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His ExcELLENCY W 1 L L I A M, Earl of HARRINGTON,
A N D
General Governor of IRELAND.
HE important Service you have render'd
Country, both in a Military and
Civil Capacity; the many arduous Negotiations in which you have acquitted yourself with real DigA
nity nity and the utmost Reputation; and that general Protection and Encouragement, which LEARNING has ever found from ATH
your Hands, are Inducements that embolden me to hope your Excellency's Patronage of this Volume.
THE Actions of the great Statesman, whose Life I have attempted to write, were not only the Wonder of his own Age, but have afforded a large Field for the Disquisition of succeeding Times. And therefore I have presumed to lay them before so impartial a Judge as your Excellency, able at once to discover his Errors, and at the same time generous enough to acknowledge his Virtues.
It is doubtless with grateful Joy, that a neighbouring Nation has experienced the happy Effects of your Excellency's wife and equal Administration: Ireland will certainly in her
latest Annals remember that Period, in which she enjoy'd two successive Governors of the illustrious Name of STANHOPE. And that your Excellency may long possess those Honours to which you have rose by your own continued Integrity and unblemish'd Virtue, is I believe the hearty Wish of all True Britons, but of none more ardently than him who begs Leave to subscribe himself with the highest Respect,
Most obedient and
Most humble Servant
Τ Η Ε
PREF A C E.
N our Third Volume we left the
CARDINAL in a most exalted
this we have descended with him, from his Zenith of Glory to his Dismission from Court, where we behold him as much neglected as he was before caressed, and as much vilified as before applauded : Though we have seen no Reason for that mighty Indignation, which caused this extream Change; but are fully convinced, that, when the Glory given to him was removed, his Integrity had not departed from him, and that he was in himself as meritorious as ever.
The Observation in the following Line,
Regis ad exemplum, totus componitur orbis, was too fatally verified in the undeserved Fall and Treatment this great Man met with : We learn, however, from hence two useful Lessons ; the