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fon; and all the Ecclesiastical Constitutions he should make, aslifted by the English Prelates, by Consent of the King, were to be held as sacred and binding as if the Pope had been present, and immediately gave his express Sanction.

By Virtue of this extensive Power fome Authors say, he drew within the Verge of his Jurisdiction in England all Matters cognizable in the Ecclesiastical Courts; but it did not long continue, because, before the Year expired, the Pope was delivered from his Captivity:

During these Transactions the famous The New Tyndal, Foy, and other Reformers were em

Testament ployed abroad in translating the New-Testament into English, which they got printed, and sent several hundreds of them over into England, where they were privately dispersed : But, as soon as it was found out, the Persons that had them in their Cultody were either imprisoned or severely reprimanded, and the Books were taken from them and publickly burnt ; but this was not done till after the Cardinal's Disgrace and Death. Luther continued to preach his Doctrines Luther's

Doctrines wherever he came, and, tho' all Means

prevail. possible were used to suppress it in Eng

1527. lanı, it prevailed in the University of Oxford, especially in the Cardinal's College, which caused Dr. Fiddes to remark, “ That the Cardinal's “ Intention, in erecting his College, proceeded ex

prefly upon this Suggestion, that the Society he “ desired to establish would be a Means of promo

ting good Learning, and thereby of extirpating “ the many Heresies and Schilms which had spread " themselves over the Christian World : And yet it

happened, by the Providence of God, who fre

quently over-rules the Designs of Men, to effect “ fuch Ends as were not only beside their Intention, “ but directly opposite to it, which happened to be


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“ the Cafe here ; for there were none more active " and instrumental in opening a Way to the Reformation in England, than the Members of thaç “ Society the Cardinal founded, with Intention of

doing eminent Service thereby to the Papal " Cause."

Some Members of the other Societies likewise concurred in promoting the Reformation, and though many of them afterwards were so intimidated as to recant, yet others chose rather to be expelled their Colleges, imprisoned for Life, nay, to suffer Death in the Flames, than abjure the Doctrines they had openly professed; all those violent Methods, taken to suppress them, proving ineffectual, as well as the publick Sermons and Disputations, whereby the most Learned of those who professed Obedience to the Papal See endeavoured to convert and reclaim them.

William Fitz-Williams, Esq; * who had been for some time in the Cardinal's Service, having a hand



This Gentleman was de- ner, that the King was highly scended from a very anţient and disgusted at it, and demanded, noble Family, who have a Tra. How be durft entertain such a one dition that William the Iit, call in the Manner he had done? To ed the Conqueror, in Token of which he answered, That he had Service done him by William not so done in Disrespect to his Fitz-Williams, at the Battle of Majesty, but purely to fhew bis Battle-abbey in Efex, gave him Gratitude to one who had been so the Scarfe off from his own Arm, gracious a Master, and partly the that he wore in that Battle, Means of his good Fortune. This which Scarfe remains, as we have Answer so well pleased the King, heard, in the Poffeffion of the that he declared, he had but present Heir of this noble Fa- few such Servants, immediately mily

knighted him, and made him This Gentleman was so

grate- of his Privy Council. ful to his old Maiter, Cardinal From this Hon. Knight the preWolsey, that, upon his Disgrace, fent Right Hon. William Earl he readily attended him when Fitz-Williams, of the Kingdom passing by his Seat, and enter- of Ireland, is descended. tained him in fo noble a Man- See the Irish Compendium.


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To his Grace CHARLES DUKE 04 RICHMONDet This Plate is humbly Inscribed by his Grace

most obed. Servant Joseph Grove.

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fome Estate, before the End of this Year took leave of his worthy Master, and retired to his Seat in the Country; on whose Resignation Thomas

The Cardinal Cromwell,* then lately returned from Ita- takes Mr. by, and a Gentleman of Experience and

Cromwell into

bis Service. good Sense, succeeded in the Cardinal's

good * Thomas Cromwell was born led him to travel into foreign at Putney in Surry, whose Father Countries, to see the World and was a Blacksmith, and could be- learn Experience : He first went how no great Coft on his Edu- into France, thence into Italy, cation ; yet was his Son's A&ti- there entered himself a Soldier vity so prevalent, his Wit so in the Duke of Bourbon's Arpregnant, his Service so faithful, my, was at the famous Siege of his Address so undaunted, yet mo- Rome, and then returned to Engdest, and his Pen so ready, that land. he could not be long concealed, Shakespear gives us this Acnor hindered from Favour. He count, in his Play of Thomas had also so strong a Memory, that, Lord Cromwell, of the Reason in one Journey to and from Rome, that induced the Cardinal to he learned the whole New Tefta- take Cromwell into his Service, ment, translated by Erasmus into where he introduces his Eminence, Latin, by heart.

Sir Christopher Hales, AttorneyAs he grew up his Inclination General, and Cromwell.

Wolf. Is that your Man?

Hales. An like your Grace, he is a Scholar and a Linguist; One that has travellid many parts of Christendom, my Lord.

Wolf. My Friend, come nearer, Have you been a Traveller?

Cromw. I have added to my Knowledge the Low Countries, France, Spain, Germany, and Italy; And, tho' small Gain of Profit I did find, Yet did please my Eye, content my Mind.

Wolf. What do you think of the several States And Princes Courts as you have travellid ?

Cromw. No Court with England may compare, Neither for State or Civil Government :

Luft dwells in France, in Italy, and Spain,
From the poor Peasant to the Prince's Train ;
In Germany and Holland Riot serves,
And he that most can drink most he deserves ;
England I praise not, for I here was born,
But that she laugheth the other into Scorn.


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