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deavoured to take ; but, being suddenly attacked by the Duke of Norfolk, they were entirely routed, and, though Musgrave had the good Fortune to escape, Tilby and seventy-four others were taken and hanged on the Walls of Carlisle.

Sir Francis Bigod and another with a Body of People attempted at the same Time to surprize Hull; but their Leaders were made Prisoners, and soon after executed.

“ These Proceedings so angered the King, says Rapin, “ that, notwithstanding he had granted a Par« don to those concerned in the first Yorkshire Rebel“ lion, he caused to be executed the Lord D'Arcy, Afke, and six of the Family of Kildare, in order

to strike a Terror into the Irish, they seeming at “ this Time much inclinable to rebel:" But the youngest Son of the Earl of Kildare had the Luck to escape, and fled for Refuge to Cardinal Pole, who was likewise under the King's high Displeasure.

Afke, having left the Court without Leave, was taken, executed, and hanged in Chains ; the Lord D'Arcy was beheaded on Tower-hill, the Lord Husly at Lincoln, who was no less than eighty Years old, Sir Robert Constable suffered at Hull, Sir John Bulmer, Sir Thomas Percy, Sir Stephen Hamilton, Nicholas West, and William Kumley at Tyburn ; and Margaret Cheney, alias Lady Bulmer, was burnt in Smithfield.

On the 18th of Oet. Queen Jane died Prince Ed. in Child-bed of Prince Edward, (after- and the queca

, wards. King Edward the VIth) and for his Queen's Death the King expressed great Concern, a new Love-fit being not yet come on him.

His Majesty, having caused his near Reginald Kinsman, Reginald Pole, to be educated in Pole educated Corpus Christi College, Oxford, and made

E.xpence. him Dean of Exeter, for his further Education feng him to study at Padua, and allowed



at the King's

him a handsome Pension : But no sooner did the King break with the Pope than Pole entered the Lift, and wrote a Book in Defence of his Holiness, which fo chagrined his Majesty, that he fent to complain of it to his Mother in very severe Terms, and at the same Time sent a Messenger to command him to return to England. Upon this Pole's Mother wrote him a Letter, the Original of which is preserved in the Exchequer Record-office) and, as her Son did not comply with her Request, the King not only withdrew Condemned for the Pension he allowed him, but also Treason. got him condemned in Form for High Treafon. Made a Car

After this he retired to a Venetian Mo

nastery, where he was treated with the greatest Respect both by the Court of Rome and the Venetians, being made a Cardinal, after which he continued Abroad till the Death of Henry the VIIIth.






by no Service that I could do,

to deserve : But trusting that Send you God's Blessing, my Children should, by tkeir

more of my Charity than • Service, do, some part of my of your Deserving. Where my bounden Duty for me ; and

• Hope and Trust was in God now to see you in his Grace's

to have Comfort of you, the high Indignation, unless God • same by your Demeanour is • Thew his power upon me, I

turned into Sorrow. Alas! that ? am not able to bear it. Truít you

fhould ever be the Cause me, Reginald, there went ne• that I, bearing towards you so ver the Death of thy Father, motherly and render a Heart,

any Child so nigh my I have done, should for • Heart, as this hath done : ? your Folly receive from my Wherefore, upon my Bleffing, I sovereign Lord such Message, • I charge thee to call thy Spi

as I have lately done by your • rits to thee, and to take ano• Brother; to whom, being a ther Way, and serve our Ma· Woman, his Highness has tier, as thy bounden Duty is • fhewed such Mercy and Pity, to do, unless thou wilt be

which never lay in my Power, ' the Confusion of thy Mother.

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It cannot be denied but in this King's

Henry's blog Reign the Ground-work of the Reformation dy Reformawas laid, yet it must be owned, after Wolsey's Disgrace, it was ushered in by the Blood of

many a sincere Heart. It was a common Thing to have Protestants burned one Day for denying the real Presence in the Sacrament, and the Papists hanged and quartered the next, for denying the King's Supremacy : Nay, at the same Time and Place, that three Protestant Divines suffered the Torments of the merciless Fire, three Popish Doctors were hanged; which made a Frenchman cry out, Good God! how do the People make a Shift to live, where Papists are hanged and Antipapists are burnt? Baker relates, “That Mr. Lambert, be

The King “ ing accused of denying the real Pre- / turns Dispu. “ fence in the Sacrament, appealed to “ the King, who was content to hear him. Where

upon a Throne was set up in the Hall of the Pa“ lace at Westminster for his Majesty's Reception. “ When the Bishops had urged their Arguments, and


6 could


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• You writ of a Promise made else take you to his Mercy.' of you to God. Son, that was

to serve God and thy Prince, Upon the Death of Pope Paul • whom if thou do not serve the JIId, Pole was at Midnight • with all thy Wit, with all thy chosen to succeed him, but he « Power, I know thou cannot refused it, saying, It was a Work • please God, and your bounden of Darkness; and the next Morn• Duty is so to do above all ing he found Julius the IIId in ( other: For who has brought his Place. Queen Mary, upon

you up and maintained you to her succeeding to the Crown, got

Learning but his Highness, him preferred to be Archbishop « whom if you will not with of Canterbury, and then he re• your Learning serve, to the turned to England: But he died the o Contentation of his Mind, as very fame Day Queen Mary did, • your bounden Duty is, trust November the 17th, 1558, and

never in me ; and that you may was generally filed, The modeft • fo ferve his Highness, I shall and learned Cardinal, and wrote

daily pray to give you Grace, several valuable Pieces now exs
and to make you his Servant, tant,
Vol. IV,



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“ could not prevail, then the King took him in “ Hand, hoping perhaps to have the Honour of con“ verting an Heretick, when the Bishops could not do it; and withal promised him Pardon, if he would

recant: But all would not do, for he remained ob“ ftinate ; the King missed his Honour, and the De“ linquent his Pardon, being shortly after drawn to “ Smithfield, and burnt.” Two others also were burnt for the same Cause much about the fame Time. Preferments

It was now a Thing grown common beaped on for the King to raise Persons up to great Cromwell. Honour, that their Fall might be the 1537 greater.

Cromwell was created a Baron, next Lord Privy Seal, and Earl of Essex, Knt. of the Garter, Vice-regent-general of the King's Authority in Ecclefiaftical Affairs, sitting in Convocation among the Bishops, and ever presiding over them ; though he was a mighty Promoter of the ReThe Monasle- formation, and, perceiving the King had ries suppressed.

a mind to suppress all the Monasteries in

general, (not so much out of Zeal for Religion as for the Lucre of their Revenues) he countenanced him in it. As the King and his Minister found, from the Rebellions that had arisen on the Suppreffion of the lesser Monasteries, that the Nation was generally disturbed, though the King had got an Act of Parliament for what he had in View, Cromwell advised his Majesty not to take that Way at first, but to proceed upon a general Visitation of them. This being approved of, Commissions issued accordingly, and few were found so guiltless as to dare to withstand their Proceedings, and the Licentiousness of the rest was so artfully divulged, that at last they were every where rendered so odious to the People, that never any Undertaking of so great Consequence, and so full of Hazard, was so easily accomplished, as his general Subversion of our English Monasteries.



Cromwell further prevailed with the King to suppress the Worshipping of Images, whereby, he said, God was robbed of his due Honour, which the pious King would by no means suffer ; yet, on the other hand, nothing but Persecutions were for some time carried on against such as did not affent to the new Establishment ; for this Year was principally employ

: ed in burning Protestants and hanging Papists, who refused complying there with.

The following Year our unhappy Country was likewise sprinkled with the Blood of several

Marquis of worthy Men, and the Marquis of Exeter, Exeter and othe Earl of Devonshire, and Lord Monta- thers beheadcute, a Knight, with two Priests and a

1539. Mariner were condemned, and all executed for Treason ; but Sir Geoffrey Pool found Means to obtain a Pardon, which was a Favour the King rarely granted to those that transgressed his new Law. The last Executions had not been over

Sir Nicholas long before Sir Nicholas Carew, Knt. of the Carew beGarter, and one that had been a great Favou- headed. rite with our Monarch, suffered the unhappy Fate of the above Lords, being beheaded for Treason: And the next Man that fell a Victim to his Master's Passion was Cromwell himself, though he continued to do every thing he thought would please the King.

Notwithstanding immense Sums had been brought into the King's Coffers from the Destruction of the Religious Houses, our open-fifted Prince did not keep it long there, for he was as lavish in squandering it away, as he had been eager in having it collected ; and, as the King conceived he had but little Occasion for Cromwell, he suffered him to be arrested

Cromwell at the Council-table, and carried to the

committed to Tower, to the great Rejoicing, says a Per- the Tower. son of Honour, of the Popish Party, and most of the Nobility, who bated bim, because, from a

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