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He now pursued his Divorce, in upan obtaining which Cranmer had made a confiderthe Divorce. able Progrefs; but, the Pope abfolutely refusing to come into the King's Terms, all Commerce between his Subjects and the Papal See was entirely forbid in very harfh Words, the King in his Proclamation calling the Pope Tyrant, the Harpy of the World, the common Incendiary, and one utterly unworthy of that Title, he had vain-gloriously ufurped, of Christ's Vicar.
Plunders Next he fell upon the Clergy, for that, the Cler- without his Licence, as he alledged, they had acknowledged and been obedient to the Authority of the Pope, by receiving Wolfey as his Legate, for which Offence he had the whole Clergy condemned in a Premunire, though nothing was more plain, than Wolfey's having the King's Authority for executing that Office. On this the Province of Canterbury, knowing his Majefty's Temper, inftantly made their Submiffion, and obtained their Pardon upon paying 100,000l. of whom he alfo demanded, that they, affembled in Convocation, fhould acknowledge him as Supream Head of the Church, which, though with great Difficulty, they at laft confented to. The Province of York likewife gained their Pardon, upon paying 18,840l. and acknowledging the King's Supremacy, which was foon after confirmed to his Majefty by Act of Parliament.
The King was pleased to create created Marchio- his lovely Favourite Anna Bulleyn refs of Pembroke. Marchionefs of Pembroke, gave her 1000l. a Year, and publickly declared,
* As a further Inflance of the King's Love-fick Paflion for this Lady, before he enjoyed her, take the following Letters, the Originals of fome of them being
in the Vatican Library. Those wrote in French were tranflated after they were copied by Dr. Fall, Precentor of York, in the Year 1683.
declared he would seek fome other Way to obtain Eafe of Confcience, being fully fatisfied, by the Determination of the Convocations of Canterbury and York,
Letters written by King Henry the VIIIth to Anne Boleyn.
fhall be well known in this Matter, that he is not Imperial. And thus, for lack of
the Hand which feign would 'be yours, and fo is the Heart, 'H. REX'
Ecaufe the Time feems to
To inform you what Joy Tyme, farewel. Written with it is to me to understand of your Conformableness with Reason, and of the fuppreffing of your inutile and vain Thoughts and Fantafies with the Bridle of Reafon I enfure you all the Good in the World could not counterpoife for my Satisfaction, the Knowledge and Certainty thereof: Wherefore, good Sweet-heart, continue the fame not only in this, but in all your Doings hereafter, for thereby fhall come both to you and me the greatest Quietness that may be in the World. The Caufe why this Bearer ftaid fo long, is the Business that I have to dress up Geer • for you, which I truft, ere long to fee you occupy, and then I trust to occupy yours, which fhall be Recompence enough to me for all my Pains and Labours. The unfeigned Sicknefs of this well willing Legate doth fomewhat retard his Accefs to your Person, but I trust verily, when God fhall fend him Health, he will with Dihis Deligence recompence for I know well where
he hath faid, (lamenting the Saying, and Brute, that he fhall be thought Imperial*) that VOL. IV.
me very long, fince I have heard from you, or concerning your Health, the great Affection I have for you has obliged me to fend this Bearer, to ⚫ be better informed both of your • Health and Pleasure ; particularly because, fince my last Parting with you, I have been told, that you have intirely changed the Opinion in which I left you, and that you would nei⚫ther come to Court with your Mother, nor any other Way which Report, if true, I cannot enough wonder at, being perfuaded in my own Mind, that I have never committed any Offence against you; and it feems a very small Return, for the great Love I bear to 6 you, to be kept at a Distance
As much as to fay he was of the against the Divorce.
+ Here the King was mistaken,
from the Perlon and Prefence of the Woman in the World that I value the moft; and if you love me with as much Affection, as I hope you do, I am fure the Diflance of our two Perfons would be a little uneafy unto you. Though this A a a docs
Emperor's Party, and confequently
York, the Universities both at Home and Abroad, of divers learned Men, not only his own Subjects, but Foreigners, "That the Pope, who had no Power over
THE Uneafinefs, my Doubts
about your Health gave me, disturbed, and frightened me extreamly, and I fhould not have had any Quiet without hearing a certain Account. • But now, fince have yet nothing, I hope it is with you 6 as with us; for, when we were at Walton, two Ufhers, two Valets de Chambre, and your Brother, Mafter Treasurer, fell ill, and are now quite well;
and, fince we are returned to
your Houfe at Houndon, we have been perfectly well,, God be praised, and have not at prefent one fick Perfon in the Family; and I think, if you ⚫ would retire from the Surrey Side, as we did, you would • efcape all Danger. There is
another Thing that may comfort you, which is, that in Truth, in this Diftemper * few or no Women have been ⚫ taken ill; and befides, no Per'fon of our Court, and few elfe
where, have died of it. For which Reasons I beg you, my entirely Beloved, not to frighten yourself, nor to be too uneafy at our Abfence. For, wherever I am, I am yours, and yet we must sometimes ⚫ fubmit to our Misfortunes; for, whoever will struggle against Fate, is generally so much the farther from gaining his End: • Wherefore comfort yourself, and take Courage, and make this Misfortune as eafy to you as you can; and I hope fhortly to make you fing for Joy of 'your Recal. No more at prefent for lack of Time, but that I wish you in my Arms, that I might a little difpel your unreasonable Thoughts. Written by the Hand of him who is, and always will be yours, My H. REX, lovely.'
Y turning over in my Thoughts the Contents of your laft Letters, I have put myfelf into a great Agony, not knowing how to understand them, whether to my Disadvantage, as I understood fome others, or not: I beseech you now, with the greatest Earneftnefs, to let me know your In⚫tention
The Sweating Sickness.
"the pofitive Law of God, could not, by his Difpenfation, ratify a Marriage contracted between a
⚫tention as to the Love between • us two. For I muft of Necef6 ficy obtain this Answer of you, having been above a whole Year ftruck with the Dart of Love, and not yet fure whe⚫ther I fhall fail, or find a Place ' in your Heart and Affection; this Uncertainty has hindered me of late from naming you my Mistress, fince you only love me with an ordinary Af⚫fection; but if you please to, do the Duty of a true and loyal Mistress, and to give up yourfelf, Body and Heart unto me, who will be, as I have been, your most loyal Servant, (if your Rigour does not forbid me) I promise you, that not only the Name fhall be given you, but also that I ⚫ will take for you my Mistress, cafting off all others that are in Competition with you, out ⚫ of my Thoughts and Affection, and ferving you only. I beg you to give me an entire Anfwer to this my rude Letter, that I may know on what, and how far I may depend. • But if it does not please you to answer in Writing, let me ⚫ know fome Place, where I may have it by Word of Mouth, and I will go thither with all
my Heart. No more for fear of tiring you. Written by the Hand of him who would wil⚫lingly remain yours,
• H. REX.'
that nothing could be more, (confidering the Whole ' of it) I return you my most hearty Thanks, not only on account of the coftly Diamond, and the Ship in which the folitary Damfel is toffed about; but chiefly for the fine Interpretation, and too humble "Submiffion which your Good• nefs hath made to me. For I
think it would be very difficult for me to find an Occafion to ⚫ deferve it, if I was not affifted
by your great Humanity and Favour, which I have fought, 'do feek, and will always feek, to preferve by all the Services in my Power; and this is my • firm Intention and Hope, according to the Motto, Aut illic, aut nullibi.* The Demon• ftrations of your Affections are fuch, the fine Thoughts of your Letter fo cordially expreffed, that they oblige me for ever to honour, love, and ferve you fincerely; befeoching you to continue in the fame firm and conftant Purpofe; and affuring you, that on my Part I will not only make you a fuitable Return, but out-do you in Loyalty of Heart, if it be poffible. I defire you alfo, that, if at any Time before this I have in any fort offended you, you will give me the Abfolution which you afk, affuring you, that hereafter my Heart thall
* Either here, or no-where;
Brother, and a Brother's Widow, it being forbidden by the exprefs Words of the Scripture."
Ine own Sweet-heart, this fhall be to adver tife you of the great Aillingness that I find here fince your Departing, for I enfure you, me thinketh the Time longer, fince your Departing now lait, than I
Darling, tho' I have feant was wont to do a whole Fort
Leifure, yet, remembring my Promife, I thought it convenient to certify you briefly, in what Cafe our Affairs ftand, As touching a Lodging for you, we have gotten one by my Lord Cardinal's Means, the like whereof could not have ⚫ been found hereabouts for all Causes, as this Bearer fhall
more fhew you. As touching our other Affairs, I enfure you there can be no more done, nor more Diligence used, nor fall Manner of Dangers better both foreseen and provided for fo that I truft it fhall be hereafter to both our Comforts, the Specialities whereof were both too long to be written, and hardly by a Meffenger to be declared. Wherefore, till you * repair hither, I keep fome thing in flore, trufting it fhall not be long too. For I have
See Vol. II. p. 14.
night: I think your Kindness and my Fervence of Love caufeth it, for otherwise I would not thought it poffible, that for fo little a while it fhould have grieved me: But now, that I am coming towards you, me thinketh my Pain's been half releafed, and also I am right 'well comforted, infomuch that my t Book maketh fubftantially for my Matter, in writing whereof I have spent above
Hours this Day, which 'caufed me now to write the fhor" i ter Letter to you at this Time, because of fome Pain in my Head, wishing myself (specially in an Evening) in my Sweetbeart's Arms, whofe pretty Duckys I truft fhortly to kifs. Written with the Hand of him that was, is, and fhall be yours, by his Will,
• H. REX,'
The King it was faid, wrote a Treatife against the Pope's Supremacy, Very pretty Expreffions, for a jand Youth of forty-one, run through the whole.