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" that Nation to hinder their King from performing « the Treaty of Madrid, since it had been consented

to by them :" And to the other Ambassadors, he laid, “That the Duke of Milan was his Subject, and " he ought to be punished as a Rebel, for what he « had before transacted ; that his Forces were too

1 “ well posted to be foon removed ; that he in

' “ tended shortly to proceed into Italy; and that, if " they all made War on him, he should be able to i defend himself with the Allistance of his good

SubBy GeorĠE CAVENDISH, Esq; other of his Servants had done, • lait my Lord came out in his • who never forsook him in Weal • Rochet, upon a Violeć Gowns • and Woe. Then quoth my Lord, • like a Bishop, who went with Alas, Tom! you know I have • his Chaplains to the upper

End nothing to give you nor them; • of the Chamber, where was a ' which makes me both ashamed great Window, beholding his and forry, that I have nothing goodly Number of Servants, to requite your faithful Servi. • who could not speak to them ees. Whereupon Mr. Cromwell until the Tears ran downt his • told my Lord, That he had • Cheeks, which, being perceived • abundance of Chaplains, that of his Servants, cauled Foun• were preferred by his Grace to • tains of Tears to guth out of • Benefices of some 1000 l. and " their sorrowful Eyes, in such • others 500 l. some more and • Sort as would cause my Heart o fome less ; and we your poor

( to relent. • Servants, who take more Pains "At laft my Lord spake to them • in one Day's Service, than all to this Effect and Purpose, say' your idle Chaplains have done . ing, Moft faithful Gentlemen and • in a Year ; and therefore, if they

hearted Feomen, I much • will not impart liberally to you lament, that in my Prosperity, ' in your great Indigence, it is I did not so much for you as. I • pity they should live, and all might have done, and was in • the World will have them in In- ' 'my power to do. I considered,

dignation, for their great Ingra. that if in my Prosperity I should • titude to their Mafter.

bave preferred you to the King, • Afterwards my Lord com- then should I have incurred • manded me to call all his Gen- the King's Servants Displeasure, • tleman and Yeomen up into who would not spare to report • the great Chamber, and order- bebind my Back, that there . ing all the Gentlemen to stand could no Office in the Court

on the right Hand; and the escape the Cardinal and his & Yeoman on the left Side; at • Servants, and by that Means

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“ Subjects. As to the King of England's Demands, “ he said, he would pay him with the King of “ France's Money."

The Emperor's Answer was no sooner known, but the French King wrote Letters to all the other Princes of Christendom, wherein he attempted to justify his Conduct in respect to his not performing the Treaty of Madrid ; and the Substance of his Apology was,

Charging the Emperor with breaking the Treaty of Noyon, invading the Dutchy of Milan, refusing the

66 AcknowThe Secret History of the CARDINAL, I should have run into open many other Words in their Slander of all the World: But Praise; and fo he, giving them

now it is come to pass. That • all hearty Thanks, went away;

it hath pleased the King to and afterwards many of his take all that I have into his Servants departed from him,

Hands, so that I have now • some to their Wives, some to • nothing to give you, for I • their Friends, Master Cromwell " have nothing left me but the to London, it being then the bare Cioaths on my

Back; with • Beginning of the Parliament.


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:T Cromwell, after his De :

The Cardinal is accused of High-treason in the Parliament-house,

against which Accusation Mr. Cromwell, (late Servant to him) being a Burgess in the Parliament, made Defence. HE

and, I being there with my

• Lord, he said unto me with a parture from my Lord, devi- • pleasant Countenance : I have • fed with himself to be one of ' adventured my Feet where I • the Burgesses of the Parlia- will be better regarded, e're the • ment ; and, being at London, Parliament be dissolved : And, o he chanced to meet one Sir 6 after he had some Talk with Thomas Rusel, Knt. a special my Lord, he made haste to • Friend of his, whose Son was London, because he would not

one of the Burgesses of the • be absent from the Parliament, • Parliament, of whom by Means • to the Intent he might acquaint • he obtained his Room, and so my Lord, what

was there put

his Feet into the Parlia- • objected against him, thereby • ment-house ; and three Days • the better to make his Defence; • after his Departure from my

. insomuch that there was no• Lord he came again to Ashur, thing at any Time objected

. against

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“ Acknowledgment due to the Crown of France for Co the Earldoms of Flanders and Artois, drawing the " Duke of Bourbon into Rebellion, and invading Provence, which were the Reasons for his marching “ into Lombardy, where he was taken and carried " Prisoner into Spain ; and there, being threatned with

perpetual Confinement, was forced, in order to

gain his Liberty, to accept of such unjust Condi“ tions as the Emperor was pleased to impose on « him, which he could not be bound to observe,

“ having By GEORGE CAVENDISH, Efq;

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against my Lord, but he was fended or no, in using my Preready to make Answer there- rogative, for the which I am unto, by Means whereof he,

indicted. I have the King's • being earnest in his Master's Licence in my Coffer to few • Behalf, was reputed the most r under his Hand and Broad o faithful Servant to his Master Seal, for the executing and • of all other, and was gene- using thereof in most large Manrally of all Men highly com

the which now is in • mended.

the Hands of mine Enemies ; • Then was there brought but, because I will not bere

Bill of Articles into the fand to contend with his Ma• Parliament-house to have my jesty in his own Cafe, I will • Lord condemned of High-trea here presently before you con

son, against which Bill

Master fess the Indi&tment, and put Cromwell did inveigh so dif- myself wholly to the Mercy

creetly, and with such witty and Grace of the King, truft

Persuasion, that the same would ing that he hath a Conscience • take no Effect: Then were his and Reason to consider the • Enemies constrained to indict ' Truth, and my humble Sub• him of a Premunire, and all mision and Obedience, wherein

was to intitle the King to all his I might well stand to my Trial • Goods and Poffeffions, which

with Justice.

Thus much

may • he had obtained and purchased you say to his Highness, that s for the Maintenance of his 1 wholly submit myself under • Colleges of Oxford and Ipf bis Obedience in all Things to

wich, which were both moit his princely Will and Pleasure, • fumptuous Buildings. To the • whom I never disobeyed or reJudges that were sent to take pugned, but was always cor

my Lord's Answer herein, he tented and glad to please him • thus answered,

. before God, whom 1 ought · My Lords Judges, the King most chiefly to have believed

knoweth, whether I have of and obeyed, which I now re

. pent :


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“ having before-hand protested, That, if he was com

peled to unreasonable Terms, he must be obliged to break them; besides, he had sworn at his Co

; “ ronation not to alienate any Thing belonging to “ the Crown of France : And, notwithstanding these “ Reasons, he had advised with the greatest Men " and Counsellors of his Kingdom, Whether he

ought to confirm the Treaty of Madrid ? who una“ nimously declared, He could in no wise perform “ so unjust a Treaty ; for that the Parliament would

66 admit The Secret HISEORY of the CARDINAL, pent: I most heartily desire you • of. Wherefore it hath pleased to have me commended to him, • the King to send me hither to for whom I shall, during my • take of you the Recognizance,

Life, pray to God to send him • having in your Grace fuch Afmuch Prosperity, Honour and • fiance, that you will not re

Victory over his Enemies. And fuse fo to do, therefore I do • so they left him.

• desire to know your Grace's • After which Mr. Shelley the 6 Pleasure therein. Judge was sent to speak with Master Shelley, quoth my Lord, • my Lord, who understanding he 'I know the King of his own

, was come, issued out of his · Nature is of a Royal Spirit, · Privy-chamber, and came to not requiring more than Reas him to know his Business, fon mall lead him to by the ( who after due Salutation did de- Law: And therefore I coun• clare unto him, That the King's fel you and all other Judges • Pleasure was to demand my and learned Men of his Cour« Lord's House, called York-place, cil, to put no

more into bis (near Westminster, belonging to Head than Law, that • the Bishoprick of York; and, o with Conscience ; for when you • that you do pass the same ac- tell him, that although this be

cording to the Laws of this Law, yet it is not Conscience ; • Realm, his Highness hath sent for Law without Conscience is • for all his Judges and learned not fit to be ministred by a • Counsel to know their Opinions King nor his Counsel, nor by • for your Affurance thereof, who

, any of his Ministers ; for eve• be fully resolved, that your ry Counsel to a King ought to • Grace must make a Recogni- ħave Respect to Conscience, be

zance, and before a Judge ac- fore the Rigour of Law: Laus • knowledge and confess the Right •'est facere quod decet, non quod

thereof to belong to the King licet : The King ought for bis

and his Successors, and so his Royal Dignity and Preroga• Highness shall be assured there. tive to mitigate the Rigour of



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