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" set forth, is your Diligence and Care to deserve « well of all Mankind. This eminent Virtue we never

can fufficiently Reverence ; especially when, after “ having obtained so many great Honours, such as < scarce


your Predecessors ever had, you still “ continue your Administration so sollicitously, you « so constantly study the Interest of the Common“ wealth, that you never can cease to be advantage

cus to her in all Times : So that the Honours al” ready acquired, the Allurements of the greatest “ Riches, nor, lastly, the Ambition of any worldly “ Ease, can unbend your strenuous Mind, or ever feem " to be able to flacken your Zeal, from executing, “ with the utmost Diligence and Happiness, what

ever tended or related to the Benefit of the Publick: “ And, being elate neither with Honours, Riches, or “ any other fading Pomp, but always employed in “ forwarding and discharging the most arduous Af“ fairs, you have fought unperishable Glory from “ God alone, which is the chiefest Wisdom.

The should seem less valid and insuffi- cepted, if one Part thereof be cient, that the Chancellor of Eng- priviledged, though it should land may render them stronger concern the King or his Heirs. for their Benefit, without any That they have and receive all Prosecution therefrom of the the Amercements, Issues, ForKing, his Heirs, or Successors. - feits, and Profits coming there That these Letters, and all other from, for the Use and Benefit of Charters granted to the Universi- the University - That no Jutty, in general Terms, be of the tice, Judge, or any of the King's same Force and Virtue, as if Officers, or of his Succeffors, witlimore especially and particularly in the Kingdom of England, shall specified. That these Letters be intermeddle with the Disputes reread and explained in the best lating to the Perfons priviledged. and most favourable Manner for - And, if they should presume them. - That they may have to interfere, that the same be fuand enjoy all these Privileges, &c. perseded on the Chancellor's Cerand all others heretofore granted tificate. mey After such Certito them for ever. That they ficate the Chancellor of the have and enjoy fall Cognizance said University is not to answer to of all Causes, Matters, Com- them.-- That these Letters be plaints, and Pleas whatsoever, delivered without any Fee. WitPleas of Free Tenements only ex- ness. the King, &c. Vol. IV.


The obtaining of the Charter, we have been speak, ing of, was not the last Favour the Cardinal shewed to the Place where he was Educated; for, in the Year 1528, there was a considerable Law-suit, as well as other Disputes, between the University and City, which were at last compromised thro' Wolsey's Interposition : So that, before his Disgrace and Death,* the

Stu* As we here propose to close Learning in Oxford was greatly what we think proper to mention eclipsed for a Time, occafioned concerning the Cardinal's Care of as well through the frequent the Rights and Privileges of the Sickness that had visited it, as Universities, we shall add the fol- the Fall of Cardinal Wolsey, lowing Extracts.

uho, as Dr. Ayliffe candidly Soon after the Cardinal's owns, spared no Cost or Pains to Disgrace and Death the afore- advance good Letters to the Summit faid noble Charter was totally of Perfection. neglected, and lay dormant in But in the Year 1566 Q. Elithe Exchequer; and fuch was the zabeth did the University the King's Anger against his Minif- Honour of a Visit, who was highter, that he seemed, by several ly delighted with her Reception Acts, desirous of destroying the and Entertainment; nor was her very Remembrance of his late Fa- Majesty backward in assuring vourite's constant Application for that zealous Society, how much the Encouragement of Learning; she had their Interest at Heart, for, upon the King's restoring, in which she would be always ready the Year 1543, to that learned to promote and encourage; in Body their Charters, which he Testimony whereof, foon after had got into his Hands, he ex- her Return to London, the glopresly required a Recognizance rious Charter, which Wolsey had of one thousand Pounds from procured, and her Sire had forthe Commissary, not to assume bid the Use of, was transmitted or claim any Privileges granted to to Oxford, and ordered to be duly them by that which was called observed. This Royal Visit was WOLS e Y's CHARTER: ascribed to the Earl of Leicester, And hereon Dr. Ayliffe observes, their Chancellor, who took great • That the King intended to re- Pains to reform the many A* voke all Charters and Bulls buses that had crept into the Uni

granted by Popes, being anxi- versity. ous to extirpate the papal Pow- The Queen, to shew she had er ; but then he ratified all the

an equal Value for both Uni; Rights and Privileges from versities, was pleased to grant • thence accruing by Virtue of a Charter to Cambridge, con• his own Royal Authority, and taining the same Privileges • called them the Antient Rights that Oxford enjoyed, by that of the University.'

above-mentioned ; and, in the From this Period the Face of 13th Year of her Reign, an


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Študents were again peaceably pursuing their Studies, agreeable to the Intentions of their several glorious Founders; and the Citizens, who had caused Disturbances in the University and City, were quietly returned to, and following their different Trades and Callings; which had so happy a Consequence, that, before the Expiration of the Year 1530, the Face of Affairs,

both Act of Parliament passed, in re- ters Patent, granted by any of lation to the several Corporations the Progenitors or Predecessors of in the two Universities, and the the Queen to either University, as Confirmation of the Charters, if they were set down verbatim Liberties, and Privileges granted in the said A&t. And since at difto either of them, whereby it was ferent Times there has, if we enacted, " That the Chancellor may fo term it, arose a glorious • of the University of Oxford, and Emulation in our Princes, in res his Successors for ever; and the gard to the supporting and encou• Masters and Scholars of the raging the two Universities, which • same for the Time being, should hath caused them to be in the • be incorporated by the Name flourishing Condition we now lee

of the Chancellor, Maiters, them; and it is our hearty De6 and Scholars of the faid Uni- fire, That they may lo cortinues

versityand by, none other in Honour to our Nation, to the • Name or Names shall be called End of Time. • and named for evermore; and The Buildings of Oxford " that they shall have a Common in general, are said to exceed • Seal to serve their necessary molt in Christendom, and the • Causes, concerning the said Colleges are allowed to be the • Chancellor, Master, and Scho- greatelt with respect to the • lars, and their Successors.' Largeness of their Endowments, And the fame Privileges were and such is their Fame, that likewise granted to the University the following Epithets have of Cambridge ; both Universities been bestowed on them, Univer. being thereby severally impow= fity College is the oldest, Pemered to implead and be implead- broke the youngest, Christ Church ed, sue and be sued, for all the greateit, Lincoln the least, Manner of Causes, &c. And the Magdalen the neateft, Wadban Act particularly confirmed the a- the most uniform, New the bove Letters Patent granted by strongest, and Jesus the poorett. Henry the VIIIth, thro' Wolsey's New College is for the Southern. Procurement, to the Chancellor, Exeter for the Weftern, Queen's &c. of Oxford, and likewise those for the Northern, Brazen-Nose for granted by Queen Elizabeth to North-western Men ; St. Íchris the Univerkty of Cambridge, on for Londoners, Fefus for Welch the same Foot with that of Ox-· men; and at the other Colle-, ford, as well as all other Let- ges Students from all Countries


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and others do Penance.

both with regard to Learning and Industry, began to bear a very favourable Aspect.

On Shrove-tuesday there was folemn Justs at Greenwich, between the King and others on the one Part, and the Marquis of Exeter on the other ; at which, by the Mischance of a Spear's shivering, Sir Francis Brian loit one of his Eyes. Church Zeal.

On the 11th of February, four Merchants Dr. Barnes of the Steel-yard did Penance at Paul's

Cross, for eating Meat on a Friday ; the

famous Dr. Barnes was condemned in the Spiritual Court to do Penance, for certain Heresies alledged against him, by bearing a Faggot at Paul's Cross, which he accordingly did in the Presence of Cardinal and 11 Binhops ; and the Bishop of Rochester upon this Occasion preached a Sermon, which was chiefly levelled againit Luther, and the Doctrines he had lately advanced.

This Summer there had like to have Affairs relating to the Ci- been a great Disturbance in the City of ty of London. London on the following Misconduct : 1526.

An Act passed in the 4th Year of this King, That no Stranger mould bring in Wine or Wood

Alien's Ship; on which the English went to Tholouse, and brought much Wood to London ; but, notwithstanding the late Act, through the Means of fome Gentlemen about the King, divers Strangers


in any

reside indifferently; Merton is in Great-Britain, standing as a renowned for Schoolmen, Cor- Diana among the Nymphs. pus Chrifti for Linguists, Chrift It is said of Cambridge, that Church for Poets, All-Souls for the Building is the chief Credit of Orators, New for Civilians, Bra- that County, and that she may zen Nose for Disputants, Queen's be called a Town in a University, for Metaphysicians, Exeter for as Oxford is a University in a a long Series of Regius Profeffors, Town: But, as the Colleges in Magdalen formerly, and St.

John's Cambridge are more separated latterly for

eminent Prelates. from the Town than at Oxford, The Library equals any in Europe; they have better Conveniencies and very much exceeds most for Walks and Gardens.

obtanied Licences to bring in Chesnut Wood upon foreign Bottoms : So that not only London, but the Country too was full of their Wood, whereby the Chesnut Wood became of little or no Value. Upon this Sir John Alleyn, the Lord Mayor, sent for the Chief of the foreign Merchants, and represented to them, “ That they had gained considerably by

, " the City, and therefore willed them not to sell o their Wood in the Country, but to the Londoners, who would pay them instantly; for that, by their “ Proceedings, they greatly hurt the London Mer“ chants.” The Strangers, says Grafton, proudly answered, “ They would seek every Place for their Advantage, and in a mocking Manner departed “ from the Mayor.” The Lord Mayor upon this

. called a Common Council in August, and there Complaints were brought against the foreign Merchants ; on which an Act of Common Council paffed, whereby it was enacted, “ That no Citizen should buy or “ fell in any Place, nor exchange or meddle with “ certain Strangers, called Anthony Bonvice, Laurence Bonvice, Anthony Vivald, Anthony Caveler, Francis de Bard, Thomas Calmecant, and several others there66 “ in named, upon Pain of losing the Freedom and “ Liberty of the City of London.And this had so good an Effect, “ That the Strangers were so bridled,

they came to a reasonable Conclusion.

This Year was likewise remarkable in London, according to our Historian, for that, on MichaelmasEve, Thomas Hind, who was elected Sheriff, was called to take upon him the Office; but he made Default. *

Upon * This might be the Practice Office, or shew Cause why they then, but it is now altered, for, refuse it, that the Citizens, in upon their Election on Midsum- case the Cause is allowed, may mer-day, they are obliged foon af- have Time before Michaelmas to ter to give Bond to serve the elect others in their stead.

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