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The Cardinal upon obtaining this See, * quitted that of Durham, which was conferred on Dr. Tunstal,
formerly the Venta Belgarum of Henry, Anno Regni 32, on a Dean, the Romans, is pleafantly seated twelve Prebendaries, fix Minor in a Valley on the banks of a Canons, ten Lay-clerks, eight River. The late learned Bishop Choristers, and other Members, Tanner tells us, • That the Mo- when the Cathedral was refound• nastery there was founded by ed, and dedicated to the Holy
King Lucius, which is now the and Undivided Trinity. « Cathedral.'
The City is a Place of but litFormerly the Bishops of Win- tle more Trade, than what is occhester had the Title of Earls of cafioned by the Inhabitants of the Southampton, and were fo stiled in City and neighbouring Villages : the new Statutes, of the Order Here being neither Manufacture, of St. George, made by King nor Navigation, tho' it was once Henry the VIIIth : But that practicable and attempted ; but, Honour was taken away by the not being likely to answer the Exfame Prince, for he created Wil- pence, the Undertaking ceased liam Fitz-Williams Earl of South- The Clergy are not only numerous, ampton, on the 18th of Oktober, but generally very rich. It gives 1537
the Title of Marquis to the Duke The Cathedral besides the Bi- of Bolton, and sends two Members hoprick has been highly esteem- to Parliament, who now are ed, and the Bishoprick was of fo William Paulet, and George Rodgreat Account for its large Pri- ney Bridges, Esqs; and the previleges and Poffeffions, that King sent Bishop is the Right Rev. Stephen's Brother, when Bishop and learned Dr. Benjamin Hoada thereof, obtained a Faculty from ley, who has highly distinguished the Pope to make it an Arch- himself in the Republick of Letbishoprick, and feven of the Suf. ters, by several elaborate Pieces, fragans of Canterbury were allot- and is a great Encourager of the ted thereunto ; but this came to Literati. nothing. It is remarkable, that William de Edington, Bishop
«* The Pope to the Clergy of Anno 1343, and first Prelate of
Winchester. the Order of the Garter, being CLEMENT, Bishop, Servant of elected into the See of Canterbury, refused it, saying, Though
• the Servants of God, to our Canterbury had the highest Rack,
• beloved Sons the Clergy of yet Winchester had the deepest
• the Diocese of Winchester, Manger. But the Monastery fell
• Health and Apoftolick Bene
diction. with the reft, and was endowed at the general Suppression with HIS Day, with the 1507, 1. 175. 2 d. yearly. After
Advice of our Brethren, which the Site and great Part of and by Authority Apoftolick, the Revenues were settled by King we have made, constituted and
Bishop of London, and his Eminence, immediately caused Ejber-place, one of the Country Houses be
longing • deputed our beloved Son, Tho- Another of the fame Purport mas,
Cardinal Priest of St. Ce. was sent to the Vaffals of Wint • cile, called of York, &c. perpe- chester. • tual Administrator of the See * of Winchefter, during his Life, As soon as these arrived, his • in Spirituals and Temporals, Majesty confirmed the Reftitution • then deftitute by the Death of of the 'Temporalities of 14 inchester • Richard, of good Memory; to the Cardinal, in the follow
late Bishop thereof, who paid ing Letters Patent.
the Debt of Nature out of the * Court of Rome, of pastoral • The King to his Escheats; in • Comfort, fully committing the • Southamptonshire and Win. Care, Charge, and Admini
• chefter, greeting. • ftration of the said See, in the
faid Spirituals and Temporals HEREAS the Lord to him, as will more amply
Chief Pontiff, with the appear
in our Letters thereon. Advice of his Brethren and Au* Wherefore we command thority Apoftolick, on the See • you feyerally by these Apofto- of Winchester's having become • lick Letters, that admitring, vacant; by the Death of Ri
; • with an agreeable Complacen- chard, has made, constituted,
cy, the said Thomas, Cardinal ' and deputed the most Rev. Fa• and Administrator, as the father in Chrift, Thomas, by the
; ther and Paftor of your Souls, • Title of St. Cecile, Cardinal
ye shew him due, and humble • Prielt; &r. to be perpetual Ad• Obedience and Reverence, and · ministrator during his Life of ' with Meekness; receiving his “the See of Winchester, fully * Admonitions and Charges, you 'committing the Charge, Care
; * carefully and effectually fulfil • and Administration of the Spi• the same ; Otherwise we shall • rituals and Temporals of the
; • hold and confirm, with the
6 said See to him; as appears Help of the Lord, the Sen- by the Pope' Bulls directed to • tence which the said Thomas, us on that Occasion, We, forCardinal, shall have justly pro
• asmuch as the said Cardinal nounced against Rebels, invio- • has openly and expresly; in our • lably to be observed, until • Presence, protefted against all • condign Satisfaction be made. ' and every the Words contain• Given at St. Peter's at Rome, • ed in the said Bull, which may • in the Year of the Incarnation • be prejudicial to us and our • of our Lord 1528, on the • Crown, and submitted himself • 6th of the Ides of February,
6 in that particular to our Fa5 and in the 6th of our Pon- vour, and being willing grartificate.
ciously to act in this Astur, • B. MOTTE. Vol. IV.
longing to the See of Winchester, to be repaired, and other Parts rebuilt, proposing to retreat thither, when the King resided at Hampton-court; and such Expedition was used in finishing this Seat, that it foon made a considerable Figure. In short, what remains of this Edifice shews the Cardinal's Judgment in Archite&ture; and, tho' Esher-place fell afterwards into Lay-hands, the Structure has been preserved with a great Exactness ; insomuch, that it is at this Time in such beautiful Order, through the Means of the present noble Poffeffor, the Rt. Hon. Henry Pelham, Efq; Chancellor of the Exchequer, &c. that it is accounted a Building well worth the Sight and Observance of the Curious : Therefore we shall, when we mention the Cardinal's Retreat thither on his Fall, exhibit a View of the East and West Fronts thereof.
Sir John Russel, who had been emSir John Ruffel returns to
ployed Abroad several Years, now reEngland.
turned to England, waited upon his Ma
jesty, was most graciously received, and immediately entertained as one of the Gentlemen of his Bed-chamber, which was very acceptable to the Cardinal, who had a great Value for him.
• Ourselves have taken the due to the King's Escheats in the
Fidelity of the said Cardinal, Counties of Somerset, Dorset, Sur< for the Temporals of the Bi- ry, Oxfordshire, and Berkshire ; • shoprick of Winchester, and we and the Knights, Free-men, and • restore the Temporals thereof all others, holding of the See of • to him. Therefore we com- Winchester, were ordered to com• mand you to deliver the afore- ply with every thing concerning
said Temporals to the faid Car- the faid Cardinal, as their Bi• dinal with their Appurtenan- shop and Lord. • ces, in your Bailiwick, in the Besides the foregoing Autho• Form above mentioned ; ex- rities, the Cardinal obtained a * cepting all Rights, &c. Wit- Ball from the Pope, to hold the
nels the King at Weftminfter, Temporalities of the See of Winon the 6th of April.'
chefter, dated the 6th of February,
1528 ; likewise Letters Patent Orders of the fame Nature from the King, dated the 20th were fent, bearing the fame Date, of O&tober, for the fame purpose.
As Sir John had married an Heiress, the Cardinal, in Virtue of one of his high Offices, had the Care and Wardship of Sir John's Children ; and it appears from the following Letter, (the Original whereof being now in the Exchequer Record-office) that his Eminence had a more than ordinary Value for them, which will best speak for itself.
Please your Grace,
Day of June, concerning the Death of " Browthen, and of the sure Custody of his Sisters, “ and also the gracious Mind and Favour that your “ Grace beareth unto my faid Son, and also for “ the Trust and Confidence your Grace bears me “ for the Custody of them; and at this Day I re“ ceived another Letter from your Grace, dated the “ ist Day of July, mentioning that your Grace un“ derstandeth, by a Letter that I sent to Mr. Arun“ del, and also by a Letter to Master Hennes, that great “ Suit is made to the King for them, and that the
King thought they were his Wards. I fhewed his “ Grace, that your Grace had them from Heir to “ Heir, wherewith his Grace was satisfied; and where
as your Grace writeth somewhat sharply, and in “ a manner half in a Distrust of me and my Wife, " how that we would bestow the eldest without the " Consent and Advisement of your Grace ; I would “ be sorry that your Grace should have any such
Opinicn in me, seeing that I have borne my Heart “ and Service unto your Grace above all Men living, “ saving only the King. True it is, that the one of " them is at her full Age, and your Grace may be “ well assured, that I would do nothing in that, till I “ know further of your Grace's Pleasure, but your “ Grace knoweth well, that I must needs speak in her « Behalf, as I am bound unto; notwithstanding your
; “ Grace may be assured, I would be glad to do - your Grace any Service that lieth in my Power:
“ But this Mistrust, that you have in me, cometh
of your Grace only; and if it please your Grace to call to your Remembrance a Year and a half “ past, I moved your Grace for a Marriage for my
younger Daughter, for one Dormerson, what great “ Offer he made ; and at that Time your Grace was " contented, that I should go through withal : But “ I staid always for two Causes; the one was, that “ I would have been glad to have matched her with “ fome better Blood; and the other, if my Son Brow" then should depart to God, as he is now, that " it should be a great Hindrance to your Grace. I
wrote to Master Arundel, that he should move your Grace in my Behalf, that it would please
your Grace to be so good a Lord to me, to let “ me have the youngest, paying as much as another : “ I do desire her for nothing else, but for my Wife's « Pleasure, for she would be very loth that another $c should have her said Daughter afore her ; for it ç is all her joy in this World : And also it is ” mentioned in your faid Letter, that I and my Wife « should have the Keeping of her said Daughter, so " that she be kept in clear Air, which we will 56 do to the best of our Powers: But, rather than “ your Grace should have any Mistrust of me and
my Wife, I had rather they were out of my “ Hands than otherwise. There is great Labour « made to the King, by Sir Thomas Cheney and “ Sir Fohn Wallop, and also to Mrs. Anne, for this “ Matter, and the King was very desirous of the « fame. Master Kingston desired me to move your is Grace to be a good Lord unto him, that he might * be Steward of the Bishop of Worcester's Lands in “ Warwickshire, for he thinketh it is in your Grace's << Gift; and if your Grace did not bestow the faine s otherwise, I. humbly desire your Grace to give it ď to him, whereby your Grace shall find him to do
your Grace what Service lies in his Power, which