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“ Great Seal, inclosed and sealed in the said Bags, “ taken out, and caused some Briefs and a Procla“ mation, against the Exportation of Corn out of the
Kingdom, to be sealed in his Presence, the faid
Mellieurs John Taylor and Stephen Gardiner, as like“ wise Henry Norris, Thomas Henneage, and others of “ the Lord the King's secret Chamber ; Radolph
Paxfall, Clerk of the Crown of England; John Croke,
Comptroller of the Hanaper ; John Judd, Deputy; " and Thomas Hall, Clerk of the faid Hanaper, being " then present.
MEMOIRS of the LORD CHANCELLORS, &C. behaved during the tour Yearsbeth: When King James, by he had the Great Seal no way Bill figned the 5th of April, appears upon Record.
1603, appointed the Great Seal No sooner did this of England so to continue, un1596. Gendeman make his Ex- til, on the 29th of June next it, but the Lord Treasurer, Bur- following, the Seal being broken, leigh, and others received and the King delivered another Seal, kept the Seal for some little with the Image, Arms, and Title Time, without any particular Ti- of himself, to the faid Sir Thatle. His Lordship's Character is, mas; and on the 24th of July • 'That he was a Person of great made Sir Thomas (then created * Learning, fingular Judgment, Peer, by the Title of Lord Ellesadmirable Moderation, and mere,) Lord High Chancellor,
comely Gravity, who became wio carried himself with much • the chieseit Statesman of the Caution and Prudence in this
Age wherein he lived ; unto great Poft, and made several good is whole Prudence in Council Regulations, for the Benefit of ," much is attributed, , for the the Suitors, many of which are
Blessings enjoyed by that prof- in use at this Day. During this perous and happy Govern- Lora's Chancellorship there were ment, throughout the long two Indictments for Premunire • Reign of Queen Elizabeth of preferred againft him in the
happy Memory;” and from King's Bench, on Account of Dewhom are descended the present crees made by him in Chancery afRight. Hon. James Cecil, Earl ter Judgment in the Common Laws of Salisbury, and Brownlow Cecil, [See the Articles exhibited against Earl of Exeter
Cardinal Wolley.] the one by Mlay the 6th, it was Richard Granville, and the or 1596. delivered to Sir Thomas ther by William 'Allen, which Egerton, Malter of the Rolls, were by the Grand Jury, canwith the Title of Lord Keeper, fitting of very substantial Persons, will the Death of Queen Eliza- returned Ignoramus, though they
“ Matters being thus transacted, the fame Lord the
King caused the Great Seal aforesaid to be returned • into the same white Bag, and to be sealed with his 4 own sealing Ring on white Wax, and with the Seals • of the said Masters John Taylor and Stephen Gardido ner, which, when he saw done, his Majesty kept (6. the Great Seal in his own Custody till Monday the
2gth Day of the same Month of Oktober ; on which
Day, about three in the Afternoon, the aforesaid " Lord the King being at his Mannor of Plaisance; Nn
from CARDINAL Wolsey's Time. were twice sent out; and Sir his Grace the present Duke of Francis Bacon, in a Letter to Brid;ewater is descended. King James the Ift, says, “If March the 7th, it was
1616. • they were set on that preferred given to Sir Francis Ba
them, they were the worst con, with the 'Title of Lord • Marksmen that ever were that Keeper, who was soon after cre< set them on, for there could ated Viscount Verulam, and, on
not have been chosen two such the 14th of Jan. 1617, was · Causes for the Honour and made Lord High Chancellor. • Advantage of the Chancery, He was indeed allowed to be one • for the Justness of the Decrees, of the greatest Men of the Age ; • and the Foulness and Scandal his generous and affabie Dispo
of the Fact and Person in those fition procured him the Esteem • that impeached the Decrees,' and Admiration of all People: This Attack on the Chancery Sir He inftilled the wholesome PreFrancis imputes principally to cept of Prudence and Honour inthe Lord Chief Justice Coke. to the Nobility ; found PrinAfter this King James, upon ciples, Arts, and Sciences, he a folemn Hearing, on the Ob- communicated to the Learned ; jection against the High Court noble. Maxims of Government of Chancery's Interposing in to Princes, and excellent Rules of Suits after Judgment in the Com- Life to the People : But notmon Law, was pleased to give withitanding this Character, this Judgment, That the Statutes of most learned Nobleman was, the 27 Edw. III. cap. 1. and of 4 3d of May, 1621, removed for Hen. IV. cap. 23. did not extend Corruption, &c. Wilson the Hi. to the Court of Chancery: And itorian speaks thus of l.is Lordsince that, the Decrees made by ship ; “That he was a fic Jewel this Court, in order to reftrain the to have beautified and adornRigour of the Common Law af- • ed a flourishing Kingdom, if ter Judgment have not been que- s his Flaws had not disgraced stioned, but on the contrary much o the Luitre that should have fet encouraged. From Lord Ellesmere him off.'
him off' "One Fault he had,
otherwise East Greenwich, and in his inner Apart
ment near the Oratory, in the Presence of the said “ Henry Norris, Christopher
. Hales, Attorney General “ of the said Lord the King, and others of the Privy
Chamber of the said Lord the King, he gave and “ delivered his Great Seal, in the aforesaid Bag, sealed “ and reposited in the said Box, to his much beloved “? Counsellor, Thomas More, Knt. to be kept, exer
cised and occupied ; and then and there did con“stitute and appoint the said Thomas More his Chan
MEMOIRS of the LORD CHANCELLORS, & c. says another Author, that he a Man of great Wit, and good
was above the Age he lived · scholastick Learning, he was
in; he came to a Censure for generally thought so very un• the most simple and ridiculous equal to the Place, that his Rea « Follies that ever entered into move was the only Recompence
the Heart of a wise Man ; his ! and Satisfaction that could be • Crimes were Bribery and Cor. ' made for his Promotion.'
ruption, for both which he had November the first, it • osten condemned others as a was committed, with the 1625. • Judge, and now comes to suf Title of Lord Keeper, to Sir : fer as a Delinquent. He was Thomas' Coventry, who was creso full of his own Conviction ated a Peer: Lord Clarendon that he threw himself and Cause gives us this Account of that at his Judges Feet; before he great Man, Sir Thomas Coventry was condemned his Submiffi- was Lord Keeper of the Great on and Supplication to the Seal, and newly made a Baron. Lords has been reckoned a fine • He was a Son of the Robe, his Piece of moving Oratori; but it is • Father having been a Judge of too long to be here introduced. ! the Court of Common Pleas
; "And the Seal was for a short who took Care to breed him, time delivered to three Commis- I though his First-born, to the fioners, Henry Viscount Mande- • Study of the Common Law, ville, Ld. President of the Coun- by which he himself had been cil; the Duke of Richmond, and promoted to that Degree; and Sir Julius Cæfar, Knit. Master in which, in the Society of the of the Rolis.
! Inner Temple, his Son made a July the roth, Dr. • notable Progress, by an ear1621.
John Williams, Bishop ? ly Eminency in Practice and of Lincoln, received it with the
Learning; infomuch that he was Title of Lord Keeper, who held ? Recorder of London, Sollicitor it' till the Year 1625. Lord • General, and King's Attorney, Clarendon remarks, That, the • before he was forty Years of
s cellor of England, with all the Fiefs, Profits, Re“ gards, Robes, Diets, Commodities and Advantages, “ due, belonging, or pertaining from antient Times " to the said Office.
66 And the said Thomas More received the said Seal “ from the aforesaid Lord the King, in the Presence “ of the abovenamed, and on the next Day, Tuejday “ the 26th Day of the fame Month of Otober, the $ aforesaid Lord Chancellor, being inducted about ten • of the Clock in the Forenoon of the same Day, into
from CARDINAL WOLSEY's Time. Age; a rare Ascent! All which ! vance the King's Service. Upon <Opices he discharged with great ! the Meeting of the Long Par
Abilities and singulaş Reputa- liament, in the Year 1540, • tion of Integrity. Lord com • finding he was likely to be ! ventry discharged this Place accused of High Treason, he
with an universal Reputation,' withdrew himself, and shortly being a very wise and excellent after passed into Holland, Person, being generally esteemed Jan. the 23d it was dethroughout
the Kingdom; and livered to Sir Edward Lit. 1640. sure, Justice was never better tļeton, Knt. Lord Chief Justice of ! administred for about the Space the Comnron Pleas, with the Title - of 16 Years, even to his Death, of Lord Keeper, who held it to his
some Months before he was Death: But the fatal Civil Wars : fixty Years of Age ; which breaking out, the Parliament ap.
was another important Cir- pointed Commissioners thereof. cumstance of his Felicity, that August the 30th, King
great Office being fo flippery, Charles the It committe: 1645. • that no Man had died in it the Seal to the Care of Sir Rich.
before for the Space of forty ard Lane, Knt. Chief Baron of • Years. From this great Man the Exchequer, at Oxford, who the present Right Hon. William held it till his Death ; and the Earl of Coventry is descended. Account we have of him is, 1639. Great Seal was delivered January the 23d, the That he followed the Royal
! Cause, and affifted in the Deto Sir Thomas Finch, Knt. Lord fence at Oxford, when befieg Chief Justice of the Common ed by the Parliament's Army, Pleas; • A Man, says Lord Clạ. ' under the Command of the i rendon, exceedingly obnoxious ! Earl of Fairfax' ! to the People upon the Busi- King Charles the IId, ! ness of Ship-money, and not of in his Éxile, intruited it 1653. ? Reputation and Authority e- with Sir Edward Herbert, it beO nough to countenance and ad. ing delivered to him by his Ma.
“ the Place and Seat of the Court of Chancery in the “ Great Hall of the Palace of Westminster, by the * most Serene Princes, Thomas Duke of Norfolk, and " Charles Duke of Suffolk, and a great many other · Nobles and Chiefs of the Kingdom of England, at " the Command of the Lord the King: And, after a • noble Exhortation had on the Part of the Lord the " King by the aforesaid Duke of Norfolk, as well to “ the faid Lord Chancellor as to the People, and the “ Answer thereunto made by the said Lord Chan
cellor, MEMOIRS of the LORD CHANCELLORS, &c. jesty at Paris. This Gentleman Work, called, The History of thë was a near Relation of the Lord Rebellion. Bishop Burnet, in his Herbert of Cherbury, (who wroté Character of this great Man, says, the Life of K. Henry the VIIIth,) • He was like to grow eminent which Title, though it had been ( in the Profeffion of the Law fome Years extinct, is now revived when the Civil Wars begun, in the Person of the Right Hon. ** about which Time he went to Henry- Arthur Herbert, Efq; who . his aged Father in Wiltshire ; was lately created Lord Herbert ; * who, one Day as they were and is a worthy Descendant of "walking together, told him, this antient Family.
* That Men of his Profession did January the 13th, the
often stretch Law and Preroga1657. King delivered the Great tive, to the Prejudice of the LiSeal to Sir Ed-ward Hyde, Knt.
berty of the Subject, to recommend Chancellor of the Exchequer to and advance themselves ; fo his Royal Father, who was ho.
charged him, That be pould noured with the Title of Lord
never sacrifice the Laws and Chancellor of England, at Bruges · Liberties of bis Country to his in Flanders, the 24th of Jan. 'own Interests, or to the Will of following, (and created Earl of his Prince. He repeated this Clarendon) who held it after the twice, and immediately fell inReforation till the Year 1667; to a Fit of the Apoplexy, of during whose Time the Court of which he died in a few Hours. Wards, &c. was fuppressed by His Lordship was a good ChancelA&t of Parliament, which brought lor, and very impartial in the Ada great deal of Business into this ministration of Justice. He would Court : But the Torrent of the never make a Visit to the King's Times run high against the Earl ; Mistress, nor fuffer any thing to for he was banished by Act of pass the Seal in which she was Parliament, and died in Exile. 'mentioned, and very often preBy the Command of K. Charles vailed on the King to alter the the Ild, he wrote that excellent Resolutions he had taken in the