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these Applications, the King dissolved the Colleges, and that at Ipswich quite dropped, but the other the King founded a new, as is before-mentioned.

The Cardinal in his Prosperity, at great The King feiExpence, caused his Tomb to be prepa- dinal's Tomb.

zes the Care red, which not being finished before his Adversity, Antonio Cavallory, a most exquisite Workman employed about it, writes thus to him, “ That for

gilding that Part of his Tomb, already done, being « the Half, he had laid out 380l. 13 s. and thereo fore desires to know his Pleasure, whether he meant to “ have the rest of his Tomb perfected; because, if he “ did not so mean, he desired the Cardinal's Leave, that “ the Gilder might go Home to Antwerp, and that “ the Carver might have the like Leave to return to Italy.But, it seems, the King seized the * Tomb

. likewise, which made the Cardinal afterwards desire to have it restored to him, to the Intent that he might order and dispose the same for his Burial, which is likely, (said he) by reason of my Heaviness, to be shortly. Yet it seems this Request was denied him, as well as that of Money to pay his Debts.

The Cardinal, being now fully fatif- The Cardified of the Designs his Enemies had on his Life, used all wise and neceffary Precautions, in order to frustrate them, and armed himself with so much Patience, that they could not provoke him either to say or do any Thing that might justly render him obnoxious. However, being stript of his valt Fortune, and the Prospect of being yet more Nighted, tho’undeservedly, making deep Impressions on his Spirits, he fell into a dangerous Sickness inuch about the Time he wrote the Letter we have just mentioned to Cromwell, the King began now to relent, and Dr. Butts was by his Order sent to attend him, who found him

extreamly * As his Majelly had stript him Covering, when dead, would be of his very Robes, while living, unnecessary, as a fine Tomb or he doubtless thought a needlets Monument might be deemed.

nals Patience.

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extreamly ill. Upon his Return to Court he reported, " That, if the Cardinal did not receive Comfort from “ his Majesty, he would within four Days be a dead “ Man.” When the King made Answer, “God for“ bid, that he should die, for I would not lofe him “ for 20,000 l. I pray you go to him, and do your « best Care to him." Upon which, Dr. Butts advising the King to send fome Gracious Message to him, his Majesty took a Ring from his Finger, charged with a Ruby, upon which his own Picture was engraved, commanding the Doctor to deliver it to him, and withal to acquaint him, That he was not in his Heart * offended with him for any Thing, using other Expressions which discovered a friendly and tender Concern for him ; and the Lady Ann, at the King's Request, also sent him Tokens of Favour. Upon receiving them, the Cardinal too easily apprehended the King and his Lady were seeking a Reconciliation with him; and soon after he was in a good Way of Recovery.

The King about Candlemas was The King grants Wolseya Pare pleased to grant the Cardinal a full and don.

general Pardon. Rapin fays, “ Among

* all the Pardons in the publick Acts, " there are none so full and particular as this, which

was done in order to relieve the Cardinal in some “ measure from the Anxiety he had been under from Oétober to that Time, before his Pardon, he well

knowing, that he was subject to the Penalty of “ perpetual Imprisonment, which seemed to him to “ be equal, if not greater, than any Lofs he had yet « sustained."

This Pardon was drawn fo full as to take in the highest Articles charged on him ; and that it was penned with the utmost Advantage and Strength of Law may be further proved from Sir Edward Coke's Authority, which take in his own Words.

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* Then he had a very cvil and ungrateful one.

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“ The most learned * and beneficial Pardons, which

we have read, or do remember, were that to William Wickham, Bishop of Winchester, (for good Men “ will never refuse God and the King's Pardon, be“ cause every Man does often offend both of them) us and the other to Thomas Wolsey, Cardinal, which are “ learnedly and largely penned.”

Now the King gave him further Marks of his Friendship, and promised to restore to him the whole Revenues of the Archbishoprick of York; and at the same time sent him fome rich Furniture for his House and Chapel.


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Articuli Pardonationis Reve- * The Articles in Cardinal W0L-
rendiffimi Patris THOMÆ, Car- $EY's Pardon, 21 Hen. VIII.
dinalis, &c. 21 Hen. VIII. Feb. 12,

Feb. 12. t
Omnimoda Proditiones tam maa All manner of Treasons or Trea-

jores quam minores; Proditio- cheries, as well High as Petty
num Mesprifiones & aliæ Mef- Misprisons of Trealon, and o-

ther Misprisons ; Legum subversiones, & earum illi- Subvertions of the Laws, and ilcite Extensiones;

legal Extentions thereof;
Outlagarum quæcunque ;

All Outlawries ;
Intrufiones & ingressus in tempo- Intrufions and Invasions on the

ralia Archiepiscopatuum, Epifco- Temporalities of Archbifhop-
patuum, Abbatiarum, Priora. ricks, Bishopricks, Abbeys,
tuum, five aliarum Domorum Priories, or other Religious
Religiosarum, infra Regnum An- Houses, within the Kingdom

of England; Provifiones Bullarum circa Exe- Procuring Bulls relating to the

cutionem Oficii Legationis de Execution of the Legatine Of Latere, contra formam Statuti fice, contrary to the form of de provisoribus.

the Statute of Provisors, Concello quod præfatus THOMAS That the said Cardinal, Thomas,

Cardinalis omni pardonatione & may enjoy all manner of Par: gratia gaudeat, populo Regni dons and Graces, granted to ANGLIÆ in aliquo parliamen- the People of the Kingdom of to conceffa ;

England in any Parliament ; Donatio Archiepiscopatus EBORA. A Grant of the Archbishoprick of

CENSIS cum pertinentiis. YORK with its Appurtenances.

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+ Cotton. Libr. Julius I. fol. 271. Ann. Dom. 1529.

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Another Letter After the Cardinal had obtained this from Cromwell

Pardon, and other Marks of Favour to the Cardinal.

from the King, Cromwell writ a Letter to him, wherein he says, “ Touching the Process

against your Grace out of the Exchequer, and all “ other Matters and Suits brought against you, I “ have pleaded your Pardon, which is allowed in u all the King's Courts, and by the same your Grace " is discharged of all manner of Causes at the King's « Suit."

Wolfey soon after writ, " That he His Complaint in bis Letters

hoped the King, to whom I have to Cromwell. given all my Goods and Revenues,

“ will pay my Debts, which may be “ done by the Arrears of my Pension out of France for " the Year by past.” But we do not find much heed was given to this Letter, except that soon after the King was pleased to send him four Loads more of rich Furniture unknown to the Lords of the Council : (So that the Reader may easily guess the Condition Wolfey was in, from Otober to the time he received the first Supply.) This Present was very acceptable to him; and in a short time he writ again to Cromwell, and tells him, My Fever is somewhat af“ suaged, and the black Humour also ; howbeit I am

entering into the Kalends of a more dangerous Sick

ness, which is the Dropsy; so that, if I am not “ removed into a drier Air, and that shortly, there " is little Hope.” This had the desired Effect ; for, on Application, the King permitted Wolfey to remove to Richmond, and also sent him fome Money.

The Favours, which had been lately His Enemies shewn to his Eminence, greatly alarmed his alarmed at the Favours

Enemies; and, as he was so near the Court, Jewn him they likewise feared his Majesty might, on

one Occasion or other, be moved to visit, or perhaps re-call him; therefore they follicited the King to send him down to his Province in the North,


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concealing the true Reason of their Application, (as is usual with Ministers, who would cover their private Designs under the Umbrage of publick Good) but pretending, that his Presence would be necessary towards composing certain Animosities in that Country. The King, upon this specious Suggestion, consented to the Proposal, and Cromwell was commanded; by the Duke of Norfolk, to acquaint his Master, that he must think of repairing to his Charge at York.

This Message the Cardinal did not re- Wolsey prelish; however, as he found his Residence pares to pro

ceed to York. at Richmond was disagreeable to the Courtiers, he offered to remove to Winchester : But this did not give Content to the Duke of Norfolk and his other Enemies; for Wolfey received for Answer, that he must immediately prepare for his setting out into the North. Upon this several Petitions were preferred to the King to allow him Part of the Revenues of Winchester and St. Albans, and other Matters, in order to enable him to proceed on his Journey, which were promised him. There are now in Being, Letters from

Writes to his the Cardinal to his Steward, Robert Brown Steward. at Southwell, wherein his Grace takes notice, that shortly he intended to set out for his Seat there, and therefore orders him to see the House compleatly fitted up, and to buy in Corn, ready to make Bread for the Family.

Brown answered, as appears from a Let- The Stew. ter in the Exchequer Record-ofice, to this

ard's Ana Effect, “ That Mr. Holgil, the Surveyor,

fwer. “ had covered the House in, and done other Mat

ters; but, as to himself, he was grown old, and did “ not now understand buying of Corp." From the wording of the Letter it appears but too plain, that, as his Master's Affairs were in a very unhappy Situation, he did not care to trust him. Vol. IV. U u


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