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a Turkish Invafion in Hungary, the Turks becoming every Day more powerful: So that, in all likelihood, if Francis had not been fo very hafty, the Emperor would have rather defifted from Burgundy, than have been exposed to so many Enemies at once. And these were the real Motives that prevailed on Charles to haften the Conclufion of the Treaty of Madrid, contrary to the Inftances and Oppofition of many of his Counsellors.
But it seems what Francis did at the High Altar
By GEORGE CAVENDISH, Efq;
• miffioners were had in great Eftimation, and highly advan⚫ced, and liberally rewarded far beyond their worthy Deferts. Notwithstanding they profper. ed, and the Matter went ftill ⚫ forward, having now, as they thought, a fure Staff to lean upon.
These Proceedings being de⚫clared unto my Lord Cardinal, he fent again for the Bishops, to whom he declared the Effect of these Commiffioners Pains and, for Affurance thereof, • fhewed them the Inftruments
of each University under their ⚫ feveral Seals; and the Bufinefs
being thus handled, they went 6 again to Confultation how things fhould be ordered.
At last it was concluded, that it was very mete the King 'fhould fend unto the Pope his Holiness, the Opinions of both Universities of England, and alfo foreign Universities, which were manifeftly authorized by 'their common Seals. And it
the Pope, comprized in an In• ftrument which was not long time in finishing.
Nor was it long after that the Ambaffadors were affigned for this Defign, who took their Journey accordingly, having ⚫ certain Inftruments, that if the
Pope would not thereupon • confent to give Judgment definitively in the King's Cafe, then to require another Com
miffion from his Holinefs to be 'granted to his Legate, to efta
blish a Court here in England, for that Purpose only, to be directed to my Lord Cardinal Legate of England, and to Cardinal Campian, Bishop of Bath, which the King gave him at a certain Time, when he was fent Ambaffador hither from the Pope his Holiness, to determine and rightly judge according to their Confciences. To the which, after long Suit made, and for the Good-will of the faid Cardinal, the Pope granted their Suit.
Then they returned into England, relating unto the King, that his Grace's Pleasure fhould • be
was only a Farce; for, before he figned the Treaty, he `made a formal, though fecret, Proteftation against it, in the Prefence of a few trufty Witneffes and Notaries.
The Peace being proclaimed, King Francis and Queen Eleanor met, and were immediately married, but did not bed together; for, in less than two Hours after the Marriage, they parted. This looks as if there was more Compulfion than Good-liking in this Conjunction; otherwise they would in all Likelihood, have proceeded to a Confummation.
The Emperor and the King for fome Days after the Marriage remained together, and then fet out
The SECRET HISTORY of the CARDINAL.
be now brought to pass fubftantially, being never more likely, confidering the State of the Judges.
Long was the Expectation, on both Sides for the coming over of the Legate from Rome, 'who at last arrived in England with his Commiffion, and, being much troubled with the Gout, his Journey was long ⚫ and tedious e'er he could get to London, who should have been moft folemnly received at Black-heath; but he defired not to be fo entertained with Pomp and Vain-glory; and therefore he came very privately on his own Horfe without Temple-bar, called Bathplace, where he lay, the House being furnished of all manner of Provifion of my Lord's. So, after fome Deliberation and ⚫ Confultation, in the ordering of the King's Bufinefs, now in hand by his Commiffion, and Articles of the Ambaffage,
which being read, it was determined, that the King and the good Queen, his lawful Wife, fhould be judged at Bridewell and in Black-friars, and fome • Place thereabouts the Court, to be kept for the Disputation and Determination of the Caufes and • Differences between the King and the Queen, where they were to repair before these two Legates, who fat as Judges; before whom the King and • Queen were cited and fummoned to appear; which was 'a ftrange Sight, and the newest Device that ever was heard or read of in any Story or • Chronicle: A King and a Queen to be compelled to appear in a Court as common Perfons, within their own Realm and Dominions, and to abide the Judgments and Decrees of their Subjects, being a Prerogative belonging to the Royal Diadem. [The Divorce too, we think, was very new. v.]
from Torrejon de Valafco, and coming to a Cross where the Road parts, they took off their Hats, faying to each other, God keep you, Brother; and the Emperor took the Way to Toledo, and the King the other to Madrid, whence he continued his Journey to Fuenterabia, and fo into France.
The Time drawing near when the Emperor was to marry Elizabeth, Princefs of Portugal, fhe was conducted to the Frontiers of that Kingdom by the Princes, her Brothers, and the prime Nobility, where fhe
By GEORGE CAVENDISH, Efq;
A new Court erected to determine the King's Cafe, two Cardinals being Judges, having Power to convent the King and Queen; the Que thereof.
T is a wonderful Thing to confider the Strength of • Princes Wills, when they are ⚫ bent to have their Pleasure ful'filled, wherein no reasonable • Perfuafions will ferve the Turn; how little do they regard the dangerous Sequels that may enfue as well to themselves as ⚫ to their Subjects? And amongit all Things there is nothing that makes them more wilful ⚫ than carnal Love, and various affecting of voluptuous De'fires, wherein nothing could be of greater Experience than 6 to fee what Inventions were • furnished, what Laws were enacted, what coftly Edifices of noble and antient Monafteries ⚫ were overthrown, what Diverfities of Opinion then arose, what Extortions were then ⚫ committed, how many learned
and good Men were then put to Death, and what Altera
tions of good antient Laws, Customs, and charitable Foundations were turned from the • Relief of the Poor, to the ut⚫ter Destruction and Defolation, almost to the Subverfion, of this noble Realm.
It is a thousand Pities to understand the Things that fince have happened to this Land, the Proof whereof hath taught all us Englishmen lamentable Experience. If Men's Eyes be not blind they may fee, and if their Ears be not stopped they may hear, and if Pity be not exiled their Hearts may relent and lament at the Sequel of this inordinate Love, altho' it lafted but a while. O Lord God with-hold thine Indignation from us!
You fhall understand, as I faid before, that there was a Court erected at Black-friars, London, where these two Car
was met and received by the Duke of Calabria, the Archbishop of Toledo, and many Perfons of Quality, fent by the Emperor for that Purpofe, who conducted her to Badajos, where they remained feven Days; and from thence they took their Journey to Seville, the Place appointed to celebrate the Nuptials at, and arrived there on the 3d of March; and her Reception was fuch as became the Wealth and Dignity of that City. Eight Days after came the Emperor, and the fame Night they were married by the Pope's Le
The SECRET HISTORY of the CARDINAL,
dinals fat as Judges: Now will I defcribe unto you the Order of the Court.
First, There were many Tables and Benches fet in manner of a Confiftory, one Seat being higher than another for the Judges aloft; above them, three Degrees high, was a Cloth of Estate hanged, and a Chair-royal under the fame, wherein fat the King, and fome Distance off fat the Queen, and at the Judges Feet fat the Scribes and Officers for the Execution of the Procefs; the chief Scribe was Dr. Stephens, after Bishop of Winchefter, and the Apparitor, who was called Doctor of the Court, was one Cook of Westminster. Then be fore the King, and the Judges, fat the Archbishop of Can terbury, Dr. Warham, and all • other Bishops; there ftood
at both Ends within Counfel• lors learned in the Spiritual Laws, as well on the King's Side, as the Queen's Side. Dr. Sampfon, afterwards Bishop of Chichester, and Dr. Hall,
' after Bishop of Worcester, with ⚫ divers others; and Proctors in the fame Law were Dr. Peter, 'who was afterwards chief Secretary, and Dr. Tregunmill, ' with divers others.
gate, to the Satisfaction of the whole Kingdom. In the mean Time the King of France was travelling towards the Frontiers, to be exchanged for the Hoftages agreed upon, attended fuitable to his Dignity; but, before he arrived there, several Articles were fettled touching the Formality of the Exchange.
Being come to Hirungranza, on the Banks of the River Tolefa, which parts France and Spain, the Gentlemen, who attended the King, made a Stand with him on the Edge of the River, as did the Lady Regent, the King's
By GEORGE CAVENDISH, Efq;
of England! Whereunto the King anfwered and faid, Here. Then called he again the Queen of England, by the Name of Katharine, Queen of England, Come into the Court, &c. Who made no Answer thereunto, but rose immediately out of her Chair where the fat: And because she ⚫ could not come to the King directly, by reafon of the Dif 6tance, therefore fhe came round about the Court to the King, ⚫ and kneeled down at his Feet, faying these Words in broken
English, as followeth, viz.
Sir, quoth fhe, I beseech you, • do me Fuftice and Right, and take fome Pity upon me, for I am a poor Woman, and a Stranger, born out of your Do• minions, having here no indifferent Counfel, and lefs Affurance of Friendship: Alas! Sir, how have I offended you, what Offence have I given you, intending to abridge me of Life in this Sort? I take God to witness, I have been to you a true and loyal Wife, ever conformable to your Will and Plea
fure, never did I contrary or gainfay your Mind, but always fubmitted myself in all Things, you had any Delight or Dalliance, whether it were little or much, without grudging or any Sign of Difcontent: I have loved for your Sake all Men whom you have loved, whe'ther I had Caufe or not, were they Friends or Foes ; I have been your Wife these 20 Years, by whom you have had many • Children: And when I first. came to your Bed, I take God to witness, I was a Virgin; whe 'ther it were true or no, I put it to your Confcience: If there be any Caufe that you can alledge either of Dishonesty or of any other • Matter, lawfully to put me from you, Iam willing to depart with Shame and Rebuke, but if there be none, then I pray you let me have fuftice at your Hands.