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Before the Cardinal left his Palace he The Cardi

nal ordered gave his Servants a strict Charge of all the

to retire to Jewels, Plate, and other Things of Value, Ether.

. which his Master was now to have.

At this Time Sir William Gascoigne, his Treasurer, relates to him the Rumour that was Abroad, concerning his Commitment to the Tower. The Relation of this Report he not only took unkindly, but reprimanded Şir William severely for his Credulity, laying, As my Honour, Riches, &c. I received from the

King ;

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from CARDINAL WOLSEY's Time. Lord Keeper, who was some • ty, large and diffufive Charity, time after created Earl of Not

not unequal to any that have tingham, and made Lord High gone before him, and an emi. Chancellor. During all the Time nent Example to Pofterity ; in he presided in this Court he " whom were all the Virtues that made a very great Figure, and • make a great and good Man died possessed of this high Of- • conspicuous, without the Blefice ; of whom this is related, • mish of any Vice.' Then it enu• He behaved in the most tick- merates the Poits he had held, • lish Times with fo regular and and concludes thus: Nine Years

even a Conduct, that he was • he served the King in the Sta

scarce ever taxed, either as a • tion of Chancellor with great • Statesman or Chancellor, with Wisdom, Honour, Uprightness,

Partiality, and was so excellent • and Ability, treating all Men • and eloquent an Orator, that · with Meekness and Affability, • fome have stiled him the Eng- and always most ready and

' lijh Cicero, &c. Part of the ' willing to forgive Injuries, even Inscription on his Monument tells o when he had most power to reus, 'He was a Personof extraordi

venge them, valuing Greatnary natural Endowments, and • ness as only ministring to him • for manly and unaffected Elo- ' a greater Opportunity of doing

quence, universal Learning, in- good. Add to this, from

corrupted Justice, indefatigable Mr. Dryden's Abfalom and Achi• Diligence, molt exemplary Pie- tophel.

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Our Lifts of Nobles next let AMRI

Grace,
W'hose Merit claims the Abethdin's High Place ;
Who, with a Loyalty that did excel,
Brought all the Endowments of Achitophel.
Sincere was Amri, and not only knew,

But Ifrael's Sanction into Practice drew.
Vol. IV.

* The Chancellor.

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Our

King ; so, if it is bis Pleasure, I freely return them. He then took Boat at the private Stairs of his Palace, having with him most of his Servants, with some Furniture and Provisions, and directed his Course towards Putney. Upon this Occasion the Thames was crouded with Spectators on both sides, and a vast Number of Boats appeared on the River in hopes of seeing the Cardinal carried to the Tower, and it is almost incredible what Joy the common People expressed. “ The giddy Mob, says

ce the

MEMOIRS of the LORD CHANCELLORS, &C.

Our Laws, that did a boundless Ocean seem,
Were coafted all, and fathom'd all by him.
No Rabin speaks like him their mystick Sense
So just, and with such Charms of Eloquence ;
To whom the double Bleffing does belong,

With Moses' Inspiration, Aaron's Tongue. From this great Man the pre- this great Man is descended the fent Right Hon, Daniel, Earl present Right Hor. Francis North of Winchelsea and Nottingham, is Lord Guilford, &c. descended.

Octob. the 28th, King Dec. the 13th, the James the Ild committed 1685. 1682.

King was pleased to put the Custody thereof to that very the Seal into the Hands of Sir extraordinary Nobleman George Francis North, Knt with the Lord Jeffrey's, (whose History is Title of Lord Keeper, and soon very well known) who held it to after he was created Baron Guil the Time of the Revolution, when ford, and held the Seal till his he was committed to the Tower, Death, Sept. 26,1683. He was where he soon after died. Howe: . '

. a singular great and good Man, ver, this is said of him, “That 4 ever active in the Service of his he had a very piercing Eye, was

Country, in which his Conduct a good Chancellor, and few 6 and Behaviour were not to be or none of his Decrees were

blamed,and his Character in ge- reversed. s neral without Exception ; not

And then Sir John May

1688. < withstanding some, either thro' nard, Anth. Kecke, Esq; and

Ignorance or Party Rage, might Mr. Serjeant Rawlinson were ap• think otherwise. In a Word, pointed Lords Commissioners of the ! he was the best of Brothers, and Great Seal ; and, as they were the ļ the belt of Friends.' (See Dedi- firit Commissioners that exercisçation to his Life, lately published ed any Acts of Judicature, as Lords by Montague North, Esq;) From Commissioners in the Chancery,

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" the Writer of the Church History, being always “ well pleased when they fee Authority under Op“ preffion : For, let Ministers be never fo just, in “ the Administration of publick Affairs, there is " constantly a Party labouring under Disappointments, « who make it their Business to influence the Com. “ mon People against the Power that governs."

The Cardinal, being landed at Putney, immediately mounted his Mule, his Servants and Attendants being on Horseback ; but he was fcarce got to the Foot of

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from CARDINAL WOLsty's Time. (except those who transacted in the wasthe Gentleman, when a propet Time of the Usurpation) a Doubt Word was wanting

to express the arose, Whether their Authority ex- Vacancy of the Throne, who tended, in their judicial Capacity, thought of Abdication, which as far as that of the Lord Chan- was afterwards made use of. cellor, or Lord Keeper? To fix In June Sir John Tre

1690. this Point an Act passed, 1 Will. vor, Sir William Rawa and Mary, wherein it was de- linson, and Sir George Hutching clared, “That the Lords Com. Knts were appointed Lords Com• miflioners, for the keeping of missioners. • the Great Seal, should execute Bishop Burnet says, " That • their Office with the same Au, Sir John Trevor was' Speaker of • thority as the Lord Chancellor, " the House of Commons,

or Lord Keeper.' So that by • bold and dextrous Man, and this, and the A&t passed in Queen • knew the most effectual Ways Elizabeth's Reign, before men- • of recommending himself to tioned, those three Offices, which every Government. He had were looked upon by some not to • been in great Favour' in King have equal Authority, in respect "James's Time, and was made to the exercising the judicial Pow- • Master of the Rolls by him er in Chancery, were settled and ' and, if Lord Jeffrey's had stuck explained.

at any thing, he was looked Sir John Maynard was a Gentle on as the Man likeliest to man of so great Knowledge in the " have had the Great Seal. He Laws, that he was esteemed as one now got himself to be chosen of the chief Directors of the long Speaker, and was made first Robe. By his great Practice, for • Commissioner of the Great Seal. many Years together, he acquired Being a Tory in Principle, he a very plentiful Estate, and, being undertook to manage that a Member of the Convention Par- • Party, provided he was für. liament in 1688, he was a great

i nished with such Sums of Promoter of the Revolution, and • Money as might purchase

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the Hill, on the other Side Putney, when he was overOn his Way re

taken by Sir Jobn Norris, one of the ceives a comfort- Gentlemen of the King's Bed-chamber, able Message from who dismounted his Horse, saluted the King

his Eminence in his Majesty's Name, and addressed himself upon his Knees as follows, “ That he was sent Express to assure him, that he

was as much in the King's Favour as ever : That 6 this Disgrace was only to serve a Turn, and please “ some sort of People; bidding him be of good Cou

rage,

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MEMOIRS of the LORD CHANCELLORS, &c. • some Votes : And by him be- • of the greatest Masters of his

gan the Practice of buying of Profession, at his first AppearMen, in which hitherto the in it. Though he made

King had kept to stricter Rules. a regular Progress through the • I took the Liberty once to

• several Honours of the Long complain to the King of this • Robe, he was always looked • Method.--He said, He kated.it upon as one who deserved a

as much as any Man could do: superior Station to that he * But he saw it was not possible, was possessed of, till he ar

considering the Corruption of the • rived at the highest Dignity Age, po avoid it, unless he would to which those Studies could

endanger the whole." However, • advance him. He enjoyed, Such was the Fate that attended ? in the highest Perfection, two Sir John, that he was expelled Talents, which do not often the House for Corruption, cho' meet in the same Person, the he continued Master of the Rolls greatest Strength of good Sense, till his Death. These Commis- • and the most exquisite Taste fioners held the Seal until of Politeness ; without the first

March, when it was 1693.

Learning' is but an Incumcommitted to the Care of • brance, and without the last the great Sir John Somers, Knt. is ungrateful. My Lord Sowith the Title of Lord Keeper, iners was Master of these two who was afterwards created Lord • Qualifications in fo eminent Somers, and declared Lord Chan- a Degree, that all the Parts cellor ; of whom the very inge- of Knowledge appeared in

• nious Mr. Addison, in a Paper call- * him with such an additional ed the Freeholders, gives us this Strength and Beauty, as they Character. • That unwearied Di- • want in the Possession of others.

ligence, which followed him • If he delivered his Opinion of • through all the Stages of his a Piece of Poetry, a Statue,

Life, gave him such a thorough or a Picture, there was some• Insight into the Laws of the thing so juft and delicate in Land, that he passed for one ** his Observations, as naturally

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rage, for, as his Majesty was able, so he was will

ing, to make good all his Losses." The Cardinal, being surprized at this joyful News, directly got off his Mule, and, falling also upon his Knees in the Highway, gave Thanks first to God, and next to the King, in Words that were scarce to be expressed in the Manner they were uttered ; then, taking off his Hat, made fresh Protestations of Gratitude to his Sovereign : After which, both arising, they mounted and rode towards Ejer. As they con

versed from CARDINAL WOLSEY's Time. . produced Pleasure and Affent • best Writer of the Age in which r in those who heard him. His o he lived. This noble Lord,

Solidity and Elegance, im- ' for the great Extent of his • proved by the Reading of the • Knowledge and Capacity, has • finest Authors, both of the • been often compared with the « learned and modern Lan- • Lord Verulam, who had also "guages, discovered themselves been Chancellor of England.

in all his Productions. His Ora- • But the Conduct of these two • tory was masculine and per- extraordinary Persons, under • suasive, free from every thing " the same Circumstances, was « trivial and affected : His Stile • vastly different. They were • in Writing was chaste and pure, • both impeached by a House « but at the same time full of • of Commons : One of them, • Spirit and Politeness, and fit as he had given just Occasion ! to convey the moft intricate • for it, funk under it, and was • Bufiness to the Understanding reduced to such an abject Sub:

of the Reader, with the utmost • mission, as very much dimi

Clearnefs and Perspicuity. And • nished the Luftre of so exalted • here it is to be lamented, that a Character. But my Lord < this extraordinary Person, out « Somers was

too well satisfied ! of his natural Aversion to vain • in his Integrity, to fear the Glory, wrote several Pieces, • Impotence of an Attempt up

as well as performed several on his Reputation; and, tho « Actions, which he did not as. • his Accusers would gladly have • fume the Honour of; though • dropped their Impeachment, 6 at the same time so many • he was instant with them for • Works of this Nature have • the Prosecution of it, and

appeared, which every one has 6 would not let that Matter reft • ascribed to him, that I be- • till it was brought to an Iffue: • lieve no Author of the greatest • For the same Virtue and . Eminence would deny my

• Greatness of Mind, which • Lord Somers to have been the gave him a Disregard of Fame,

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• made

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