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that, on the 9th of October, he took Water at St. Mary Overy's, and landed at Bath-place, where he was vifited by Wolfey and divers of the Nobility and Gentry. Af

The Spaniard, ty'd by Blood and Favour to her,
Muft now confefs, if they have any Goodness,
The Trial juft and noble. All the Clerks,
I mean the learned ones in Christian Kingdoms,
Have their free Voices. Rome, the Nurfe of Judgment,
Invited by your Noble Self, hath fent

One gen'ral Tongue unto us, this good Man,
This juft and learned Prieft, Cardinal Campeius,
Whom once more I prefent unto your Highness.

King. And once more, in my Arms, I bid him Welcome,
And thank the holy Conclave for their Loves,

They've fent me fuch a Man I would have wifh'd for.

Cam. Your Grace muit needs deferve all Strangers Loves, You are so noble; to your Highness's Hand

I tender my Commiffion, by whofe Virtue

(The Court of Rome commanding) you, my Lord,
Cardinal of York, are join'd with me, their Servant,
In the impartial Judging of this Bufinefs.

King. Two equal Men! the Queen fhall be acquainted
Forthwith for what you come. Where's Gardiner?
Wol. I know your Majefty has always lov'd her
So dear in Heart, not to deny her what

A Woman of lefs Place might afk by Law,

Scholars allow'd freely to argue for her,

King. Ay, and the beft fhe fhall have; and my Favour

To him that does beft, God forbid elfe.


Pr'ythee call Gardiner to me, my new Secretary,

I find him a fit Fellow.

Enter Gardiner.

Wol. Give me your Hand; much Joy and Favour to you;

You are the King's now.

Gard. But to be commanded

For ever by your Grace, whofe Hand has rais'd me.
King. Come hither, Gardiner!

Deliver this with Modefty to the Queen.


[Walks and whispers. [Exit Gardiner,

The most convenient Place that I can think of,
For fuch Receit of Learning, is Black-fryars:
There ye shall meet about this weighty Bufinefs.
My Wolfey, fee it furnish'd. O! my Lord,
Would it not grieve an able Man to leave

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So fweet a Bedfellow? But Confcience, Confcience
O! 'tis a tender Place, and I must leave her!


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ter he was a little recovered, though not able to walk, he was carried in a Chair by four Perfons, and introduced to the King's Prefence by the Cardinal of York, and both Cardinals being feated on the Right-hand of the King's Throne, Franfcefco, Campeius's Secretary, addrefled himself to the King in Latin, in which he related with what Cruelty the Emperor's Soldiers "had handled the Pope, the Tyranny they had shew"ed to the Cardinals and Priefts, the Sacrilege and Spoil they had committed in St. Peter's Church; "how they had violated Virgins, ravished Men's "Wives, fpoiled, robbed, and tormented all the Romans and Inhabitants in the City of Rome; then re"cited what Friendship the College of Rome had met


with at the Royal Hands of the Kings of England "and France, in the Time of that Tribulation; that, "if they had not joined together, the City of Rome "with all their Governors had been brought to Ruin: "For which Pope Clement, and all his College of Car"dinals, the Senators, with all the Citizens, rendered "to the King their hearty Thanks, and promifed him "their Love, Favour, and Amity perpetual."


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To this Speech Dr. Fox, Provost of Cambridge, made anfwer, and as to the first Point declared, "That the King much lamented to hear his Friends, or any other Chriftian Men, fhould be handled with Tyranny:" To the fecond, "That the King had "done but the Duty of a Chriftian Prince, to relieve his Friends in Diftrefs, for which he defired that the "whole City of Rome would give Thanks to God, "and not to him."

Whilft Matters were preparing for the Trial Campeius had an Audience of the Queen, when he took Occafion to acquaint her of the Danger of the prefent Difpute, and, endeavouring to perfuade her to retire to a Monaftery, feemed to charge her with fome unfeasonable Freedoms and Misconduct in her Behaviour; for that, fince the granting of the Legate's Commiffion, she


was observed to allow Dancing and Court-diverfions more than before, and to appear in Publick with an unusual Air of Chearfulneís and Spirit; whereas the Condition of her Circumftances ought to have made her more grave, and recollect, that the Perplexity of the King's Confcience, not to mention other gloomy Appearances, were no Motives for Satisfac


The Queen, by no means pleased with this Difcourse, replied pofitively, That he was refolved to stand by the Marriage allowed by the Apoftolick See: So that Campeius, finding there was no good to be done with the Queen, took his Leave, and returned to his Majefty, to acquaint him with what had paffed.

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Stow fays, "The common People talked largely in refpect to Campeius's Arrival in England, by faying, the King wanted another Wife, and had fent "for this Legate in order to get rid of his Queen: "Particularly the Women charged him with Incontenency, and that there was more Paffion than ConScience in this Application."


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The King, hearing of the daily Grumblings of his People, thought proper to call before him the great Men of his Kingdom, both Spiritual and Temporal, befides others of inferior Degree were admitted; to whom he made the following Speech.

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The King's Oration, Spoken on the Ides of November, 1528.


ENERABLE and dear Affembly of Prelates, Peers and Counsellors, which the common "Care of Adminiftring well for the Republick and our "Kingdom has brought together. It is no Secret "to you, that, by Divine Providence, we have these twenty Years + almost governed this our Realm with "fo much Happiness, that in all that Time it was free "from hoftile Incurfions; and we, in thofe Wars " which


*Mr. Parker's Ant. Brit. p. 475.

Eighteen of which the Cardinal had the Conducting of Affairs.


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"which we had undertaken, always came off victo"rious; and though we may juftly glory, that the Subject never reaped greater Tranquillity, Riches, "or Honours, in former Ages, under the Reigns of 66 our Predeceffors and Progenitors, the Kings of England, than in our Days: Yet, when the Thoughts "of this Glory and Death meet together, we tremble, ❝left, by our Death, without lawful Iffue, you should "undergo Calamities greater than the Advantages "received in our Life-time. The Memory of those "bloody Times must be still fresh in the Minds of "fome of you, when Richard the IIId brought upon "the Carpet and difputed the Title of our Grandfire, "Edward the IVth, by the Mother's Side, and deprived "his Heirs and Iffue of the Kingdom and Life. The "dire Slaughter of the People, while the Houses of "York and Lancafter contended for the Kingdom and "Empire, are but too well known in Hiftory; and, if "the Marriage lawfully contracted between Henry the "VIIth, and the Lady Elizabeth, our renowned Pa"rents, should be extinguished in us, and the Royal "Offspring, which God forbid, of our Marriage, which "ought afterwards lawfully to reign, fhould not be "born, this Kingdom may wafte itfelf with civil or "inteftine Troubles, or fall into the Hands and Pof"feffion of Foreigners: For though we have had the "Lady Mary, fingular both in Beauty and Shape, "which was of great Comfort to us, by the most "noble Lady Catherine, yet we have been lately in"formed, by pious and learned Divines, that we had "married her who was formerly the Wife of Prince "Arthur, our Brother; that our Marriage was prohi"bited by Divine Writ; and that the Iffue of fuch

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Marriage would not be esteemed legitimate: And "that which gives us much greater Pain and Torment "is, having fent Ambaffadors laft Year to negotiate a Marriage between the Duke of Orleans and our Daughter Mary, with Francis King of France, it

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66 was

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was anfwered by one of his Counsellors, That, before the treating of fuch an Affair, whether Mary was a legitimate Child fhould be first enquired into? It be"ing evident, added he, that he was begotten of the Lady Catherine, his Brother's Relift, and that fuch a Marriage is, by Divine Right, prohibited.

"With what Fear and Horror has this Speech dif"turbed our Mind! for the Matter imports no lefs "than the Hazard of eternal Salvation both of Body "and Soul, and with what perplexed Thoughts does "it poffefs our Confcience! we are perfuaded you can


not be ignorant; you, whofe Lives and Fortunes "would be in Danger, but much more the Lofs of "Souls, if you did not apply proper Remedies. "This one Thing, which, witnefs God, we affirm on "our Royal Word, pushes us on, that by our Am"baffadors we fhould feek the Opinions of the most "learned Divines throughout the whole Chriftian "World, and fend for the Roman Pontiff's Legate, in "order to pronounce a true and juft Sentence in fo great a Caufe, that afterward we may be able to "live with a calm and fafe Confcience, in lawful Ma"trimony: And, if it fhould clearly and manifestly



appear by Holy Writ, that the conjugal State, in "which we have lived almoft twenty Years, be per"mitted by Divine Right, nothing fhall be more "wifhed for or agreeable to us, as well for the Tran"quillity of our Confcience, as the lovely Qualities "with which the Queen is endowed and adorned. "For, befides her being of royal and noble Birth, "attended with fo much conjugal Duty and Affabi

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lity, together with other Ornaments of her Mind, "and Qualities which illuftrate Nobility, that fhe "has feemed to us to have fo far excelled all other "Women these twenty Years, that, were we now fingle and free from Marriage, and that it was "lawful by Divine Right, we would, preferably to all "other Women, join her by a lafting and firm ConVOL. IV. "trac

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