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Places, but was obliged to raise the Siege of Lodi, through the vigorous Resistance of John Paul Sforza, bastard Brother to the Duke of Milan.

The Count of St. Pol, being come up with a Reinforcement from France, and joined by the Venetian Army, retook Pavia, and made himself Master of Como ; and with this the Campaign ended in the Milanese.

“ So fatal a War, says Father Daniel, the Advantages and Disadvantages of which were not yet great enough on either Side to secure the Event, be

gun to tire both the Emperor and France, and “ make them hearken to peaceable Councils, which

Margaret of Austria gave the Emperor, her Ne

phew ;-and the Princess Regent, on the other hand, “ the King, her Son." Whereupon they both signified their Inclinations to the Pope by their Envoys, in the beginning of the following Year, 1529, and had this Effect, that the City of Cambray was pitched upon for the Conferences which were agreed to be negotiated by the above Princess, and to begin at the End of May ; but, before these Ladies met, the War was carried on in Italy, and Anthony Leyva attacked the Count of St. Pol in the Milanese, routed his Forces, and took him Prisoner. The Remainder of the French that were at Pavia, hearing the News, deserted in whole Companies, so that there was scarce any French left in the Milanese ; and thus ended this new Expedition into Italy, which, one would think, should have been a sufficient Memento to prevent them from sending Troops thither, that has generally proved fatal to them, and not improperly called, The Grave of the French


Congress at In July the two Princesses repaired to CamCambray. bray, as did Dr. Tunstal, Bishop of Durham,and

1529. Sir Thomas More, on King Henry's Behalf, and on the 5th of August a Treaty of Peace was concluded between the Emperor and France, in which England was


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included, called the Lady's Peace, the Substance where of follows.

“ That the Emperor should defift from Treaty of Cam“ his present Demands on Burgundy, with bray. out prejudicing any Right he might

1529. " claim to that Dutchy by Course of Law. That the

Crown of France should pay him two Millions of “ Crowns of Gold, for the Ransom of Francis's Sons, " and withdraw his Forces out of Italy. That he should

resign to the Emperor the Sovereignty of Flanders and Artois. That he should restore to the Emperor the Earldom of Efti, with whatever he held in the " Dutchy of Milan. That he should renounce all “ his Pretentions to the Kingdom of Naples, and

marry Eleanora, with whom the Emperor should give him in Dower 200,000 Crowns.

There was also several other Articles, particularly, “ Francis promised to restore the Heirs of the late “ Duke of Bourbon to all that Prince poffefsed in “ France.And also “That the King of France " should pay the 200,000 Crowns due from the Em

peror to England by Instalment, and redeem the “ rich Flower-de-Luce, pawned to Henry the VIIth for 50,000 Crowns.““

But there was no mention of the Venetians, who were Allies of France, save that Francis undertook to require the Venetians to yield to the Emperor what they possessed in the Kingdom of Naples. This made a Venetian Nobleman tell the Doge, That the City of Cambray was the Purgatory of the Venetians ; alluding not only to this Treaty, but that which was formed to ruin them, as before mentioned.

The Pope had before made his Peace with the Emperor, upon as advantageous Conditions as if that Prince had had the worst of the War in Italy : And his Holiness's Aim was not only to be restored to Florence, but to other places taken by the Venetians during his Captivity. But, whilst he was forming these Projects, Vol. IV.


he the Papacy.

he was taken ill of fo violent a Distemper, that his Physicians suspected he was poisoned. Wolsey tries Cardinal Wolsey, having notice of the a 3d time for Pope's dangerous Illness, dispatched an Ex

press to Gardiner, with full Instructions how to conduct himself, and not to neglect any thing that he thought capable of procuring him the Papacy. Henry himself also writ to several Cardinals in his Behalf; and the King of France, who was not yet secure of a Peace, had given him all those of his Faction; and it is affirmed, that Wolsey would have been sure of a third of the Votes, in case the Pope had died, which, though not sufficient to make him Pope, was enough to hinder any other from being so.

The two Letters * subjoined are the Substance of some of the Arguments made use of by Cardinal Wolsey,


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WOLSEY's Letter to GARDINER ' few Words following of mine

Hand. I doubt not but ye Mr. Siephen,

' do profoundly consider as well LBEIT


shall be suffi. Ć the State wherein the Church ciently your Col

. and all Christendom doth stand leagues, by such Instructions as

presently, as also the State be given to Monfieur Vincent, • of this Realm and the King's • informed of the King's Mind • secret Matter ; which, if it

and irine concerning my Ad- • should be brought to pass by vancement unto the Dignity any other Means than by the Papal, not doubting but that,

Authority of the Church, I • for the fingular Devotion which ' account this Prince and Realm

you bear towards the King and ' utterly undone ; and that it

his Affairs, both general and • shall be now incommodious in ' particular, and perfect Love this mine old Age to be the * which ye have toward me, ye • said common Father; yet when

will omnit nothing that may • all things be well considered, • be excogitate to serve and con- . and the Qualities of all the duce to that Purpose ; et I. '

• Cardinals well considered, abthought convenient, for the fit verbum jaftonte) there shall

more fervent Expression of my be none found that can and • mind in that Behalf, to write ' will set Remedy in the afore

unro you, as to the Person faid thing, but only the Car' whom I do most entirely trust, • dinal of York, whose Good-will

and by whom this Thing thall « and Zeal is not to you of all be moit pithily set forth, thereMen unknown: And were it

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in order to get himself elected Pope, on the Demise of Clement the VIIth. Y 2


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• not Reintegration of the State " for that Purpose, you and • and See Apoftolick to the pri- your Colleagues do not want • ftine Dignity, and for the con- * ample Powers, limited by no • ducing of Peace among Chri- " Bounds, Conditions, or Reftian Princes, and especially to • strictions ; and whatever you

relieve this Prince and Realm (transact, I would have you ! from the Calamity that the • know, will be agreeable and * fame be now in, all the Riches acceptable to the King and

or Honour in the World should • me; for, to speak briefly, we • not cause me (nedum aspirare, ' repose all in your Address and fed ne consentire) to accept the • Fidelity. I have nothing else • same Dignity, although the 'to add but humbly to pray the • fame with all Commodities great and good God to assist were offered unto me.

you in all your Proceedings. • Nevertheless conforming may • Cordially farewel. • self to the Necessity of the Time, From our House at Wesiminfier, " and the Will and Pleasure of

7th February. • these two Princes, I am content to approve all my Wit and

T. of YORK • Study, and to set forth all • Means and Ways ( ut benefa- The Cardinal's Letter to Sir Greciam rebus Christianitatis ) for

gory Caffali, Knight, and Mr. • the attaining the said Dignity ; Peter Vannes, the most serene • for the atchieving and attaining King of England and France's • whereof, for as much as there

Ambasadors in the Court of upon dependeth the Healths

Rome. • and Wealth not only of these two Princes and their Realms,

Sir Gregory, and Mr. Peter • but of all Christendom, no

• Vannes, Health : ' thing is to be omitted that may S nothing could be more conduce to the said End and

unseasonable to the ChriPurpose. Wherefore, Master Aian Commonwealth, but par

Stephen, fince you be so plainly ticularly to the Affairs of • advertised of my Mind and In- ' the King's Majesty, than the • tent, I shall pray you to ex

• Death of his Holiness, I there• tend all the Force of your Elo- 'fore am of Opinion, that it can

quence, that Matters may be • be no Secret to you of what • brought to this Issue, without · Danger and Hazard the Choice

sparing any Coft, Promises, or • of a future Pope may prove to

Labour, agreeable to the In- • the most serene King's Health, • clinations, or Taste of those • Honour, and the Repose of his • Persons you shall treat with, • Kingdom, and how much you • and whether publick or pri- are to endeavour, and with your vate, to square your Actions Care, Diligence and Industry,

s to

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The King likewise fent Instructions to his Ambafsadors and others at Rome, upon this Occasion, which were couched as under mentioned*: But, before they


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for no

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to withstand and oppose, left to be regarded to every of the any one should be elected Pon- « Cardinals of the Church of tiff

, and not in the Interest of Rome, both present now in the • his Majesty. What you are • Court there, and absent from

to act and do, with respect to • the same, it cannot be found 'my Promotion, I have briefly • that there is any person suffisummed



my com- ciently furnished with the Remon Letters ; neither shall I quifites before specified, but • add any thing more on that I only the most Reverend Father • Head in this, which I have been • in God, and his most trusty « induced to write to you

Counsellor, the Lord Legate, • other Reason than to let you Cardinal, Archbishop of York, " know, that I commit and trust • Primate and Chancellor of this • this most mighty, and chiefeft Realm, who being well known s of all Affairs, which you are to to have a fervent Zeal, steady

manage, to your Prudence, Fi- • Mind, and Desire to the uni.

delity and Address, which, by versal Weal, Repose, and Tran* long Experience, I am per- ' quillity of Christendom, to the . fectly acquainted with ; and I • Reintegration and Restoration • hope that you will answer the • of the Dignity, Authority,

Expectation and Opinion I Reputation, and Right of the • have conceived of you. Pare • Church and See Apoftolick; to 5 ye well. London, February 6th, • the Surety, Weal, and Exalta1528.

• tion of the King's Highness, the Your most loving Brother, French King, and other Confe

• derates; and, finally, to the PerT. Cardinal, of York.' • fection of the King's faid great

• and weighty Caule, whereup* The King on that Head a- on dependeth the Surety of mong other things faith, “That ' his Royal Person, Succession, • he hath, by good and mature • Realm, People, and Domi• Deliberation, ftudied, devised, nions, as any Person living can • and excogitated with himself,

have : And that the ( who were and might be the said most Rev. Father hath the • most able, mete, and conve- fast assured Favour herein of • nient Person, having the Quali- • the said French King, who, of sties before specified, to be ad- • his own meer Motion, hath

vanced at this Time unto the frankly and liberally offer• faid Dignity Papal ; and final- ' ed all' that by himself, his

ly, when his Grace hath well • Friends, his Power, his Agents, • revolved with himself all the or otherwise he may or can

Respects and Confiderations a- • possibly do, for his Advanceforelaid, and all Things mete • ment to the said Dignity Papal,

or may

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