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The Church The Church Historian, upon the CardiHistorian's

nal's being coinmanded to retire to his Obfervations. See of York, and his preparing for that Purpose, speaks thus, “ The whole Affair was manag“ ed by Mr. Cromwell, who, as he was a Person of

great natural Parts, so now he began to have a considerable Power and Interest, for the Revenues

; “ of the two Colleges, consisting of the Spoils of a

great Number of Monasteries, committed to his “ Care * both before and after they were confiscated

by his Master's Delinquency, it was in his Power “ to fhew Favour to all Degrees of Persons, whose “ Concerns were intermixt with the Abbey Lands. “ This Occurrence may be looked upon as the first

large Step towards this great Statesman's Preferment, “ for every Day his Capacity became more and more “ known to the King; and he had learnt from the “ Cardinal how to ingratiate himself with the King, “ which was by punctually complying with his Will,

+ though to the Injury of his Conscience; and as they

rose by the fame Method, so they were alike In“ stances of King Henry's Ingratitude by their Fall.”

Though the King had consented to the Cardinal's Removal to York, yet, no Time being fixed, he delayed his Departure, which fo provoked the Duke of Norfolk, that, sending for Cromwell, he said to him in a great Rage, Go, and tell thy Mafter, that, unless he quickly remove towards the North, I will tear him in Pieces with my Teeth. When the Cardinal was informed how the Duke resented it, he said, It is high time for me to think of moving : But Money being necessary for such a Journey, he dispatches Cromwell to the King


* Here the Gentleman is misa do with the Cardinal's College at taken, for Cromwell did not come Oxford until after his Master's into the Cardinals Service till af- Disgrace. ter these Monasteries were given † We also deny, that Cromto Wolscy for the Uses he af- well was taught this by Wolfey. terwards appropriated them to; There was a wide Difference too nor had Cromwell any thing to in the Manner of their Rising.

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for a Supply, as also to acquaint him, that the Want thereof had been the Occasion of his Delay.

In the mean time he removed from the Wolsey reLodge at Richmond to a Monastery of Car

tires to a Mothufian Monks at Shene, near that Place. nastery. He took up his Lodging in an Apartment built by Dr. Colet, Dean of St. Paul's, whither that excellent Man retired to end his Days. While the Cardinal remained at Shene he applied himself carefully to the main Concern of his Salvation: He visited the Church every Morning, in the Afternoon he conferred with fome religious Monk that was most remarkable for Piety : He put on a Hair Shirt, and in other Refpects conformed to the Rules of a Monastick.

Mr. Cromwell all this while was employed in making Preparations for his Master's Journey, and, having received a Sum of Money, by Order of the Council, as also a handsome Present from the King, who still gave Wolsey repeated Assurances of Friend

He sets out to Thip, his setting out was fixed for Passion bis Charge at Week. The first Day he arrived at Hen- York. don, a Seat belonging to the Abbot of Westminster; the next Day he came to Rye, a House of Lady Parry's; from thence to Royston, where he lodged in the Priory; the following Stage was to the Abbey in Huntingdon ; from hence next Day he arrived at the Abbey of Peterborough. [His Manner of spending the Holy Week Cavendish relates, to whom we refer.] The Monday Night following he took up his Lodging at William Fitz-williams, * Efq; formerly one of his truíly Domesticks; and from thence he went to Stanford, and the next Day to Grantham, where he lodged at the


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* A Mile and Half from Pe. liams is descended; who was terborough. From a Branch of lately married to Mrs. Cathe. this grateful Gentleman's Family rine Decker, eldest Daughter of we understand the present Right the Worthy and Hon. Sir MatHon. Lord Viscount Fita-wil- tbezu Decker, Bart.


House of one Mr. Hall ; the next Night he lodged at Arrives at his Newark-castle, and the Day following proSeat at

ceeded to his Seat at Southwell. He found Southwell.

it in a bad Condition ; nor was himself and Family like to be in a much better State ; for his old Steward had taken no care to lay in Provisions for them, which made others also unwilling at first to supply the Cardinal without being paid ready Money, in regard he was a Stranger in those Parts; and this had still a further Issue, as one Misfortune feldom comes alone, those to whom he owed Money were

very importunate to be paid, as appears His Letter to tibe King.

by a Letter from him to the King, now

likewise to be seen in the Exchequer Record-office.

After prefacing it with very great Observance and Respect, he says, “ The 1000 Marks assign" ed me, for the Maintenance of me and my poor “ Folks, cut of the Bishoprick of Winchester, is gone “ and spent. I have neither Corn, nor Cattle, nor

any other Thing to keep House with, nor know “ where to borrow any Thing in these Parts. My “ Houses are, by the Oversight and evil Behaviour of “ such as I did trust, despoiled, run to Ruin and De" cay, as well in the Roofs as in the Floors, being ready to fall down.

My Creditors, to whom I am indebted, cry daily " and importunately for Payment, not having where“ with to content' them. Thus am I most pitiful, co

Sovereign Lord, wrapped in Misery and extream “ Need on every Side, not knowing where to be se“ cured or relieved, but only at your Highness's most “ charitable and merciful Hand. The great Virtue, “ Nobleness, Pity, Compasiion, and Charity, that I “ have always known to be in your most noble

Heart, with firm Belief that I have, and ever had, “ that you would not suffer your poor Creature, (whom you made of Nought) to perih for Lack,


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The King

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« who has so entirely loved and served your High“ ness, embolden me to recur unto your excellent « Goodness for some Comfort and Relief, most “ humbly prostituting at your Feet, beseeching your " Royal Majesty's Benignity to consider the Premises, “ and to have Pity and Compassion on your poor “ Cardinal, who is, and shall be, during his Life,

your faithful and most obedient Creature, daily “ Beadsman and Slave, as our Lord knoweth ; to “ whom I shall incessantly pray for the Continuance

of your most noble and royal Estate.

It is evident, that this submissive Letter had fome Effect; for the Car- fends him a dinal soon after received a Supply of Supply of MoMoney and other Things, that enabled him to provide for his Family, pay some of his Creditors, repair his House, and get rid of his ungrateful Steward. At this Place he continued the greatest Part of the Summer, where his Behaviour, even according, to his Enemies Account, was noble and edifying he being constantly visited by the Gentlemen of the Neighbourhood, and many of the Nobility, who had Occasion to pass near him, kindly entertained; for, as the Revenues of his Arch. Spends his bishoprick now began to come in, he dably. was enabled to keep a good House; and did daily diftribute at his Gates great Quantities of Provisions to the Poor : Those that had lived several Years at Va. riance were reconciled by his Mediation ; his Tenants he treated with great Humanity, and they in Return extolled him as a kind Landlord. About the latter End of Summer he removed from


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* We would not have our were only consistent to the LanReader mistake, by placing the guage used in his Time, as appears fubmissive Terms, used by the from the Letters now preserved in Cardinal in this Letter, to any the Exchequer Record-office, and Abjectness of Spirit in him, which ellewhere.

Arrives at

Southwell to Scrooby, another Place in his Scrooby. own Diocess, where he remained till

almost Michaelmas, and gave there the fame Satisfaction both to the Rich and Poor; for his Custom was to visit the little Parish Churches, and one of his Chaplains generally preached; and fometimes he condescended to dine at an honest Farmer's House, where he was commonly surrounded by a great Number of Poor, whom he frequently conversed with and relieved ; by which Means he reminded his Clergy of a very material Part of their Duty.

Two Days before Michaelmas he arrivAt Cawood.

ed at Cawood-castle, an antient Palace belonging to his See, within a few Miles of York, which he found not in so good Repair as he could wish. This induced him to Cause it to be re-edified, in which he employed at one Time 300 Artificers and Labourers, and at the same time continued his usual Hospitality : Yet these good Qualities were misconstrued by his Enemies about the Court, and imputed to him as Crimes ; however, at Cawood he likewife foon acquired much Honour, Love, and Esteem from most Persons of every Distinction.

Robert Smythe, one of the Cardinal's Mr.Smythe's Stewards, being intrusted, in his AbTransaktions

fence from London, on the Cardia

with some Matnal's Behalf.

ters of consequence, kept a close Cor

respondence with his Master, and faithfully discharged his Trust, as appears from many Letters that passed between them, * one of which we have


*: PL

Lease your Grace to un

would to God that


Grace, derstand, that I have de- I would content yourself with that • livered your Letters to Matter you have, and there is no doubt

Norris, and Master Hennage, but that the King will be good

which I had no Answer of as and gracious to your Grace. He ? yet; but Mafter Hennage said, He further said, that your Grace


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