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thirty Days successively) who fell sick at Toledo ; being big with Child, was delivered of a dead Male Infant, and departed this Life in the 38th Year of her Age. The Emperor

Notwithstanding the very great Diffepasses from rence between the Emperor and the King Spain through of France for several Years, even to be carFrance.

ried so far as to challenge to fight each other; and that nothing but the Death of the one

; or the other seemed any Way probable to reconcile them ; yet, so liable to change are human Affairs, this very Emperor, before this Year expired, set out to pass into the Low Countries through France, taking only the French King's bare Word for his being well treated, which Journey the Emperor took on the follow, ing Occasion.

His Imperial Majesty was preparing A Rebellion in Flanders. to pass from Spain into Italy when News

was brought him, that a Rebellion was broke out in Ghent, which made him alter his Resolution, and take a Journey for Flanders through France ; many endeavoured to dissuade him from it, because of the Danger of putting himself in the Power of Francis ; but, not regarding their Remonstrance, he fet forward by the Post with a small Retinue.

Monsieur Granville, being sent before to advertise the King of his coming, he presently sent his two Sons, the Dauphin, and the Duke of Orleans, with The Emperor

the Constable Montmorency, to meet and attended by the conduct him. Some report, when the Dauphin and

Duke of Orleans met the Emperor in the Duke of

France, he, laying his Hand on his Back, Orleans.

said, lield yourself a Prisoner. To which the Emperor made no Answer, but embraced him. Meets King

In January the Emperor and the King

of France met at Chastel-Herault, went 1540. thence to Amboise, where, the Hangings in the Emperor's Bed-chamber being set on fire, he had




like to have been stified. Then they removed to Blois, and thence to Orleans, where a Consultation was held about detaining the Emperor, which Mortmorency exclaimed against, as a base Breach of Faith : But an Accident, or rather Contrivance, saved the Emperor. He being in Discourse with the Dutchess D'Estampes, who was in great Favour with the King, designedly let fall a Ring of a prodigious Value, which the took up and offered him ; but he refused

2 to receive it, desiring her to keep it in Memory of his passing through France. This Generosity fo obliged the Lady, that she prevailed on the King not to detain him; fo that we may say, for once the French kept their Faith. From Orleans the Emperor went to Fountainbleau, spent some Days there, and then proceeded to Paris, where he was received with the greatest Magnificence imaginable. The King waited on the Emperor as far as St. Quintin, and the two Young Princes conducted him to Valenciennes, and there they took their Leave of him, who was highly pleased with the Honours done him in France. Upon his Arrival in Flanders he soon found the Means of quelling the Rebellion that had broke out at Ghent. This Year the Turks and Venetians con

The Turks cluded a Peace. In Sept. Pope Paul

and Vene

tians conclude confirmed the Order instituted by St. Ig

a Peace. natius of Loyola, commonly known by the Name of the Society of Jesus, which was afterwards again confirmed by Pope Julius the IIId ; the Founder whereof died in the Year 1556. The Beginning of this Year the Em

The Emperor peror paffed into Germany, and held a pases into

Germany. Diet at Ratisbon, wherein the principal De

1541. termination was, “That Matters of Re

ligion should continue in the same Posture they were “ in, till a General Council met, or till the next Diet, VOL. IV. Fff


“ which was to meet in eighteen Months.” After the Diet broke up the Emperor passed into Italy, and te met the Pope at Lucca, where he prepared for his Expedition to Algiers, and accordingly repaired on

board his Fleet; but a terrible Storm Makes an un- arising, before he had larded his Stores fortunate Expedition to Al

and Provisions, it prevented his taking giers. the City. In the Height of this Storm

came his Fleet from Spain, all which, except some few great Ships, were cast away; so that in a short Space above 150 Ships were loft ; yet some Horses and the Men were saved ; several Gallies also, having struggled all Night with the Tempest, in the Morning run themselves a-ground, where the Arabs killed the Men as they came on Shore. The Emperor took this Disappointment very patiently, being only heard to say, Thy Will be done.

Ferdinand Cortes, who conquered Mexico, was with the Emperor in this Expedition, and advised him to return into Spain, and leave him with the Army to take the City; but the great Officers opposed it; fo that Orders were given to repair on board, and, that there might be more Room for the Men, so many Ships being loft, the Horses were ordered to be thrown into the Sea, which the Owners being unwilling to perform, the Emperor himself went from Ship to Ship to see it done. His Majesty going once towards the Sea, the Soldiers, thinking he would go on board and leave them, began to mutter ; but he, turning to them with a pleasant Countenance, said, Do not fear, my Friends, I am not going ; I asure you, if any Body be left here, it shall be me ; for I will not stir till I see you all safe. In fine, the Forces were all shipped off,

, and, after a troublesome Voyage, the Emperor landed safe at Carthagena, where he was received with extraordinary Joy, all Spain being in great fear for him ; and thus ended this unhappy Expedition.



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This Year was no sooner approached, War between but another War broke out between the him and Emperor and France, which continued for France.

1542. three Years, during which Time the French took and lost Luxemburg; and the Duke of Cleve, taking Part againit the Emperor, lost his Dominions. During the War the Emperor first went into Italy, to take care of his Intereit in that Country; then proceeded into Germany ; and, on His Son marthe 15th of Nov. 1543, married his only ries the PrinSon Philip, then sixteen Years of Age, to

cess of PortuMary Princess of Portugal, Daughter to


King John the IIId, and Catherine the
Emperor's Sister.

A Diet at
In 1544 the Emperor held a Diet at
Spire, where the German Electors came


1544 to a Resolution to assist the Emperor against the Turks; but the Consideration respecting Religion was deferred to a more convenient Opportunity, the Emperor having his Hands full of the French and Turks. However, he had the good Fortune to defeat the French in

The Emperor Piedmont; and then marched his Ar

French. my in order to make the best of his Way to Paris. In the Course of this Progress he took several Places, and at length came within seventeen short Leagues of that City, which put the Citizens into so great a Confternation, that they begun to ship off their best Effects: This caufed Francis to send 6000 Foot and 300 Horse to defend the City ; yet he soon entered into a Treaty with the Emperor, and

A Peace be

tween him Peace was proclaimed at Crespi, which

and France. prevented the further Effusion of Blood on that Side.

Whilst that Peace was concluding Henry the VIIIth and his Army were before Bologn, whither the Emperor sent to give him an Account of what he Fff 2


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had done ; to whom Henry sent for Answer, “ That “ his Imperial Majesty might do for himself as he “ pleafed, but, for his own Part, he intended to carry on the War."

The Batteries raised against Bologn A French

so terrified the Governor, that he basely Death for

surrendred the Place without standing

an Affault, for which he afterwards lost his Head at Paris.

The Marshal de Biez, who had thrown himself into Mortrueill, made a better Defence, and the Duke of Norfolk, who had besieged him, fearing the French Army might obstruct his rejoining the King, drew off and returned to the main Army. Then Henry, having left Bology well provided for Defence, returned to Calais, and thence foon set sail for England: And the Emperor, having put an End to the War, spent the Winter at Brussels.

The Year 1545 was the quietest Charles 1545

the Vth enjoyed in the whole Course of his Reign; for King Francis, tired with continual Wars, and Age coming on him, strictly observed the Peace lately concluded ; and the King of England, fatisfied with the taking of Bologn, peaceably remained in his own Kingdom ; fo that there was no more War between these three Monarchs during the Remainder of their respective Lives. The Emperor

The Emperor next commenced a War turned his against the Lutherans, which was carried Arms against on in the Year 1546, and at last ended the Luthe

in his Favour. In this Year died the 1546.

King of England, who was succeeded by

his Son Edward. Achellion in This Year was ushered in with a RebelNaples. lion breaking out in Naples, which, with

1547. Difficulty, was afterwards suppressed. On the zoth of March the French King died, and was Kucceeded by his Son Henry.




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