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a Turkish Invasion in Hungary, the Turks becoming every Day more powerful : So that, in all likelihood, if Francis had not been so very hafty, the Emperor would have rather defifted from Burgundy, than have been exposed to so many Enemies at once. And these were the real Motives that prevailed on Charles to haften the Conclusion of the Treaty of Madrid, contrary to the Instances and Opposition of many of his Counsellors.

But it seems what Francis did at the High Altar



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By GEORGE CAVENDISH, Esq; • missioners were had in great the Pope, comprized in an In• Eftimation, and highly advan- • ftrument which was not long • ced, and liberally rewarded far • time in finishing. • beyond their worthy Deserts. • Nor was it long after that • Notwithstanding they prosper. ! the Ambassadors were assigned

ed, and the Matter went fțill ! for this Design, who took their • forward, having now, as they ! Journey accordingly, having

thought, a sure Staff to lean • certain Instruments, that if the • upon.

Pope would not thereupon • These Proceedings being de- • consent to give Judgment de• clared unto my Lord Cardinal, finitively in the King's Case,

• , • he sent again for the Bishops, then to require another Com

to whom he declared the Effect 6 million from his Holiness to be • of these Commissioners Pains ; • granted to his Legate, to esta! and, for Assurance thereof, • Blish a Court here in England, • shewed them the Instruments • for that Purpose only, to be ? of each University under their • directed to my Lord Cardinal • several Seals; and the Business • Legate of England, and to

being thus handled, they went " Cardinal Campian, Bishop of again to Consultation how « Bath, which the King gave things should be ordered. • him at a certain Time, when • At last it was concluded, he was sent Ambassador hither

that it was very mete the King • from the Pope his Holiness, to • should send unto the Pope his

• determine and rightly judge Holiness, the Opinions of both • according to their Consciences. • Universities of England, and • To the which, after long Suit

also foreign Universities, which made, and for the Good-will • were manifestly authorized by of the said Cardinal, the Pope • their common Seals. And it

granted their Suit. was also thought fit the Opi- Then they returned into Eng. nions of the worthy Prelates land, relating unto the King, of England fhould be sent to « that his Grace's Pleasure should

• be


was only a Farce ; for, before he signed the Treaty, he made a formal, though secret, Protestation against it, in the Presence of a few trusty Witnesses and Notaries.

The Peace being proclaimed, King Francis and Queen Eleanor met, and were immediately married, but did not bed together ; for, in less than two Hours after the Marriage, they parted. This looks as if there was more Compulsion than Good-liking in this Conjunction ; otherwise they would in all Likelihood, have proceeded to a Consummation.

The Emperor and the King for some Days after the Marriage remained together, and then set out



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The SECRET HISTORY of the CARDINAL. • be now brought to pass sub- · which being read, it was de

ftantially, being never more * termined, that the King and the

likely, considering the State good Queen, his lawful Wife, r of the Judges.

• Thould be judged at Bridewell Long was the Expectation, • and in Black-friars, and some on both sides for the coming • Place thereabouts the Court, to

over of the Legate from Rome, • be kept for the Disputation and • who at last arrived in England 1. Determination of the Causes and • with his Commission, and, be- • Differences between the King

ing much troubled with the • and the Queen, where they • Gout, his Journey was long were to repair before these two 4 and tedious e'er he could get Legates, who fat as Judges; • to London, who should have before whom the King and • been most folemnly received Queen were cited and fum• at Black-heath ; but he desired • moned to appear; which was

not to be so entertained with ' a strange Sight, and the newest • Pomp and Vain-glory ; and "Device that ever was heard , therefore he came very pri- or read of in any Story or

vately on his own Horse with- • Chronicle: A King and a out Temple-bar, called Bath- Queen to be compelled to applace, where he lay, the House pear

in a Court as common • being furnished of all manner Persons, within their • of Provision of my Lord's. So, « Realm and Dominions, and • after some Deliberation and to abide the Judgments and • Consultation, in the ordering 'Decrees of their Subjects, being • of the King's Business, now in a Prerogative belonging to the • hand by his Commiflion, and · Royal Diadem. [The Divorce • Articles of the Ambassage, too, we think, was very new.]

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from Torrejon de Valasco, and coming to a Cross where the Road parts, they took off their Hats, faying to each other, God keep you, Brother ; and the Emperor took the Way to Toledo, and the King the other to Madrid, whence he continued his Journey to Fuenterabia, and fo into France.

The Time drawing near when the Emperor was to marry Elizabeth, Princess of Portugal, she was conducted to the Frontiers of that Kingdom by the Princes, her Brothers, and the prime Nobility, where she



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CH A P. XVI. A new Court erected to determine the King's Cafe, tro Cardinals

being Judges, having Power to convent the King and Queen; the Ijue thereof. T is a wonderful Thing to . tions of good ancient Laws,

consider the Strength of • Customs, and charitable Foun• Princes Wills, when they are dations were turned from the « bent to have their Pleasure ful- • Relief of the Poor, to the ut. • filled, wherein no reasonable " ter Destruction and Desolation, • Persuasions will serve the Turn; • almost to the Subversion, of • how little do they regard the " this noble Realm. dangerous Sequels that may • It is a thousand Pities to un• ensue as well to themselves as • derstand the Things that since • to their Subjects ? And amongit • have happened to this Land,

all Things there is nothing • the Proof whereof hath taught " that makes them more wilful all us Englishmen lamentable • than carnal Love, and various • Experience. If Men's Eyes be

affecting of voluptuous De- not blind they may see, and if • fires, wherein nothing could • their Ears be not stopped they • be of greater Experience than may hear, and if Pity be not

to see what Inventions were 6 exiled their Hearts may re. • furnished, what Laws were en- • lent and lament at the Sequel • acted, what costly Edifices of • of this inordinate Love, altho' • noble and antient Monasteries < it lasted but a while. O Lord • were overthrown, what Diver- God with-hold thine Indignation • fities of Opinion then arose,

from us! « what Extortions

were then

• You shall understand, as I • committed, how many

learned " said before, that there was a • and good Men were then put

• Court erected at Black-friars, : to Death, and what Altera. London, where these two Car

• dinals


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was met and received by the Duke of Calabria, the Archbishop of Toledo, and many Persons of Quality, fent by the Emperor for that Purpose, who conducted her to Badajos, where they remained seven Days; and from thence they took their Journey to Seville, the Place appointed to celebrate the Nuptials at, and arrived there on the 3d of March ; and her Reception was such as became the Wealth and Dignity of that City. Eight Days after came the Emperor, and the fame Night they were married by the Pope's Le

gate, The Secret HISTORY of the CARDINAL, • dinals fat as Judges : Now will • after Bishop of Worcester, with "I describe unto you the Order ' divers others; and Proctors in • of the Court.

" the fame Law were Dr. Peter, . First, There were many o who was afterwards chief Se• Tables and Benches set in cretary, and Dr. Tregunmill,

manner of a Consistory, one r with divers others. • Seat being higher than ano- • Now on the other Side,

ther for the judges aloft ; a- 6 there were Counsel for the • bove them, three Degrees Queen Dr. Fisher, Bishop of

high, was a Cloth of Estate Rochester, and Dr. Standish, • hanged, and a Chair-royal Bishop of St. Afoph in Wales, • under the same, wherein fat two brave noble Divines,

the King, and some Distance especially the Bishop of Ros • off sat the Queen, and at the chester, a very godly Man, Judges Feet fat the Scribes and 6 whose Death

many Noblemen, • Officers for the Execution of • and many worthy Divines • the Process; the chief Scribe ' much lamented, who lost his « was Dr. Stephens, after Bishop • Head about this Cause, e'er it • of Winchester, and the Appa- ' was ended, upon Tower-hill; • ritor, who was called Doctor as also another antient Doctor, ! of the Court, was one Cook • called Dr. Ridley, a little Man, « of Westminster.

Then be . but a great Divine. The • fore the King, and the Judges, Court being thus ordered, as

, • • fat the Archbishop of Can. • is before expressed, the Judges terbury, Dr. Warham, and all

r commanded the Crier to pro• other Bishops ; there stood " claim Silence, whilst the Com« at both Ends within Counsel- miffion was read both to the • lors learned in the Spiritual Court and to the People there

• • Laws, as well on the King's 6 assembled : That done, and « Side,

as the Queen's Side. • Silence being again proclaim• Dr. Sampson, afterwards Bishopex, the Serides commanded of Chichester, and Dr. Hall, • the Crier to call, Kirg Henry



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gate, to the Satisfaction of the whole Kingdom. In the mean Time the King of France was travelling towards the Frontierss to be exchanged for the Hostages agreed upons attended suitable to his Dignity; but, before he arrived there, several Articles were settled touching the Formality of the Exchange.

Being come to Hirungranza, on the Banks of the River Tolesa, which parts France and Spain, the Gentlemen, who attended the King, made a Stand with him on the Edge of the River, as did the Lady Regent, the

King's By GEORGE CAVENDISH, Efq; of England! Whereuntothe King sure, never did I contrary or

answered and said, Here. Then gainsay your Mind, but always • called he again the Queen of submitted myself in all Things,

England, by the Name of Ka- 'wherein you had any Delight

tharine, Queen of England, Come or Dalliance, whether it were into the Court, & c. Who'made little or much, without grudg' no Answer thereunto, but rose ing or any Sign of Discontent: I • immediately out of her Chair ' have loved for your Sake all Men " where she fat: And because she whom you have loved, whe· could not come to the King ther I had Cause or not, were . directly, by reason of the Dil- they Friends or Foes ; I have

tance, therefore she came round .. been your Wife these 20 Years, • about the Court to the King, by whom you have had many

eeled down at his Feet, Children · And when I firft. saying these Words in broken


Bed, I take God to English, as followeth, viz. witness, I was à Virgin; wheŠir, quoth fhe, I beseech you, "ther it were true or no,

11 do me Justice and Right, and to your Conscience : If there be take some Pity upon me, for I any Cause that you can alledge

a poor Woman, and a either of Dishonefly or of any other Stranger, born out of your Do- Matter, la-vfully to put me from minions, having here no indif-you, I am willing to depart with

, ferent Counsel, and less Aju. Shame and Rebuke; but if there

rance of Friendship: Alas! Sir, be none, then I pray jou let me how have I offended you, what have Justice at your

Hands. Offence have I given you, in- The King your Father was a

tending to abridge me of Life Man of such an excellent Wit in this Sort ? I take God to o in his Time, that he was ac' witness, I have been to you a counted a second Solomon ; and

true and loyal Wife, ever con- the King of Spain, my Father, formable to your Will and Plea- Ferdinand, was taken for one

• of * See Sandeval, Vol. 1. p. 735, 36, 17.

P: 735.
Vol. IV.


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