent camp near Laurentum; then For the story cf. Ovid, Met. 14, Aeneas founded Lavinium ; Alba 581-608; Liv. 1, 2, 6. Vergil's Longa was built years later by version of the legend is different. Ascanius.
44. caelo: Madv. $ 251. Cf. 52. Ilia: mother of Romulus Verg. Aen.9,785: tot miserit Orco. and Remus by Mars ; daughter of
45. fessas : cf. Aen. I, 168 : fes- Aeneas and Lavinia according to sas non vincula naves ulla tenent. the older tradition ; later, in order – Victoria : referring to the con- to weave in the Alban legends, said quest of the Rutuli. The goddess to be the daughter of Numitor, the Victoria (Gr. Nike) was a favorite Alban king, and, as such, a vestal at Rome, and often represented in virgin, usually called Rea Silvia.
concubitusque tuos furtim vittasque iacentes
et cupidi ad ripas arma relicta dei.
dum licet: hic magnae iam locus urbis erit.
qua sua de caelo prospicit arva Ceres,
Solis anhelantes abluit amnis equos.
vos bene tam longa consuluisse via.
53. furtim modifies the im- and Roman writers with the Greek plied participle agreeing with con- ‘Póun (= «strength '), and cubitus (Heyne suggests peractos). therefore in itself fatale, « portenThe motive was a favorite one in tous.' — terris .. regendis : cf. Roman art, and has survived in
Madv. § 415. various mural paintings and bas- 58. Cf. Ovid, Fast. 1, 85-86; reliefs. See Prellers, Vol. 2, p. Juppiter arce sua totum cum spec347 ; Friedrichs-Wolters, Antike tet in orbem, nil nisi Romanum, Bildwerke, No. 2141; Baum. Denk., quod tueatur, habet. p. 886; Ovid, Fast. 3, 11 sqq.
59. quaque . . et qua : ‘both 55. septem montibus : rather a where ... and where.' conventional than an exact de- 60. amnis Oceanus, which, scription of the site of Rome. according to the generally accepted The seven principal elevations notion,
stream whose now reckoned in the list do not current never ceased to coincide with those of the origi- around the earth. Cf. 3, 4, 17-18: nal "Septimontium," some of
iam Nox aetherium nigris emensa which were “hills" scarcely now quadrigis mundum caeruleo ladistinguishable as such. Cf. verat amne rotas : Hom. N. 14, Richter?, Topog. von Rom., pp. 245. The river motion is implied 36–38; Ene. Brit., Vol. 23, p. 589;
also in Cat. 66, 69–70. Sandys, p. 35; Platner, pp. 39 sqq. 61. se: i.e. at her new and 56. iam : cf. I, I, 70, n.
greater self, reproduced in mightier 57. nomen : whatever be its Rome. true origin, the name Roma had 63. vera cano: sic: to make certainly long before this become the form of the adjuration comidentified in the minds of Greek plete an ut should be supplied at