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the Holy See. To this the King answered, on the 22d of Oet.' “ His Officers had only done their Dutý, in “ executing Orders' long since established, with regard “ to Persons going out of the Kingdom: That he
was furprized he should talk of being Legate when « recalled; and much more at his being so ignorant, « in regard he was Bishop of Salisbury, of the Laws
of thể Land, as to dare to affume that Title without “ his Licenfé.” Nevertheless, Wolsey was afterwards destroyed, tho' he acted as Legate with his License.
Campeius, perceiving by this Answer that the King intended not to give him Satisfaction, thought himfelf very happy that he was even suffered to depart. Indeed, he had good Reason to wish himself out of the Kingdom, since he could not be unacquainted how angry the King was at the Disappointment he had met with.
And, now we are speaking of Campe- Campeius jausjus, we think it here incumbent on us
tified fron jome
unfair Reflecto do an Act of Justice to the Memory of this great Man, who has been represented by Bishop Burnet, upon the Authority of an obscure Libel, as leading at that Time' a very diffolute Life, “ Hunting and Gaining all the Day long, and “ following Whores at Night, as a vile, vicious
Stranger and Priest, who lived in England in all “ manner of Disorders, in which both he and his á Bastard-fon were guilty.”
In the first Place it was not his Bastard, but his legitimate Son, who was knighted by the King : that Cardinal, being at first a married Man, had had five Children ; but, his Wife dying, he took Orders, and was in timé promoted to the Purple.
Whether any Liberties taken by the young Knight, or Campana, who the Pope fent over to Campeius, and was one of his Bed-chamber when in England, might occasion this Scandal is uncertain : It is, how
ever, ungenerous to determine any thing with Affurance, concerning the Matter, on the single Evidence of a Traveller in a foreign Country, afterwards hanged for Treason in his own : Neither does the Cardinal's Age, or the State of his Health at that Time, agree with this Character ; but, allowing our English Air so healthful and restorative, that it might contribute to make an old Gentleman (so violently afficted with the Gout upon his first coming over, that he could neither go nor stand) in a few Months vigorous and luxuriant, it may still become us to consider a little, what fort of Character he bore in the World, among several Persons of Probity and Credit, before we pass such a gross Censure on him.
Hall, who lived at that Time in Londori, and was no Stranger to this Legate's Course of Life, and rarely suffers any Opportunity of exposing the Clergy to escape him, says, “ Campeius was a Man of great " Wit and Experience ; better learned in the Papal " Laws than in Divinity.”--- Father Paul ftiles him, a “ Man of Wisdom and Authority.”--- Godwin, “No bad " Man, anda sincere Speaker;'--- Fuller, a
Fuller, a good, heavy “ Man.”--- Polydor Virgil has these Words, Inter juris confultos jure consultisimus ! --- Erasmus these, Reverendijime Domine, virtutum tuarum infignium, & eruditionis rarisima fama, inflammatus jampridem gestio, & noje propius & coram adorare --- Infignem heroa & ecclefiæ Romanæ columen. After seeing these, what can we think of our learned Prelate's Character ?
The only Ground of Complaint Fox had against him, was for his Reply to the People of Strasburg, which at most only argues his strict Adherence to the Doctrine of the Romih Church, and the more likely he should incline to punish than encourage Incontinency in the Clergy, which, if he had notoriously exemplified, as he is represented to have done in his own Conduct, the Success of his Misions, twice into Germany, and once into England, had been not only
unlikely, but the Consistency of deputing such a one: from a Court fo refined and so cautious in its Measures, as that of Rome, altogether incompatible. But, to return, the King's Anger
The King orders against Wolsey was so great, that he
Wolsey to be prahad scarce Patience to stay till Campe- fecuted at Law. įus was gone out of the Kingdom, before he caused Prosecutions to be publickly set on foot against him. The Writer of the Church History gives us this Account of the Steps taken to disgrace the Cardinal.
Wolsey's Honours were gradually obtained, but « his Fall was sudden, and without any apparent “ Misbehaviour against the Prince whom he had “ always laboured to serve. The King, being very “ much out of Temper upon Account of the Avocation " of his Cause, from the Legatine Court in England “ to the Consistorial Court at Rome, and having given
ear to a great many differviceable Reports against 66 the Cardinal, ordered his two sworn Enemies, the “ Dukes of Suffolk and Norfolk, to go to him, Ołtober “ the 18th, and in the King's Name to ço demand the Great Seal * from him, and Dismisses him " let him know, that it was his Majesty's from his Office
. " Pleasure, that he should immediately
depart * Shakespear describes the Manner of the King's fending for the Great Seal, and what ensued, in the following moving Relation.
Enter to Wolsey the Dukes of Norfolk and Suffolk, the Earl of
Surry, and the Lord Chamberlain.
To Alber-house, my Lord of Winchester's,
Wolf. Stay :
“ depart from his Palace, called York-boufe, and retire " to Effner, a Country-feat near Hampion-court, and * belonging to the Bilhop of Winchester, the Tempo
Suff. Who dare crops 'em,
Wolf 'Till I find more than Will, or Words to do it,
own Hand gave me ;
Sur. The King that gave it.
Holl. Proud Lord, thou lyeft!
Sur. Thy Ambition,
Wolf: This, and all else
* Yet Norfolk, Surry's own Father, fat as Lord High Steward, od pajed Sentence of Death on him.
“ ralities whereof had lately been conferr’d on the “ Cardinal. Upon the Delivery of this Message, , “ the Cardinal refused to obey, unless they could
If I lov'd many Words, Lord, I should tell you,
Sur. By my Soul,
Wolf. All Goodness
Sur. Yes, that Goodness
. How much methinks I could despise this Man, But that I'm bound in Charity against it.
Nor. Those Articles, my Lord, are in th' King's Hand:
Wolf. So much fairer
Sur. This cannot save you :